【速记】借助ES6的模版字符串,在不用Babel插件的情况下实现一个轻量级类JSX功能

而井

引发此篇文章是看到了阮一峰的twitter在掘金上的转载: https://juejin.im/pin/5bf6463...

Preact 的作者创建的利用字符串标签模版实现的类JSX的库,可以将标签模版的类JSX字符串转化成类React.createElement或h函数(用来创建 virtual DOM对象的函数): https://github.com/developit/htm

ES6字符串介绍(重点阅读模版字符串和标签模版两节):http://es6.ruanyifeng.com/#do...

浏览器级别API将字符串解析成DOM对象:https://developer.mozilla.org...


原始的思考原文如下:

JSX Quasi-Literal

I've been struggling to get the JSX transpiler playing nicely with the traceur compiler, specifically the flags hidden behind --experimental.

The problem is that the since both the JSX transpiler and the traceur compiler are actually parsing the full javascript AST, they would have to mutually agree on the syntax extensions you use: traceur can't parse the faux-xml syntax JSX adds, and JSX can't parse the async or await keywords, for example, or generator functions.

This proof-of-concept is a potential solution: instead of using an external JSX transpiler, we'll parse the faux-xml ourselves, using an ES6 feature called quasi-literals.

Example

define(function(require) {
    var React   = require('react');
    var jsx     = require('lib/jsxquasi');
    var EchoComponent = React.createClass({
        getInitialState: function() {
            return { value: '' };
        },
        handleChange: function() {
            this.setState({ value: this.refs.input.getDOMNode().value });
        },
        render: function() {
            return jsx`
                <div>
                    <input 
                        ref='input' 
                        onChange='${this.handleChange}' 
                        defaultValue='${this.state.value}' />
                    ${this.state.value}
                </div>
            `;
        }
    })
    return function() {
        var comp = jsx`<${EchoComponent} />`;
        React.renderComponent(comp, document.body);
    };
});

A couple of things to notice:

This is valid javascript! Or harmony or es6 or whatever, but importantly, it's not happening outside the js environment. This also allows us to use our standard tooling: the traceur compiler knows how to turn jsx<div>Hello</div>; into the equivalent browser compatible es3, and hence we can use anything the traceur compile accepts!

This is not exactly the same as JSX according to the spec: it includes quotes around the attributes, etc. This is because this parser is based on DOMParser, and hence needs to be valid XML. It would be straighforward though to change it so it matched exactly, or to remove the browser dependency (so it could run on the server, eg.)

index.js


define(function(require) {

    var React = require('react');
    var paramRegex  = /__(\d)+/;
    var parser      = new DOMParser();
    var errorDoc    = parser.parseFromString('INVALID', 'text/xml');
    var errorNs     = errorDoc.getElementsByTagName("parsererror")[0].namespaceURI;
    // turns the array of string parts into a DOM
    // throws if the result is an invalid XML document.
    function quasiToDom(parts) {
    
        // turn ["<div class='", "'>Hi</div>"] 
        // into "<div class='__0'>Hi</div>"
        var xmlstr = parts.reduce((xmlstr, part, i) => {
            xmlstr += part;
            if (i != parts.length - 1) { // the last part has no ending param
                xmlstr += `__${i}`;
            }
            return xmlstr;
        }, "");
       // parse into DOM, check for a parse error
       // browser's DOMParser is neat, but error handling is awful
       var doc      = parser.parseFromString(xmlstr, 'text/xml');
       var errors   = doc.getElementsByTagNameNS(errorNs, 'parsererror');
       var error    = '';
       if (errors.length > 0) {
           error = errors[0].textContent.split('\n')[0];
           throw `invalid jsx: ${error}\n${xmlstr}`; 
       }
       return doc;
    }
    // turn a document into a tree of react components
    // replaces tags, attribute values and text nodes that look like the param
    // placeholder we add above, with the values from the parameters array.
    function domToReact(node, params) {
        var match;
        
        // text node, comment, etc
        if (node.nodeValue) { 
            var value = node.nodeValue.trim();
            if (value.length === 0) {
                return undefined;
            }
            match = value.match(paramRegex);
            return match ? params[parseInt(match[1])] : value;
        }
        // node to get react for
        // if the node name is a placeholder, assume the param is a component class
        var reactNode;
        match = node.localName.match(paramRegex)
        reactNode = match ? params[parseInt(match[1])] : React.DOM[node.localName];
            
        // if we don't have a component, give a better error message
        if (reactNode === undefined) {
            throw `Unknown React component: ${node.localName}, bailing.`;
        }
        // attributes of the node
        var reactAttrs = {};
        for (var i = node.attributes.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
            var attr = node.attributes[i];
            reactAttrs[attr.name] = attr.value;
            match = attr.value.match(paramRegex); 
            if (match) {
                reactAttrs[attr.name] = params[parseInt(match[1])];
            }
        }
        // recursively turn children into react components
        var reactChildren = [];
        for (var i = 0; i < node.childNodes.length; i++) {
            var child = node.childNodes[i];
            var reactChild = domToReact(child, params);
            if (reactChild) {
                reactChildren.push(reactChild);
            }
        }
        return reactNode(reactAttrs, reactChildren);
    }
    return function jsx(parts, ...params) {
        var doc     = quasiToDom(parts);
        var react   = domToReact(doc.firstChild, params);
        return react;
    }
});
阅读 3.2k

而井前端修仙传
而井前端修仙传
829 声望
1.8k 粉丝
0 条评论
829 声望
1.8k 粉丝
文章目录
宣传栏