【油管最火的Js动态规划讲解】学习笔记

Jeff在写代码

学习笔记

https://www.bilibili.com/vide...

记忆化递归

fib

一般实现

const fib = n => {
  if (n === 1 || n === 2) return 1
  return fib(n - 1) + fib(n - 2)
}

console.log(fib(6))
console.log(fib(7))
console.log(fib(8))
console.log(fib(50)) // 卡住了

image-20210424212143333

这样的递归会在每次都计算一次, 造成多次调用多次

优化

我们考虑一下如何优化这个过程

考虑一个简化版的模型, 我们的观察一个这样的函数

当我们递归两次的时候

所以我们之前的fib时间复杂度是

这真是太糟糕了

带有记忆的遍历就是dp

// memoization
// js obj, keys: arg, value returns

// 修改1 设置memo和初始值
const fib = (n, memo = {}) => {
  // 修改2 检查是否有记忆
  if (n in memo) return memo[n]
  if (n === 1 || n === 2) return 1
  // 修改3 递归的时候带上我们的引用
  memo[n] = fib(n - 1, memo) + fib(n - 2, memo)
  return memo[n]
}

console.log(fib(6))
console.log(fib(7))
console.log(fib(8))
console.log(fib(50)) // 很快就出结果了

旅行者gridTraveler

我们从极简形式开始分析

其实这也是一种边界情况

简单情况

每移动一步, 问题将会简化

所以我们可以这样想这个问题

打分

具象化的理解就是

image-20210424220715502

递归版

const gridTraveler = (m, n) => {
  if (m === 1 && n === 1) return 1
  if (m === 0 || n === 0) return 0
  return gridTraveler(m - 1, n) + gridTraveler(m, n - 1)
}

console.log(gridTraveler(1,2))
console.log(gridTraveler(3,2))
console.log(gridTraveler(3,3))
console.log(gridTraveler(18,18))

dp版

const gridTraveler = (m, n, memo = {}) => {
  const key = `${m}+${n}`
  if (key in memo) return memo[key]
  if (m === 1 && n === 1) return 1
  if (m === 0 || n === 0) return 0
  memo[key] = gridTraveler(m - 1, n, memo) + gridTraveler(m, n - 1, memo)
  return memo[key]
}

console.log(gridTraveler(1, 2))
console.log(gridTraveler(3, 2))
console.log(gridTraveler(3, 3))
console.log(gridTraveler(18, 18))

这类问题的总结

成功最小结果和失败最小结果

canSum

逆向思维: 求和到定值->使用定值遍历数组减到0

<img src="" alt="image-20210426083039761" style="zoom:50%;" />

递归

我的解法

const canSum = (targetSum, numbers) => {
  if (targetSum === 0) return true
  if (targetSum < 0) return false

  let remainder
  for (let num of numbers) {
    remainder = remainder || canSum(targetSum - num, numbers)
  }
  return remainder
}

console.log(canSum(7, [3, 2]))
console.log(canSum(7, [4, 2]))
console.log(canSum(7, [5, 6, 2]))
console.log(canSum(300, [7, 14]))

视频解法

const canSum = (targetSum, numbers) => {
  if (targetSum === 0) return true
  if (targetSum < 0) return false

  for (let num of numbers) {
    if (canSum(targetSum - num, numbers)) return true
  }
  return false
}

视频解法递归次数更少

dp

<img src="https://gitee.com/zjeff-953/picsBed/raw/master/image/20210426084656.png" alt="image-20210426084655947" style="zoom: 33%;" />

image-20210426084744978

const canSum = (targetSum, numbers, memo = {}) => {
  if (targetSum in memo) return memo[targetSum]
  if (targetSum === 0) return true
  if (targetSum < 0) return false

  for (const num of numbers) {
    memo[targetSum] = canSum(targetSum - num, numbers, memo)
    if (memo[targetSum]) return true
  }
  return false
}

console.log(canSum(7, [3, 2]))
console.log(canSum(7, [4, 2]))
console.log(canSum(7, [5, 6, 2]))
console.log(canSum(300, [7, 14]))

image-20210426085027282

howSum

image-20210426085059277

image-20210426085809700

递归版

const howSum = (targetSum, numbers) => {
  if (targetSum === 0) return []
  if (targetSum < 0) return null

  for (const num of numbers) {
    const remainder = targetSum - num
    const remainderResult = howSum(remainder, numbers)
    if (remainderResult !== null) return [...remainderResult, num]
  }
  return null
}

console.log(howSum(7, [3, 2]))
console.log(howSum(7, [4, 2]))
console.log(howSum(7, [5, 6, 2]))
console.log(howSum(300, [7, 14]))

dp版

const howSum = (targetSum, numbers, memo = {}, path = []) => {
  if (targetSum in memo) return memo[targetSum]
  if (targetSum === 0) return []
  if (targetSum < 0) return null

  for (const num of numbers) {
    const remainder = targetSum - num
    const remainderResult = howSum(remainder, numbers, memo) 
    if (remainderResult !== null) {
      memo[targetSum] = [...remainderResult, num]
      return memo[targetSum]
    }
  }
  memo[targetSum] = null // 不可达也需要记录
  return memo[targetSum]
}

console.log(howSum(7, [3, 2]))
console.log(howSum(7, [4, 2]))
console.log(howSum(7, [4, 3, 2]))
console.log(howSum(7, [5, 6, 2]))
console.log(howSum(300, [7, 14]))

<img src="https://gitee.com/zjeff-953/picsBed/raw/master/image/20210426093959.png" alt="image-20210426093958932" style="zoom:33%;" />

bestSum

image-20210426094502417

tips: 使用递归的思路

  1. 想好出口, 边界条件, 失败成功条件
  2. 调用递归函数的时候要假设递归函数能获取到你想要的结果

递归版

const bestSum = (targetSum, numbers, lastBest) => {
  if (targetSum === 0) return []
  if (targetSum < 0) return null

  let shortestCombination = null

  for (const num of numbers) {
    const remainder = targetSum - num
    const remainderCombination = bestSum(remainder, numbers)
    if (remainderCombination !== null) {
      const combination = [...remainderCombination, num]
      if (
        shortestCombination === null ||
        combination.length < shortestCombination.length
      )
        shortestCombination = combination
    }
  }

  return shortestCombination
}

console.log(bestSum(7, [1, 3, 2, 7])) // [7]
console.log(bestSum(7, [1, 4, 2])) // [2,4,1]
console.log(bestSum(7, [1, 4, 3, 2])) // [3,4]
console.log(bestSum(7, [1, 5, 6, 2])) // [6, 1]
console.log(bestSum(100, [1, 2, 3, 14]))

dp版

const bestSum = (targetSum, numbers, memo = {}) => {
  if (targetSum in memo) return memo[targetSum]
  if (targetSum === 0) return []
  if (targetSum < 0) return null

  let shortestCombination = null

  for (const num of numbers) {
    const remainder = targetSum - num
    const remainderCombination = bestSum(remainder, numbers, memo)
    if (remainderCombination !== null) {
      const combination = [...remainderCombination, num]
      if (
        shortestCombination === null ||
        combination.length < shortestCombination.length
      )
        shortestCombination = combination
    }
  }

  memo[targetSum] = shortestCombination
  return memo[targetSum]
}

console.log(bestSum(7, [1, 3, 2, 7])) // [7]
console.log(bestSum(7, [1, 4, 2])) // [2,4,1]
console.log(bestSum(7, [1, 4, 3, 2])) // [3,4]
console.log(bestSum(7, [1, 5, 6, 2])) // [6, 1]
console.log(bestSum(100, [1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 40])) //[ 40, 40, 10, 10 ]

image-20210428201840121

这三个问题的总结

<img src="https://gitee.com/zjeff-953/picsBed/raw/master/image/20210428202031.png" alt="image-20210428202030984" style="zoom:50%;" />

<img src="https://gitee.com/zjeff-953/picsBed/raw/master/image/20210428202122.png" alt="image-20210428202122564" style="zoom:50%;" />

canConstruct

image-20210428202149780

很显然, 这和canSum是一类问题

寻找这个问题的边界条件, 也就是递归终止条件, 不断减少字符的长度, 直到为空即可, 失败就是剩余的字符的子字符不在wordbank里面

问题来了1. 如何存储已经匹配的字符? 如何判断当前字符已经不能再被匹配了?

递归版

我的实现(错误版)

每次成功匹配后, 就分割字符串, 依次查询取结果的和运算结果, 当字符串是空为成功结果, 循环完了没有符合条件, 有一个分割后的子串不能满足情况的是失败结果

const canConstruct = (target, wordBank) => {
  if (target === '') return true

  for (const word of wordBank) {
    if (target.indexOf(word) !== -1) {
      return target
        .split(word, 2)
        .reduce(
          (pre, targetStr) => pre && canConstruct(targetStr, wordBank),
          true
        )
    }
  }
  return false
}

console.log(canConstruct('', ['cat']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['at', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 's', 'Do']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'Dog', 'Vs']))

仔细想一下, 这个有一个很大的问题, 就是程序匹配到第一个分割点后直接返回, 没有检查第二个分割点是否还能满足条件

console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'VsD', 'Vs', 'Dog']))// 本该为true, 输出false

所以作出这样的修改

const canConstruct = (target, wordBank) => {
  if (target === '') return true
  return wordBank.reduce((pre, word) => {
    if (target.indexOf(word) !== -1) {
      return (
        pre ||
        target
          .split(word, 2)
          .reduce(
            (pre, targetStr) => pre && canConstruct(targetStr, wordBank),
            true
          )
      )
    }
    return pre
  }, false)
}

console.log(canConstruct('', ['cat']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['at', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 's', 'Do']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'VsD', 'Vs', 'Dog']))

这样就可以解决那个问题了, 但是这样又有一个不太好的地方就是, 不能见好就收, 找到pre是true的时候就可停下来了, 所以, 我们可以使用some来代替, some 在返回true的时候会停止循环, 类似的every将会在返回false的时候跳出循环.

当然还可以使用throw+trycatch完成终止循环, 但是那样太奇怪了, 很反模式, 不过我还是实现了一下

some/every优化版

const canConstruct = (target, wordBank) => {
  if (target === '') return true
  console.log(target, wordBank)
  return wordBank.some(
    word =>
      target.indexOf(word) !== -1 &&
      target.split(word, 2).every(subStr => canConstruct(subStr, wordBank))
  )
}

console.log(canConstruct('', ['cat']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['at', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 's', 'Do']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'VsD', 'Vs', 'Dog']))

try-catch版

看着就恶心

const canConstruct = (target, wordBank) => {
  if (target === '') return true
  try {
    return wordBank.reduce((pre, word) => {
      if (pre === true) throw new Error(true)
      if (target.indexOf(word) !== -1) {
        return (
          pre ||
          target
            .split(word, 2)
            .reduce(
              (pre, targetStr) => pre && canConstruct(targetStr, wordBank),
              true
            )
        )
      }
      return pre
    }, false)
  } catch (e) {
    // console.log(typeof e.message)
    // 注意这里会把boolean转成string, 直接return ture 就好了
    return true
  }
  return false
}

console.log(canConstruct('', ['cat']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['at', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 's', 'Do']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'VsD', 'Vs', 'Dog']))

视频的实现

我们可以从左到右依次检查是否是子串, 这样就可以省很多事情, 而且递归的时候可以不需要检查两边的是否都满足

这体现了一种转换的思路

const canConstruct = (target, wordBank) => {
  if (target === '') return true

  for (const word of wordBank) {
    if (target.indexOf(word) === 0) {
      const suffix = target.slice(word.length)
      if (canConstruct(suffix, wordBank) === true) return true
    }
  }

  return false
}

console.log(canConstruct('', ['cat']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['at', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 's', 'Do']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'VsD', 'Vs', 'Dog']))

之前忘了压力测试的用例了, 不用想, 肯定都跑不完

console.log(
  canConstruct('eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeef', [
    'e',
    'ee',
    'eee',
    'eeee'
  ])
)

我的实现(正确版)

啊这, 过压力测试用例的时候, 发现: 使用split将会把每个e都分割掉, 所以会得到['','']的结果, 所以会错

所以需要实现一个只分割一次的函数

const canConstruct = (target, wordBank) => {
  if (target === '') return true
  return wordBank.some(
    word =>
      target.indexOf(word) !== -1 &&
      splitOnce(target, word).every(subStr => canConstruct(subStr, wordBank))
  )
}

// 只分割一次的函数
const splitOnce = (str, sign) => {
  const index = str.indexOf(sign)
  if (index === -1) return [str]
  return [str.slice(0, index), str.slice(index + sign.length)]
}

console.log(canConstruct('', ['cat']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['at', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 's', 'Do']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'VsD', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(
  canConstruct('eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeef', [
    'ef',
    'eeeeeeeeeee'
  ])
)
console.log(
  canConstruct('eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeef', [
    'e',
    'ee',
    'eee',
    'eeeeeeeeeee'
  ])
)

dp版

我的实现

const canConstruct = (target, wordBank, memo = {}) => {
  if (target in memo) return memo[target]
  if (target === '') return true
  memo[target] = wordBank.some(
    word =>
      target.indexOf(word) !== -1 &&
      splitOnce(target, word).every(subStr =>
        canConstruct(subStr, wordBank, memo)
      )
  )
  return memo[target]
}

const splitOnce = (str, sign) => {
  const index = str.indexOf(sign)
  if (index === -1) return [str]
  return [str.slice(0, index), str.slice(index + sign.length)]
}

视频实现

const canConstruct = (target, wordBank, memo = {}) => {
  if (target in memo) return memo[target]
  if (target === '') return true

  memo[target] = false
  for (const word of wordBank) {
    if (target.indexOf(word) === 0) {
      const suffix = target.slice(word.length)
      if (canConstruct(suffix, wordBank, memo) === true){
        memo[target] = true
        return true
      }
    }
  }

  return memo[target]
}

image-20210430211759763

countConstruct

image-20210430211859022

递归版

我的实现

const countConstruct = (target, wordBank, counter = 0) => {
  if (target === '') return counter + 1
  for (const word of wordBank) {
    if (target.indexOf(word) === 0) {
      const suffix = target.slice(word.length)
      counter = countConstruct(suffix, wordBank, counter)
    }
  }

  return counter
}

视频实现

const countConstruct = (target, wordBank) => {
  if (target === '') return 1
  let counter = 0
  for (const word of wordBank)
    if (target.indexOf(word) === 0)
      counter += countConstruct(target.slice(word.length), wordBank)

  return counter
}

dp版

const countConstruct = (target, wordBank, memo = {}) => {
  if (target in memo) return memo[target]
  if (target === '') return 1
  let counter = 0
  for (const word of wordBank)
    if (target.indexOf(word) === 0)
      counter += countConstruct(target.slice(word.length), wordBank, memo)

  memo[target] = counter
  return memo[target]
}

我觉得我已经挺熟练了

image-20210430213828000

allConstruct

image-20210430213900867

递归版

我的实现

const allConstruct = (target, wordBank) => {
  const path = []
  helper(target, wordBank, [], path)
  return path
}

const helper = (target, wordBank, currentPath = [], path = []) => {
  if (target === '' && currentPath.length !== 0) {
    path.push([...currentPath])
  }

  for (const word of wordBank) {
    if (target.indexOf(word) === 0) {
      const preCur = [...currentPath] // key: 保存之前的状态, 每次获取子元素的子路径后还回去
      currentPath.push(word)
      helper(target.slice(word.length), wordBank, currentPath, path)
      currentPath = preCur
    }
  }
}

说句实话我也不知道我在写啥

视频实现

const allConstruct = (target, wordBank) => {
  if (target === '') return [[]]

  const result = []

  for (const word of wordBank) {
    if (target.indexOf(word) === 0) {
      const suffix = target.slice(word.length)
      const suffixWays = allConstruct(suffix, wordBank)
      const targetWays = suffixWays.map(way => [word, ...way])
      result.push(...targetWays)
    }
  }

  return result
}

dp版

const allConstruct = (target, wordBank, memo = {}) => {
  if (target in memo) return memo[target]
  if (target === '') return [[]]

  const result = []

  for (const word of wordBank) {
    if (target.indexOf(word) === 0) {
      const suffix = target.slice(word.length)
      const suffixWays = allConstruct(suffix, wordBank, memo)
      const targetWays = suffixWays.map(way => [word, ...way])
      result.push(...targetWays)
    }
  }

  memo[target] = result
  return result
}

列表化tabulation

取消递归, 使用数组记录, 研究每个之前情况对之后情况的影响

fib(nth)

<img src="https://gitee.com/zjeff-953/picsBed/raw/master/image/20210504090006.png" alt="image-20210504090006324" style="zoom:50%;" />

<img src="https://gitee.com/zjeff-953/picsBed/raw/master/image/20210504090048.png" alt="image-20210504090048196" style="zoom: 33%;" />

<img src="https://gitee.com/zjeff-953/picsBed/raw/master/image/20210504090113.png" alt="image-20210504090113448" style="zoom:25%;" />

const fib = n => {
  const table = Array(n + 1).fill(0) // 初始化
  table[1] = 1 // 开始, 人工赋值
  for (let i = 0; i < n; i++) {
    // 每个格子会影响后面的两个格子
    table[i + 1] += table[i]
    table[i + 2] += table[i]
  }
  return table[n]
}

console.log(fib(6))
console.log(fib(7))
console.log(fib(8))
console.log(fib(50)) // 很快就出结果了

gridTraveler

<img src="https://gitee.com/zjeff-953/picsBed/raw/master/image/20210424215247.png" alt="image-20210424215247677" style="zoom: 33%;" />

const gridTraveler = (m, n) => {
  const table = Array(m + 1)
    .fill() //undefined 不能map
    .map(() => Array(n + 1).fill(0)) //直接full会指向相同的引用

  table[1][1] = 1

  for (let i = 0; i <= m; i++) {
    for (let j = 0; j <= n; j++) {
      if (i + 1 <= m) table[i + 1][j] += table[i][j] // 二维数组左值边界检查
      if (j + 1 <= n) table[i][j + 1] += table[i][j]
    }
  }
  return table[m][n]
}

console.log(gridTraveler(3, 2))

这类问题的总结

  1. 规划你的table记录什么
  2. 找出你的table的size , 维度
  3. 初始化table的值是多少
  4. 找到更新table的初值种子 (寻找那个和决定/随机/资源没有关系的情况 一般是0/1)
  5. 迭代更新table
  6. 考察每个格子对未来的格子的影响

image-20210504092053613

canSum

image-20210504092113237

target是0的时候, 一定是true

const canSum = (targetSum, numbers) => {
  const table = Array(targetSum + 1).fill(false)
  table[0] = true
  for (let i = 0; i <= targetSum; i++) {
    if (table[i] === true)
    numbers.forEach(number => {
      table[number + i] = true
    })
  }
  return table[targetSum]
}

console.log(canSum(7, [3, 2]))
console.log(canSum(7, [4, 2]))
console.log(canSum(7, [5, 6, 2]))
console.log(canSum(300, [7, 14]))

小哥陷入无限循环的问题: 不要时刻判断length,这样不好

image-20210504092917078

howSum

const howSum = (targetSum, numbers) => {
  const table = Array(targetSum + 1).fill(null)
  table[0] = []
  for (let i = 0; i <= targetSum; i++) {
    if (table[i] !== null)
      numbers.forEach(number => {
        table[number + i] = [...table[i], number]
      })
  }
  return table[targetSum]
}

console.log(howSum(7, [3, 2]))
console.log(howSum(7, [4, 2]))
console.log(howSum(7, [5, 6, 2]))
console.log(howSum(300, [7, 14]))

bestSum

const bestSum = (targetSum, numbers) => {
  const table = Array(targetSum + 1).fill(null)
  table[0] = []
  for (let i = 0; i <= targetSum; i++) {
    if (table[i] !== null)
      numbers.forEach(number => {
        if (!table[number + i] || table[number + i].length > table[i].length)
          // 如果是null需要给予初值
          table[number + i] = [...table[i], number]
      })
  }
  return table[targetSum]
}

console.log(bestSum(7, [3, 2]))
console.log(bestSum(7, [4, 2]))
console.log(bestSum(7, [5, 6, 2]))
console.log(bestSum(300, [7, 14]))

canConstruct

image-20210504094734021

const canConstruct = (target, wordBank) => {
  const table = Array(target.length + 1).fill(false)
  table[0] = true

  for (let i = 0; i <= target.length; i++) {
    if (table[i] === true)
      wordBank.forEach(word => {
        if (target.slice(i, i + word.length) === word)
          table[i + word.length] = true
      })
  }

  return table[target.length]
}

console.log(canConstruct('', ['cat']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['at', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 's', 'Do']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'VsD', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(canConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'V', 's', 'Dog']))
console.log(
  canConstruct('eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeef', [
    'ef',
    'eeeeeeeeeee'
  ])
)
console.log(
  canConstruct('eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeef', [
    'e',
    'ee',
    'eee',
    'eeeeeeeeeee'
  ])
)

countConstruct

const countSum = (target, wordBank) => {
  const table = Array(target.length + 1).fill(0)
  table[0] = 1

  for (let i = 0; i <= target.length; i++) {
    if (table[i] !== 0)
      wordBank.forEach(word => {
        if (target.slice(i, i + word.length) === word)
          table[i + word.length] += table[i]
      })
  }

  return table[target.length]
}

console.log(countSum('', ['cat']))
console.log(countSum('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(countSum('CatVsDog', ['at', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(countSum('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 's', 'Do']))
console.log(countSum('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'VsD', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(countSum('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'V', 's', 'Vs', 'Dog']))

allConstruct

image-20210504103256647

const allConstruct = (target, wordBank) => {
  const table = Array(target.length + 1)
    .fill()
    .map(() => [])

  table[0] = [[]]
  for (let i = 0; i < target.length; i++) {
    wordBank.forEach(word => {
      if (target.slice(i, i + word.length) === word) {
        // 对于当前格子的每个情况都需要进行后续单词的检查
        const newCombinations = table[i].map(subArr => [...subArr, word])
        // 增加而不是覆盖
        table[i + word.length].push(...newCombinations)
      }
    })
  }

  return table[target.length]
}

console.log(allConstruct('', ['cat']))
console.log(allConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(allConstruct('CatVsDog', ['at', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(allConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 's', 'Do']))
console.log(allConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'VsD', 'Vs', 'Dog']))
console.log(allConstruct('CatVsDog', ['Cat', 'V', 's', 'Vs', 'Dog']))

总结

遇见dp问题:

  1. 注意到重叠的子问题
  2. 决定什么是最小的输入
  3. 想一下记忆化递归
  4. 想一下列表化问题
  5. 画一个策略, 树或者数组

image-20210504103208213

Keep curious, keep learning

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