Prometheus 监控 Nginx

发布于 2019-03-26  约 6 分钟

前言

Nginx官网有介绍各种监控方案,以前我们常用stub_status和Log日志来实现Nginx监控。本文主要介绍基于Prometheus的2种监控方案nginx-lua-prometheus和nginx-vts-exporter,在真实的生产环境中你可能需要研究和选择哪种方法才是适合你的,F5收购Nginx后的未来让我们一起拭目以待。

Prometheus 监控 Nginx

更新历史

2019年03月25日 - 初稿

阅读原文 - https://wsgzao.github.io/post...

扩展阅读

Monitoring NGINX - https://www.nginx.com/blog/mo...


Nginx监控

官网介绍的监控方案 - https://www.nginx.com/blog/mo...

Prometheus 集成的 HTTP exporter 方案 - https://prometheus.io/docs/in...

聊聊 Nginx 的监控 - https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/...

使用rpmbuild制作Nginx的RPM包 - https://wsgzao.github.io/post...

Prometheus 监控 Nginx

nginx-lua-prometheus

Nginx 需要添加 Lua 扩展

https://github.com/knyar/ngin...

# 下载redis_exporter
https://github.com/knyar/nginx-lua-prometheus/releases
wget https://github.com/knyar/nginx-lua-prometheus/archive/0.20181120.tar.gz
tar xf 0.20181120.tar.gz
cd nginx-lua-prometheus-0.20181120

# 创建prometheus.lua目录
mkdir -p /etc/nginx/lua/
cp prometheus.lua /etc/nginx/lua/

# 编辑nginx配置文件修改,注意修改lua_package_path "/etc/nginx/lua/prometheus.lua";
vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

lua_shared_dict prometheus_metrics 10M;
lua_package_path "/etc/nginx/lua/prometheus.lua";
init_by_lua '
  prometheus = require("prometheus").init("prometheus_metrics")
  metric_requests = prometheus:counter(
    "nginx_http_requests_total", "Number of HTTP requests", {"host", "status"})
  metric_latency = prometheus:histogram(
    "nginx_http_request_duration_seconds", "HTTP request latency", {"host"})
  metric_connections = prometheus:gauge(
    "nginx_http_connections", "Number of HTTP connections", {"state"})
';
log_by_lua '
  metric_requests:inc(1, {ngx.var.server_name, ngx.var.status})
  metric_latency:observe(tonumber(ngx.var.request_time), {ngx.var.server_name})
';

# 创建nginx-lua-prometheus
vim /etc/nginx/sites-available/nginx-lua-prometheus

server {
  listen 9145;
  location /metrics {
    content_by_lua '
      metric_connections:set(ngx.var.connections_reading, {"reading"})
      metric_connections:set(ngx.var.connections_waiting, {"waiting"})
      metric_connections:set(ngx.var.connections_writing, {"writing"})
      prometheus:collect()
    ';
  }
}

# 创建软链接
cd /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
ln -s ../sites-available/prometheus

# 测试Nginx语法并reload测试metrics
nginx -t
nginx -s reload
curl http://127.0.0.1:9145/metrics

# iptables rule for Prometheus Nginx 
-A INPUT -s xxx -p tcp --dport 9145 -j ACCEPT

nginx-vts-exporter

https://github.com/hnlq715/ng...

对方正在输入中

Grafana

nginx-lua-prometheus

https://grafana.com/dashboard...

nginx-vts-exporter

https://grafana.com/dashboard...

参考文献

https://prometheus.io/docs/in...

阅读 2.6k发布于 2019-03-26

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