聊聊hikari连接池的validationTimeout

codecraft

本文主要研究下hikari连接池的validationTimeout

validationTimeout

默认是5秒
HikariCP/2.7.6/HikariCP-2.7.6-sources.jar!/com/zaxxer/hikari/pool/PoolBase.java
   boolean isConnectionAlive(final Connection connection)
   {
      try {
         try {
            setNetworkTimeout(connection, validationTimeout);

            final int validationSeconds = (int) Math.max(1000L, validationTimeout) / 1000;

            if (isUseJdbc4Validation) {
               return connection.isValid(validationSeconds);
            }

            try (Statement statement = connection.createStatement()) {
               if (isNetworkTimeoutSupported != TRUE) {
                  setQueryTimeout(statement, validationSeconds);
               }

               statement.execute(config.getConnectionTestQuery());
            }
         }
         finally {
            setNetworkTimeout(connection, networkTimeout);

            if (isIsolateInternalQueries && !isAutoCommit) {
               connection.rollback();
            }
         }

         return true;
      }
      catch (Exception e) {
         lastConnectionFailure.set(e);
         LOGGER.warn("{} - Failed to validate connection {} ({})", poolName, connection, e.getMessage());
         return false;
      }
   }

   /**
    * Set the network timeout, if <code>isUseNetworkTimeout</code> is <code>true</code> and the
    * driver supports it.
    *
    * @param connection the connection to set the network timeout on
    * @param timeoutMs the number of milliseconds before timeout
    * @throws SQLException throw if the connection.setNetworkTimeout() call throws
    */
   private void setNetworkTimeout(final Connection connection, final long timeoutMs) throws SQLException
   {
      if (isNetworkTimeoutSupported == TRUE) {
         connection.setNetworkTimeout(netTimeoutExecutor, (int) timeoutMs);
      }
   }

   /**
    * Set the query timeout, if it is supported by the driver.
    *
    * @param statement a statement to set the query timeout on
    * @param timeoutSec the number of seconds before timeout
    */
   private void setQueryTimeout(final Statement statement, final int timeoutSec)
   {
      if (isQueryTimeoutSupported != FALSE) {
         try {
            statement.setQueryTimeout(timeoutSec);
            isQueryTimeoutSupported = TRUE;
         }
         catch (Throwable e) {
            if (isQueryTimeoutSupported == UNINITIALIZED) {
               isQueryTimeoutSupported = FALSE;
               LOGGER.info("{} - Failed to set query timeout for statement. ({})", poolName, e.getMessage());
            }
         }
      }
   }
如果是jdbc4的话,可以使用isUseJdbc4Validation,是直接利用connection.isValid(validationSeconds)来验证连接的有效性;否则的话则用connectionTestQuery查询语句来查询验证。

this.isUseJdbc4Validation = config.getConnectionTestQuery() == null;当connectionTestQuery为null的时候,isUseJdbc4Validation为true

HikariPool.getConnection

HikariCP-2.7.6-sources.jar!/com/zaxxer/hikari/pool/HikariPool.java

   /**
    * Get a connection from the pool, or timeout after the specified number of milliseconds.
    *
    * @param hardTimeout the maximum time to wait for a connection from the pool
    * @return a java.sql.Connection instance
    * @throws SQLException thrown if a timeout occurs trying to obtain a connection
    */
   public Connection getConnection(final long hardTimeout) throws SQLException
   {
      suspendResumeLock.acquire();
      final long startTime = currentTime();

      try {
         long timeout = hardTimeout;
         do {
            PoolEntry poolEntry = connectionBag.borrow(timeout, MILLISECONDS);
            if (poolEntry == null) {
               break; // We timed out... break and throw exception
            }

            final long now = currentTime();
            if (poolEntry.isMarkedEvicted() || (elapsedMillis(poolEntry.lastAccessed, now) > ALIVE_BYPASS_WINDOW_MS && !isConnectionAlive(poolEntry.connection))) {
               closeConnection(poolEntry, poolEntry.isMarkedEvicted() ? EVICTED_CONNECTION_MESSAGE : DEAD_CONNECTION_MESSAGE);
               timeout = hardTimeout - elapsedMillis(startTime);
            }
            else {
               metricsTracker.recordBorrowStats(poolEntry, startTime);
               return poolEntry.createProxyConnection(leakTaskFactory.schedule(poolEntry), now);
            }
         } while (timeout > 0L);

         metricsTracker.recordBorrowTimeoutStats(startTime);
         throw createTimeoutException(startTime);
      }
      catch (InterruptedException e) {
         Thread.currentThread().interrupt();
         throw new SQLException(poolName + " - Interrupted during connection acquisition", e);
      }
      finally {
         suspendResumeLock.release();
      }
   }
可以看到borrow到poolEntry之后,如果不是isMarkedEvicted,则会调用isConnectionAlive来判断连接的有效性

HikariPool

HikariCP-2.7.6-sources.jar!/com/zaxxer/hikari/pool/HikariPool.java

   /**
    * The house keeping task to retire and maintain minimum idle connections.
    */
   private final class HouseKeeper implements Runnable
   {
      private volatile long previous = plusMillis(currentTime(), -HOUSEKEEPING_PERIOD_MS);

      @Override
      public void run()
      {
         try {
            // refresh timeouts in case they changed via MBean
            connectionTimeout = config.getConnectionTimeout();
            validationTimeout = config.getValidationTimeout();
            leakTaskFactory.updateLeakDetectionThreshold(config.getLeakDetectionThreshold());

            final long idleTimeout = config.getIdleTimeout();
            final long now = currentTime();

            // Detect retrograde time, allowing +128ms as per NTP spec.
            if (plusMillis(now, 128) < plusMillis(previous, HOUSEKEEPING_PERIOD_MS)) {
               LOGGER.warn("{} - Retrograde clock change detected (housekeeper delta={}), soft-evicting connections from pool.",
                           poolName, elapsedDisplayString(previous, now));
               previous = now;
               softEvictConnections();
               return;
            }
            else if (now > plusMillis(previous, (3 * HOUSEKEEPING_PERIOD_MS) / 2)) {
               // No point evicting for forward clock motion, this merely accelerates connection retirement anyway
               LOGGER.warn("{} - Thread starvation or clock leap detected (housekeeper delta={}).", poolName, elapsedDisplayString(previous, now));
            }

            previous = now;

            String afterPrefix = "Pool ";
            if (idleTimeout > 0L && config.getMinimumIdle() < config.getMaximumPoolSize()) {
               logPoolState("Before cleanup ");
               afterPrefix = "After cleanup  ";

               final List<PoolEntry> notInUse = connectionBag.values(STATE_NOT_IN_USE);
               int toRemove = notInUse.size() - config.getMinimumIdle();
               for (PoolEntry entry : notInUse) {
                  if (toRemove > 0 && elapsedMillis(entry.lastAccessed, now) > idleTimeout && connectionBag.reserve(entry)) {
                     closeConnection(entry, "(connection has passed idleTimeout)");
                     toRemove--;
                  }
               }
            }

            logPoolState(afterPrefix);

            fillPool(); // Try to maintain minimum connections
         }
         catch (Exception e) {
            LOGGER.error("Unexpected exception in housekeeping task", e);
         }
      }
   }
HouseKeeper线程也用到了validationTimeout

小结

validationTimeout用来指定验证连接有效性的超时时间(默认是5秒,最小不能小于250毫秒),如果是没有设置connectionTestQuery的话,默认是用jdbc4规范中的connection.isValid(validationSeconds)来验证连接的有效性。

另外hikari是在borrow连接的时候校验连接的有效性,相当于tomcat jdbc pool的testOnBorrow=true

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