Mac环境Nginx配置和访问本地静态资源

本地开发有时候需要调试静态文件资源,无法直接访问,可以通过配置本地Nginx服务的方式来进行,顺便记录一下Nginx的配置步骤

安装

<!--通过 Brew 安装: -->
brew install nginx
<!--启动: -->
brew services start nginx
<!--查看配置: -->
cat usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf
<!--编辑配置: -->
vi usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf

Nginx命令:

<!--启动:-->
nginx

<!--停止/重启-->
nginx -s stop/start/restart

配置文件

文件地址: usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf

# 此处配置为root owner才能访问root的静态文件,否则会报403
user root owner;
worker_processes  1;

#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

#pid        logs/nginx.pid;


events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}


http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
    #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    #gzip  on;

    server {
        # 监听端口
        listen       8080;
        # 绑定域名
        server_name  local.XXX.com;

        #charset koi8-r;

        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;
        
        #文件路径和入口文件
        location / {
            root   /usr/local/var/www;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        }
        
        # 接口资源1
        location /XXXapi/ {
            proxy_pass https://api.XXX.com; 
        }
        # 接口资源2
        location /apiXXX/ {
            proxy_pass https://api.XXX.com; 
        }

        #error_page  404              /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   html;
        }
    }

    include servers/*;
}

配置步骤

  1. 安装Nginx
  2. 通过SwitchHost绑定HOST (127.0.0.1 local.XXX.com)
  3. 配置端口和域名
# 监听端口
listen       8080;
# 绑定域名
server_name  local.XXX.com;
  1. 指定入口文件和静态文件路径
#文件路径和入口文件        
location / {            
  root   /usr/local/var/www;            
  index  index.html index.htm;        
}
  1. 如果有额外的API资源,通过proxy_pass绑定对应的API资源地址
# 接口资源1
location /XXXapi/ {
    proxy_pass https://api.XXX.com; 
}
# 接口资源2
location /apiXXX/ {
    proxy_pass https://api.XXX.com; 
}
  1. 将静态文件放入Nginx配置的文件路径
  2. DONE,本地可以通过对应的HOST打开静态网站资源并访问
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