聊聊spring security oauth2的password方式的认证

codecraft

本文主要来聊聊spring security oauth2的password方式的认证

/oauth/token

这个主要见上一篇文章,讲了是怎么拦截处理/oauth/token的,其中有个点还需要强调一下,就是支持password授权模式的话,还需要额外支持用户登录认证。

password模式

这个模式需要额外处理,首先经过filter认证通过,然后进入endpoint
spring-security-oauth2-2.0.14.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/security/oauth2/provider/endpoint/TokenEndpoint.java

@RequestMapping(value = "/oauth/token", method=RequestMethod.POST)
    public ResponseEntity<OAuth2AccessToken> postAccessToken(Principal principal, @RequestParam
    Map<String, String> parameters) throws HttpRequestMethodNotSupportedException {

        if (!(principal instanceof Authentication)) {
            throw new InsufficientAuthenticationException(
                    "There is no client authentication. Try adding an appropriate authentication filter.");
        }

        String clientId = getClientId(principal);
        ClientDetails authenticatedClient = getClientDetailsService().loadClientByClientId(clientId);

        TokenRequest tokenRequest = getOAuth2RequestFactory().createTokenRequest(parameters, authenticatedClient);

        if (clientId != null && !clientId.equals("")) {
            // Only validate the client details if a client authenticated during this
            // request.
            if (!clientId.equals(tokenRequest.getClientId())) {
                // double check to make sure that the client ID in the token request is the same as that in the
                // authenticated client
                throw new InvalidClientException("Given client ID does not match authenticated client");
            }
        }
        if (authenticatedClient != null) {
            oAuth2RequestValidator.validateScope(tokenRequest, authenticatedClient);
        }
        if (!StringUtils.hasText(tokenRequest.getGrantType())) {
            throw new InvalidRequestException("Missing grant type");
        }
        if (tokenRequest.getGrantType().equals("implicit")) {
            throw new InvalidGrantException("Implicit grant type not supported from token endpoint");
        }

        if (isAuthCodeRequest(parameters)) {
            // The scope was requested or determined during the authorization step
            if (!tokenRequest.getScope().isEmpty()) {
                logger.debug("Clearing scope of incoming token request");
                tokenRequest.setScope(Collections.<String> emptySet());
            }
        }

        if (isRefreshTokenRequest(parameters)) {
            // A refresh token has its own default scopes, so we should ignore any added by the factory here.
            tokenRequest.setScope(OAuth2Utils.parseParameterList(parameters.get(OAuth2Utils.SCOPE)));
        }

        OAuth2AccessToken token = getTokenGranter().grant(tokenRequest.getGrantType(), tokenRequest);
        if (token == null) {
            throw new UnsupportedGrantTypeException("Unsupported grant type: " + tokenRequest.getGrantType());
        }

        return getResponse(token);

    }

这里从getTokenGranter().grant(tokenRequest.getGrantType(), tokenRequest)这里会根据不同认证方式获取token,其中password比较特别,需要走用户账号密码认证,这里匹配的granter是ResourceOwnerPasswordTokenGranter

spring-security-oauth2-2.0.14.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/security/oauth2/provider/password/ResourceOwnerPasswordTokenGranter.java

public class ResourceOwnerPasswordTokenGranter extends AbstractTokenGranter {

    private static final String GRANT_TYPE = "password";

    private final AuthenticationManager authenticationManager;

    public ResourceOwnerPasswordTokenGranter(AuthenticationManager authenticationManager,
            AuthorizationServerTokenServices tokenServices, ClientDetailsService clientDetailsService, OAuth2RequestFactory requestFactory) {
        this(authenticationManager, tokenServices, clientDetailsService, requestFactory, GRANT_TYPE);
    }

    protected ResourceOwnerPasswordTokenGranter(AuthenticationManager authenticationManager, AuthorizationServerTokenServices tokenServices,
            ClientDetailsService clientDetailsService, OAuth2RequestFactory requestFactory, String grantType) {
        super(tokenServices, clientDetailsService, requestFactory, grantType);
        this.authenticationManager = authenticationManager;
    }

    @Override
    protected OAuth2Authentication getOAuth2Authentication(ClientDetails client, TokenRequest tokenRequest) {

        Map<String, String> parameters = new LinkedHashMap<String, String>(tokenRequest.getRequestParameters());
        String username = parameters.get("username");
        String password = parameters.get("password");
        // Protect from downstream leaks of password
        parameters.remove("password");

        Authentication userAuth = new UsernamePasswordAuthenticationToken(username, password);
        ((AbstractAuthenticationToken) userAuth).setDetails(parameters);
        try {
            userAuth = authenticationManager.authenticate(userAuth);
        }
        catch (AccountStatusException ase) {
            //covers expired, locked, disabled cases (mentioned in section 5.2, draft 31)
            throw new InvalidGrantException(ase.getMessage());
        }
        catch (BadCredentialsException e) {
            // If the username/password are wrong the spec says we should send 400/invalid grant
            throw new InvalidGrantException(e.getMessage());
        }
        if (userAuth == null || !userAuth.isAuthenticated()) {
            throw new InvalidGrantException("Could not authenticate user: " + username);
        }
        
        OAuth2Request storedOAuth2Request = getRequestFactory().createOAuth2Request(client, tokenRequest);        
        return new OAuth2Authentication(storedOAuth2Request, userAuth);
    }
}

可以看到这里获取用户名密码,然后进行认证。这里有个问题,之前不是已经设置了userDetailsService为ClientDetailsUserDetailsService了么,这里是如何还支持用户的password认证的。

之前这里指定了userDetailsService为clientDetailsUserDetailsService
spring-security-oauth2-2.0.14.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/security/oauth2/config/annotation/web/configurers/AuthorizationServerSecurityConfigurer.java

    @Override
    public void init(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {

        registerDefaultAuthenticationEntryPoint(http);
        if (passwordEncoder != null) {
            ClientDetailsUserDetailsService clientDetailsUserDetailsService = new ClientDetailsUserDetailsService(clientDetailsService());
            clientDetailsUserDetailsService.setPasswordEncoder(passwordEncoder());
            http.getSharedObject(AuthenticationManagerBuilder.class)
                    .userDetailsService(clientDetailsUserDetailsService)
                    .passwordEncoder(passwordEncoder());
        }
        else {
            http.userDetailsService(new ClientDetailsUserDetailsService(clientDetailsService()));
        }
        http.securityContext().securityContextRepository(new NullSecurityContextRepository()).and().csrf().disable()
                .httpBasic().realmName(realm);
    }

AuthorizationServerSecurityConfigurer与AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer

答案就在这个细节中,相对于TokenEndpoint来说,之前配置的是AuthorizationServerSecurityConfigurer,这个相当于pre认证,而AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer这个相当于after认证。

之前讲述password模式的时候,特意提到的需要额外的配置

    @Override
    public void configure(AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer endpoints) throws Exception {
        //todo 这里额外指定了/oauth/token的password模式要使用的userDetailsService
        endpoints.authenticationManager(authenticationManager);
        endpoints.userDetailsService(userDetailsService);
        endpoints.tokenStore(tokenStore());
    }

对,就是这里指定了进入TokenEndpoint之后使用的authenticationManager和userDetailsService

这里也就额外体现了authenticationManager和userDetailsService分离的好处。

AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer

spring-security-oauth2-2.0.14.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/security/oauth2/config/annotation/web/configurers/AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer.java

public AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer userDetailsService(UserDetailsService userDetailsService) {
        if (userDetailsService != null) {
            this.userDetailsService = userDetailsService;
            this.userDetailsServiceOverride = true;
        }
        return this;
    }

设置了userDetailsService之后,userDetailsServiceOverride这个就为true,之后在外部的配置
spring-security-oauth2-2.0.14.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/security/oauth2/config/annotation/web/configuration/AuthorizationServerSecurityConfiguration.java

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        AuthorizationServerSecurityConfigurer configurer = new AuthorizationServerSecurityConfigurer();
        FrameworkEndpointHandlerMapping handlerMapping = endpoints.oauth2EndpointHandlerMapping();
        http.setSharedObject(FrameworkEndpointHandlerMapping.class, handlerMapping);
        configure(configurer);
        http.apply(configurer);
        String tokenEndpointPath = handlerMapping.getServletPath("/oauth/token");
        String tokenKeyPath = handlerMapping.getServletPath("/oauth/token_key");
        String checkTokenPath = handlerMapping.getServletPath("/oauth/check_token");
        if (!endpoints.getEndpointsConfigurer().isUserDetailsServiceOverride()) {
            UserDetailsService userDetailsService = http.getSharedObject(UserDetailsService.class);
            endpoints.getEndpointsConfigurer().userDetailsService(userDetailsService);
        }
        // @formatter:off
        http
            .authorizeRequests()
                .antMatchers(tokenEndpointPath).fullyAuthenticated()
                .antMatchers(tokenKeyPath).access(configurer.getTokenKeyAccess())
                .antMatchers(checkTokenPath).access(configurer.getCheckTokenAccess())
        .and()
            .requestMatchers()
                .antMatchers(tokenEndpointPath, tokenKeyPath, checkTokenPath)
        .and()
            .sessionManagement().sessionCreationPolicy(SessionCreationPolicy.NEVER);
        // @formatter:on
        http.setSharedObject(ClientDetailsService.class, clientDetailsService);
    }

这里额外判断了如果没有被覆盖的话,才设置userDetailsService

其他

之前AuthorizationServerSecurityConfigurer为什么不需要额外指定authenticationManager呢,因为内部的配置帮你配置好了
spring-security-oauth2-2.0.14.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/security/oauth2/config/annotation/web/configurers/AuthorizationServerSecurityConfigurer.java

private ClientCredentialsTokenEndpointFilter clientCredentialsTokenEndpointFilter(HttpSecurity http) {
        ClientCredentialsTokenEndpointFilter clientCredentialsTokenEndpointFilter = new ClientCredentialsTokenEndpointFilter(
                frameworkEndpointHandlerMapping().getServletPath("/oauth/token"));
        clientCredentialsTokenEndpointFilter
                .setAuthenticationManager(http.getSharedObject(AuthenticationManager.class));
        OAuth2AuthenticationEntryPoint authenticationEntryPoint = new OAuth2AuthenticationEntryPoint();
        authenticationEntryPoint.setTypeName("Form");
        authenticationEntryPoint.setRealmName(realm);
        clientCredentialsTokenEndpointFilter.setAuthenticationEntryPoint(authenticationEntryPoint);
        clientCredentialsTokenEndpointFilter = postProcess(clientCredentialsTokenEndpointFilter);
        http.addFilterBefore(clientCredentialsTokenEndpointFilter, BasicAuthenticationFilter.class);
        return clientCredentialsTokenEndpointFilter;
    }

看这里从http.getSharedObject(AuthenticationManager.class)获取然后指定了。

小结

  • 请求/oauth/token的,如果配置支持allowFormAuthenticationForClients的,且url中有client_id和client_secret的会走ClientCredentialsTokenEndpointFilter
  • 请求/oauth/token的,如果没有支持allowFormAuthenticationForClients或者有支持但是url中没有client_id和client_secret的,走basic认证
  • client detail认证(走AuthorizationServerSecurityConfigurer的配置)成功之后,如果是password模式,要走用户账号密码认证
  • 走password的就是用AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer中配置的userDetailsService来进行认证
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