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用css做漂亮的图形

缘自世界 2018年10月02日 发布于前端 github.com

css可以制作什么样的图形?

  1. 几何图形 ,除了常见的 正方形,长方形,椭圆,圆,还可以制作等边三角形,等腰直角三角形,五角星,六角星,五边形,六边形等;
  2. 卡通图形,如:吃豆人,鸡蛋,月亮等;
  3. 图标图形,如:箭头,锁,心等;

......

用css做漂亮的图形

点击阅读原文

用css做漂亮的图形

2018年10月02日 发布,来源:github.com

用css做图形

在前端开发中,你或多或少都会接触到css图形。之前我整理过 [伪元素&伪类](https://github.com/lvzhenbang/pseudo) 的内容,为的就是更加熟悉了解它们,以便更好的使用它们。同时也也使用它一做了一些动画。 [css3-animate](https://github.com/lvzhenbang/css3-animate)

这里说的用css做图形,其实是使用一个html元素,结合它的伪元素 ::before & ::after (不需要其他额外的非伪元素的html元素),然后定义样式来生成所需的图形。

这里不是说不可以使用其它的html元素,只是这样的好处是在html方便引入,而不需要每次引入都需要添加大量的html片段(夸张说法)。

目录

几何图形
星形
卡通图形
图标图形
钻石图形
其他

图形列表

shape-square

#square {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background: red;
}

demo

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shape-rctangle

#rectangle {
    width: 200px;
    height: 100px;
    background: red;
}

demo

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shape-circle

#circle {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background: red;
    border-radius: 50%
}

demo

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shape-oval

#oval {
    width: 200px;
    height: 100px;
    background: red;
    border-radius: 100px / 50px;
}

demo

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shape-cone

#cone {
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-left: 70px solid transparent;
    border-right: 70px solid transparent;
    border-top: 100px solid red;
    border-radius: 50%;
}

demo

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shape-trapezoid

#trapezoid {
    border-bottom: 100px solid red;
    border-left: 50px solid transparent;
    border-right: 50px solid transparent;
    height: 0;
    width: 100px;
}

demo

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shape-parallelogram

#parallelogram {
    width: 150px;
    height: 100px;
    transform: skew(20deg);
    background: red;
}

demo

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shape-pentagon

#pentagon {
    position: relative;
    width: 54px;
    box-sizing: content-box;
    border-width: 50px 18px 0;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: red transparent;
}

#pentagon:before {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    height: 0;
    width: 0;
    top: -85px;
    left: -18px;
    border-width: 0 45px 35px;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: transparent transparent red;
}

demo

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shape-hexagon

#hexagon {
    width: 100px;
    height: 55px;
    background: red;
    position: relative;
}
#hexagon:before {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    top: -25px;
    left: 0;
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-left: 50px solid transparent;
    border-right: 50px solid transparent;
    border-bottom: 25px solid red;
}
#hexagon:after {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    bottom: -25px;
    left: 0;
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-left: 50px solid transparent;
    border-right: 50px solid transparent;
    border-top: 25px solid red;
}

demo

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shape-octagon

#octagon {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background: red;
    position: relative;
}
#octagon:before {
    content: "";
    width: 100px;
    height: 0;
    position: absolute;
    top: 0;
    left: 0;
    border-bottom: 29px solid red;
    border-left: 29px solid #eee;
    border-right: 29px solid #eee;
}
#octagon:after {
    content: "";
    width: 100px;
    height: 0;
    position: absolute;
    bottom: 0;
    left: 0;
    border-top: 29px solid red;
    border-left: 29px solid #eee;
    border-right: 29px solid #eee;
}  

demo

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shape-triangle-up

#triangle-up {
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-left: 50px solid transparent;
    border-right: 50px solid transparent;
    border-bottom: 100px solid red;
}

demo

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shape-triangle-down

#triangle-down {
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-left: 50px solid transparent;
    border-right: 50px solid transparent;
    border-top: 100px solid red;
}

demo

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shape-triangle-left

#triangle-left {
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-left: 50px solid transparent;
    border-right: 50px solid transparent;
    border-top: 100px solid red;
}

demo

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shape-triangle-right

#triangle-right {
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-top: 50px solid transparent;
    border-left: 100px solid red;
    border-bottom: 50px solid transparent;
}

demo

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shape-triangle-top-left

#triangle-topleft {
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-top: 100px solid red;
    border-right: 100px solid transparent;
}

demo

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shape-triangle-top-right

#triangle-topright {
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-top: 100px solid red;
    border-left: 100px solid transparent;
}

demo

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shape-triangle-bottom-left

#triangle-bottomleft {
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-bottom: 100px solid red;
    border-right: 100px solid transparent;
}

demo

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shape-triangle-bottom-right

#triangle-bottomright {
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-bottom: 100px solid red;
    border-left: 100px solid transparent;
}

demo

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shape-curve-arrow

#curvedarrow {
    position: relative;
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-top: 9px solid transparent;
    border-right: 9px solid red;
    transform: rotate(10deg);
}

#curvedarrow:after {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    border: 0 solid transparent;
    border-top: 3px solid red;
    border-radius: 20px 0 0 0;
    top: -12px;
    left: -9px;
    width: 12px;
    height: 12px;
    transform: rotate(45deg);
}

demo

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shape-star-5

margin: 50px 0;
    position: relative;
    display: block;
    color: red;
    width: 0px;
    height: 0px;
    border-right: 100px solid transparent;
    border-bottom: 70px solid red;
    border-left: 100px solid transparent;
    transform: rotate(35deg);
}
#star-five:before {
    border-bottom: 80px solid red;
    border-left: 30px solid transparent;
    border-right: 30px solid transparent;
    position: absolute;
    height: 0;
    width: 0;
    top: -45px;
    left: -65px;
    display: block;
    content: '';
    transform: rotate(-35deg);
}
#star-five:after {
    position: absolute;
    display: block;
    color: red;
    top: 3px;
    left: -105px;
    width: 0px;
    height: 0px;
    border-right: 100px solid transparent;
    border-bottom: 70px solid red;
    border-left: 100px solid transparent;
    transform: rotate(-70deg);
    content: '';
}  

demo

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shape-star-6

#star-six {
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-left: 50px solid transparent;
    border-right: 50px solid transparent;
    border-bottom: 100px solid red;
    position: relative;
}
#star-six:after {
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-left: 50px solid transparent;
    border-right: 50px solid transparent;
    border-top: 100px solid red;
    position: absolute;
    content: "";
    top: 30px;
    left: -50px;
}  

demo

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shape-burst-12

#burst-12 {
    background: red;
    width: 80px;
    height: 80px;
    position: relative;
    text-align: center;
}
#burst-12:before,
#burst-12:after {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    top: 0;
    left: 0;
    height: 80px;
    width: 80px;
    background: red;
}
#burst-12:before {
    transform: rotate(30deg);
}
#burst-12:after {
    transform: rotate(60deg);
}  

demo

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shape-burst-8

#burst-8 {
    background: red;
    width: 80px;
    height: 80px;
    position: relative;
    text-align: center;
    transform: rotate(20deg);
}
#burst-8:before {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    top: 0;
    left: 0;
    height: 80px;
    width: 80px;
    background: red;
    transform: rotate(135deg);
}  

demo

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shape-heart

#heart {
    position: relative;
    width: 100px;
    height: 90px;
}
#heart:before,
#heart:after {
    position: absolute;
    content: "";
    left: 50px;
    top: 0;
    width: 50px;
    height: 80px;
    background: red;
    border-radius: 50px 50px 0 0;
    transform: rotate(-45deg);
    transform-origin: 0 100%;
}
#heart:after {
    left: 0;
    transform: rotate(45deg);
    transform-origin: 100% 100%;
}

demo

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shape-infinity

#infinity {
    position: relative;
    width: 212px;
    height: 100px;
    box-sizing: content-box;
}
#infinity:before,
#infinity:after {
    content: "";
    box-sizing: content-box;
    position: absolute;
    top: 0;
    left: 0;
    width: 60px;
    height: 60px;
    border: 20px solid red;
    border-radius: 50px 50px 0 50px;
    transform: rotate(-45deg);
}
#infinity:after {
    left: auto;
    right: 0;
    border-radius: 50px 50px 50px 0;
    transform: rotate(45deg);
}

demo

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shape-diamond-square

#diamond-square {
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border: 50px solid transparent;
    border-bottom-color: red;
    position: relative;
    top: -50px;
}
#diamond-square:after {
    content: '';
    position: absolute;
    left: -50px;
    top: 50px;
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border: 50px solid transparent;
    border-top-color: red;
}

demo

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shape-diamond-narrow

#diamond-narrow {
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border: 50px solid transparent;
    border-bottom: 70px solid red;
    position: relative;
    top: -50px;
}
#diamond-narrow:after {
    content: '';
    position: absolute;
    left: -50px;
    top: 70px;
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border: 50px solid transparent;
    border-top: 70px solid red;
}

demo

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shape-diamond-shield

#diamond-shield {
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border: 50px solid transparent;
    border-bottom: 20px solid red;
    position: relative;
    top: -50px;
}
#diamond-shield:after {
    content: '';
    position: absolute;
    left: -50px;
    top: 20px;
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border: 50px solid transparent;
    border-top: 70px solid red;
}

demo

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shape-diamond-cut

#cut-diamond {
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: transparent transparent red transparent;
    border-width: 0 25px 25px 25px;
    height: 0;
    width: 50px;
    box-sizing: content-box;
    position: relative;
    margin: 20px 0 50px 0;
}
#cut-diamond:after {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    top: 25px;
    left: -25px;
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-style: solid;
    border-color: red transparent transparent transparent;
    border-width: 70px 50px 0 50px;
}

demo

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shape-egg

#egg {
    display: block;
    width: 126px;
    height: 180px;
    background-color: red;
    border-radius: 50% 50% 50% 50% / 60% 60% 40% 40%;
}

demo

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shape-pacman

#pacman {
    width: 0px;
    height: 0px;
    border-right: 60px solid transparent;
    border-top: 60px solid red;
    border-left: 60px solid red;
    border-bottom: 60px solid red;
    border-top-left-radius: 60px;
    border-top-right-radius: 60px;
    border-bottom-left-radius: 60px;
    border-bottom-right-radius: 60px;
}

demo

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shape-talk-bubble

#talkbubble {
    width: 120px;
    height: 80px;
    background: red;
    position: relative;
    -moz-border-radius: 10px;
    -webkit-border-radius: 10px;
    border-radius: 10px;
}
#talkbubble:before {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    right: 100%;
    top: 26px;
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-top: 13px solid transparent;
    border-right: 26px solid red;
    border-bottom: 13px solid transparent;
}

demo

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shape-yin-yang

#yin-yang {
    width: 96px;
    box-sizing: content-box;
    height: 48px;
    background: #eee;
    border-color: red;
    border-style: solid;
    border-width: 2px 2px 50px 2px;
    border-radius: 100%;
    position: relative;
}
#yin-yang:before {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    top: 50%;
    left: 0;
    background: #eee;
    border: 18px solid red;
    border-radius: 100%;
    width: 12px;
    height: 12px;
    box-sizing: content-box;
}
#yin-yang:after {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    top: 50%;
    left: 50%;
    background: red;
    border: 18px solid #eee;
    border-radius: 100%;
    width: 12px;
    height: 12px;
    box-sizing: content-box;
}

demo

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shape-badge-ribbon

#badge-ribbon {
    position: relative;
    background: red;
    height: 100px;
    width: 100px;
    border-radius: 50px;
}
#badge-ribbon:before,
#badge-ribbon:after {
    content: '';
    position: absolute;
    border-bottom: 70px solid red;
    border-left: 40px solid transparent;
    border-right: 40px solid transparent;
    top: 70px;
    left: -10px;
    transform: rotate(-140deg);
}
#badge-ribbon:after {
    left: auto;
    right: -10px;
    transform: rotate(140deg);
}

demo

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shape-space-invader

#space-invader {
    display:flex;
    justify-content: center;
    align-items: center;
    width: 12em;
    height: 8em;
}

#space-invader::before {
    content: '';
    display: inline-block;
    width: 1em;
    height: 1em;
    box-shadow: 0 0 0 1em red,
        0 1em 0 1em red,
        -2.5em 1.5em 0 .5em red,
        2.5em 1.5em 0 .5em red,
        -3em -3em 0 0 red,
        3em -3em 0 0 red,
        -2em -2em 0 0 red,
        2em -2em 0 0 red,
        -3em -1em 0 0 red,
        -2em -1em 0 0 red,
        2em -1em 0 0 red,
        3em -1em 0 0 red,
        -4em 0 0 0 red,
        -3em 0 0 0 red,
        3em 0 0 0 red,
        4em 0 0 0 red,
        -5em 1em 0 0 red,
        -4em 1em 0 0 red,
        4em 1em 0 0 red,
        5em 1em 0 0 red,
        -5em 2em 0 0 red,
        5em 2em 0 0 red,
        -5em 3em 0 0 red,
        -3em 3em 0 0 red,
        3em 3em 0 0 red,
        5em 3em 0 0 red,
        -2em 4em 0 0 red,
        -1em 4em 0 0 red,
        1em 4em 0 0 red,
        2em 4em 0 0 red;
    background: red;
}

demo

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shape-tv

#tv {
    position: relative;
    width: 200px;
    height: 150px;
    margin: 20px 0;
    background: red;
    border-radius: 50% / 10%;
    color: white;
    text-align: center;
    text-indent: .1em;
}
#tv:before {
    content: '';
    position: absolute;
    top: 10%;
    bottom: 10%;
    right: -5%;
    left: -5%;
    background: inherit;
    border-radius: 5% / 50%;
}

demo

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shape-mangnifying-glass

#magnifying-glass {
    font-size: 10em;
    display: inline-block;
    width: 0.4em;
    box-sizing: content-box;
    height: 0.4em;
    border: 0.1em solid red;
    position: relative;
    border-radius: 0.35em;
}
#magnifying-glass:before {
    content: "";
    display: inline-block;
    position: absolute;
    right: -0.25em;
    bottom: -0.1em;
    border-width: 0;
    background: red;
    width: 0.35em;
    height: 0.08em;
    transform: rotate(45deg);
}

demo

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shape-facebook

#facebook-icon {
    background: red;
    text-indent: -999em;
    width: 100px;
    height: 110px;
    box-sizing: content-box;
    border-radius: 5px;
    position: relative;
    overflow: hidden;
    border: 15px solid red;
    border-bottom: 0;
}
#facebook-icon:before {
    content: "/20";
    position: absolute;
    background: red;
    width: 40px;
    height: 90px;
    bottom: -30px;
    right: -37px;
    border: 20px solid #eee;
    border-radius: 25px;
    box-sizing: content-box;
}
#facebook-icon:after {
    content: "/20";
    position: absolute;
    width: 55px;
    top: 50px;
    height: 20px;
    background: #eee;
    right: 5px;
    box-sizing: content-box;
}

demo

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shape-moon

#moon {
    width: 10em;
    height: 10em;
}
#moon::before {
    content: '';
    display: inline-block;
    width: 8em;
    height: 8em;
    border-radius: 50%;
    box-shadow: 1em 1em 0 0 red;
}

demo

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shape-flag

#flag {
    width: 110px;
    height: 56px;
    box-sizing: content-box;
    padding-top: 15px;
    position: relative;
    background: red;
    color: white;
    font-size: 11px;
    letter-spacing: 0.2em;
    text-align: center;
    text-transform: uppercase;
}
#flag:after {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    left: 0;
    bottom: 0;
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-bottom: 13px solid #eee;
    border-left: 55px solid transparent;
    border-right: 55px solid transparent;
}

demo

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shape-cross

#cross {
    height: 100px;
    width: 100px;
    position: relative;
}

#cross:before,
#cross:after {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    background: red;
}

#cross:before {
    top: 0;
    left: 40px;
    width: 20px;
    height: 100px;
}

#cross:after {
    top: 40px;
    left: 0px;
    width: 100px;
    height: 20px;
}

demo

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shape-base

#base {
    background: red;
    display: inline-block;
    height: 55px;
    margin-left: 20px;
    margin-top: 55px;
    position: relative;
    width: 100px;
}
#base:before {
    border-bottom: 35px solid red;
    border-left: 50px solid transparent;
    border-right: 50px solid transparent;
    content: "";
    height: 0;
    left: 0;
    position: absolute;
    top: -35px;
    width: 0;
}

demo

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shape-pointer

#pointer {
    width: 200px;
    height: 40px;
    position: relative;
    background: red;
}
#pointer:after {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    left: 0;
    bottom: 0;
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-left: 20px solid white;
    border-top: 20px solid transparent;
    border-bottom: 20px solid transparent;
}
#pointer:before {
    content: "";
    position: absolute;
    right: -20px;
    bottom: 0;
    width: 0;
    height: 0;
    border-left: 20px solid red;
    border-top: 20px solid transparent;
    border-bottom: 20px solid transparent;
}

demo

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shape-lock

#lock {
    font-size: 8px;
    position: relative;
    width: 18em;
    height: 13em;
    border-radius: 2em;
    top: 10em;
    box-sizing: border-box;
    border: 3.5em solid red;
    border-right-width: 7.5em;
    border-left-width: 7.5em;
    margin: 0 0 6rem 0;
}
#lock:before {
    content: "";
    box-sizing: border-box;
    position: absolute;
    border: 2.5em solid red;
    width: 14em;
    height: 12em;
    left: 50%;
    margin-left: -7em;
    top: -12em;
    border-top-left-radius: 7em;
    border-top-right-radius: 7em;
}
#lock:after {
    content: "";
    box-sizing: border-box;
    position: absolute;
    border: 1em solid ted;
    width: 5em;
    height: 8em;
    border-radius: 2.5em;
    left: 50%;
    top: -1em;
    margin-left: -2.5em;
}

demo

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1.1k 浏览 31 收藏 报告 阅读模式
alert · 2018年10月29日

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visitor009 · 2018年10月03日

刷新我的认知

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