linux 安装nginx

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  1. 安装gcc gcc-c++(如新环境,未安装请先安装)
    $ yum install -y gcc gcc-c++
  2. 安装wget
    $ yum -y install wget
  3. 安装PCRE库
    $ cd /usr/local/
    $ wget https://sourceforge.net/projects/pcre/files/pcre/8.43/pcre-8.43.tar.gz
    $ tar -zxvf pcre-8.43.tar.gz
    $ cd pcre-8.43
    $ ./configure
    $ make && make install
    如果报错:
    在 linux 中执行 wget 命令提示 -bash: wget: command not found
    解决办法 yum -y install wget
  4. 安装SSL库
    $ cd /usr/local/
    $ wget http://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.1j.tar.gz
    $ tar -zxvf openssl-1.0.1j.tar.gz
    $ cd openssl-1.0.1j
    $ ./config
    $ make && make install
  5. 安装zlib库
    $ cd /usr/local/
    $ wget http://zlib.net/zlib-1.2.11.tar.gz
    $ tar -zxvf zlib-1.2.11.tar.gz
    $ cd zlib-1.2.11
    $ ./configure
    $ make && make install
  6. 安装nginx
    $ cd /usr/local/
    $ wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.9.9.tar.gz
    $ tar -zxvf nginx-1.9.9.tar.gz
    $ cd nginx-1.9.9
    $ ./configure
    $ make && make install
  7. 启动nginx
    /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
  8. 配置

     user www www;
    worker_processes 2; #设置值和CPU核心数一致
    error_log /usr/local/webserver/nginx/logs/nginx_error.log crit; #日志位置和 日志级别
    pid /usr/local/webserver/nginx/nginx.pid;
    #Specifies the value for maximum file descriptors that can be opened by 
    this process.
    worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;
    events
    {
      use epoll;
      worker_connections 65535;
    }
    http
    {
      include mime.types;
      default_type application/octet-stream;
      log_format main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                   '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                   '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';
     
    #charset gb2312;
        
      server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
      client_header_buffer_size 32k;
      large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
      client_max_body_size 8m;
        
      sendfile on;
      tcp_nopush on;
      keepalive_timeout 60;
      tcp_nodelay on;
      fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
      fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
      fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
      fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
      fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
      fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
      fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;
      gzip on; 
      gzip_min_length 1k;
      gzip_buffers 4 16k;
      gzip_http_version 1.0;
      gzip_comp_level 2;
      gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
      gzip_vary on;
    
      #limit_zone crawler $binary_remote_addr 10m;
     #下面是server虚拟主机的配置
     server
      {
        listen 80;#监听端口
        server_name localhost;#域名
        index index.html index.htm index.php;
        root /usr/local/webserver/nginx/html;#站点目录
          location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$
        {
          #fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
          fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
          fastcgi_index index.php;
          include fastcgi.conf;
        }
        location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ico)$
        {
          expires 30d;
      # access_log off;
        }
        location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
        {
          expires 15d;
       # access_log off;
        }
        access_log off;
      }
    
    }

    检查配置文件nginx.conf的正确性命令:
    [root@bogon conf]# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t

  9. Nginx 其他命令
    /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload # 重新载入配置文件
    /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reopen # 重启 Nginx
    /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop # 停止 Nginx
  10. Nginx目录结构
    Nginx:

    conf   配置目录
    contrib
    docs 文档目录
    logs  日志目录
    temp 临时文件目录
    html 静态页面目录
    nginx.exe 主程序
    

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