聊聊redisTemplate对lettuce的封装

codecraft

本文主要研究一下redisTemplate对lettuce的封装

RedisTemplate

spring-data-redis-2.0.10.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/data/redis/core/RedisTemplate.java

public class RedisTemplate<K, V> extends RedisAccessor implements RedisOperations<K, V>, BeanClassLoaderAware {
    //......
    /**
     * Executes the given action object within a connection that can be exposed or not. Additionally, the connection can
     * be pipelined. Note the results of the pipeline are discarded (making it suitable for write-only scenarios).
     *
     * @param <T> return type
     * @param action callback object to execute
     * @param exposeConnection whether to enforce exposure of the native Redis Connection to callback code
     * @param pipeline whether to pipeline or not the connection for the execution
     * @return object returned by the action
     */
    @Nullable
    public <T> T execute(RedisCallback<T> action, boolean exposeConnection, boolean pipeline) {

        Assert.isTrue(initialized, "template not initialized; call afterPropertiesSet() before using it");
        Assert.notNull(action, "Callback object must not be null");

        RedisConnectionFactory factory = getRequiredConnectionFactory();
        RedisConnection conn = null;
        try {

            if (enableTransactionSupport) {
                // only bind resources in case of potential transaction synchronization
                conn = RedisConnectionUtils.bindConnection(factory, enableTransactionSupport);
            } else {
                conn = RedisConnectionUtils.getConnection(factory);
            }

            boolean existingConnection = TransactionSynchronizationManager.hasResource(factory);

            RedisConnection connToUse = preProcessConnection(conn, existingConnection);

            boolean pipelineStatus = connToUse.isPipelined();
            if (pipeline && !pipelineStatus) {
                connToUse.openPipeline();
            }

            RedisConnection connToExpose = (exposeConnection ? connToUse : createRedisConnectionProxy(connToUse));
            T result = action.doInRedis(connToExpose);

            // close pipeline
            if (pipeline && !pipelineStatus) {
                connToUse.closePipeline();
            }

            // TODO: any other connection processing?
            return postProcessResult(result, connToUse, existingConnection);
        } finally {
            RedisConnectionUtils.releaseConnection(conn, factory);
        }
    }

    //......
}
  • redisTemplate内部有诸多方法,这里以execute(RedisCallback<T> action, boolean exposeConnection, boolean pipeline)为例
  • 该方法内部是先获取RedisConnection,然后调用action.doInRedis方法
  • 默认这里的connection是DefaultStringRedisConnection
  • 最后这里还会调用RedisConnectionUtils.releaseConnection(conn, factory)来释放连接

RedisConnectionUtils.getConnection

spring-data-redis-2.0.10.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/data/redis/core/RedisConnectionUtils.java

    /**
     * Gets a Redis connection from the given factory. Is aware of and will return any existing corresponding connections
     * bound to the current thread, for example when using a transaction manager. Will always create a new connection
     * otherwise.
     *
     * @param factory connection factory for creating the connection
     * @return an active Redis connection without transaction management.
     */
    public static RedisConnection getConnection(RedisConnectionFactory factory) {
        return getConnection(factory, false);
    }

    /**
     * Gets a Redis connection. Is aware of and will return any existing corresponding connections bound to the current
     * thread, for example when using a transaction manager. Will create a new Connection otherwise, if
     * {@code allowCreate} is <tt>true</tt>.
     *
     * @param factory connection factory for creating the connection
     * @param allowCreate whether a new (unbound) connection should be created when no connection can be found for the
     *          current thread
     * @param bind binds the connection to the thread, in case one was created
     * @param enableTransactionSupport
     * @return an active Redis connection
     */
    public static RedisConnection doGetConnection(RedisConnectionFactory factory, boolean allowCreate, boolean bind,
            boolean enableTransactionSupport) {

        Assert.notNull(factory, "No RedisConnectionFactory specified");

        RedisConnectionHolder connHolder = (RedisConnectionHolder) TransactionSynchronizationManager.getResource(factory);

        if (connHolder != null) {
            if (enableTransactionSupport) {
                potentiallyRegisterTransactionSynchronisation(connHolder, factory);
            }
            return connHolder.getConnection();
        }

        if (!allowCreate) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("No connection found and allowCreate = false");
        }

        if (log.isDebugEnabled()) {
            log.debug("Opening RedisConnection");
        }

        RedisConnection conn = factory.getConnection();

        if (bind) {

            RedisConnection connectionToBind = conn;
            if (enableTransactionSupport && isActualNonReadonlyTransactionActive()) {
                connectionToBind = createConnectionProxy(conn, factory);
            }

            connHolder = new RedisConnectionHolder(connectionToBind);

            TransactionSynchronizationManager.bindResource(factory, connHolder);
            if (enableTransactionSupport) {
                potentiallyRegisterTransactionSynchronisation(connHolder, factory);
            }

            return connHolder.getConnection();
        }

        return conn;
    }
  • 通过factory.getConnection()获取conn

DefaultStringRedisConnection

spring-data-redis-2.0.10.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/data/redis/connection/DefaultStringRedisConnection.java

public class DefaultStringRedisConnection implements StringRedisConnection, DecoratedRedisConnection {

    private static final byte[][] EMPTY_2D_BYTE_ARRAY = new byte[0][];

    private final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(DefaultStringRedisConnection.class);
    private final RedisConnection delegate;
    private final RedisSerializer<String> serializer;
    private Converter<byte[], String> bytesToString = new DeserializingConverter();
    private SetConverter<Tuple, StringTuple> tupleToStringTuple = new SetConverter<>(new TupleConverter());
    private SetConverter<StringTuple, Tuple> stringTupleToTuple = new SetConverter<>(new StringTupleConverter());
    private ListConverter<byte[], String> byteListToStringList = new ListConverter<>(bytesToString);
    private MapConverter<byte[], String> byteMapToStringMap = new MapConverter<>(bytesToString);
    private SetConverter<byte[], String> byteSetToStringSet = new SetConverter<>(bytesToString);
    private Converter<GeoResults<GeoLocation<byte[]>>, GeoResults<GeoLocation<String>>> byteGeoResultsToStringGeoResults;

    @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes") private Queue<Converter> pipelineConverters = new LinkedList<>();
    @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes") private Queue<Converter> txConverters = new LinkedList<>();
    private boolean deserializePipelineAndTxResults = false;
    private IdentityConverter<Object, ?> identityConverter = new IdentityConverter<>();

    //......
    @Override
    public Boolean set(byte[] key, byte[] value) {
        return convertAndReturn(delegate.set(key, value), identityConverter);
    }
    //......
}
  • 该类实际是委托给RedisConnection delegate来执行
  • 对于lettuce的类库来说,这个delegate是LettuceConnection

LettuceConnection

spring-data-redis-2.0.10.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/data/redis/connection/lettuce/LettuceConnection.java

public class LettuceConnection extends AbstractRedisConnection {
    //......
    @Override
    @Deprecated
    default Boolean set(byte[] key, byte[] value) {
        return stringCommands().set(key, value);
    }

    @Override
    public RedisStringCommands stringCommands() {
        return new LettuceStringCommands(this);
    }

    //......
}
  • 以set(byte[] key, byte[] value)方法为例,这是调用stringCommands().set方法

LettuceStringCommands

spring-data-redis-2.0.10.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/data/redis/connection/lettuce/LettuceStringCommands.java

@RequiredArgsConstructor
class LettuceStringCommands implements RedisStringCommands {
    //......
    @Override
    public Boolean set(byte[] key, byte[] value) {

        Assert.notNull(key, "Key must not be null!");
        Assert.notNull(value, "Value must not be null!");

        try {
            if (isPipelined()) {
                pipeline(
                        connection.newLettuceResult(getAsyncConnection().set(key, value), Converters.stringToBooleanConverter()));
                return null;
            }
            if (isQueueing()) {
                transaction(
                        connection.newLettuceResult(getAsyncConnection().set(key, value), Converters.stringToBooleanConverter()));
                return null;
            }
            return Converters.stringToBoolean(getConnection().set(key, value));
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            throw convertLettuceAccessException(ex);
        }
    }

    public RedisClusterCommands<byte[], byte[]> getConnection() {
        return connection.getConnection();
    }
    //......
}
  • 这里直接调用getConnection().set方法,这里的getConnection(),实际还是调用LettuceConnection的getConnection方法

LettuceConnection.getConnection

spring-data-redis-2.0.10.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/data/redis/connection/lettuce/LettuceConnection.java

public class LettuceConnection extends AbstractRedisConnection {
    //......
    protected RedisClusterCommands<byte[], byte[]> getConnection() {

        if (isQueueing()) {
            return getDedicatedConnection();
        }
        if (asyncSharedConn != null) {

            if (asyncSharedConn instanceof StatefulRedisConnection) {
                return ((StatefulRedisConnection<byte[], byte[]>) asyncSharedConn).sync();
            }
            if (asyncSharedConn instanceof StatefulRedisClusterConnection) {
                return ((StatefulRedisClusterConnection<byte[], byte[]>) asyncSharedConn).sync();
            }
        }
        return getDedicatedConnection();
    }

    RedisClusterCommands<byte[], byte[]> getDedicatedConnection() {

        if (asyncDedicatedConn == null) {

            asyncDedicatedConn = doGetAsyncDedicatedConnection();

            if (asyncDedicatedConn instanceof StatefulRedisConnection) {
                ((StatefulRedisConnection<byte[], byte[]>) asyncDedicatedConn).sync().select(dbIndex);
            }
        }

        if (asyncDedicatedConn instanceof StatefulRedisConnection) {
            return ((StatefulRedisConnection<byte[], byte[]>) asyncDedicatedConn).sync();
        }
        if (asyncDedicatedConn instanceof StatefulRedisClusterConnection) {
            return ((StatefulRedisClusterConnection<byte[], byte[]>) asyncDedicatedConn).sync();
        }

        throw new IllegalStateException(
                String.format("%s is not a supported connection type.", asyncDedicatedConn.getClass().getName()));
    }

    protected StatefulConnection<byte[], byte[]> doGetAsyncDedicatedConnection() {
        return connectionProvider.getConnection(StatefulConnection.class);
    }
    //......
}
  • asyncDedicatedConn为null的话,会调用doGetAsyncDedicatedConnection来获取StatefulConnection
  • connectionProvider.getConnection里头则封装了连接池相关的操作
  • 可以看到无论是StatefulRedisConnection还是StatefulRedisClusterConnection,都是调用async连接的sync方法转换为同步方法

RedisConnectionUtils.releaseConnection

spring-data-redis-2.0.10.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/data/redis/core/RedisConnectionUtils.java

    /**
     * Closes the given connection, created via the given factory if not managed externally (i.e. not bound to the
     * thread).
     *
     * @param conn the Redis connection to close.
     * @param factory the Redis factory that the connection was created with.
     */
    public static void releaseConnection(@Nullable RedisConnection conn, RedisConnectionFactory factory) {

        if (conn == null) {
            return;
        }

        RedisConnectionHolder connHolder = (RedisConnectionHolder) TransactionSynchronizationManager.getResource(factory);

        if (connHolder != null && connHolder.isTransactionSyncronisationActive()) {
            if (log.isDebugEnabled()) {
                log.debug("Redis Connection will be closed when transaction finished.");
            }
            return;
        }

        // release transactional/read-only and non-transactional/non-bound connections.
        // transactional connections for read-only transactions get no synchronizer registered
        if (isConnectionTransactional(conn, factory) && TransactionSynchronizationManager.isCurrentTransactionReadOnly()) {
            unbindConnection(factory);
        } else if (!isConnectionTransactional(conn, factory)) {
            if (log.isDebugEnabled()) {
                log.debug("Closing Redis Connection");
            }
            conn.close();
        }
    }
  • 这里调用的是lettuceConnection的close方法

LettuceConnection.close

spring-data-redis-2.0.10.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/data/redis/connection/lettuce/LettuceConnection.java

    @Override
    public void close() throws DataAccessException {

        super.close();

        if (isClosed) {
            return;
        }

        isClosed = true;

        if (asyncDedicatedConn != null) {
            try {
                connectionProvider.release(asyncDedicatedConn);
            } catch (RuntimeException ex) {
                throw convertLettuceAccessException(ex);
            }
        }

        if (subscription != null) {
            if (subscription.isAlive()) {
                subscription.doClose();
            }
            subscription = null;
        }

        this.dbIndex = defaultDbIndex;
    }
  • 可以看到这里仅仅是对于asyncDedicatedConn进行release操作,对于asyncSharedConn则不做任何操作

小结

  • lettuce是reactive的异步类库,spring-date-redis的redisTemplate对lettuce的封装底层是调用asynConn的sync方法来转换为同步方法的
  • 另外redisTemplate封装了connection的获取及释放,获取是调用RedisConnectionUtils.getConnection,释放是调用RedisConnectionUtils.releaseConnection
  • RedisConnectionUtils.getConnection底层是调用factory.getConnection()获取conn
  • RedisConnectionUtils.releaseConnection底层是调用LettuceConnection.close,这里仅仅对asyncDedicatedConn进行release操作

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