七牛文件上传的前后端部署

后端(Node.js)

后端的作用是为前端提供上传所需要的凭证

准备

注册七牛开发者帐号
登录七牛开发者后台,获取AccessKey 和 Secret Key
创建对象存储的存储空间
地址:https://portal.qiniu.com/user/key

sdk安装

 npm install qiniu --save

token生成

let mac = new qiniu.auth.digest.Mac(accessKey, secretKey);
let options = {
    scope: config.Bucket,
    expires: 7200,
    returnBody: '{"key":"$(key)","hash":"$(etag)","fsize":$(fsize),"bucket":"$(bucket)","name":"$(x:name)"}'
};
let putPolicy = new qiniu.rs.PutPolicy(options);
let uploadToken = putPolicy.uploadToken(mac);

scope:存储空间的名称
expires:凭证的有效时间,默认情况下,有效期为1个小时
returnBody:返回的内容,上面代码设置返回的JSON格式的内容
uploadToken即为前端上传所需要的token

前端(vue)

sdk安装

//安装
npm install qiniu-js --save
//引入
var qiniu = require('qiniu-js')
// or
import * as qiniu from 'qiniu-js'

上传代码

<a-upload name="file"
    :action="qiniuUrl"
    :beforeUpload="beforeUpload"
    @change="handleChange" :data="{token:qiniuToken}">
</a-upload>

qiniuUrl:存储空间所在的存储区域
https://developer.qiniu.com/kodo/manual/1671/region-endpoint
qiniuToken:从后端获取到的token

beforeUpload(file) {
    let that = this
    let putExtra = {
        fname: file.name,
        params: {},
        mimeType: ["image/png", "image/jpeg", "image/gif"]
    };
    let observe = {
        next(res) {},
        error(err) {},
        complete(res) {}
    };
    let config = {
        useCdnDomain: true,
    };
    let observable = qiniu.upload(file, 'pageapi_' + (new Date()).valueOf() + file.name.replace(/.*\./, '.'), this.qiniuToken, putExtra, config)
    observable.subscribe(observe)
},

qiniu.upload(file: blob, key: string, token: string, putExtra: object, config: object)
file: Blob 对象,上传的文件
key: 文件资源名
token: 上传验证信息,前端通过接口请求后端获得
config: object
putExtra:

参考

https://developer.qiniu.com/kodo/sdk/1289/nodejs
https://developer.qiniu.com/kodo/sdk/1283/javascript

本文链接:https://blog.qianxiaoduan.com/archives/1065

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