聊聊flink StreamOperator的initializeState方法

codecraft

本文主要研究一下flink StreamOperator的initializeState方法

Task.run

flink-runtime_2.11-1.7.0-sources.jar!/org/apache/flink/runtime/taskmanager/Task.java

public class Task implements Runnable, TaskActions, CheckpointListener {

    public void run() {

        // ----------------------------
        //  Initial State transition
        // ----------------------------
        while (true) {
            ExecutionState current = this.executionState;
            if (current == ExecutionState.CREATED) {
                if (transitionState(ExecutionState.CREATED, ExecutionState.DEPLOYING)) {
                    // success, we can start our work
                    break;
                }
            }
            else if (current == ExecutionState.FAILED) {
                // we were immediately failed. tell the TaskManager that we reached our final state
                notifyFinalState();
                if (metrics != null) {
                    metrics.close();
                }
                return;
            }
            else if (current == ExecutionState.CANCELING) {
                if (transitionState(ExecutionState.CANCELING, ExecutionState.CANCELED)) {
                    // we were immediately canceled. tell the TaskManager that we reached our final state
                    notifyFinalState();
                    if (metrics != null) {
                        metrics.close();
                    }
                    return;
                }
            }
            else {
                if (metrics != null) {
                    metrics.close();
                }
                throw new IllegalStateException("Invalid state for beginning of operation of task " + this + '.');
            }
        }

        // all resource acquisitions and registrations from here on
        // need to be undone in the end
        Map<String, Future<Path>> distributedCacheEntries = new HashMap<>();
        AbstractInvokable invokable = null;

        try {
            // ----------------------------
            //  Task Bootstrap - We periodically
            //  check for canceling as a shortcut
            // ----------------------------

            //......

            // ----------------------------------------------------------------
            //  call the user code initialization methods
            // ----------------------------------------------------------------

            TaskKvStateRegistry kvStateRegistry = network.createKvStateTaskRegistry(jobId, getJobVertexId());

            Environment env = new RuntimeEnvironment(
                jobId,
                vertexId,
                executionId,
                executionConfig,
                taskInfo,
                jobConfiguration,
                taskConfiguration,
                userCodeClassLoader,
                memoryManager,
                ioManager,
                broadcastVariableManager,
                taskStateManager,
                accumulatorRegistry,
                kvStateRegistry,
                inputSplitProvider,
                distributedCacheEntries,
                producedPartitions,
                inputGates,
                network.getTaskEventDispatcher(),
                checkpointResponder,
                taskManagerConfig,
                metrics,
                this);

            // now load and instantiate the task's invokable code
            invokable = loadAndInstantiateInvokable(userCodeClassLoader, nameOfInvokableClass, env);

            // ----------------------------------------------------------------
            //  actual task core work
            // ----------------------------------------------------------------

            // we must make strictly sure that the invokable is accessible to the cancel() call
            // by the time we switched to running.
            this.invokable = invokable;

            // switch to the RUNNING state, if that fails, we have been canceled/failed in the meantime
            if (!transitionState(ExecutionState.DEPLOYING, ExecutionState.RUNNING)) {
                throw new CancelTaskException();
            }

            // notify everyone that we switched to running
            taskManagerActions.updateTaskExecutionState(new TaskExecutionState(jobId, executionId, ExecutionState.RUNNING));

            // make sure the user code classloader is accessible thread-locally
            executingThread.setContextClassLoader(userCodeClassLoader);

            // run the invokable
            invokable.invoke();

            // make sure, we enter the catch block if the task leaves the invoke() method due
            // to the fact that it has been canceled
            if (isCanceledOrFailed()) {
                throw new CancelTaskException();
            }

            // ----------------------------------------------------------------
            //  finalization of a successful execution
            // ----------------------------------------------------------------

            // finish the produced partitions. if this fails, we consider the execution failed.
            for (ResultPartition partition : producedPartitions) {
                if (partition != null) {
                    partition.finish();
                }
            }

            // try to mark the task as finished
            // if that fails, the task was canceled/failed in the meantime
            if (!transitionState(ExecutionState.RUNNING, ExecutionState.FINISHED)) {
                throw new CancelTaskException();
            }
        }
        catch (Throwable t) {
            //......
        }
        finally {
            //......
        }
    }
    
    //......
}
  • Task的run方法会调用invokable.invoke(),这里的invokable为StreamTask

StreamTask.invoke

flink-streaming-java_2.11/1.7.0/flink-streaming-java_2.11-1.7.0-sources.jar!/org/apache/flink/streaming/runtime/tasks/StreamTask.java

@Internal
public abstract class StreamTask<OUT, OP extends StreamOperator<OUT>>
        extends AbstractInvokable
        implements AsyncExceptionHandler {

    @Override
    public final void invoke() throws Exception {

        boolean disposed = false;
        try {
            // -------- Initialize ---------
            LOG.debug("Initializing {}.", getName());

            asyncOperationsThreadPool = Executors.newCachedThreadPool();

            CheckpointExceptionHandlerFactory cpExceptionHandlerFactory = createCheckpointExceptionHandlerFactory();

            synchronousCheckpointExceptionHandler = cpExceptionHandlerFactory.createCheckpointExceptionHandler(
                getExecutionConfig().isFailTaskOnCheckpointError(),
                getEnvironment());

            asynchronousCheckpointExceptionHandler = new AsyncCheckpointExceptionHandler(this);

            stateBackend = createStateBackend();
            checkpointStorage = stateBackend.createCheckpointStorage(getEnvironment().getJobID());

            // if the clock is not already set, then assign a default TimeServiceProvider
            if (timerService == null) {
                ThreadFactory timerThreadFactory = new DispatcherThreadFactory(TRIGGER_THREAD_GROUP,
                    "Time Trigger for " + getName(), getUserCodeClassLoader());

                timerService = new SystemProcessingTimeService(this, getCheckpointLock(), timerThreadFactory);
            }

            operatorChain = new OperatorChain<>(this, streamRecordWriters);
            headOperator = operatorChain.getHeadOperator();

            // task specific initialization
            init();

            // save the work of reloading state, etc, if the task is already canceled
            if (canceled) {
                throw new CancelTaskException();
            }

            // -------- Invoke --------
            LOG.debug("Invoking {}", getName());

            // we need to make sure that any triggers scheduled in open() cannot be
            // executed before all operators are opened
            synchronized (lock) {

                // both the following operations are protected by the lock
                // so that we avoid race conditions in the case that initializeState()
                // registers a timer, that fires before the open() is called.

                initializeState();
                openAllOperators();
            }

            // final check to exit early before starting to run
            if (canceled) {
                throw new CancelTaskException();
            }

            // let the task do its work
            isRunning = true;
            run();

            // if this left the run() method cleanly despite the fact that this was canceled,
            // make sure the "clean shutdown" is not attempted
            if (canceled) {
                throw new CancelTaskException();
            }

            LOG.debug("Finished task {}", getName());

            // make sure no further checkpoint and notification actions happen.
            // we make sure that no other thread is currently in the locked scope before
            // we close the operators by trying to acquire the checkpoint scope lock
            // we also need to make sure that no triggers fire concurrently with the close logic
            // at the same time, this makes sure that during any "regular" exit where still
            synchronized (lock) {
                // this is part of the main logic, so if this fails, the task is considered failed
                closeAllOperators();

                // make sure no new timers can come
                timerService.quiesce();

                // only set the StreamTask to not running after all operators have been closed!
                // See FLINK-7430
                isRunning = false;
            }

            // make sure all timers finish
            timerService.awaitPendingAfterQuiesce();

            LOG.debug("Closed operators for task {}", getName());

            // make sure all buffered data is flushed
            operatorChain.flushOutputs();

            // make an attempt to dispose the operators such that failures in the dispose call
            // still let the computation fail
            tryDisposeAllOperators();
            disposed = true;
        }
        finally {
            //......
        }
    }

    private void initializeState() throws Exception {

        StreamOperator<?>[] allOperators = operatorChain.getAllOperators();

        for (StreamOperator<?> operator : allOperators) {
            if (null != operator) {
                operator.initializeState();
            }
        }
    }

    //......
}
  • StreamTask的invoke方法会调用initializeState方法,该方法会遍历operatorChain上的allOperators(StreamOperator),调用其initializeState方法;比如这里的operator为StreamSource

StreamOperator.initializeState

flink-streaming-java_2.11-1.7.0-sources.jar!/org/apache/flink/streaming/api/operators/StreamOperator.java

@PublicEvolving
public interface StreamOperator<OUT> extends CheckpointListener, KeyContext, Disposable, Serializable {
    /**
     * Provides a context to initialize all state in the operator.
     */
    void initializeState() throws Exception;

    //......
}
  • StreamOperator接口定义了initializeState方法用于初始化operator的state

StreamSource.initializeState

flink-streaming-java_2.11/1.7.0/flink-streaming-java_2.11-1.7.0-sources.jar!/org/apache/flink/streaming/api/operators/StreamSource.java

@Internal
public class StreamSource<OUT, SRC extends SourceFunction<OUT>>
        extends AbstractUdfStreamOperator<OUT, SRC> implements StreamOperator<OUT> {

        //......
}
  • StreamSource继承了AbstractUdfStreamOperator,它没有覆盖initializeState,而AbstractUdfStreamOperator也没有覆盖initializeState方法,因而是执行的是AbstractUdfStreamOperator的父类AbstractStreamOperator的initializeState

AbstractStreamOperator.initializeState

flink-streaming-java_2.11/1.7.0/flink-streaming-java_2.11-1.7.0-sources.jar!/org/apache/flink/streaming/api/operators/AbstractStreamOperator.java

@PublicEvolving
public abstract class AbstractStreamOperator<OUT>
        implements StreamOperator<OUT>, Serializable {

    @Override
    public final void initializeState() throws Exception {

        final TypeSerializer<?> keySerializer = config.getStateKeySerializer(getUserCodeClassloader());

        final StreamTask<?, ?> containingTask =
            Preconditions.checkNotNull(getContainingTask());
        final CloseableRegistry streamTaskCloseableRegistry =
            Preconditions.checkNotNull(containingTask.getCancelables());
        final StreamTaskStateInitializer streamTaskStateManager =
            Preconditions.checkNotNull(containingTask.createStreamTaskStateInitializer());

        final StreamOperatorStateContext context =
            streamTaskStateManager.streamOperatorStateContext(
                getOperatorID(),
                getClass().getSimpleName(),
                this,
                keySerializer,
                streamTaskCloseableRegistry,
                metrics);

        this.operatorStateBackend = context.operatorStateBackend();
        this.keyedStateBackend = context.keyedStateBackend();

        if (keyedStateBackend != null) {
            this.keyedStateStore = new DefaultKeyedStateStore(keyedStateBackend, getExecutionConfig());
        }

        timeServiceManager = context.internalTimerServiceManager();

        CloseableIterable<KeyGroupStatePartitionStreamProvider> keyedStateInputs = context.rawKeyedStateInputs();
        CloseableIterable<StatePartitionStreamProvider> operatorStateInputs = context.rawOperatorStateInputs();

        try {
            StateInitializationContext initializationContext = new StateInitializationContextImpl(
                context.isRestored(), // information whether we restore or start for the first time
                operatorStateBackend, // access to operator state backend
                keyedStateStore, // access to keyed state backend
                keyedStateInputs, // access to keyed state stream
                operatorStateInputs); // access to operator state stream

            initializeState(initializationContext);
        } finally {
            closeFromRegistry(operatorStateInputs, streamTaskCloseableRegistry);
            closeFromRegistry(keyedStateInputs, streamTaskCloseableRegistry);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Stream operators with state which can be restored need to override this hook method.
     *
     * @param context context that allows to register different states.
     */
    public void initializeState(StateInitializationContext context) throws Exception {

    }

    //......
}
  • AbstractStreamOperator实现了StreamOperator接口定义的initializeState方法,该方法会调用initializeState(initializationContext)方法,其子类AbstractUdfStreamOperator对该方法进行了覆盖

AbstractUdfStreamOperator.initializeState(initializationContext)

flink-streaming-java_2.11/1.7.0/flink-streaming-java_2.11-1.7.0-sources.jar!/org/apache/flink/streaming/api/operators/AbstractUdfStreamOperator.java

@PublicEvolving
public abstract class AbstractUdfStreamOperator<OUT, F extends Function>
        extends AbstractStreamOperator<OUT>
        implements OutputTypeConfigurable<OUT> {

    @Override
    public void initializeState(StateInitializationContext context) throws Exception {
        super.initializeState(context);
        StreamingFunctionUtils.restoreFunctionState(context, userFunction);
    }
    
    //......
}
  • initializeState(initializationContext)方法这里调用了StreamingFunctionUtils.restoreFunctionState

StreamingFunctionUtils.restoreFunctionState

flink-streaming-java_2.11-1.7.0-sources.jar!/org/apache/flink/streaming/util/functions/StreamingFunctionUtils.java

    public static void restoreFunctionState(
            StateInitializationContext context,
            Function userFunction) throws Exception {

        Preconditions.checkNotNull(context);

        while (true) {

            if (tryRestoreFunction(context, userFunction)) {
                break;
            }

            // inspect if the user function is wrapped, then unwrap and try again if we can restore the inner function
            if (userFunction instanceof WrappingFunction) {
                userFunction = ((WrappingFunction<?>) userFunction).getWrappedFunction();
            } else {
                break;
            }
        }
    }

    private static boolean tryRestoreFunction(
            StateInitializationContext context,
            Function userFunction) throws Exception {

        if (userFunction instanceof CheckpointedFunction) {
            ((CheckpointedFunction) userFunction).initializeState(context);

            return true;
        }

        if (context.isRestored() && userFunction instanceof ListCheckpointed) {
            @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
            ListCheckpointed<Serializable> listCheckpointedFun = (ListCheckpointed<Serializable>) userFunction;

            ListState<Serializable> listState = context.getOperatorStateStore().
                    getSerializableListState(DefaultOperatorStateBackend.DEFAULT_OPERATOR_STATE_NAME);

            List<Serializable> list = new ArrayList<>();

            for (Serializable serializable : listState.get()) {
                list.add(serializable);
            }

            try {
                listCheckpointedFun.restoreState(list);
            } catch (Exception e) {

                throw new Exception("Failed to restore state to function: " + e.getMessage(), e);
            }

            return true;
        }

        return false;
    }
  • restoreFunctionState主要是调用了tryRestoreFunction方法,而该方法会判断,如果userFunction实现了CheckpointedFunction接口则调用其initializeState方法,如果userFunction实现了ListCheckpointed接口,而且是context.isRestored()为true,那么就会从OperatorStateStore获取ListState,将里头的值转换为List,调用ListCheckpointed.restoreState方法

小结

  • Task的run方法会触发invokable.invoke(),这里的invokable为StreamTask,StreamTask的invoke方法会调用initializeState方法,该方法会遍历operatorChain上的allOperators(StreamOperator),调用其initializeState方法;比如这里的operator为StreamSource,它继承了AbstractUdfStreamOperator
  • StreamOperator接口定义了initializeState方法用于初始化operator的state,其抽象子类AbstractStreamOperator实现了initializeState方法,但是它内部会调用调用initializeState(initializationContext)方法,而其子类AbstractUdfStreamOperator对该方法进行了覆盖
  • AbstractUdfStreamOperator的initializeState(initializationContext)方法调用了StreamingFunctionUtils.restoreFunctionState,而后者会判断,如果userFunction实现了CheckpointedFunction接口则调用其initializeState方法,如果userFunction实现了ListCheckpointed接口,而且是context.isRestored()为true,那么就会从OperatorStateStore获取ListState,将里头的值转换为List,调用ListCheckpointed.restoreState方法

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当一个代码的工匠回首往事时,不因虚度年华而悔恨,也不因碌碌无为而羞愧,这样,当他老的时候,可以很...

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