Java Dao模式通过JDBC连接数据库的操作

Java鲨鱼

Java程序访问数据库:

  • 1、获取数据库厂商提供的驱动(jdbc接口的实现类)

如ojdbc14.jar——Oracle数据库驱动jar包

mysql-connector-java-5.1.8-bin.jar——MySQL数据库驱动jar包

自己去网上下载就行。

  • 2、使用JDBC的API访问数据库

连接、SQL语句执行、结果

java.sql.Driver:各个数据库厂商需要实现该接口,驱动的标记

java.sql.Connection:封装和数据库的连接

java.sql.Statement:封装需要执行的SQL语句

java.sql.ResultSet:封装查询的结果集

  • 3、JDBC编程步骤

step1——加载驱动

step2——获取连接对象

step3——执行SQL语句

step4——处理结果集

step5——关闭资源

  • 4、下面给出连接数据库的工具类(自己写的连接MySql数据库,如要连接Oeacle可修改对应参数)
package com.day03;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.util.Properties;


//加入Java开发交流君样:756584822一起吹水聊天
public class ConnectionUtils {

    // 线程单例
    private static ThreadLocal<Connection> tl = new ThreadLocal<Connection>();
    private static String url;
    private static String driver;
    private static String username;
    private static String password;


//加入Java开发交流君样:756584822一起吹水聊天
    static {
        Properties props = new Properties();
        try {
            // 从属性文件中读取数据库配置信息,以加载类的方式加载配置文件
            props.load(
                    ConnectionUtils.class.getClassLoader()
                    .getResourceAsStream("com/day03/db_mysql.properties"));

        } catch (IOException e) {
        }
        if (props != null) {
            url = props.getProperty("url");
            driver = props.getProperty("driver");
            username = props.getProperty("username");
            password = props.getProperty("password");

            // 装载并注册数据库驱动
            try {
                Class.forName(driver);
            } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }//加入Java开发交流君样:756584822一起吹水聊天

    public static Connection getConnection() throws SQLException {
        Connection con = tl.get();
        if (con == null) {
            con = DriverManager.getConnection(url, username, password);
            tl.set(con);
        }
        return con;
    }

    public static void closeConnection() {
        Connection con = tl.get();
        try {
            if (con != null) {
                con.close();
                tl.set(null);
            }
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public static void closeStatement(Statement stmt) {
        try {
            if (stmt != null) {
                stmt.close();
            }
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public static void closeResultSet(ResultSet rs) {
        try {
            if (rs != null) {
                rs.close();
            }
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
    
    public static void closeAll(Statement stmt, ResultSet rs){
        closeConnection();
        closeStatement(stmt);
        closeResultSet(rs);
    }
    
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{
        System.out.println(ConnectionUtils.getConnection());
    }

}

5、配置参数文件db_mysql.properties

driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test
username=root
password=root

6、Dao模式操作数据库下面是代码示例

1)Emp.java

//实体类
public class Emp {
    private int id;
    private String name;
    private double salary;
    public int getId() {
        return id;
    }
    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "Emp [id=" + id + ", name=" + name + ", salary=" + salary + "]";
    }//加入Java开发交流君样:756584822一起吹水聊天
    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }
    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }
    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }
    public double getSalary() {
        return salary;
    }
    public void setSalary(double salary) {
        this.salary = salary;
    }
    public Emp(int id, String name, double salary) {
        super();
        this.id = id;
        this.name = name;
        this.salary = salary;
    }
    public Emp() {
        super();
    }
    public Emp(String name, double salary) {
        super();
        this.name = name;
        this.salary = salary;
    }
}

2)Dao接口类

import java.util.List;

public interface EmpDao {
    List<Emp> findAllEmp() throws Exception;
}

3)工厂类

public class EmpDaoFactory {
    // 读取文件中实现类的类名,通过反射实例化
    public static EmpDao getEmpDao(){
        return new EmpDaoMySQL();
    }
}

4)Dao接口实现类

public class EmpDaoMySQL implements EmpDao{
    public static final String FIND_ALL_EMP = "select * from t_emp";//查询语句
    
    public List<Emp> findAllEmp() throws Exception{
        List<Emp> empList = new ArrayList<Emp>();
        Connection conn = ConnectionUtils.getConnection();
        PreparedStatement stmt = conn.prepareStatement(FIND_ALL_EMP);
        ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery();
        while(rs.next()){
            int id = rs.getInt(1);
            String name = rs.getString(2);
            double salary = rs.getDouble(3);
            Emp emp = new Emp(id, name, salary);
            empList.add(emp);
        }//加入Java开发交流君样:756584822一起吹水聊天
        ConnectionUtils.closeAll(stmt, rs);
        return empList;
    }
}

5)测试类

public class EmpBiz {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{
        EmpDao dao = EmpDaoFactory.getEmpDao();
        List<Emp> empList = dao.findAllEmp();
        for(Emp e : empList){
            System.out.println(e);
        }
    }
}
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