reactor-netty的TcpClient如何往eventLoop提交task

codecraft

本文主要研究一下reactor-netty的TcpClient如何往eventLoop提交task

实例

        TcpClient client = TcpClient.create("localhost", 8888);
        LOGGER.info("client:{}",client.getClass());
        Mono<? extends NettyContext> handler = client.newHandler((inbound,outbound) -> {
            return outbound.sendString(Mono.just("Hello World!")).then(inbound.receive()
                    .asString().next().log().then());
        });
        LOGGER.info("handler:{}",handler.getClass()); //NOTE reactor.core.publisher.MonoCreate
        handler.subscribe();

TcpClient.newHandler

reactor-netty-0.7.3.RELEASE-sources.jar!/reactor/ipc/netty/tcp/TcpClient.java

    protected Mono<NettyContext> newHandler(BiFunction<? super NettyInbound, ? super NettyOutbound, ? extends Publisher<Void>> handler,
            InetSocketAddress address,
            boolean secure,
            Consumer<? super Channel> onSetup) {

        final BiFunction<? super NettyInbound, ? super NettyOutbound, ? extends Publisher<Void>>
                targetHandler =
                null == handler ? ChannelOperations.noopHandler() : handler;

        return Mono.create(sink -> {
            SocketAddress remote = address != null ? address : options.getAddress();

            ChannelPool pool = null;

            PoolResources poolResources = options.getPoolResources();
            if (poolResources != null) {
                pool = poolResources.selectOrCreate(remote, options,
                        doHandler(null, sink, secure, remote, null, null),
                        options.getLoopResources().onClient(options.preferNative()));
            }

            ContextHandler<SocketChannel> contextHandler =
                    doHandler(targetHandler, sink, secure, remote, pool, onSetup);
            sink.onCancel(contextHandler);

            if (pool == null) {
                Bootstrap b = options.get();
                b.remoteAddress(remote);
                b.handler(contextHandler);
                contextHandler.setFuture(b.connect());
            }
            else {
                contextHandler.setFuture(pool.acquire());
            }
        });
    }
注意这里的pool.acquire()或者b.connect()

SimpleChannelPool.acquireHealthyFromPoolOrNew

netty-transport-4.1.20.Final-sources.jar!/io/netty/channel/pool/SimpleChannelPool.java

    /**
     * Tries to retrieve healthy channel from the pool if any or creates a new channel otherwise.
     * @param promise the promise to provide acquire result.
     * @return future for acquiring a channel.
     */
    private Future<Channel> acquireHealthyFromPoolOrNew(final Promise<Channel> promise) {
        try {
            final Channel ch = pollChannel();
            if (ch == null) {
                // No Channel left in the pool bootstrap a new Channel
                Bootstrap bs = bootstrap.clone();
                bs.attr(POOL_KEY, this);
                ChannelFuture f = connectChannel(bs);
                if (f.isDone()) {
                    notifyConnect(f, promise);
                } else {
                    f.addListener(new ChannelFutureListener() {
                        @Override
                        public void operationComplete(ChannelFuture future) throws Exception {
                            notifyConnect(future, promise);
                        }
                    });
                }
                return promise;
            }
            EventLoop loop = ch.eventLoop();
            if (loop.inEventLoop()) {
                doHealthCheck(ch, promise);
            } else {
                loop.execute(new Runnable() {
                    @Override
                    public void run() {
                        doHealthCheck(ch, promise);
                    }
                });
            }
        } catch (Throwable cause) {
            promise.tryFailure(cause);
        }
        return promise;
    }

    /**
     * Bootstrap a new {@link Channel}. The default implementation uses {@link Bootstrap#connect()}, sub-classes may
     * override this.
     * <p>
     * The {@link Bootstrap} that is passed in here is cloned via {@link Bootstrap#clone()}, so it is safe to modify.
     */
    protected ChannelFuture connectChannel(Bootstrap bs) {
        return bs.connect();
    }
pool.acquire()最后调用的是SimpleChannelPool.acquireHealthyFromPoolOrNew,它最后调用connectChannel也是调用Bootstrap.connect

Bootstrap.connect

netty-transport-4.1.20.Final-sources.jar!/io/netty/bootstrap/Bootstrap.java

    /**
     * Connect a {@link Channel} to the remote peer.
     */
    public ChannelFuture connect() {
        validate();
        SocketAddress remoteAddress = this.remoteAddress;
        if (remoteAddress == null) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("remoteAddress not set");
        }

        return doResolveAndConnect(remoteAddress, config.localAddress());
    }

    /**
     * @see #connect()
     */
    private ChannelFuture doResolveAndConnect(final SocketAddress remoteAddress, final SocketAddress localAddress) {
        final ChannelFuture regFuture = initAndRegister();
        final Channel channel = regFuture.channel();

        if (regFuture.isDone()) {
            if (!regFuture.isSuccess()) {
                return regFuture;
            }
            return doResolveAndConnect0(channel, remoteAddress, localAddress, channel.newPromise());
        } else {
            // Registration future is almost always fulfilled already, but just in case it's not.
            final PendingRegistrationPromise promise = new PendingRegistrationPromise(channel);
            regFuture.addListener(new ChannelFutureListener() {
                @Override
                public void operationComplete(ChannelFuture future) throws Exception {
                    // Directly obtain the cause and do a null check so we only need one volatile read in case of a
                    // failure.
                    Throwable cause = future.cause();
                    if (cause != null) {
                        // Registration on the EventLoop failed so fail the ChannelPromise directly to not cause an
                        // IllegalStateException once we try to access the EventLoop of the Channel.
                        promise.setFailure(cause);
                    } else {
                        // Registration was successful, so set the correct executor to use.
                        // See https://github.com/netty/netty/issues/2586
                        promise.registered();
                        doResolveAndConnect0(channel, remoteAddress, localAddress, promise);
                    }
                }
            });
            return promise;
        }
    }    
注意这里调用了initAndRegister
然后调用doResolveAndConnect0

initAndRegister

netty-transport-4.1.20.Final-sources.jar!/io/netty/bootstrap/AbstractBootstrap.java

    final ChannelFuture initAndRegister() {
        Channel channel = null;
        try {
            channel = channelFactory.newChannel();
            init(channel);
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            if (channel != null) {
                // channel can be null if newChannel crashed (eg SocketException("too many open files"))
                channel.unsafe().closeForcibly();
                // as the Channel is not registered yet we need to force the usage of the GlobalEventExecutor
                return new DefaultChannelPromise(channel, GlobalEventExecutor.INSTANCE).setFailure(t);
            }
            // as the Channel is not registered yet we need to force the usage of the GlobalEventExecutor
            return new DefaultChannelPromise(new FailedChannel(), GlobalEventExecutor.INSTANCE).setFailure(t);
        }

        ChannelFuture regFuture = config().group().register(channel);
        if (regFuture.cause() != null) {
            if (channel.isRegistered()) {
                channel.close();
            } else {
                channel.unsafe().closeForcibly();
            }
        }

        // If we are here and the promise is not failed, it's one of the following cases:
        // 1) If we attempted registration from the event loop, the registration has been completed at this point.
        //    i.e. It's safe to attempt bind() or connect() now because the channel has been registered.
        // 2) If we attempted registration from the other thread, the registration request has been successfully
        //    added to the event loop's task queue for later execution.
        //    i.e. It's safe to attempt bind() or connect() now:
        //         because bind() or connect() will be executed *after* the scheduled registration task is executed
        //         because register(), bind(), and connect() are all bound to the same thread.

        return regFuture;
    }
这里先调用channelFactory.newChannel()来创建一个channel,之后进行初始化,这里可能抛出SocketException("too many open files"),异常的话直接设置fail并返回DefaultChannelPromise
注意这里调用了config().group().register(channel),在reactor-netty中这个group是MultithreadEventLoopGroup.java

io.netty.channel.ReflectiveChannelFactory.newChannel()

netty-transport-4.1.20.Final-sources.jar!/io/netty/channel/ReflectiveChannelFactory.java

    public T newChannel() {
        try {
            return clazz.getConstructor().newInstance();
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            throw new ChannelException("Unable to create Channel from class " + clazz, t);
        }
    }
这里new的是NioSocketChannel.class
netty-transport-4.1.20.Final-sources.jar!/io/netty/channel/socket/nio/NioSocketChannel.java
    private static final SelectorProvider DEFAULT_SELECTOR_PROVIDER = SelectorProvider.provider();

    private static SocketChannel newSocket(SelectorProvider provider) {
        try {
            /**
             *  Use the {@link SelectorProvider} to open {@link SocketChannel} and so remove condition in
             *  {@link SelectorProvider#provider()} which is called by each SocketChannel.open() otherwise.
             *
             *  See <a href="https://github.com/netty/netty/issues/2308">#2308</a>.
             */
            return provider.openSocketChannel();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            throw new ChannelException("Failed to open a socket.", e);
        }
    }
    /**
     * Create a new instance using the given {@link SelectorProvider}.
     */
    public NioSocketChannel(SelectorProvider provider) {
        this(newSocket(provider));
    }
mac操作系统这里的provider是sun.nio.ch.KQueueSelectorProvider,openSocketChannel调用的是SelectorProviderImpl的方法

jre/lib/rt.jar!/sun/nio/ch/SelectorProviderImpl.class

    public SocketChannel openSocketChannel() throws IOException {
        return new SocketChannelImpl(this);
    }

jre/lib/rt.jar!/sun/nio/ch/SocketChannelImpl.class

    SocketChannelImpl(SelectorProvider var1) throws IOException {
        super(var1);
        this.fd = Net.socket(true);
        this.fdVal = IOUtil.fdVal(this.fd);
        this.state = 0;
    }
注意这里调用了Net.socket(true),创建FileDescriptor,可能抛出SocketException("too many open files")

Bootstrap.init(channel)

netty-transport-4.1.20.Final-sources.jar!/io/netty/bootstrap/Bootstrap.java

    void init(Channel channel) throws Exception {
        ChannelPipeline p = channel.pipeline();
        p.addLast(config.handler());

        final Map<ChannelOption<?>, Object> options = options0();
        synchronized (options) {
            setChannelOptions(channel, options, logger);
        }

        final Map<AttributeKey<?>, Object> attrs = attrs0();
        synchronized (attrs) {
            for (Entry<AttributeKey<?>, Object> e: attrs.entrySet()) {
                channel.attr((AttributeKey<Object>) e.getKey()).set(e.getValue());
            }
        }
    }
这里主要是设置一些options和属性

MultithreadEventLoopGroup.register(channel)

netty-transport-4.1.20.Final-sources.jar!/io/netty/channel/MultithreadEventLoopGroup.java

    public ChannelFuture register(Channel channel) {
        return next().register(channel);
    }
这里的next返回的是SingleThreadEventLoop

netty-transport-4.1.20.Final-sources.jar!/io/netty/channel/SingleThreadEventLoop.java

    public ChannelFuture register(Channel channel) {
        return register(new DefaultChannelPromise(channel, this));
    }

    public ChannelFuture register(final ChannelPromise promise) {
        ObjectUtil.checkNotNull(promise, "promise");
        promise.channel().unsafe().register(this, promise);
        return promise;
    }    
这里的unsafe是AbstractChannel$AbstractUnsafe

AbstractChannel$AbstractUnsafe

netty-transport-4.1.20.Final-sources.jar!/io/netty/channel/AbstractChannel.java

        public final void register(EventLoop eventLoop, final ChannelPromise promise) {
            if (eventLoop == null) {
                throw new NullPointerException("eventLoop");
            }
            if (isRegistered()) {
                promise.setFailure(new IllegalStateException("registered to an event loop already"));
                return;
            }
            if (!isCompatible(eventLoop)) {
                promise.setFailure(
                        new IllegalStateException("incompatible event loop type: " + eventLoop.getClass().getName()));
                return;
            }

            AbstractChannel.this.eventLoop = eventLoop;

            if (eventLoop.inEventLoop()) {
                register0(promise);
            } else {
                try {
                    eventLoop.execute(new Runnable() {
                        @Override
                        public void run() {
                            register0(promise);
                        }
                    });
                } catch (Throwable t) {
                    logger.warn(
                            "Force-closing a channel whose registration task was not accepted by an event loop: {}",
                            AbstractChannel.this, t);
                    closeForcibly();
                    closeFuture.setClosed();
                    safeSetFailure(promise, t);
                }
            }
        }
这里可以看到调用eventLoop.execute,这个eventLoop是NioEventLoop,调用的是父类SingleThreadEventLoop.execute
注意这里对ChannelPromise再包装了一下,调用了register0操作

SingleThreadEventLoop.execute

    public void execute(Runnable task) {
        if (task == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException("task");
        }

        boolean inEventLoop = inEventLoop();
        if (inEventLoop) {
            addTask(task);
        } else {
            startThread();
            addTask(task);
            if (isShutdown() && removeTask(task)) {
                reject();
            }
        }

        if (!addTaskWakesUp && wakesUpForTask(task)) {
            wakeup(inEventLoop);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Add a task to the task queue, or throws a {@link RejectedExecutionException} if this instance was shutdown
     * before.
     */
    protected void addTask(Runnable task) {
        if (task == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException("task");
        }
        if (!offerTask(task)) {
            reject(task);
        }
    }    

    final boolean offerTask(Runnable task) {
        if (isShutdown()) {
            reject();
        }
        return taskQueue.offer(task);
    }    
可以看到这里execute调用的是addTask,而addTask调用offerTask,最后往taskQueue里头offer任务

register0

netty-transport-4.1.20.Final-sources.jar!/io/netty/channel/AbstractChannel.java

        private void register0(ChannelPromise promise) {
            try {
                // check if the channel is still open as it could be closed in the mean time when the register
                // call was outside of the eventLoop
                if (!promise.setUncancellable() || !ensureOpen(promise)) {
                    return;
                }
                boolean firstRegistration = neverRegistered;
                doRegister();
                neverRegistered = false;
                registered = true;

                // Ensure we call handlerAdded(...) before we actually notify the promise. This is needed as the
                // user may already fire events through the pipeline in the ChannelFutureListener.
                pipeline.invokeHandlerAddedIfNeeded();

                safeSetSuccess(promise);
                pipeline.fireChannelRegistered();
                // Only fire a channelActive if the channel has never been registered. This prevents firing
                // multiple channel actives if the channel is deregistered and re-registered.
                if (isActive()) {
                    if (firstRegistration) {
                        pipeline.fireChannelActive();
                    } else if (config().isAutoRead()) {
                        // This channel was registered before and autoRead() is set. This means we need to begin read
                        // again so that we process inbound data.
                        //
                        // See https://github.com/netty/netty/issues/4805
                        beginRead();
                    }
                }
            } catch (Throwable t) {
                // Close the channel directly to avoid FD leak.
                closeForcibly();
                closeFuture.setClosed();
                safeSetFailure(promise, t);
            }
        }
taskQueue取出来执行的是register0操作,主要是fireChannelRegistered以及fireChannelActive,这个方法将registered字段设置为true

netty-transport-4.1.20.Final-sources.jar!/io/netty/channel/socket/nio/NioSocketChannel.java

    public boolean isActive() {
        SocketChannel ch = javaChannel();
        return ch.isOpen() && ch.isConnected();
    }
是否active主要判断是否open,以及connected

Bootstrap.doResolveAndConnect0

netty-transport-4.1.20.Final-sources.jar!/io/netty/bootstrap/Bootstrap.java

    private ChannelFuture doResolveAndConnect0(final Channel channel, SocketAddress remoteAddress,
                                               final SocketAddress localAddress, final ChannelPromise promise) {
        try {
            final EventLoop eventLoop = channel.eventLoop();
            final AddressResolver<SocketAddress> resolver = this.resolver.getResolver(eventLoop);

            if (!resolver.isSupported(remoteAddress) || resolver.isResolved(remoteAddress)) {
                // Resolver has no idea about what to do with the specified remote address or it's resolved already.
                doConnect(remoteAddress, localAddress, promise);
                return promise;
            }

            final Future<SocketAddress> resolveFuture = resolver.resolve(remoteAddress);

            if (resolveFuture.isDone()) {
                final Throwable resolveFailureCause = resolveFuture.cause();

                if (resolveFailureCause != null) {
                    // Failed to resolve immediately
                    channel.close();
                    promise.setFailure(resolveFailureCause);
                } else {
                    // Succeeded to resolve immediately; cached? (or did a blocking lookup)
                    doConnect(resolveFuture.getNow(), localAddress, promise);
                }
                return promise;
            }

            // Wait until the name resolution is finished.
            resolveFuture.addListener(new FutureListener<SocketAddress>() {
                @Override
                public void operationComplete(Future<SocketAddress> future) throws Exception {
                    if (future.cause() != null) {
                        channel.close();
                        promise.setFailure(future.cause());
                    } else {
                        doConnect(future.getNow(), localAddress, promise);
                    }
                }
            });
        } catch (Throwable cause) {
            promise.tryFailure(cause);
        }
        return promise;
    }

    private static void doConnect(
            final SocketAddress remoteAddress, final SocketAddress localAddress, final ChannelPromise connectPromise) {

        // This method is invoked before channelRegistered() is triggered.  Give user handlers a chance to set up
        // the pipeline in its channelRegistered() implementation.
        final Channel channel = connectPromise.channel();
        channel.eventLoop().execute(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                if (localAddress == null) {
                    channel.connect(remoteAddress, connectPromise);
                } else {
                    channel.connect(remoteAddress, localAddress, connectPromise);
                }
                connectPromise.addListener(ChannelFutureListener.CLOSE_ON_FAILURE);
            }
        });
    }
这里在initAndRegister执行成功之后,会触发doResolveAndConnect0,而这里才是真正的执行connect操作

Bootstrap.connect的主要步骤

能够执行多少connect,有这么多个关卡:
  • 创建和初始化channel:AbstractBootstrap的initAndRegister方法中newChannel及init()返回的ChannelFuture不是failed的,可能因为SocketException("too many open files")无法创建FileDescriptor
  • 提交注册channel的task:往eventLoop注册这个register任务,这里要求taskQueue队列能够容纳得下,默认是Integer.MAX_VALUE没有问题;容纳不下则会reject这个task,抛出RejectedExecutionException(Force-closing a channel whose registration task was not accepted by an event loop),则这个promise被设置为failure,initAndRegister不成功则channel则直接被close掉
taskQueue中的register0(promise)这个任务,更改状态为REGISTERED,之后触发下面这个task去connect,之后判断是否open和connect,如果是则状态变更为ACTIVE
  • 注册这个register ChannelFuture的operationComplete回调:调用doResolveAndConnect0,doResolveAndConnect0执行的是channel的connect
channel的状态变化是Created->REGISTERED->CONNECT->ACTIVE
21:53:50.934 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.resources.DefaultPoolResources - Created [id: 0x1ebe331c], now 1 active connections
21:53:50.941 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.channel.ContextHandler - After pipeline DefaultChannelPipeline{(reactor.left.loggingHandler = io.netty.handler.logging.LoggingHandler), (SimpleChannelPool$1#0 = io.netty.channel.pool.SimpleChannelPool$1), (reactor.right.reactiveBridge = reactor.ipc.netty.channel.ChannelOperationsHandler)}
21:53:50.942 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.tcp.TcpClient - [id: 0x1ebe331c] REGISTERED
21:54:49.561 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.tcp.TcpClient - [id: 0x1ebe331c] CONNECT: localhost/127.0.0.1:8888
21:54:49.571 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.tcp.TcpClient - [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 - R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888] ACTIVE

收发数据并关闭channel

变成active之后就会触发newHandler里头Lambda表达式往channel写数据发送
22:13:12.174 [main] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.channel.PooledClientContextHandler - Acquiring existing channel from pool: DefaultPromise@97e93f1(success: [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 - R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888]) SimpleChannelPool{activeConnections=1}
22:13:19.773 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.channel.PooledClientContextHandler - Acquired active channel: [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 - R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888]
22:13:25.291 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.channel.ChannelOperations - [Channel] [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 - R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888] handler is being applied: com.example.demo.TcpTest$$Lambda$7/1541049864@41d1fa89
22:15:17.748 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.channel.ChannelOperationsHandler - [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 - R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888] Writing object FluxMapFuseable
22:15:21.719 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG io.netty.util.Recycler - -Dio.netty.recycler.maxCapacityPerThread: 32768
22:15:21.719 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG io.netty.util.Recycler - -Dio.netty.recycler.maxSharedCapacityFactor: 2
22:15:21.719 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG io.netty.util.Recycler - -Dio.netty.recycler.linkCapacity: 16
22:15:21.719 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG io.netty.util.Recycler - -Dio.netty.recycler.ratio: 8
22:15:21.742 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG io.netty.buffer.AbstractByteBuf - -Dio.netty.buffer.bytebuf.checkAccessible: true
22:15:21.756 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG io.netty.util.ResourceLeakDetectorFactory - Loaded default ResourceLeakDetector: io.netty.util.ResourceLeakDetector@5c2a00d6
22:15:23.010 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.tcp.TcpClient - [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 - R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888] WRITE: 12B
         +-------------------------------------------------+
         |  0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  a  b  c  d  e  f |
+--------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------+
|00000000| 48 65 6c 6c 6f 20 57 6f 72 6c 64 21             |Hello World!    |
+--------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------+
22:15:25.042 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.tcp.TcpClient - [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 - R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888] FLUSH
22:15:27.861 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.channel.FluxReceive - [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 - R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888] Subscribing inbound receiver [pending: 0, cancelled:false, inboundDone: false]
22:15:27.864 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] INFO reactor.Mono.Next.1 - onSubscribe(MonoNext.NextSubscriber)
22:15:27.869 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] INFO reactor.Mono.Next.1 - request(unbounded)
22:15:32.557 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.tcp.TcpClient - [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 - R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888] READ: 12B
         +-------------------------------------------------+
         |  0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  a  b  c  d  e  f |
+--------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------+
|00000000| 48 65 6c 6c 6f 20 57 6f 72 6c 64 21             |Hello World!    |
+--------+-------------------------------------------------+----------------+
22:15:34.292 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] INFO reactor.Mono.Next.1 - onNext(Hello World!)
22:15:34.292 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] INFO reactor.Mono.Next.1 - onComplete()
22:15:34.293 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.channel.ChannelOperations - [Channel] [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 - R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888] User Handler requesting close connection
22:15:34.296 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.tcp.TcpClient - [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 - R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888] USER_EVENT: [Handler Terminated]
22:15:34.296 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.channel.ChannelOperationsHandler - [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 - R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888] Disposing context reactor.ipc.netty.channel.PooledClientContextHandler@28add41a
22:15:34.296 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.channel.PooledClientContextHandler - Releasing channel: [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 - R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888]
22:15:34.297 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.tcp.TcpClient - [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 - R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888] CLOSE
22:15:35.967 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.resources.DefaultPoolResources - Released [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 ! R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888], now 0 active connections
22:15:35.968 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.tcp.TcpClient - [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 ! R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888] READ COMPLETE
22:15:35.969 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.tcp.TcpClient - [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 ! R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888] INACTIVE
22:15:35.969 [reactor-tcp-nio-4] DEBUG reactor.ipc.netty.tcp.TcpClient - [id: 0x1ebe331c, L:/127.0.0.1:55386 ! R:localhost/127.0.0.1:8888] UNREGISTERED
注意这里channel的状态/操作变迁是ACTIVE->WRITE->FLUSH->READ->CLOSE->Released->READ COMPLETE->INACTIVE->UNREGISTERED

小结

  • 可以看到TcpClient.newHandler在subscribe的时候触发Lambda表达式触发建立连接,最后调用的是Bootstrap.connect
  • 而Bootstrap.connect则调用了MultithreadEventLoopGroup.register(channel)方法,其最后转为DefaultChannelPromise通过AbstractChannel$AbstractUnsafe来register
  • AbstractChannel$AbstractUnsafe则是调用了taskQueue.offer(task),来将这个register0(promise)放入eventLoop的taskQueue中
taskQueue是LinkedBlockingQueue,其大小是由DEFAULT_MAX_PENDING_TASKS这个参数来指定: Math.max(16,SystemPropertyUtil.getInt("io.netty.eventLoop.maxPendingTasks", Integer.MAX_VALUE)),默认是Integer.MAX_VALUE,也就是相当于无界了。

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