【1分钟教程】LNMP架构应用实战 Openssl升级操作

民工哥

由于实际生产环境需求,需要将LNMP环境中的openssl版本升级至目前最新版本openssl-1.1.0c,这玩意升级还真的不是一般的麻烦,由于它与系统各种服务都有相关的联系,比如ssh服务等,因此,升级非常的繁琐,所以今天将实际生产环境中升级的过程写出来,供大家参考(100%生产环境)


1、整体环境

系统环境

[root@webserver ~]# **cat /etc/redhat-release** 

CentOS release 6.5 (Final)

[root@webserver ~]# **uname -r**

2.6.32-431.el6.x86_64

LNMP版本

[root@webserver ~]# /application/nginx/sbin/nginx -v

nginx version: nginx/1.10.1

[root@webserver ~]# /application/mysql/bin/mysql -V

/application/mysql/bin/mysql  Ver 14.14 Distrib 5.5.54, for Linux (x86_64) using  EditLine wrapper

使用PHP 5.x 版本一直没有升级成功,后面会介绍更高版本


2、LNMP环境编译过程

nginx、mysql全部手工编译安装的,下面给出相关参数


nginx编译过程:

[root@centos6 nginx-1.10.1]# ./configure --user=nginx \

--group=nginx --prefix=/application/nginx-1.10.1 \

--with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module \

--with-pcre=/download/pcre-8.38

[root@centos6 nginx-1.10.1]# make && make install

[root@centos6 nginx-1.10.1]# ln -s /application/nginx-1.10.1 /application/nginx

[root@centos6 nginx-1.10.1]# /application/nginx/sbin/nginx

[root@centos6 nginx-1.10.1]# lsof -i :80

COMMAND   PID  USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME

nginx   16237  root    6u  IPv4  31404      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)

nginx   16238 nginx    6u  IPv4  31404      0t0  TCP *:http (LISTEN)

[root@centos6 nginx-1.10.1]# cd ../

mysql编译过程:

[root@centos6 download]# tar zxf cmake-2.8.8.tar.gz

[root@centos6 download]# cd cmake-2.8.8

[root@centos6 cmake-2.8.8]# useradd -s /sbin/nologin -M mysql

[root@centos6 cmake-2.8.8]# ./configure


CMake has bootstrapped.  Now run gmake.

[root@centos6 cmake-2.8.8]# gmake

[root@centos6 cmake-2.8.8]# gmake install

[root@centos6 cmake-2.8.8]# cd ../

[root@centos6 download]# tar zxf mysql-5.5.54.tar.gz

[root@centos6 download]# cd mysql-5.5.54

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# cmake \

 -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/application/mysql-5.5.54 \

-DNYSQL_DATADIR=/application/mysql-5.5.54/data \

-DNYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/application/mysql-5.5.54/tmp/mysql.sock \

-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=gbk \

-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=gbk_chinese_ci \

-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=ON \

-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \

-DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# make

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# make install

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# ln -s /application/mysql-5.5.54 /application/mysql

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# cp support-files/my-small.cnf /etc/my.cnf

cp: overwrite `/etc/my.cnf'? y

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# echo 'export PATH=/application/mysql/bin:$PATH'>>/etc/profile

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# source /etc/profile

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# tail -1 /etc/profile

export PATH=/application/mysql/bin:$PATH

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# which mysql

/application/mysql/bin/mysql

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# mkdir -p /application/mysql/data

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# chown -R mysql.mysql /application/mysql/data

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# chmod -R 1777 /tmp

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# /application/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db

--basedir=/application/mysql

--datadir=/application/mysql/data --user=mysql

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# chmod 700 /etc/init.d/mysqld

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# /etc/init.d/mysqld start

Starting MySQL.Logging to '/application/mysql-5.5.54/data/centos6.5.err'.

. SUCCESS! 

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# lsof -i :3306

COMMAND   PID  USER   FD   TYPE DEVICE SIZE/OFF NODE NAME

mysqld  61589 mysql   10u  IPv4 114206      0t0  TCP *:mysql (LISTEN)

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# mysql

Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.

Your MySQL connection id is 1

Server version: 5.5.54 Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its

affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective

owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> quit

Bye

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# chkconfig mysqld

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.54]# cd ../

3、升级OPENSSL
[root@centos6 download]# tar zxf openssl-1.1.0c.tar.gz

[root@centos6 download]# cd openssl-1.1.0c

[root@centos6 openssl-1.1.0c]# ./config --prefix=/usr/local/openssl shared zlib-dynamic

[root@centos6 openssl-1.1.0c]# make

[root@centos6 openssl-1.1.0c]# make install

[root@centos6 openssl-1.1.0c]# cd ../

4、安装PHP所需库文件

[root@centos6 download]# wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.7.tar.gz  

[root@centos6 download]# tar zxf libiconv-1.7.tar.gz

[root@centos6 download]# cd libiconv-1.7

[root@centos6 libiconv-1.7]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libiconv

[root@centos6 libiconv-1.7]# make && make install

[root@centos6 libiconv-1.7]# cd ../


[root@centos6 download]# wget ftp://mcrypt.hellug.gr/pub/crypto/mcrypt/libmcrypt/libmcrypt-2.5.7.tar.gz  

[root@centos6 download]# tar zxf libmcrypt-2.5.7.tar.gz

[root@centos6 download]# cd libmcrypt-2.5.7

[root@centos6 libmcrypt-2.5.7]# ./configure

[root@centos6 libmcrypt-2.5.7]# make && make install

[root@centos6 libmcrypt-2.5.7]# /sbin/ldconfig

[root@centos6 libmcrypt-2.5.7]# cd  libltdl/

[root@centos6 libltdl]# ./configure --enable-ltdl-install

[root@centos6 libltdl]# make 

[root@centos6 libltdl]# make install

[root@centos6 libltdl]# cd ../../


[root@centos6 download]# wget http://download.csdn.net/tag/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz  

[root@centos6 download]# tar zxf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz 

[root@centos6 download]# cd mhash-0.9.9.9

[root@centos6 mhash-0.9.9.9]# ./configure

[root@centos6 mhash-0.9.9.9]# make

[root@centos6 mhash-0.9.9.9]# make install

[root@centos6 mhash-0.9.9.9]# cd ../

[root@centos6 download]# rm -f /usr/lib/libmcrypt.\* 

[root@centos6 download]# rm -f /usr/lib/libmhash\* 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config

[root@centos6 download]# rm -f /usr/lib64/libmcrypt.\* 

[root@centos6 download]# rm -f /usr/lib64/libmhash\* 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib64/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib64/libmcrypt.so 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib64/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib64/libmcrypt.la 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib64/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib64/libmcrypt.so.4 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib64/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib64/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib64/libmhash.a /usr/lib64/libmhash.a 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib64/libmhash.la /usr/lib64/libmhash.la 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib64/libmhash.so /usr/lib64/libmhash.so 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib64/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib64/libmhash.so.2 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/lib64/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib64/libmhash.so.2.0.1 

[root@centos6 download]# ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config


[root@centos6 download]# wget http://download.csdn.net/tag/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz  

[root@centos6 download]# tar zxf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz 

[root@centos6 download]# cd mcrypt-2.6.8

[root@centos6 mcrypt-2.6.8]# /sbin/ldconfig

[root@centos6 mcrypt-2.6.8]# ./configure

[root@centos6 mcrypt-2.6.8]# make 

[root@centos6 mcrypt-2.6.8]# make install

[root@centos6 mcrypt-2.6.8]# cd ../

5、编译PHP
[root@centos6 download]# wget http://mirrors.sohu.com/php/php-7.1.0.tar.gz

[root@centos6 download]# tar zxf php-7.1.0.tar.gz 

[root@centos6 php-7.1.0]# ./configure  --prefix=/application/php-7.1.0

--with-config-file-path=/application/php-7.1.0/etc

--enable-fpm --enable-mbstring --enable-zip

--enable-bcmath --enable-pcntl --enable-ftp

--enable-intl --enable-exif --enable-calendar

--enable-sysvmsg --enable-sysvsem 

--enable-sysvshm --enable-wddx --with-curl

--with-mcrypt --with-iconv --with-gd

--with-jpeg-dir=/usr --with-png-dir=/usr

--with-zlib-dir=/usr --with-xpm-dir=/usr

--with-freetype-dir=/usr --enable-gd-native-ttf

--enable-gd-jis-conv --with-gettext=/usr

--with-zlib=/usr --with-bz2=/usr 

--with-recode=/usr --with-mysql

--with-mysqli --with-pdo-mysql** 

--enable-sockets --disable-ipv6** 

--with-fpm-user=nginx  --with-fpm-group=nginx

--with-openssl=/usr/local/openssl

[root@centos6 php-7.1.0]# make

[root@centos6 php-7.1.0]# make install

[root@centos6 php-7.1.0]# cp sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm

[root@centos6 php-7.1.0]# chmod 700 /etc/init.d/php-fpm 

[root@centos6 php-7.1.0]# cp /application/php-7.1.0/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /application/php-7.1.0/etc/php-fpm.conf

[root@centos6 php-7.1.0]# cp /application/php-7.1.0/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /application/php-7.1.0/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.defau

[root@centos6 php-7.1.0]# cp /application/php-7.1.0/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /application/php-7.1.0/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.defa

[root@centos6 php-7.1.0]# cp /application/php-7.1.0/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf.default /application/php-7.1.0/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf

[root@centos6 php-7.1.0]# /etc/init.d/php-fpm start

[root@centos6 php-7.1.0]# ps -ef|grep php

root      98304      1  0 00:04 ?    00:00:00 php-fpm: master process (/application/php-7.1.0/etc/php-fpm.conf)                                                             

nginx     98305  98304  0 00:04 ?        00:00:00 php-fpm: pool www 

nginx     98306  98304  0 00:04 ?        00:00:00 php-fpm: pool www 

root      98308   1265  0 00:04 pts/0    00:00:00 grep php
6、查看phpinfo信息

没升级这前openssl 的版本是

openssl-1.0.1e-48.el6_8.3.x86_64

升级之后查看下phpinfo的信息


目前官网最新版本,升级成功


之前一直升级不成功就是因为php无法识别这个最新版本,phpinfo信息里仍然是旧版本,后面采用升级PHP 版本,才升级成功.

文章虽然是一篇旧文,现在的版本肯定用的比这个新了,但是,只是给大家提供一个思路,这里还建议大家慎重升级openssl版本,除非有必要,我们当时升级是因为与某厂有个视频类的合作,必须升级它,否则无法对接API。

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民工哥,10多年职场老司机的经验分享,坚持自学一路从技术小白成长为互联网企业信息技术部门的负责人。

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