聊聊hystrix的execution.isolation.semaphore.maxConcurrentRequests属性

codecraft

本文主要研究一下hystrix的execution.isolation.semaphore.maxConcurrentRequests属性

AbstractCommand.applyHystrixSemantics

hystrix-core-1.5.12-sources.jar!/com/netflix/hystrix/AbstractCommand.java

    private Observable<R> applyHystrixSemantics(final AbstractCommand<R> _cmd) {
        // mark that we're starting execution on the ExecutionHook
        // if this hook throws an exception, then a fast-fail occurs with no fallback.  No state is left inconsistent
        executionHook.onStart(_cmd);

        /* determine if we're allowed to execute */
        if (circuitBreaker.attemptExecution()) {
            final TryableSemaphore executionSemaphore = getExecutionSemaphore();
            final AtomicBoolean semaphoreHasBeenReleased = new AtomicBoolean(false);
            final Action0 singleSemaphoreRelease = new Action0() {
                @Override
                public void call() {
                    if (semaphoreHasBeenReleased.compareAndSet(false, true)) {
                        executionSemaphore.release();
                    }
                }
            };

            final Action1<Throwable> markExceptionThrown = new Action1<Throwable>() {
                @Override
                public void call(Throwable t) {
                    eventNotifier.markEvent(HystrixEventType.EXCEPTION_THROWN, commandKey);
                }
            };

            if (executionSemaphore.tryAcquire()) {
                try {
                    /* used to track userThreadExecutionTime */
                    executionResult = executionResult.setInvocationStartTime(System.currentTimeMillis());
                    return executeCommandAndObserve(_cmd)
                            .doOnError(markExceptionThrown)
                            .doOnTerminate(singleSemaphoreRelease)
                            .doOnUnsubscribe(singleSemaphoreRelease);
                } catch (RuntimeException e) {
                    return Observable.error(e);
                }
            } else {
                return handleSemaphoreRejectionViaFallback();
            }
        } else {
            return handleShortCircuitViaFallback();
        }
    }
这个方法调用了getExecutionSemaphore来获取TryableSemaphore,执行之前进行tryAcquire,执行结束之后进行release

AbstractCommand.getExecutionSemaphore

hystrix-core-1.5.12-sources.jar!/com/netflix/hystrix/AbstractCommand.java

    /**
     * Get the TryableSemaphore this HystrixCommand should use for execution if not running in a separate thread.
     * 
     * @return TryableSemaphore
     */
    protected TryableSemaphore getExecutionSemaphore() {
        if (properties.executionIsolationStrategy().get() == ExecutionIsolationStrategy.SEMAPHORE) {
            if (executionSemaphoreOverride == null) {
                TryableSemaphore _s = executionSemaphorePerCircuit.get(commandKey.name());
                if (_s == null) {
                    // we didn't find one cache so setup
                    executionSemaphorePerCircuit.putIfAbsent(commandKey.name(), new TryableSemaphoreActual(properties.executionIsolationSemaphoreMaxConcurrentRequests()));
                    // assign whatever got set (this or another thread)
                    return executionSemaphorePerCircuit.get(commandKey.name());
                } else {
                    return _s;
                }
            } else {
                return executionSemaphoreOverride;
            }
        } else {
            // return NoOp implementation since we're not using SEMAPHORE isolation
            return TryableSemaphoreNoOp.DEFAULT;
        }
    }
  • 这里针对ExecutionIsolationStrategy进行判断,如果是SEMAPHORE,则根据commandKey获取或新建对应的TryableSemaphore
  • 创建的话,使用的是TryableSemaphoreActual,其numberOfPermits参数就是execution.isolation.semaphore.maxConcurrentRequests的值
  • 如果ExecutionIsolationStrategy是THREAD的话,这里TryableSemaphore返回的是TryableSemaphoreNoOp.DEFAULT,也就是不做任何操作,都放行

TryableSemaphore

    /* package */static interface TryableSemaphore {

        /**
         * Use like this:
         * <p>
         * 
         * <pre>
         * if (s.tryAcquire()) {
         * try {
         * // do work that is protected by 's'
         * } finally {
         * s.release();
         * }
         * }
         * </pre>
         * 
         * @return boolean
         */
        public abstract boolean tryAcquire();

        /**
         * ONLY call release if tryAcquire returned true.
         * <p>
         * 
         * <pre>
         * if (s.tryAcquire()) {
         * try {
         * // do work that is protected by 's'
         * } finally {
         * s.release();
         * }
         * }
         * </pre>
         */
        public abstract void release();

        public abstract int getNumberOfPermitsUsed();

    }
定义了三个方法,tryAcquire,release、getNumberOfPermitsUsed

TryableSemaphoreActual

    /**
     * Semaphore that only supports tryAcquire and never blocks and that supports a dynamic permit count.
     * <p>
     * Using AtomicInteger increment/decrement instead of java.util.concurrent.Semaphore since we don't need blocking and need a custom implementation to get the dynamic permit count and since
     * AtomicInteger achieves the same behavior and performance without the more complex implementation of the actual Semaphore class using AbstractQueueSynchronizer.
     */
    /* package */static class TryableSemaphoreActual implements TryableSemaphore {
        protected final HystrixProperty<Integer> numberOfPermits;
        private final AtomicInteger count = new AtomicInteger(0);

        public TryableSemaphoreActual(HystrixProperty<Integer> numberOfPermits) {
            this.numberOfPermits = numberOfPermits;
        }

        @Override
        public boolean tryAcquire() {
            int currentCount = count.incrementAndGet();
            if (currentCount > numberOfPermits.get()) {
                count.decrementAndGet();
                return false;
            } else {
                return true;
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void release() {
            count.decrementAndGet();
        }

        @Override
        public int getNumberOfPermitsUsed() {
            return count.get();
        }

    }
内部是使用AtomicInteger来进行计数,tryAcquire方法,是先增,如果超过限制,则再减

TryableSemaphoreNoOp.DEFAULT

    /* package */static class TryableSemaphoreNoOp implements TryableSemaphore {

        public static final TryableSemaphore DEFAULT = new TryableSemaphoreNoOp();

        @Override
        public boolean tryAcquire() {
            return true;
        }

        @Override
        public void release() {

        }

        @Override
        public int getNumberOfPermitsUsed() {
            return 0;
        }

    }
TryableSemaphoreNoOp.DEFAULT是TryableSemaphoreNoOp的单例,默认放行

小结

hystrix的ExecutionIsolationStrategy分为SEMAPHORE及THREAD模式,在command的执行前后逻辑,内置了对TryableSemaphore的tryAcquire及release操作。只是在获取TryableSemaphore实现类的时候,针对SEMAPHORE模式才真正根据execution.isolation.semaphore.maxConcurrentRequests属性进行限制,而如果是THREAD模式,则返回一个都放行的TryableSemaphoreNoOp实例。

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