[case26]聊聊HystrixMetricsPublisher

codecraft

本文主要研究一下HystrixMetricsPublisher

HystrixMetricsPublisher

hystrix-core-1.5.12-sources.jar!/com/netflix/hystrix/strategy/metrics/HystrixMetricsPublisher.java

/**
 * Abstract class with default implementations of Factory methods for creating "Metrics Publisher" instances for getting metrics and other related data
 * exposed, published or otherwise retrievable by external systems such as Servo (https://github.com/Netflix/servo)
 * for monitoring and statistical purposes.
 * <p>
 * See {@link HystrixPlugins} or the Hystrix GitHub Wiki for information on configuring plugins: <a
 * href="https://github.com/Netflix/Hystrix/wiki/Plugins">https://github.com/Netflix/Hystrix/wiki/Plugins</a>.
 */
public abstract class HystrixMetricsPublisher {

    // TODO should this have cacheKey functionality like HystrixProperties does?
    // I think we do otherwise dynamically provided owner and properties won't work
    // a custom override would need the caching strategy for properties/publisher/owner etc to be in sync

    /**
     * Construct an implementation of {@link HystrixMetricsPublisherCommand} for {@link HystrixCommand} instances having key {@link HystrixCommandKey}.
     * <p>
     * This will be invoked once per {@link HystrixCommandKey} instance.
     * <p>
     * <b>Default Implementation</b>
     * <p>
     * Return instance of {@link HystrixMetricsPublisherCommandDefault}
     * 
     * @param commandKey
     *            {@link HystrixCommandKey} representing the name or type of {@link HystrixCommand}
     * @param commandGroupKey
     *            {@link HystrixCommandGroupKey} of {@link HystrixCommand}
     * @param metrics
     *            {@link HystrixCommandMetrics} instance tracking metrics for {@link HystrixCommand} instances having the key as defined by {@link HystrixCommandKey}
     * @param circuitBreaker
     *            {@link HystrixCircuitBreaker} instance for {@link HystrixCommand} instances having the key as defined by {@link HystrixCommandKey}
     * @param properties
     *            {@link HystrixCommandProperties} instance for {@link HystrixCommand} instances having the key as defined by {@link HystrixCommandKey}
     * @return instance of {@link HystrixMetricsPublisherCommand} that will have its <code>initialize</code> method invoked once.
     */
    public HystrixMetricsPublisherCommand getMetricsPublisherForCommand(HystrixCommandKey commandKey, HystrixCommandGroupKey commandGroupKey, HystrixCommandMetrics metrics, HystrixCircuitBreaker circuitBreaker, HystrixCommandProperties properties) {
        return new HystrixMetricsPublisherCommandDefault(commandKey, commandGroupKey, metrics, circuitBreaker, properties);
    }

    /**
     * Construct an implementation of {@link HystrixMetricsPublisherThreadPool} for {@link HystrixThreadPool} instances having key {@link HystrixThreadPoolKey}.
     * <p>
     * This will be invoked once per {@link HystrixThreadPoolKey} instance.
     * <p>
     * <b>Default Implementation</b>
     * <p>
     * Return instance of {@link HystrixMetricsPublisherThreadPoolDefault}
     * 
     * @param threadPoolKey
     *            {@link HystrixThreadPoolKey} representing the name or type of {@link HystrixThreadPool}
     * @param metrics
     *            {@link HystrixThreadPoolMetrics} instance tracking metrics for the {@link HystrixThreadPool} instance having the key as defined by {@link HystrixThreadPoolKey}
     * @param properties
     *            {@link HystrixThreadPoolProperties} instance for the {@link HystrixThreadPool} instance having the key as defined by {@link HystrixThreadPoolKey}
     * @return instance of {@link HystrixMetricsPublisherThreadPool} that will have its <code>initialize</code> method invoked once.
     */
    public HystrixMetricsPublisherThreadPool getMetricsPublisherForThreadPool(HystrixThreadPoolKey threadPoolKey, HystrixThreadPoolMetrics metrics, HystrixThreadPoolProperties properties) {
        return new HystrixMetricsPublisherThreadPoolDefault(threadPoolKey, metrics, properties);
    }

    /**
     * Construct an implementation of {@link HystrixMetricsPublisherCollapser} for {@link HystrixCollapser} instances having key {@link HystrixCollapserKey}.
     * <p>
     * This will be invoked once per {@link HystrixCollapserKey} instance.
     * <p>
     * <b>Default Implementation</b>
     * <p>
     * Return instance of {@link HystrixMetricsPublisherCollapserDefault}
     *
     * @param collapserKey
     *            {@link HystrixCollapserKey} representing the name or type of {@link HystrixCollapser}
     * @param metrics
     *            {@link HystrixCollapserMetrics} instance tracking metrics for the {@link HystrixCollapser} instance having the key as defined by {@link HystrixCollapserKey}
     * @param properties
     *            {@link HystrixCollapserProperties} instance for the {@link HystrixCollapser} instance having the key as defined by {@link HystrixCollapserKey}
     * @return instance of {@link HystrixMetricsPublisherCollapser} that will have its <code>initialize</code> method invoked once.
     */
    public HystrixMetricsPublisherCollapser getMetricsPublisherForCollapser(HystrixCollapserKey collapserKey, HystrixCollapserMetrics metrics, HystrixCollapserProperties properties) {
        return new HystrixMetricsPublisherCollapserDefault(collapserKey, metrics, properties);
    }

}
  • getMetricsPublisherForCommand,默认返回HystrixMetricsPublisherCommandDefault
  • getMetricsPublisherForThreadPool,默认返回HystrixMetricsPublisherThreadPoolDefault
  • getMetricsPublisherForCollapser,默认返回HystrixMetricsPublisherCollapserDefault

HystrixMetricsPublisherCommandDefault

hystrix-core-1.5.12-sources.jar!/com/netflix/hystrix/strategy/metrics/HystrixMetricsPublisherCommandDefault.java

/**
 * Default implementation of {@link HystrixMetricsPublisherCommand} that does nothing.
 * <p>
 * See <a href="https://github.com/Netflix/Hystrix/wiki/Plugins">Wiki docs</a> about plugins for more information.
 * 
 * @ExcludeFromJavadoc
 */
public class HystrixMetricsPublisherCommandDefault implements HystrixMetricsPublisherCommand {

    public HystrixMetricsPublisherCommandDefault(HystrixCommandKey commandKey, HystrixCommandGroupKey commandGroupKey, HystrixCommandMetrics metrics, HystrixCircuitBreaker circuitBreaker, HystrixCommandProperties properties) {
        // do nothing by default
    }

    @Override
    public void initialize() {
        // do nothing by default
    }

}
目前是空操作

HystrixMetricsPublisherThreadPoolDefault

hystrix-core-1.5.12-sources.jar!/com/netflix/hystrix/strategy/metrics/HystrixMetricsPublisherThreadPoolDefault.java

/**
 * Default implementation of {@link HystrixMetricsPublisherThreadPool} that does nothing.
 * <p>
 * See <a href="https://github.com/Netflix/Hystrix/wiki/Plugins">Wiki docs</a> about plugins for more information.
 * 
 * @ExcludeFromJavadoc
 */
public class HystrixMetricsPublisherThreadPoolDefault implements HystrixMetricsPublisherThreadPool {

    public HystrixMetricsPublisherThreadPoolDefault(HystrixThreadPoolKey threadPoolKey, HystrixThreadPoolMetrics metrics, HystrixThreadPoolProperties properties) {
        // do nothing by default
    }

    @Override
    public void initialize() {
        // do nothing by default
    }

}
目前也是空操作

HystrixMetricsPublisherCollapserDefault

hystrix-core-1.5.12-sources.jar!/com/netflix/hystrix/strategy/metrics/HystrixMetricsPublisherCollapserDefault.java

/**
 * Default implementation of {@link HystrixMetricsPublisherCollapser} that does nothing.
 * <p>
 * See <a href="https://github.com/Netflix/Hystrix/wiki/Plugins">Wiki docs</a> about plugins for more information.
 * 
 * @ExcludeFromJavadoc
 */
public class HystrixMetricsPublisherCollapserDefault implements HystrixMetricsPublisherCollapser {

    public HystrixMetricsPublisherCollapserDefault(HystrixCollapserKey collapserKey, HystrixCollapserMetrics metrics, HystrixCollapserProperties properties) {
        // do nothing by default
    }

    @Override
    public void initialize() {
        // do nothing by default
    }

}
目前也是空操作

HystrixMetricsPublisherDefault

hystrix-core-1.5.12-sources.jar!/com/netflix/hystrix/strategy/metrics/HystrixMetricsPublisherDefault.java

/**
 * Default implementation of {@link HystrixMetricsPublisher}.
 * <p>
 * See <a href="https://github.com/Netflix/Hystrix/wiki/Plugins">Wiki docs</a> about plugins for more information.
 * 
 * @ExcludeFromJavadoc
 */
public class HystrixMetricsPublisherDefault extends HystrixMetricsPublisher {

    private static HystrixMetricsPublisherDefault INSTANCE = new HystrixMetricsPublisherDefault();

    public static HystrixMetricsPublisher getInstance() {
        return INSTANCE;
    }

    private HystrixMetricsPublisherDefault() {
    }

}
默认提供了一个单例方法

MicrometerMetricsPublisher

micrometer-core-1.0.5-sources.jar!/io/micrometer/core/instrument/binder/hystrix/MicrometerMetricsPublisher.java

/**
 * @author Clint Checketts
 */
@NonNullApi
@NonNullFields
public class MicrometerMetricsPublisher extends HystrixMetricsPublisher {
    private final MeterRegistry registry;

    public MicrometerMetricsPublisher(MeterRegistry registry) {
        this.registry = registry;
    }

    @Override
    public HystrixMetricsPublisherCommand getMetricsPublisherForCommand(HystrixCommandKey commandKey,
                                                                        HystrixCommandGroupKey commandGroupKey,
                                                                        HystrixCommandMetrics metrics,
                                                                        HystrixCircuitBreaker circuitBreaker,
                                                                        HystrixCommandProperties properties) {
        return new MicrometerMetricsPublisherCommand(registry, commandKey, commandGroupKey, metrics, circuitBreaker, properties);
    }
}
micrometer组件重写了getMetricsPublisherForCommand 方法,返回MicrometerMetricsPublisherCommand

MicrometerMetricsPublisherCommand

micrometer-core-1.0.5-sources.jar!/io/micrometer/core/instrument/binder/hystrix/MicrometerMetricsPublisherCommand.java

@NonNullApi
@NonNullFields
public class MicrometerMetricsPublisherCommand implements HystrixMetricsPublisherCommand {
    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(MicrometerMetricsPublisherCommand.class);
    private static final List<HystrixEventType> executionEvents = Arrays.asList(
        HystrixEventType.EMIT,
        HystrixEventType.SUCCESS,
        HystrixEventType.FAILURE,
        HystrixEventType.TIMEOUT,
        HystrixEventType.BAD_REQUEST,
        HystrixEventType.SHORT_CIRCUITED,
        HystrixEventType.THREAD_POOL_REJECTED,
        HystrixEventType.SEMAPHORE_REJECTED);
    private static final List<HystrixEventType> fallbackEvents = Arrays.asList(
        HystrixEventType.FALLBACK_EMIT,
        HystrixEventType.FALLBACK_SUCCESS,
        HystrixEventType.FALLBACK_FAILURE,
        HystrixEventType.FALLBACK_REJECTION,
        HystrixEventType.FALLBACK_MISSING);

    private static final String NAME_HYSTRIX_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OPEN = "hystrix.circuit.breaker.open";
    private static final String NAME_HYSTRIX_COMMAND_OTHER = "hystrix.command.other";
    private static final String NAME_HYSTRIX_EXECUTION = "hystrix.execution";
    private static final String NAME_HYSTRIX_FALLBACK = "hystrix.fallback";
    private static final String NAME_HYSTRIX_ERRORS = "hystrix.errors";
    private static final String NAME_HYSTRIX_REQUESTS = "hystrix.requests";
    private static final String NAME_HYSTRIX_LATENCY_EXECUTION = "hystrix.latency.execution";
    private static final String NAME_HYSTRIX_LATENCY_TOTAL = "hystrix.latency.total";
    private static final String NAME_HYSTRIX_THREADPOOL_CONCURRENT_EXECUTION_CURRENT = "hystrix.threadpool.concurrent.execution.current";
    private static final String NAME_HYSTRIX_THREADPOOL_CONCURRENT_EXECUTION_ROLLING_MAX = "hystrix.threadpool.concurrent.execution.rolling.max";

    private static final String DESCRIPTION_HYSTRIX_COMMAND_OTHER = "Other execution results. See https://github.com/Netflix/Hystrix/wiki/Metrics-and-Monitoring#other-command-event-types-comnetflixhystrixhystrixeventtype for type definitions";
    private static final String DESCRIPTION_HYSTRIX_EXECUTION = "Execution results. See https://github.com/Netflix/Hystrix/wiki/Metrics-and-Monitoring#command-execution-event-types-comnetflixhystrixhystrixeventtype for type definitions";
    private static final String DESCRIPTION_HYSTRIX_FALLBACK = "Fallback execution results. See https://github.com/Netflix/Hystrix/wiki/Metrics-and-Monitoring#command-fallback-event-types-comnetflixhystrixhystrixeventtype for type definitions";

    private final MeterRegistry meterRegistry;
    private final HystrixCommandMetrics metrics;
    private final HystrixCircuitBreaker circuitBreaker;
    private final Iterable<Tag> tags;
    private final HystrixCommandKey commandKey;

    public MicrometerMetricsPublisherCommand(MeterRegistry meterRegistry, HystrixCommandKey commandKey, HystrixCommandGroupKey commandGroupKey, HystrixCommandMetrics metrics, HystrixCircuitBreaker circuitBreaker, HystrixCommandProperties properties) {
        this.meterRegistry = meterRegistry;
        this.metrics = metrics;
        this.circuitBreaker = circuitBreaker;
        this.commandKey = commandKey;

        tags = Tags.of("group", commandGroupKey.name(), "key", commandKey.name());

        //Initialize commands at zero
        Counter.builder(NAME_HYSTRIX_ERRORS).tags(tags).register(meterRegistry);
        Counter.builder(NAME_HYSTRIX_REQUESTS).tags(tags).register(meterRegistry);
        Timer.builder(NAME_HYSTRIX_LATENCY_EXECUTION).tags(tags).register(meterRegistry);
        Timer.builder(NAME_HYSTRIX_LATENCY_TOTAL).tags(tags).register(meterRegistry);
        executionEvents.forEach(this::getExecutionCounter);
        fallbackEvents.forEach(this::getFallbackCounter);
        Arrays.stream(HystrixEventType.values()).filter(e -> !executionEvents.contains(e) && !fallbackEvents.contains(e))
            .forEach(this::getOtherExecutionCounter);
    }

    @Override
    public void initialize() {
        Gauge.builder(NAME_HYSTRIX_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OPEN, circuitBreaker, c -> c.isOpen() ? 1 : 0)
            .tags(tags).register(meterRegistry);

        HystrixCommandCompletionStream.getInstance(commandKey)
            .observe()
            .subscribe(hystrixCommandCompletion -> {
                    /*
                     our assumptions about latency as returned by hystrixCommandCompletion:
                     # a latency of >= 0 indicates that this the execution occurred.
                     # a latency of == -1 indicates that the execution didn't occur (default in execution result)
                     # a latency of < -1 indicates some clock problems.
                     We will only count executions, and ignore non-executions with a value of -1.
                     Latencies of < -1 are ignored as they will decrement the counts, and Prometheus will
                     take this as a reset of the counter, therefore this should be avoided by all means.
                     */
                long totalLatency = hystrixCommandCompletion.getTotalLatency();
                if (totalLatency >= 0) {
                    Timer.builder(NAME_HYSTRIX_LATENCY_TOTAL)
                        .tags(tags)
                        .register(meterRegistry)
                        .record(totalLatency, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
                } else if (totalLatency < -1) {
                    LOG.warn("received negative totalLatency, event not counted. " +
                            "This indicates a clock skew? {}",
                        hystrixCommandCompletion);
                }
                long executionLatency = hystrixCommandCompletion.getExecutionLatency();
                if (executionLatency >= 0) {
                    Timer.builder(NAME_HYSTRIX_LATENCY_EXECUTION)
                        .tags(tags)
                        .register(meterRegistry)
                        .record(executionLatency, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS);
                } else if (executionLatency < -1) {
                    LOG.warn("received negative executionLatency, event not counted. " +
                            "This indicates a clock skew? {}",
                        hystrixCommandCompletion);
                }
                for (HystrixEventType hystrixEventType : HystrixEventType.values()) {
                    int count = hystrixCommandCompletion.getEventCounts().getCount(hystrixEventType);
                    if (count > 0) {
                        switch (hystrixEventType) {
                            /* this list is derived from {@link HystrixCommandMetrics.HealthCounts.plus} */
                            case FAILURE:
                            case TIMEOUT:
                            case THREAD_POOL_REJECTED:
                            case SEMAPHORE_REJECTED:
                                Counter.builder(NAME_HYSTRIX_ERRORS)
                                    .tags(tags)
                                    .register(meterRegistry)
                                    .increment(count);
                            case SUCCESS:
                                Counter.builder(NAME_HYSTRIX_REQUESTS)
                                    .tags(tags)
                                    .register(meterRegistry)
                                    .increment(count);

                                break;
                        }

                        if (executionEvents.contains(hystrixEventType)) {
                            getExecutionCounter(hystrixEventType).increment(count);
                        } else if (fallbackEvents.contains(hystrixEventType)) {
                            getFallbackCounter(hystrixEventType).increment(count);
                        } else {
                            getOtherExecutionCounter(hystrixEventType).increment(count);
                        }
                    }
                }
            });

        String threadPool = metrics.getThreadPoolKey().name();
        Gauge.builder(NAME_HYSTRIX_THREADPOOL_CONCURRENT_EXECUTION_CURRENT, metrics, HystrixCommandMetrics::getCurrentConcurrentExecutionCount)
            .tags(Tags.concat(tags, "threadpool", threadPool))
            .register(meterRegistry);
        Gauge.builder(NAME_HYSTRIX_THREADPOOL_CONCURRENT_EXECUTION_ROLLING_MAX, metrics, HystrixCommandMetrics::getRollingMaxConcurrentExecutions)
            .tags(Tags.concat(tags, "threadpool", threadPool))
            .register(meterRegistry);

    }

    private Counter getOtherExecutionCounter(HystrixEventType hystrixEventType) {
        return Counter.builder(NAME_HYSTRIX_COMMAND_OTHER)
            .description(DESCRIPTION_HYSTRIX_COMMAND_OTHER)
            .tags(Tags.concat(tags, "event", hystrixEventType.name().toLowerCase()))
            .register(meterRegistry);
    }

    private Counter getFallbackCounter(HystrixEventType hystrixEventType) {
        return Counter.builder(NAME_HYSTRIX_FALLBACK)
            .description(DESCRIPTION_HYSTRIX_FALLBACK)
            .tags(Tags.concat(tags, "event", hystrixEventType.name().toLowerCase()))
            .register(meterRegistry);
    }

    private Counter getExecutionCounter(HystrixEventType hystrixEventType) {
        return Counter.builder(NAME_HYSTRIX_EXECUTION)
            .description(DESCRIPTION_HYSTRIX_EXECUTION)
            .tags(Tags.concat(tags, "event", hystrixEventType.name().toLowerCase()))
            .register(meterRegistry);
    }

}
  • 将HystrixEventType归类为两类,一类是executionEvents,一类是fallbackEvents
  • Counter指标建立了NAME_HYSTRIX_ERRORS、NAME_HYSTRIX_REQUESTS、NAME_HYSTRIX_COMMAND_OTHER、NAME_HYSTRIX_FALLBACK、NAME_HYSTRIX_EXECUTION
  • Timer指标建立了NAME_HYSTRIX_LATENCY_EXECUTION、NAME_HYSTRIX_LATENCY_TOTAL
  • Gauge指标建立了NAME_HYSTRIX_CIRCUIT_BREAKER_OPEN、NAME_HYSTRIX_THREADPOOL_CONCURRENT_EXECUTION_CURRENT、NAME_HYSTRIX_THREADPOOL_CONCURRENT_EXECUTION_ROLLING_MAX

小结

HystrixMetricsPublisher提供了扩展,可以自己将metrics落地存储,另外HystrixMetricsPublisherCommand接口主要是实现initialize方法,在里头去注册指标收集,具体可以参考micrometer的实现MicrometerMetricsPublisherCommand。

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