Netty实现心跳检测与断线重连

Yohann_SF

使用Netty实现心跳机制

代码环境:JDK1.8和Netty4.x

具体思路如下:

  • 使用Netty提供的IdleStateHandler来检测读写操作的空闲时间

  • 使用Protocol Buffer序列化

  • 客户端write空闲5s后向服务端发送一个心跳包

  • 服务端read空闲6s后心跳丢失计数器+1(丢失的心跳包数量)

  • 当丢失的心跳包数量超过3个时,主动断开该客户端的channel

  • 断开连接后,客户端10s之后重新连接

代码已上传至GitHub:完整代码地址

代码实现:

数据包结构(proto文件)

option java_outer_classname = "PacketProto";

message Packet {

    // 包的类型
    enum PacketType {
        // 心跳包
        HEARTBEAT = 1;
        // 非心跳包
        DATA = 2;
    }

    // 包类型
    required PacketType packetType = 1;
    
    // 数据部分(可选,心跳包不包含数据部分)
    optional string data = 2;
}

ClientHeartbeatHandler类

public class ClientHeartbeatHandler extends ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter {
    @Override
    public void channelActive(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
        System.out.println("--- Server is active ---");
    }

    @Override
    public void channelInactive(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
        System.out.println("--- Server is inactive ---");

        // 10s 之后尝试重新连接服务器
        System.out.println("10s 之后尝试重新连接服务器...");
        Thread.sleep(10 * 1000);
        Client.doConnect();
    }

    @Override
    public void userEventTriggered(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object evt) throws Exception {
        if (evt instanceof IdleStateEvent) {
            // 不管是读事件空闲还是写事件空闲都向服务器发送心跳包
            sendHeartbeatPacket(ctx);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void exceptionCaught(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Throwable cause) throws Exception {
        System.out.println("连接出现异常");
    }

    /**
     * 发送心跳包
     *
     * @param ctx
     */
    private void sendHeartbeatPacket(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) {
        Packet.Builder builder = newBuilder();
        builder.setPacketType(Packet.PacketType.HEARTBEAT);
        Packet packet = builder.build();
        ctx.writeAndFlush(packet);
    }
}

Client类

public class Client {

    private static Channel ch;
    private static Bootstrap bootstrap;

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        NioEventLoopGroup workGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
        try {
            bootstrap = new Bootstrap();
            bootstrap
                    .group(workGroup)
                    .channel(NioSocketChannel.class)
                    .handler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {
                        @Override
                        protected void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception {
                            ChannelPipeline pipeline = ch.pipeline();
                            pipeline.addLast(new ProtobufVarint32LengthFieldPrepender());
                            pipeline.addLast(new ProtobufEncoder());
                            pipeline.addLast(new IdleStateHandler(0, 5, 0));
                            pipeline.addLast(new ClientHeartbeatHandler());
                        }
                    });

            // 连接服务器
            doConnect();

            // 模拟不定时发送向服务器发送数据的过程
            Random random = new Random();
            while (true) {
                int num = random.nextInt(21);
                Thread.sleep(num * 1000);
                PacketProto.Packet.Builder builder = newBuilder();
                builder.setPacketType(PacketProto.Packet.PacketType.DATA);
                builder.setData("我是数据包(非心跳包) " + num);
                PacketProto.Packet packet = builder.build();
                ch.writeAndFlush(packet);
            }

        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            workGroup.shutdownGracefully();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 抽取出该方法 (断线重连时使用)
     *
     * @throws InterruptedException
     */
    public static void doConnect() throws InterruptedException {
        ch = bootstrap.connect("127.0.0.1", 20000).sync().channel();
    }
}

ServerHeartbeatHandler类

public class ServerHeartbeatHandler extends ChannelInboundHandlerAdapter {

    // 心跳丢失计数器
    private int counter;

    @Override
    public void channelActive(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
        System.out.println("--- Client is active ---");
    }

    @Override
    public void channelInactive(ChannelHandlerContext ctx) throws Exception {
        System.out.println("--- Client is inactive ---");
    }

    @Override
    public void channelRead(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object msg) throws Exception {

        // 判断接收到的包类型
        if (msg instanceof Packet) {
            Packet packet = (Packet) msg;

            switch (packet.getPacketType()) {
                case HEARTBEAT:
                    handleHeartbreat(ctx, packet);
                    break;

                case DATA:
                    handleData(ctx, packet);
                    break;

                default:
                    break;
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void userEventTriggered(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Object evt) throws Exception {
        if (evt instanceof IdleStateEvent) {
            // 空闲6s之后触发 (心跳包丢失)
            if (counter >= 3) {
                // 连续丢失3个心跳包 (断开连接)
                ctx.channel().close().sync();
                System.out.println("已与Client断开连接");
            } else {
                counter++;
                System.out.println("丢失了第 " + counter + " 个心跳包");
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void exceptionCaught(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Throwable cause) throws Exception {
        System.out.println("连接出现异常");
    }

    /**
     * 处理心跳包
     *
     * @param ctx
     * @param packet
     */
    private void handleHeartbreat(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Packet packet) {
        // 将心跳丢失计数器置为0
        counter = 0;
        System.out.println("收到心跳包");
        ReferenceCountUtil.release(packet);
    }

    /**
     * 处理数据包
     *
     * @param ctx
     * @param packet
     */
    private void handleData(ChannelHandlerContext ctx, Packet packet) {
        // 将心跳丢失计数器置为0
        counter = 0;
        String data = packet.getData();
        System.out.println(data);
        ReferenceCountUtil.release(packet);
    }
}

Server类

public class Server {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        NioEventLoopGroup acceptorGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup(1);
        NioEventLoopGroup workerGroup = new NioEventLoopGroup();
        try {
            ServerBootstrap bootstrap = new ServerBootstrap();
            bootstrap
                    .group(acceptorGroup, workerGroup)
                    .channel(NioServerSocketChannel.class)
                    .childHandler(new ChannelInitializer<SocketChannel>() {
                        @Override
                        protected void initChannel(SocketChannel ch) throws Exception {
                            ChannelPipeline pipeline = ch.pipeline();
                            pipeline.addLast(new ProtobufVarint32FrameDecoder());
                            pipeline.addLast(new ProtobufDecoder(PacketProto.Packet.getDefaultInstance()));
                            pipeline.addLast(new IdleStateHandler(6, 0, 0));
                            pipeline.addLast(new ServerHeartbeatHandler());
                        }
                    });
            Channel ch = bootstrap.bind(20000).sync().channel();
            System.out.println("Server has started...");
            ch.closeFuture().sync();
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            acceptorGroup.shutdownGracefully();
            workerGroup.shutdownGracefully();
        }
    }
}
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