runtime中property的赋值问题

龙炎
  • 106
unsigned int count;

//在运行时创建继承自NSObject的People类
Class People = objc_allocateClassPair([NSObject class], "People", 0);

//完成People类的创建
objc_registerClassPair(People);

objc_property_attribute_t type = {"T", "@\"NSString\""};
objc_property_attribute_t attribute2 = {"N",""};//value无意义时通常设置为空
objc_property_attribute_t ownership = { "C", "" };
objc_property_attribute_t backingivar = { "V", "_pro"};
objc_property_attribute_t attrs[] = {type,attribute2, ownership, backingivar};

//向People类中添加名为pro的属性,属性的4个特性包含在attributes中
BOOL y = class_addProperty(People, "pro", attrs, 4);
NSLog(@"%d",y);

//创建People对象p1
id p1 = [[People alloc]init];

objc_property_t * properties = class_copyPropertyList(People, &count);
for (int i = 0; i<count; i++) {
    NSLog(@"属性的名称为 : %s",property_getName(properties[i]));
    NSLog(@"属性的特性字符串为: %s",property_getAttributes(properties[i]));
}

//请问怎么为pro赋值?
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3 个回答
✓ 已被采纳
- (void)dynamic2{
    
    unsigned int count;
    
    //在运行时创建继承自NSObject的People类
    Class People = objc_allocateClassPair([NSObject class], "People", 0);
    
    NSString *proName = @"pro";
    
    class_addIvar(People, [proName cStringUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding], sizeof(NSString *), log2(sizeof(NSString*)), @encode(NSString*));

    //完成People类的创建
    objc_registerClassPair(People);
    objc_property_attribute_t type = {"T", "@\"NSString\""};
    objc_property_attribute_t attribute2 = {"N",""};//value无意义时通常设置为空
    objc_property_attribute_t ownership = { "C", "" };
    objc_property_attribute_t backingivar = { "V", [proName cStringUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]};
    objc_property_attribute_t attrs[] = {type,attribute2, ownership, backingivar};
    
    //向People类中添加名为pro的属性,属性的4个特性包含在attributes中
    if (class_addProperty(People, [proName cStringUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding], attrs, 4)) {
        
        NSString *s = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"set%@:",[proName capitalizedString]];
        
        //添加get和set方法
        class_addMethod([People class], NSSelectorFromString(proName), (IMP)getter, "@@:");
        class_addMethod([People class], NSSelectorFromString(s), (IMP)setter, "v@:@");
        
    }
    
    //创建People对象p1
    id p1 = [[People alloc]init];
    
    objc_property_t * properties = class_copyPropertyList(People, &count);
    for (int i = 0; i<count; i++) {
        NSLog(@"属性的名称为 : %s",property_getName(properties[i]));
        NSLog(@"属性的特性字符串为: %s",property_getAttributes(properties[i]));
    }
    
    [p1 setValue:@"111" forKey:@"pro"];
    NSLog(@"%@", [p1 valueForKey:@"pro"]);
}

id getter(id self1, SEL _cmd1) {
    NSString *key = NSStringFromSelector(_cmd1);
    Ivar ivar = class_getInstanceVariable([self1 class], [key cStringUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]);  
    NSString *s = object_getIvar(self1, ivar);
    return s;
}

void setter(id self1, SEL _cmd1, id newValue) {
    //移除set
    NSString *key = [NSStringFromSelector(_cmd1) stringByReplacingCharactersInRange:NSMakeRange(0, 3) withString:@""];
    //首字母小写
    NSString *head = [key substringWithRange:NSMakeRange(0, 1)];
    head = [head lowercaseString];
    key = [key stringByReplacingCharactersInRange:NSMakeRange(0, 1) withString:head];
    //移除后缀 ":"
    key = [key stringByReplacingCharactersInRange:NSMakeRange(key.length - 1, 1) withString:@""];
    
    Ivar ivar = class_getInstanceVariable([self1 class], [key cStringUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding]);  
    object_setIvar(self1, ivar, newValue);

按照你添加的方法, 这个也是可以的

    SEL setter = NSSelectorFromString(@"setPro:");
    SEL getter = NSSelectorFromString(@"pro");
    if ([p1 respondsToSelector:setter] && [p1 respondsToSelector:getter]) {
        [p1 performSelector:setter withObject:@"NBA"];
        id d = [p1  performSelector:getter withObject:nil];
        NSLog(@"d,%@",d);
    }
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