MagicalRecord配合Mantle

在开始之前,我们先创建一个名为MemberManaged的实体entity.png

MemberManaged.h

@interface MemberManaged : NSManagedObject

@property (nonatomic, retain) NSString * memberID;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSString * mobilePhone;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSDate * createDate;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSNumber * goldNumber;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSNumber * age;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSNumber * isVip;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSString * url;

后续的例子都是以此实体进行数据库的操作

快速入门

配置

- (BOOL)application:(UIApplication *)application didFinishLaunchingWithOptions:(NSDictionary *)launchOptions
{
    [MagicalRecord setupAutoMigratingCoreDataStack];
    // ...
    return YES;
}
- (void)applicationWillTerminate:(UIApplication *)application
{
    [MagicalRecord cleanUp];
}

查找数据

//返回MemberManaged表中的第一条数据
MemberManaged *memberManaged = [MemberManaged MR_findFirst];
//返回MemberManaged表中的所有数据
NSArray *array = [[MemberManaged MR_findAll];
//键值条件查找,返回符合条件的所有数据
NSArray *array = [MemberManaged MR_findByAttribute:@"memberID" withValue:@"1"];
//按指定字段排序
NSArray *array = [MemberManaged MR_findAllSortedBy:@"age" ascending:YES];
//自定义NSPredicate查找,返回符合条件的所有数据
NSPredicate *pre = [NSPredicate predicateWithFormat:@"age > 18"];
MemberManaged *memberManaged = [MemberManaged MR_findAllWithPredicate:pre];

对于NSPredicate不熟悉的同学可以看我之前写的介绍NSPredicate的博文,关于其他的查找方法我就不一一介绍了。

插入数据

    [MagicalRecord saveWithBlock:^(NSManagedObjectContext *localContext) {
        MemberManaged *memberManaged = [MemberManaged MR_createInContext:localContext];
        memberManaged.memberID = @"1";
        memberManaged.mobilePhone = @"xxxxxxxx";
        memberManaged.createDate = [NSDate date];
        memberManaged.goldNumber = @2;
        memberManaged.age = @18;
        memberManaged.url = @"http://bawn.github.io/";
        memberManaged.isVip = @YES;

    } completion:^(BOOL success, NSError *error) {
        // ...
    }];

删除数据

    //删除单条数据
   [MagicalRecord saveWithBlock:^(NSManagedObjectContext *localContext) {
        MemberManaged *member = [MemberManaged MR_findFirstInContext:localContext];
        [member MR_deleteEntity];
    } completion:^(BOOL success, NSError *error) {
        // ...
    }];
    //删除表
    [MagicalRecord saveWithBlock:^(NSManagedObjectContext *localContext) {
        [MemberManaged MR_truncateAllInContext:localContext];
    } completion:^(BOOL success, NSError *error) {
        // ...
    }];

更新数据

    MemberManaged *member = [MemberManaged MR_findFirst];
    [MagicalRecord saveWithBlock:^(NSManagedObjectContext *localContext) {
        MemberManaged *localMember = [member MR_inContext:localContext];
        localMember.age = @22;
    } completion:^(BOOL success, NSError *error) {
        // ...
    }];

配合Mantle

基本转换

上一篇 博文 中提到Mantle的 MTLManagedObjectAdapter 类,2.0版本开发者已把此类作为一个单独 repo 从 Mantle 剥离出来,这个类有个名叫MTLManagedObjectSerializing的协议,此协议有两个必须实现的方法:

//返回此类对应的实体类名
+ (NSString *)managedObjectEntityName;
//返回此类和实体属性的映射关系
+ (NSDictionary *)managedObjectKeysByPropertyKey;

另外由于Member类和MemberManaged类的url字段的类型不一致,需要实现另一个协议方法,实现NSUrl-->NSString(age和isVip字段不需要转换,不要问我为什么)

//属性值转换
+ (NSValueTransformer *)entityAttributeTransformerForKey:(NSString *)key;

先看具体实现

Member.h

@interface Member : MTLModel<MTLJSONSerializing, MTLManagedObjectSerializing>
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSString   * memberID;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSString   * mobilePhone;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSDate     * createDate;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSNumber   *goldNumber;
@property (nonatomic, assign) NSUInteger age;
@property (nonatomic, assign) BOOL       isVip;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSURL      *url;

Member.m

//表示Member类对应的实体类是MemberManaged
+ (NSString *)managedObjectEntityName{
    return @"MemberManaged";
}
//表示Member类向MemberManaged类转换的字段映射,也是需要写全的
+ (NSDictionary *)managedObjectKeysByPropertyKey{
    return @{
             @"memberID" : @"memberID",
             @"mobilePhone" : @"mobilePhone",
             @"createDate" : @"createDate",
             @"goldNumber" : @"goldNumber",
             @"age" : @"age",
             @"isVip" : @"isVip",
             @"url" : @"url"
             };
}

具体运用:

    NSDictionary *dic = @{
                          @"id" : @"2",
                          @"phone" : @"xxxxxxxx",
                          @"date" : @"2014-09-09",
                          @"goldNumber" : @2,
                          @"age" : @"18",
                          @"url" : @"http://bawn.github.io/",
                          @"isVip" : NSNull.null
                          };

    Member *member = [MTLJSONAdapter modelOfClass:[Member class] fromJSONDictionary:dic error:nil];

    [MagicalRecord saveWithBlock:^(NSManagedObjectContext *localContext) {
        [MTLManagedObjectAdapter managedObjectFromModel:member insertingIntoContext:localContext error:nil];
    } completion:^(BOOL success, NSError *error) {
        NSLog(@"%lu", (unsigned long)[MemberManaged MR_findAll].count);
    }];
  1. Member *member = [MTLJSONAdapter modelOfClass:[Member class] fromJSONDictionary:dic error:nil]; 完成从NSDictionary-->Member转换,并返回Member实例
  2. [MTLManagedObjectAdapter managedObjectFromModel:member insertingIntoContext:localContext error:nil]; 完成Member-->MemberManaged转换,返回MemberManaged实例,但是我们并不需要。
  3. 配合MagicalRecord储存方法+ (void) saveWithBlock:(void(^)(NSManagedObjectContext *localContext))block;

注意:对于MemberManaged类,我们并不需要对它做任何的处理。

唯一性检查

同样是实现<MTLManagedObjectSerializing>中的一个方法:

+ (NSSet *)propertyKeysForManagedObjectUniquing{
    return [NSSet setWithObject:@"memberID"];
}

表示当插入新数据的时候,对比需要插入的这条数据的memberID字段的值是否和数据库中的有相同。如果有相同就覆盖更新这条数据,如果没有就新增。这样带来的方便之处显而易见。

更新数据


- (IBAction)updateData:(id)sender{ NSDictionary *dic = @{ @"id" : @"2", @"phone" : @"xxxxxxxx", @"date" : @"2015-12-09", @"goldNumber" : @2, @"age" : @"19", @"url" : @"http://bawn.github.io/", @"isVip" : NSNull.null }; Member *member = [MTLJSONAdapter modelOfClass:[Member class] fromJSONDictionary:dic error:nil]; [MagicalRecord saveWithBlock:^(NSManagedObjectContext *localContext) { [MTLManagedObjectAdapter managedObjectFromModel:member insertingIntoContext:localContext error:nil]; } completion:^(BOOL success, NSError *error) { NSLog(@"%lu", (unsigned long)[MemberManaged MR_findAll].count); }]; }

数据库中只有一条数据,因为插入的数据的memberID都是2。

总结

MagicalRecord配合Mantle使用至少让代码看起来简洁了不少,再也不用为Core Data复杂的API而烦恼,也不用再写if/else来做字段的转换。

Demo地址:MagicalRecord-Mantle

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