聊聊Elasticsearch的RunOnce

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本文主要研究一下Elasticsearch的RunOnce

RunOnce

elasticsearch-7.0.1/server/src/main/java/org/elasticsearch/common/util/concurrent/RunOnce.java

public class RunOnce implements Runnable {

    private final Runnable delegate;
    private final AtomicBoolean hasRun;

    public RunOnce(final Runnable delegate) {
        this.delegate = Objects.requireNonNull(delegate);
        this.hasRun = new AtomicBoolean(false);
    }

    @Override
    public void run() {
        if (hasRun.compareAndSet(false, true)) {
            delegate.run();
        }
    }

    /**
     * {@code true} if the {@link RunOnce} has been executed once.
     */
    public boolean hasRun() {
        return hasRun.get();
    }
}
  • RunOnce实现了Runnable接口,它的构造器要求输入Runnable,同时构造了hasRun变量;run方法会先使用compareAndSet将hasRun由false设置为true,如果成功则执行代理的Runnable的run方法;hasRun方法则返回hasRun值

实例

elasticsearch-7.0.1/server/src/test/java/org/elasticsearch/common/util/concurrent/RunOnceTests.java

public class RunOnceTests extends ESTestCase {

    public void testRunOnce() {
        final AtomicInteger counter = new AtomicInteger(0);
        final RunOnce runOnce = new RunOnce(counter::incrementAndGet);
        assertFalse(runOnce.hasRun());

        runOnce.run();
        assertTrue(runOnce.hasRun());
        assertEquals(1, counter.get());

        runOnce.run();
        assertTrue(runOnce.hasRun());
        assertEquals(1, counter.get());
    }

    public void testRunOnceConcurrently() throws InterruptedException {
        final AtomicInteger counter = new AtomicInteger(0);
        final RunOnce runOnce = new RunOnce(counter::incrementAndGet);

        final Thread[] threads = new Thread[between(3, 10)];
        final CountDownLatch latch = new CountDownLatch(1);
        for (int i = 0; i < threads.length; i++) {
            threads[i] = new Thread(() -> {
                try {
                    latch.await();
                } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                    throw new RuntimeException(e);
                }
                runOnce.run();
            });
            threads[i].start();
        }

        latch.countDown();
        for (Thread thread : threads) {
            thread.join();
        }
        assertTrue(runOnce.hasRun());
        assertEquals(1, counter.get());
    }

    public void testRunOnceWithAbstractRunnable() {
        final AtomicInteger onRun = new AtomicInteger(0);
        final AtomicInteger onFailure = new AtomicInteger(0);
        final AtomicInteger onAfter = new AtomicInteger(0);

        final RunOnce runOnce = new RunOnce(new AbstractRunnable() {
            @Override
            protected void doRun() throws Exception {
                onRun.incrementAndGet();
                throw new RuntimeException("failure");
            }

            @Override
            public void onFailure(Exception e) {
                onFailure.incrementAndGet();
            }

            @Override
            public void onAfter() {
                onAfter.incrementAndGet();
            }
        });

        final int iterations = randomIntBetween(1, 10);
        for (int i = 0; i < iterations; i++) {
            runOnce.run();
            assertEquals(1, onRun.get());
            assertEquals(1, onFailure.get());
            assertEquals(1, onAfter.get());
            assertTrue(runOnce.hasRun());
        }
    }
}
  • testRunOnce方法验证了顺序多次执行runOnce的场景;testRunOnceConcurrently方法则验证了并发多次执行runOnce的场景;testRunOnceWithAbstractRunnable则验证了使用AbstractRunnable作为runnable的场景

小结

RunOnce实现了Runnable接口,它的构造器要求输入Runnable,同时构造了hasRun变量;run方法会先使用compareAndSet将hasRun由false设置为true,如果成功则执行代理的Runnable的run方法;hasRun方法则返回hasRun值

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