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2019 年 最简单最通俗的 vagrant 安装使用说明,附带示例vagrantfile

本章内容需要关闭 Hyper-V 啊,希望大家提前关闭,避免其他问题

附带说明,本文有示例demo,在文章下方,请耐心查看,使用demo时,希望您已经安装好了vagrant + VirtualBox。

Vagrant是一个基于Ruby的工具,用于创建和部署虚拟化开发环境。它 使用Oracle的开源VirtualBox虚拟化系统,使用 Chef创建自动化虚拟环境。

老套路,更新留坑

VirtualBox 安装 【官网下载】

具体安装过程无非就是下一步下一步,没啥好说的

vagrant 安装

vagrant windows 下载

vagrant mac 下载

vagrant box 下载

vagrant box 添加到本地镜像

  • 下载好的镜像添加
vagrant box add {镜像名称} {镜像地址}

例如:

vagrant box add C:/box/centos7.box --name centos/7.5 
  • 使用远程镜像
vagrant box add https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-cloud-images/bionic/current/bionic-server-cloudimg-amd64-vagrant.box --name ubuntu/bionic

vagrant 命令说明

vagrant destroy 删除虚拟机

vagrant destroy -f lincms 

vagrant up 启动/创建虚拟机

vagrant up  lincms 

vagrant ssh 进行虚拟机交互命令行

vagrant ssh lincms 

vagrant reload 重新启动虚拟机

vagrant reload lincms 

vagrant up/reload --provision 重新创建或重新执行脚本

vagrant up --provision
vagrant reload --provision

vagrant status 查看当前目录下的虚拟机状态

vagrant status

例如:

G:\project
λ vagrant status
Current machine states:

lincms                    running (virtualbox)

This environment represents multiple VMs. The VMs are all listed
above with their current state. For more information about a specific
VM, run `vagrant status NAME`.

vagrant 使用样例

我们举例以lin-cms-tp的全家桶进行举例,其他目录一样哈,别太注重目录

  • 进入 lin-cms-tp 全家桶 平级目录
λ ls

lin-cms-tp
  • 初始化Vagrantfile
vagrant init

查看目录变化,查看是否生成Vagrantfile

ls

lin-cms-tp  Vagrantfile
  • 添加 box 镜像
vagrant box add https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu-cloud-images/bionic/current/bionic-server-cloudimg-amd64-vagrant.box --name ubuntu/bionic
  • 然后替换Vagrantfile 内容
# -*- mode: ruby -*-
# vi: set ft=ruby :
Vagrant.require_version ">= 1.6.0"

boxes = [
    {
        :name => "lincms",
        :eth1 => "10.10.1.10",
        :mem => "1024",
        :cpu => "1"
    }
]

Vagrant.configure(2) do |config|

  config.vm.box = "ubuntu/bionic"

  boxes.each do |opts|
      config.vm.define opts[:name] do |config|
        config.vm.hostname = opts[:name]
        config.vm.provider "vmware_fusion" do |v|
          v.vmx["memsize"] = opts[:mem]
          v.vmx["numvcpus"] = opts[:cpu]
        end

        config.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |v|
          v.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--memory", opts[:mem]]
          v.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--cpus", opts[:cpu]]
        end

        config.vm.network :private_network, ip: opts[:eth1]
      end
  end

  config.vm.synced_folder "./lin-cms-tp", "/home/vagrant/lin-cms-tp"
  config.vm.provision "shell", privileged: true, path: "./setup.sh"

end
  • 新建脚本文件:setup.sh , 内容如下:
# Timezone
sudo /bin/cp /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime \
    && echo 'Asia/Shanghai' > /etc/timezone

# 设置国内源
sudo mv /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.back && \
     echo '# 默认注释了源码镜像以提高 apt update 速度,如有需要可自行取消注释 \n \
     deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse \n \
    deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse \n \
    deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse \n \
    deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse \n \
    deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse \n \
    deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic main restricted universe multiverse \n \
    deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-updates main restricted universe multiverse \n \
    deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-backports main restricted universe multiverse \n \
    deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-security main restricted universe multiverse \n \
    deb-src https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ bionic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse' >> /etc/apt/sources.list
     
# Libs
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install -y wget curl git vim gcc glibc-static telnet bridge-utils

# install docker

sudo curl -fsSL https://get.docker.com | sudo bash -s docker --mirror Aliyun

sudo groupadd docker
sudo gpasswd -a vagrant docker
sudo systemctl start docker

rm -rf get-docker.sh

#  配置镜像加速器
sudo mkdir -p /etc/docker
sudo tee /etc/docker/daemon.json <<-'EOF'
{
  "registry-mirrors": ["https://dt77flbr.mirror.aliyuncs.com"]
}
EOF

sudo systemctl enable docker
sudo systemctl daemon-reload
sudo systemctl restart docker

# #下载docker-compose
# sudo curl -L "https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/1.24.0/docker-compose-$(uname -s)-$(uname -m)" -o /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
# #给docker-compose执行权限
# sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose 
# #测试安装是否成功,成功的话打印出docker-compose的版本信息
# sudo docker-compose --version

# 使用pip安装docker-compose 
sudo apt install python-pip -y
sudo pip install docker-compose

# 打印IP地址信息
ip a
  • 最后一步,创建并启动虚拟器

创建

vagrant up lincms

查看状态

vagrant status

进入

vagrant ssh lincms
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