Vue 单页面骨架屏实现

1、 创建如下文件
图片描述

entry-skeleton.js代码如下

import Vue from 'vue'
import skeleton1 from './skeleton1'
import skeleton2 from './skeleton2'
export default new Vue({
  components: {
    skeleton1,skeleton2
  },
  template: `
  <div>
  <skeleton1 id="skeleton1" style="display:none"/>
  <skeleton2 id="skeleton2" style="display:none"/>
  </div>`
})

skeleton1.vue代码如下(对面路由 /sift)

<template>
    <div class="skeleton-wrapper"  id="skeleton1">
        <div class="skeleton-header"></div>
        <section class="skeleton-block">
            <img src="data:image/svg+xml;base64,PHN2ZyB4bWxucz0iaHR0cDovL3d3dy53My5vcmcvMjAwMC9zdmciIHhtbG5zOnhsaW5rPSJodHRwOi8vd3d3LnczLm9yZy8xOTk5L3hsaW5rIiB2aWV3Qm94PSIwIDAgMTA4MCAyNjEiPjxkZWZzPjxwYXRoIGlkPSJiIiBkPSJNMCAwaDEwODB2MjYwSDB6Ii8+PGZpbHRlciBpZD0iYSIgd2lkdGg9IjIwMCUiIGhlaWdodD0iMjAwJSIgeD0iLTUwJSIgeT0iLTUwJSIgZmlsdGVyVW5pdHM9Im9iamVjdEJvdW5kaW5nQm94Ij48ZmVPZmZzZXQgZHk9Ii0xIiBpbj0iU291cmNlQWxwaGEiIHJlc3VsdD0ic2hhZG93T2Zmc2V0T3V0ZXIxIi8+PGZlQ29sb3JNYXRyaXggaW49InNoYWRvd09mZnNldE91dGVyMSIgdmFsdWVzPSIwIDAgMCAwIDAuOTMzMzMzMzMzIDAgMCAwIDAgMC45MzMzMzMzMzMgMCAwIDAgMCAwLjkzMzMzMzMzMyAwIDAgMCAxIDAiLz48L2ZpbHRlcj48L2RlZnM+PGcgZmlsbD0ibm9uZSIgZmlsbC1ydWxlPSJldmVub2RkIiB0cmFuc2Zvcm09InRyYW5zbGF0ZSgwIDEpIj48dXNlIGZpbGw9IiMwMDAiIGZpbHRlcj0idXJsKCNhKSIgeGxpbms6aHJlZj0iI2IiLz48dXNlIGZpbGw9IiNGRkYiIHhsaW5rOmhyZWY9IiNiIi8+PHBhdGggZmlsbD0iI0Y2RjZGNiIgZD0iTTIzMCA0NGg1MzN2NDZIMjMweiIvPjxyZWN0IHdpZHRoPSIxNzIiIGhlaWdodD0iMTcyIiB4PSIzMCIgeT0iNDQiIGZpbGw9IiNGNkY2RjYiIHJ4PSI0Ii8+PHBhdGggZmlsbD0iI0Y2RjZGNiIgZD0iTTIzMCAxMThoMzY5djMwSDIzMHpNMjMwIDE4MmgzMjN2MzBIMjMwek04MTIgMTE1aDIzOHYzOUg4MTJ6TTgwOCAxODRoMjQydjMwSDgwOHpNOTE3IDQ4aDEzM3YzN0g5MTd6Ii8+PC9nPjwvc3ZnPg==">
            <img src="data:image/svg+xml;base64,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">
             <img src="data:image/svg+xml;base64,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">
        </section>
    </div>
</template>
 
<script>
 
export default {
    name: 'skeleton1'
};
</script>
 
<style scoped>
 
.skeleton-header {
    height: 152px;
    background: grey;
    margin-top: 60px;
    width: 152px;
    margin: 60px auto;
}
 
.skeleton-block {
    display: flex;
    flex-direction: column;
    padding-top: 8px;
}
 
</style>

skeleton2.vue代码如下(对面路由 /play)

<template>
    <div class="skeleton-wrapper" id="skeleton2">
        <div class="skeleton-header"></div>
        <section class="skeleton-block">
            <img src="data:image/svg+xml;base64,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">
            <p>骨架屏模板</p>
        </section>
    </div>
</template>
 
<script>
 
export default {
    name: 'skeleton2'
};
</script>
 
<style scoped>
 
.skeleton-header {
    height: 152px;
    background: grey;
    margin-top: 60px;
    width: 152px;
    margin: 60px auto;
}
 
.skeleton-block {
    display: flex;
    flex-direction: column;
    padding-top: 8px;
}
 
</style>

2、在build文件夹下新建webpack.skeleton.conf.js

'use strict';
const path = require('path') 
const merge = require('webpack-merge') 
const baseWebpackConfig = require('./webpack.base.conf') 
const nodeExternals = require('webpack-node-externals')
const config = require('../config')
const utils = require('./utils')
const isProduction = process.env.NODE_ENV === 'production'
const sourceMapEnabled = isProduction
  ? config.build.productionSourceMap
  : config.dev.cssSourceMap
 
function resolve(dir) {
  return path.join(__dirname, dir)
}
 
let skeletonWebpackConfig = merge(baseWebpackConfig, {
  target: 'node',
  devtool: false,
  entry: {
    app: resolve('../src/components/Skeleton/entry-skeleton.js')
  },
  output: Object.assign({}, baseWebpackConfig.output, {
    libraryTarget: 'commonjs2'
  }),
  externals: nodeExternals({
    whitelist: /\.css$/
  }),
  plugins: []
})
 
// important: enable extract-text-webpack-plugin 
// 重点配置
skeletonWebpackConfig.module.rules[0].options.loaders = utils.cssLoaders({
  sourceMap: sourceMapEnabled,
  extract: true
})
 
module.exports = skeletonWebpackConfig

3、 在webpack.dev.conf跟webpack.prod.conf两个文件中加入以下代码

 plugins: [
    new SkeletonWebpackPlugin({
      webpackConfig: require('./webpack.skeleton.conf'),
      quiet: true,
      minimize: true,
      router: {
        mode: 'hash',
        routes: [
          {
            path: '/sift',    //对应使用路由
            skeletonId: 'skeleton1'    // entry-skeleton.js定义的骨架id
          },
          {
            path: '/play/:type',    //如路由为动态参数,必须跟router的配置一样
            skeletonId: 'skeleton2'    // entry-skeleton.js定义的骨架id
          },
        ]
      }
    }),
 
  ]

4、 其他说明

SkeletonWebpackPlugin的参数说明
webpackConfig 必填,渲染 skeleton 的 webpack 配置对象
insertAfter 选填,渲染 DOM 结果插入位置,默认值为字符串 '<div id="app">'
也可以传入 Function,方法签名为 insertAfter(entryKey: string): string,返回值为挂载点字符串
quiet 选填,在服务端渲染时是否需要输出信息到控制台
router 选填 SPA 下配置各个路由路径对应的 Skeleton
mode 选填 路由模式,两个有效值 history|hash
routes 选填 路由数组,其中每个路由对象包含两个属性:
path 路由路径
skeletonId Skeleton DOM 的 id
minimize 选填 SPA 下是否需要压缩注入 HTML 的 JS 代码

注意
只在页面第一次onload完成前会有骨架页显示,路由之间跳转不会有显示。
在router中先定义好/sift和/play两个路由
在谷歌调试工具中,在network中把网速调到slow3g 即可看到效果


版权声明:本文为CSDN博主「永远的小白」的原创文章,遵循CC 4.0 by-sa版权协议,转载请附上原文出处链接及本声明。
原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/gg45151...

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