Laravel学习笔记之Artisan命令生成自定义模板

lx1036

说明:本文主要讲述Laravel的Artisan命令来实现自定义模板,就如经常输入的php artisan make:controller ShopController就会自动生成一个ShopController.php模板文件一样,通过命令生成模板也会提高开发效率。同时,作者会将开发过程中的一些截图和代码黏上去,提高阅读效率。

备注:个人平时在写Repository代码时会这样写,如先写上ShopRepositoryInterface并定义好接口方法如all()create()update()delete()findBy()等等,然后再写上接口对应的实现ShopRepository并注入对应的Model即Shop。别的PostRepository、TagRepository也会是这么写(当然,对于很多重用的Repository方法可以集体拿到AbstractRepository抽象类里供子类继承,实现代码复用)。那能不能直接命令行生成模板文件呢,就不用自己一个个的写了,就像输入php artisan make:controller PostController给我一个Controller模板来。

关于使用Repository模式来封装下Model逻辑,不让Controller里塞满了很多Model逻辑,这样做是有很多好处的,最主要的就是好测试和代码架构清晰,也符合SOLID原则。如果使用PHPUnit来做测试就知道了为啥说好测试了。SegmentFault上也有相关的文章描述。作者也打算最近新开一篇文章聊一聊这个,PHPUnit也打算过段时间聊一聊。

个人研究了下Artisan命令行,是可以的。经过开发后,结果是输入自定义指令php artisan make:repository PostRepository --model=Post(这个option可要可不要),就会帮我生成一个PostRepositoryInterface和对应的接口实现PostRepository。

模板文件Stub

由于个人需要生成一个RepositoryInterface和对应接口实现Repository,那就需要两个模板文件了。在resources/stubs新建两个模板文件,以下是个人经常需要的两个模板文件(你可以自定义):

// resources/stubs/Repository/repository_interface.stub
<?php
/**
 * Created by PhpStorm.
 * User: liuxiang
 */
namespace $repository_interface_namespace;

interface  $repository_interface
{
    /**
     * @param array $columns
     * @return \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Collection|static[]
     */
    public function all($columns = array('*'));

    /**
     * @param int $perPage
     * @param array $columns
     * @return \Illuminate\Contracts\Pagination\LengthAwarePaginator
     */
    public function paginate($perPage = 15, $columns = array('*'));

    /**
     * Create a new $model_name
     * @param array $data
     * @return \$model_namespace
     */
    public function create(array $data);

    /**
     * Update a $model_name
     * @param array $data
     * @return \$model_namespace
     */
    public function update($data = [], $id);

    /**
     * Store a $model_name
     * @param array $data
     * @return \$model_namespace
     */
    public function store($data = []);

    /**
     * Delete a $model_name
     * @param array $data
     * @return \$model_namespace
     */
    public function delete($data = [], $id);

    /**
     * @param $id
     * @param array $columns
     * @return array|\Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Collection|static[]
     */
    public function find($id, $columns = array('*'));

    /**
     * @param $field
     * @param $value
     * @param array $columns
     * @return \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Collection|static[]
     */
    public function findBy($field, $value, $columns = array('*'));
}

// resources/stubs/Repository/Eloquent/repository.stub
<?php
/**
 * Created by PhpStorm.
 * User: liuxiang
 */
namespace $repository_namespace;

use $model_namespace;
use $repository_interface_namespace\$repository_interface;

class $class_name implements $repository_interface
{
    /**
     * @var \$model_namespace
     */
    public $$model_var_name;

    public function __construct($model_name $$model_var_name)
    {
        $this->$model_var_name = $$model_var_name;
    }

    /**
     * @param array $columns
     * @return \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Collection|static[]
     */
    public function all($columns = array('*'))
    {
        return $this->$model_var_name->all($columns);
    }

    /**
     * @param int $perPage
     * @param array $columns
     * @return \Illuminate\Contracts\Pagination\LengthAwarePaginator
     */
    public function paginate($perPage = 15, $columns = array('*'))
    {
        return $this->$model_var_name->paginate($perPage, $columns);
    }

    /**
     * Create a new $model_var_name
     * @param array $data
     * @return \$model_namespace
     */
    public function create(array $data)
    {
        return $this->$model_var_name->create($data);
    }

     /**
       * Update a $model_var_name
       * @param array $data
       * @param $id
       * @return \$model_namespace
       */
    public function update($data = [], $id)
    {
        return $this->$model_var_name->whereId($id)->update($data);
    }

    /**
     * Store a $model_var_name
     * @param array $data
     * @return \$model_namespace
     */
    public function store($data = [])
    {
        $this->$model_var_name->id = $data['id'];
        //...
        $this->$model_var_name->save();
    }

    /**
     * Delete a $model_var_name
     * @param array $data
     * @param $id
     * @return \$model_namespace
     */
    public function delete($data = [], $id)
    {
        $this->$model_var_name->whereId($id)->delete();
    }

    /**
     * @param $id
     * @param array $columns
     * @return array|\Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Collection|static[]
     */
    public function find($id, $columns = array('*'))
    {
        $$model_name = $this->$model_var_name->whereId($id)->get($columns);
        return $$model_name;
    }

    /**
     * @param $field
     * @param $value
     * @param array $columns
     * @return \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Collection|static[]
     */
    public function findBy($field, $value, $columns = array('*'))
    {
        $$model_name = $this->$model_var_name->where($field, '=', $value)->get($columns);
        return $$model_name;
    }

}

模板文件里包括参数,这些参数将会根据命令行中输入的参数和选项被相应替换:

['$repository_namespace', '$model_namespace', '$repository_interface_namespace', '$repository_interface', '$class_name', '$model_name', '$model_var_name']

Artisan命令生成Repository模板文件

生成Artisan命令并注册

Laravel提供了Artisan命令自定义,输入指令:

php artisan make:console MakeRepositoryCommand

然后改下签名和描述:

// app/Console/Commands/MakeRepositoryCommand
    /**
     * The name and signature of the console command.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $signature = 'make:repository {repository} {--model=}';

    /**
     * The console command description.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $description = 'Make a repository and interface';

这里{repository}是必填参数并指明(选填参数加个?,就和路由参数一样),将会被$this->argument('repository')方法捕捉到,{--model=}是选项,可填可不填,将会被$this->option('model')方法捕捉到。填上这个命令的描述,最后在Console的Kernel里注册下命令:

// app/Console/Kernel
protected $commands = [
        // Commands\Inspire::class,
//        Commands\RedisSubscribe::class,
//        Commands\RedisPublish::class,
//        Commands\MakeTestRepositoryCommand::class,
        Commands\MakeRepositoryCommand::class,
    ];

然后输入php artisan命令后就能看到这个make:repository命令了。
图片描述

自动化生成RepositoryInterface和Repository文件

在MakeRepositoryCommand.php命令执行文件里写上模板自动生成逻辑,代码也不长,有些逻辑也有注释,可看:

// app/Console/Commands/MakeRepositoryCommand
<?php

namespace App\Console\Commands;

use Config;
use Illuminate\Console\Command;
use Illuminate\Filesystem\Filesystem;
use Illuminate\Support\Composer;

class MakeRepositoryCommand extends Command
{
    /**
     * The name and signature of the console command.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $signature = 'make:repository {repository} {--model=}';

    /**
     * The console command description.
     *
     * @var string
     */
    protected $description = 'Make a repository and interface';

    /**
     * @var
     */
    protected $repository;

    /**
     * @var
     */
    protected $model;

    /**
     * Create a new command instance.
     *
     * @param Filesystem $filesystem
     * @param Composer $composer
     */
    public function __construct(Filesystem $filesystem, Composer $composer)
    {
        parent::__construct();

        $this->files    = $filesystem;
        $this->composer = $composer;
    }

    /**
     * Execute the console command.
     *
     * @return mixed
     */
    public function handle()
    {
        //获取repository和model两个参数值
        $argument = $this->argument('repository');
        $option   = $this->option('model');
        //自动生成RepositoryInterface和Repository文件
        $this->writeRepositoryAndInterface($argument, $option);
        //重新生成autoload.php文件
        $this->composer->dumpAutoloads();
    }

    private function writeRepositoryAndInterface($repository, $model)
    {
        if($this->createRepository($repository, $model)){
            //若生成成功,则输出信息
            $this->info('Success to make a '.ucfirst($repository).' Repository and a '.ucfirst($repository).'Interface Interface');
        }
    }

    private function createRepository($repository, $model)
    {
        // getter/setter 赋予成员变量值
        $this->setRepository($repository);
        $this->setModel($model);
        // 创建文件存放路径, RepositoryInterface放在app/Repositories,Repository个人一般放在app/Repositories/Eloquent里
        $this->createDirectory();
        // 生成两个文件
        return $this->createClass();
    }

    private function createDirectory()
    {
        $directory = $this->getDirectory();
        //检查路径是否存在,不存在创建一个,并赋予775权限
        if(! $this->files->isDirectory($directory)){
            return $this->files->makeDirectory($directory, 0755, true);
        }
    }

    private function getDirectory()
    {
        return Config::get('repository.directory_eloquent_path');
    }

    private function createClass()
    {
        //渲染模板文件,替换模板文件中变量值
        $templates = $this->templateStub();
        $class     = null;
        foreach ($templates as $key => $template) {
            //根据不同路径,渲染对应的模板文件
            $class = $this->files->put($this->getPath($key), $template);
        }
        return $class;
    }

    private function getPath($class)
    {
        // 两个模板文件,对应的两个路径
        $path = null;
        switch($class){
            case 'Eloquent':
                $path = $this->getDirectory().DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.$this->getRepositoryName().'.php';
                break;
            case 'Interface':
                $path = $this->getInterfaceDirectory().DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.$this->getInterfaceName().'.php';
                break;
        }

        return $path;
    }

    private function getInterfaceDirectory()
    {
        return Config::get('repository.directory_path');
    }

    private function getRepositoryName()
    {
        // 根据输入的repository变量参数,是否需要加上'Repository'
        $repositoryName = $this->getRepository();
        if((strlen($repositoryName) < strlen('Repository')) || strrpos($repositoryName, 'Repository', -11)){
            $repositoryName .= 'Repository';
        }
        return $repositoryName;
    }

    private function getInterfaceName()
    {
        return $this->getRepositoryName().'Interface';
    }

    /**
     * @return mixed
     */
    public function getRepository()
    {
        return $this->repository;
    }

    /**
     * @param mixed $repository
     */
    public function setRepository($repository)
    {
        $this->repository = $repository;
    }

    /**
     * @return mixed
     */
    public function getModel()
    {
        return $this->model;
    }

    /**
     * @param mixed $model
     */
    public function setModel($model)
    {
        $this->model = $model;
    }

    private function templateStub()
    {
        // 获取两个模板文件
        $stubs        = $this->getStub();
        // 获取需要替换的模板文件中变量
        $templateData = $this->getTemplateData();
        $renderStubs  = [];
        foreach ($stubs as $key => $stub) {
            // 进行模板渲染
            $renderStubs[$key] = $this->getRenderStub($templateData, $stub);
        }

        return $renderStubs;
    }

    private function getStub()
    {
        $stubs = [
            'Eloquent'  => $this->files->get(resource_path('stubs/Repository').DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'Eloquent'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'repository.stub'),
            'Interface' => $this->files->get(resource_path('stubs/Repository').DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'repository_interface.stub'),
        ];

        return $stubs;
    }

    private function getTemplateData()
    {
        $repositoryNamespace          = Config::get('repository.repository_namespace');
        $modelNamespace               = 'App\\'.$this->getModelName();
        $repositoryInterfaceNamespace = Config::get('repository.repository_interface_namespace');
        $repositoryInterface          = $this->getInterfaceName();
        $className                    = $this->getRepositoryName();
        $modelName                    = $this->getModelName();

        $templateVar = [
            'repository_namespace'           => $repositoryNamespace,
            'model_namespace'                => $modelNamespace,
            'repository_interface_namespace' => $repositoryInterfaceNamespace,
            'repository_interface'           => $repositoryInterface,
            'class_name'                     => $className,
            'model_name'                     => $modelName,
            'model_var_name'                 => strtolower($modelName),
        ];

        return $templateVar;
    }

    private function getRenderStub($templateData, $stub)
    {
        foreach ($templateData as $search => $replace) {
            $stub = str_replace('$'.$search, $replace, $stub);
        }

        return $stub;
    }

    private function getModelName()
    {
        $modelName = $this->getModel();
        if(isset($modelName) && !empty($modelName)){
            $modelName = ucfirst($modelName);
        }else{
            // 若option选项没写,则根据repository来生成Model Name
            $modelName = $this->getModelFromRepository();
        }

        return $modelName;
    }

    private function getModelFromRepository()
    {
        $repository = strtolower($this->getRepository());
        $repository = str_replace('repository', '', $repository);
        return ucfirst($repository);
    }

}

这里把一些常量值放在config/repository.php配置文件里了:

<?php
/**
 * Created by PhpStorm.
 * User: liuxiang
 * Date: 16/6/22
 * Time: 17:06
 */

return [

    'directory_path' => 'App'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'Repositories',
    'directory_eloquent_path' => 'App'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'Repositories'.DIRECTORY_SEPARATOR.'Eloquent',
    'repository_namespace' => 'App\Repositories\Eloquent',
    'repository_interface_namespace' => 'App\Repositories',

];

运行一下看可不可以吧,这里截个图:
图片描述
图片描述

It is working!!!

是可以生成RepositoryInterface和对应的接口实现文件,这里一个是加了--model选项一个没加的,没加的话这里第一个指令就默认Model的名称是Shop。

生成的文件内容不截图了,看下新生成的ShopRepository.php文件,的确是我想要的模板文件:

<?php
/**
 * Created by PhpStorm.
 * User: liuxiang
 */
namespace App\Repositories\Eloquent;

use App\Shop;
use App\Repositories\ShopRepositoryInterface;

class ShopRepository implements ShopRepositoryInterface
{
    /**
     * @var \App\Shop
     */
    public $shop;

    public function __construct(Shop $shop)
    {
        $this->shop = $shop;
    }

    /**
     * @param array $columns
     * @return \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Collection|static[]
     */
    public function all($columns = array('*'))
    {
        return $this->shop->all($columns);
    }

    /**
     * @param int $perPage
     * @param array $columns
     * @return \Illuminate\Contracts\Pagination\LengthAwarePaginator
     */
    public function paginate($perPage = 15, $columns = array('*'))
    {
        return $this->shop->paginate($perPage, $columns);
    }

    /**
     * Create a new shop
     * @param array $data
     * @return \App\Shop
     */
    public function create(array $data)
    {
        return $this->shop->create($data);
    }

     /**
       * Update a shop
       * @param array $data
       * @param $id
       * @return \App\Shop
       */
    public function update($data = [], $id)
    {
        return $this->shop->whereId($id)->update($data);
    }

    /**
     * Store a shop
     * @param array $data
     * @return \App\Shop
     */
    public function store($data = [])
    {
        $this->shop->id = $data['id'];
        //...
        $this->shop->save();
    }

    /**
     * Delete a shop
     * @param array $data
     * @param $id
     * @return \App\Shop
     */
    public function delete($data = [], $id)
    {
        $this->shop->whereId($id)->delete();
    }

    /**
     * @param $id
     * @param array $columns
     * @return array|\Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Collection|static[]
     */
    public function find($id, $columns = array('*'))
    {
        $Shop = $this->shop->whereId($id)->get($columns);
        return $Shop;
    }

    /**
     * @param $field
     * @param $value
     * @param array $columns
     * @return \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Collection|static[]
     */
    public function findBy($field, $value, $columns = array('*'))
    {
        $Shop = $this->shop->where($field, '=', $value)->get($columns);
        return $Shop;
    }

}

总结:本文主要用Laravel的Artisan命令来自动生成个人需要的模板,减少平时开发中重复劳动。就像Laravel自带了很多模板生成命令,用起来会节省很多时间。这是作者在平时开发中遇到的问题,通过利用Laravel Artisan命令解决了,所以Laravel还是挺好玩的。有兴趣的可以把代码扒下来玩一玩,并根据你自己想要的模板做修改。这两天想就Repository模式封装Model逻辑的方法和好处聊一聊,到时见。

欢迎关注Laravel-China

RightCapital招聘Laravel DevOps

阅读 6.8k

为五斗米折腰

3.1k 声望
917 粉丝
0 条评论

为五斗米折腰

3.1k 声望
917 粉丝
文章目录
宣传栏