java9 gc log参数迁移

本文主要研究一下java9 gc log参数的迁移。

统一JVM及GC的Logging

java9引进了一个统一的日志框架,对gc log的输出进行了统一的配置。

相关JEP(JDK Enhancement Proposal)

Xlog语法

-Xlog[:option]
    option         :=  [<what>][:[<output>][:[<decorators>][:<output-options>]]]
                       'help'
                       'disable'
    what           :=  <selector>[,...]
    selector       :=  <tag-set>[*][=<level>]
    tag-set        :=  <tag>[+...]
                       'all'
    tag            :=  name of tag
    level          :=  trace
                       debug
                       info
                       warning
                       error
    output         :=  'stderr'
                       'stdout'
                       [file=]<filename>
    decorators     :=  <decorator>[,...]
                       'none'
    decorator      :=  time
                       uptime
                       timemillis
                       uptimemillis
                       timenanos
                       uptimenanos
                       pid
                       tid
                       level
                       tags
    output-options :=  <output_option>[,...]
    output-option  :=  filecount=<file count>
                       filesize=<file size in kb>
                       parameter=value

what

主要是配置tag及level

tag

其中all代表所有的tag,其他的如下:

add,age,alloc,annotation,aot,arguments,attach,barrier,biasedlocking,blocks,bot,breakpoint,bytecode,census,class,classhisto,cleanup,compaction,comparator,constraints,constantpool,coops,cpu,cset,data,defaultmethods,dump,ergo,event,exceptions,exit,fingerprint,freelist,gc,hashtables,heap,humongous,ihop,iklass,init,itables,jfr,jni,jvmti,liveness,load,loader,logging,mark,marking,metadata,metaspace,method,mmu,modules,monitorinflation,monitormismatch,nmethod,normalize,objecttagging,obsolete,oopmap,os,pagesize,parser,patch,path,phases,plab,preorder,promotion,protectiondomain,purge,redefine,ref,refine,region,remset,resolve,safepoint,scavenge,scrub,setting,stackmap,stacktrace,stackwalk,start,startuptime,state,stats,stringdedup,stringtable,subclass,survivor,sweep,system,task,thread,time,timer,tlab,unload,update,verification,verify,vmoperation,vtables,workgang

level

主要分off,trace,debug,info,warning,error

output

- stdout(`Sends output to stdout`)
- stderr(`Sends output to stderr`)
- file=filename(`Sends output to text file(s)`)
有如上三种,其中指定file的话,可以使用%p变量表示当前jvm的pid,用%t表示jvm的启动时间戳。比如
-Xlog:gc:demoapp-gc-%p-%t.log

输出的文件名如下:

demoapp-gc-1678-2018-03-01_21-44-18.log

decorators

  • time -- Current time and date in ISO-8601 format
  • uptime -- Time since the start of the JVM in seconds and milliseconds (e.g., 6.567s)
  • timemillis -- The same value as generated by System.currentTimeMillis()
  • uptimemillis -- Milliseconds since the JVM started
  • timenanos -- The same value as generated by System.nanoTime()
  • uptimenanos -- Nanoseconds since the JVM started
  • pid -- The process identifier
  • tid -- The thread identifier
  • level -- The level associated with the log message
  • tags -- The tag-set associated with the log message
不指定的话,默认是uptime, level, and tags这三个。比如
[3.080s][info][gc,cpu        ] GC(5) User=0.03s Sys=0.00s Real=0.01s

实例

-Xlog:gc=trace:file=gctrace.txt:uptimemillis,pid:filecount=5,filesize=1024
tag为gc,levle为trace,rotate文件数为5,每个文件1M,文件名为gctrace.txt,decrotators为uptimemillis和pid

输出实例

[1110ms][1867] GC(2) Pause Remark 17M->17M(256M) 2.024ms
[1110ms][1867] GC(2) Finalize Live Data 0.000ms
[1110ms][1867] GC(2) Pause Cleanup 17M->17M(256M) 0.177ms
[1112ms][1867] GC(2) Concurrent Cycle 7.470ms
[2951ms][1867] GC(3) Pause Initial Mark (Metadata GC Threshold) 149M->30M(256M) 27.175ms
[2951ms][1867] GC(4) Concurrent Cycle
[2972ms][1867] GC(4) Pause Remark 32M->32M(256M) 5.132ms
[2974ms][1867] GC(4) Finalize Live Data 0.000ms
[2974ms][1867] GC(4) Pause Cleanup 32M->32M(256M) 0.214ms
[2976ms][1867] GC(4) Concurrent Cycle 25.422ms

迁移

旧版GC相关参数迁移

Legacy Garbage Collection (GC) Flag Xlog Configuration Comment
G1PrintHeapRegions -Xlog:gc+region=trace Not Applicable
GCLogFileSize No configuration available Log rotation is handled by the framework.
NumberOfGCLogFiles Not Applicable Log rotation is handled by the framework.
PrintAdaptiveSizePolicy -Xlog:ergo*=level Use a level of debug for most of the information, or a level of trace for all of what was logged for PrintAdaptiveSizePolicy.
PrintGC -Xlog:gc Not Applicable
PrintGCApplicationConcurrentTime -Xlog:safepoint Note that PrintGCApplicationConcurrentTime and PrintGCApplicationStoppedTime are logged on the same tag and aren’t separated in the new logging.
PrintGCApplicationStoppedTime -Xlog:safepoint Note that PrintGCApplicationConcurrentTime and PrintGCApplicationStoppedTime are logged on the same tag and not separated in the new logging.
PrintGCCause Not Applicable GC cause is now always logged.
PrintGCDateStamps Not Applicable Date stamps are logged by the framework.
PrintGCDetails -Xlog:gc* Not Applicable
PrintGCID Not Applicable GC ID is now always logged.
PrintGCTaskTimeStamps -Xlog:task*=debug Not Applicable
PrintGCTimeStamps Not Applicable Time stamps are logged by the framework.
PrintHeapAtGC -Xlog:gc+heap=trace Not Applicable
PrintReferenceGC -Xlog:ref*=debug Note that in the old logging, PrintReferenceGC had an effect only if PrintGCDetails was also enabled.
PrintStringDeduplicationStatistics -Xlog:stringdedup*=debug Not Applicable
PrintTenuringDistribution -Xlog:age*=level Use a level of debug for the most relevant information, or a level of trace for all of what was logged for PrintTenuringDistribution.
UseGCLogFileRotation Not Applicable What was logged for PrintTenuringDistribution.

旧版运行时参数迁移

Legacy Runtime Flag Xlog Configuration Comment
TraceExceptions -Xlog:exceptions=info Not Applicable
TraceClassLoading -Xlog:class+load=level Use level=info for regular information, or level=debug for additional information. In Unified Logging syntax, -verbose:class equals -Xlog:class+load=info,class+unload=info.
TraceClassLoadingPreorder -Xlog:class+preorder=debug Not Applicable
TraceClassUnloading -Xlog:class+unload=level Use level=info for regular information, or level=trace for additional information. In Unified Logging syntax, -verbose:class equals -Xlog:class+load=info,class+unload=info.
VerboseVerification -Xlog:verification=info Not Applicable
TraceClassPaths -Xlog:class+path=info Not Applicable
TraceClassResolution -Xlog:class+resolve=debug Not Applicable
TraceClassInitialization -Xlog:class+init=info Not Applicable
TraceLoaderConstraints -Xlog:class+loader+constraints=info Not Applicable
TraceClassLoaderData -Xlog:class+loader+data=level Use level=debug for regular information or level=trace for additional information.
TraceSafepointCleanupTime -Xlog:safepoint+cleanup=info Not Applicable
TraceSafepoint -Xlog:safepoint=debug Not Applicable
TraceMonitorInflation -Xlog:monitorinflation=debug Not Applicable
TraceBiasedLocking -Xlog:biasedlocking=level Use level=info for regular information, or level=trace for additional information.
TraceRedefineClasses -Xlog:redefine+class*=level level=info, =debug, and =trace provide increasing amounts of information.

小结

java9把gc log的配置统一到了Xlog中,可以按照官方给出的新旧参数映射表进行迁移。

doc

阅读 2.3k

推荐阅读
code-craft
用户专栏

spring boot , docker and so on 欢迎关注微信公众号: geek_luandun

680 人关注
1727 篇文章
专栏主页