Laravel底层学习笔记04 加载并启动ServiceProvider,事件(观察者模式)

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参考资料:
php:laravel底层核心代码分析之加载并启动serviceProvider
Laravel Service Provider 中 boot 方法和 register 方法的区别
php artisan 命令

加载并启动ServiceProvider

源码

public/index.php
$kernel = $app->make(Illuminate\Contracts\Http\Kernel::class);
//1. Illuminate\Contracts\Http\Kernel::class 是别名
//2. $kernel是App\Http\Kernel的实例化对象
//3. App\Http\Kernel::class继承src/Illuminate/Foundation/Http/Kernel
vim src/Illuminate/Foundation/Http/Kernel.php
//处理HTTP请求
public function handle($request) ...
vim vendor/symfony/http-foundation/Request.php
//发送请求穿过中间件和路由
protected function sendRequestThroughRouter($request) ...
//为HTTP请求引导应用程序
public function bootstrap()
{
    if (! $this->app->hasBeenBootstrapped()) {
        $this->app->bootstrapWith($this->bootstrappers());
    }
}
vim vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Foundation/Application.php
/**
 * 运行给定的引导类数组 Kernel::class $this->bootstrappers
 * 
 * \Illuminate\Foundation\Bootstrap\LoadEnvironmentVariables::class, 
 * 加载环境变量
 * \Illuminate\Foundation\Bootstrap\LoadConfiguration::class,
 * 加载配置文件
 * \Illuminate\Foundation\Bootstrap\HandleExceptions::class,
 * 加载异常处理
 * \Illuminate\Foundation\Bootstrap\RegisterFacades::class,
 * 注册门面模式
 * \Illuminate\Foundation\Bootstrap\SetRequestForConsole::class,
 * 设置Console请求
 * \Illuminate\Foundation\Bootstrap\RegisterProviders::class,
 * 注册Providers
 * \Illuminate\Foundation\Bootstrap\BootProviders::class,
 * 启动Providers
 */
public function bootstrapWith(array $bootstrappers)
{
    $this->hasBeenBootstrapped = true;
    foreach ($bootstrappers as $bootstrapper) {
        $this['events']->fire('bootstrapping: '.$bootstrapper, [$this]);
        //调用$bootstrapper实例中的bootstrap方法
        $this->make($bootstrapper)->bootstrap($this);
        //Container引用了ArrayAccess
        //$this['events']相当于$this->make('events')
        $this['events']->fire('bootstrapped: '.$bootstrapper, [$this]);
    }
}
vim vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Events/Dispatcher.php
//启动事件并调用监听者
public function fire($event, $payload = [], $halt = false)
{
    return $this->dispatch($event, $payload, $halt);
}

注册Providers

vim Illuminate/Foundation/Bootstrap/RegisterProviders.php
public function bootstrap(Application $app)
{
    $app->registerConfiguredProviders();
}
vim Illuminate/Foundation/Application.php
// 将所有配置的providers载入框架
public function registerConfiguredProviders(){
    //$this->config['app.providers']是app/config的providers
    //将是否以Illuminate开头的providers分割到两个Collection数组中
    $providers = Collection::make($this->config['app.providers'])//return static 延时加载
                        ->partition(function ($provider) {
                            return Str::startsWith($provider, 'Illuminate\\');
                        });
    //引入第三方的Service Providers加入Collection数组中
    $providers->splice(1, 0, [$this->make(PackageManifest::class)->providers()]);
    // 
    (new ProviderRepository($this, new Filesystem, $this->getCachedServicesPath()))
                    ->load($providers->collapse()->toArray());
}
vim src/Illuminate/Foundation/ProviderRepository.php
//注册Service Providers
public function load(array $providers)
{
    //加载bootstrap/cache/services.php
    $manifest = $this->loadManifest();
    //判断是否需要重新编译$manifest
    if ($this->shouldRecompile($manifest, $providers)) {
        $manifest = $this->compileManifest($providers);
    }
    //注册需要延迟加载的Serivice Provider($defer=true)
    foreach ($manifest['when'] as $provider => $events) {
        $this->registerLoadEvents($provider, $events);
    }
    //注册非延迟加载的Serivice Provider(通过调用register方法)
    foreach ($manifest['eager'] as $provider) {
        $this->app->register($provider);
    }
    //将延迟加载的Serivice Provider加入容器的deferredServices数组
    $this->app->addDeferredServices($manifest['deferred']);
}

启动Providers

public function boot()
{
    if ($this->booted) {
        return;
    }
    $this->fireAppCallbacks($this->bootingCallbacks);
    array_walk($this->serviceProviders, function ($p) {
            $this->bootProvider($p);
    });
    $this->booted = true;
    $this->fireAppCallbacks($this->bootedCallbacks);
}
//调用serviceProviders中Provider实例的boot方法
protected function bootProvider(ServiceProvider $provider)
{
    if (method_exists($provider, 'boot')) {
        return $this->call([$provider, 'boot']);
    }
}

new self 和new static

new self() 返回的是self所在类
new static() 返回调用者所在类
class Father{
    public function getSelf(){
        return new self();
    }
    public function getStatic(){
        return new static();
    }
}
$f = new Father();
echo get_class($f->getSelf());//Father
echo get_class($f->getStatic());//Father
class Son extends Father{
}
$s = new Son();
echo get_class($s->getSelf());//Father
echo get_class($s->getStatic());//Son

boot和register方法的区别

register方法是必须的,boot方法不是
register 方法用于绑定服务到容器,框架会先调用所有 provider 的 register 方法,等所有服务都注册完毕再去调用每一个服务的 boot 方法。

所以不能在 register 方法里面调用其他 provider 提供的服务,因为我们无法保证其他服务已经注册完毕。

而在 boot 方法里面你可以干任何事情!

延迟加载

开启延迟加载

vim FamilyServiceProvider.php
class FamilyServiceProvider extends DeferrableProvider{
    $defer = true;
    public function register(){
    }
    public function providers(){
        return ['Family'];
    }
}
除编译生成的文件(optimize的反向操作)
php artisan clear-compiled
调用
//Application的make会调用deferServices数组中Family对应的实例
app('Family')->test();

//没有实现providers()时的调用方法
app('App\Service\Family\FamilyService')->test();
//providers()方法等价于
app('app')->bind('Family','App\Service\Family\FamilyService');

源码

vim Illuminate/Foundation/Application.php
public function make($abstract, array $parameters = [])
{
    $abstract = $this->getAlias($abstract);
    if (isset($this->deferredServices[$abstract]) && ! isset($this->instances[$abstract])) {
        $this->loadDeferredProvider($abstract);
    }
}

事件和监听者

观察者模式

观察者模式能够便利的创建查看目标对象状态的对象,并且提供与核心对象非耦合的指定性功能。

为软件添加由某个动作或状态变化激活的,但是松散耦合的新功能时,应当创建基于观察者模式的对象。

模拟创建订单时发送短信邮件

非观察者模式
class order{
    public function add(){
        $a = new Message();$a->send();
        $b = new Email();$b->send();
    }
}
class Message{
    public function send(){
        echo '发送短信';
    }
}
class Email{
    public function send(){
        echo '发送邮件';
    }
}
$order = new Order();
$order->add();//发送短信发送邮件
观察者模式
<?php
//被观察者接口
interface Observable{
    function add(Observe $observe);//新增观察者
    function del(Observe $observe);//删除观察者
}
class order implements Observable{
    private $instance = array();
    public function add(Observe $observe){
        if(array_search($observe, $this->instance) === false){
            $this->instance[] = $observe;
        }
    }
    public function del(Observe $observe){
        if($key = array_search($observe, $this->instance) !== false){
            unset($this->instance[$key]);
        }
    }
    public function notify(){
        foreach ($this->instance as $observe){
            $observe->send();
        }
    }
}
//观察者
interface Observe{
    function send();
}
class Message implements Observe{
    public function send(){
        echo '发送短信';
    }
}
class Email implements Observe{
    public function send(){
        echo '发送邮件';
    }
}
$order = new Order();
$order->add(new Message());
$order->add(new Email());
$order->notify();//发送短信发送邮件

如果再想发送钉钉提醒,则只需要实现Observe接口类即可

class DingTalk implements Observe{
    public function send(){
        echo '发送钉钉提醒';
    }
}
$order = new Order();
$order->add(new DingTalk());
$order->notify();//发送钉钉提醒

创建事件和监听者

创建事件和监听者

php artisan make:event EventTest
php artisan make:listener EventTestListener
php artisan make:listener OtherListener

注册事件和监听者

vim app/Providers/EventServiceProvider.php
'App\Events\EventTest' => [
    'App\Listeners\EventListener',
    'App\Listeners\OtherListener',
],

调用事件

event(new EventTest());
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