ubuntu 16.04 上使用pybind11进行C++和Python代码相互调用

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Interfacing C++ and Python with pybind11 on ubuntu 16.04

Series

Guide

requirements:

  • pybind11 v2.3.dev0
  • python 3.5

install pytest

pip3 install pytest 

compile


git clone https://github.com/pybind/pybind11.git
cd pybind11
mkdir build
cd build
cmake-gui ..

with options

PYBIND11_CPP_STANDARD /std:c++11 # default c++14
PYTHON_EXECUTABLE /usr/bin/python3.5
CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX /usr/local

install

make and install

make -j8
sudo make install
install to /usr/local/include/pybind11 with only include and /usr/local/share/cmake/pybind11

output

Install the project...
-- Install configuration: "MinSizeRel"
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/chrono.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/eigen.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/stl.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/complex.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/detail
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/detail/internals.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/detail/common.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/detail/descr.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/detail/init.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/detail/class.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/detail/typeid.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/common.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/iostream.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/buffer_info.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/attr.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/numpy.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/pybind11.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/operators.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/options.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/cast.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/eval.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/embed.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/pytypes.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/functional.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/include/pybind11/stl_bind.h
-- Installing: /usr/local/share/cmake/pybind11/pybind11Config.cmake
-- Installing: /usr/local/share/cmake/pybind11/pybind11ConfigVersion.cmake
-- Installing: /usr/local/share/cmake/pybind11/FindPythonLibsNew.cmake
-- Installing: /usr/local/share/cmake/pybind11/pybind11Tools.cmake
-- Installing: /usr/local/share/cmake/pybind11/pybind11Targets.cmake

Usage

pybind11

CMakeLists.txt

find_package(pybind11 CONFIG REQUIRED)
include_directories(${pybind11_INCLUDE_DIRS})

MESSAGE( [MAIN] "Found pybind11 v${pybind11_VERSION}: ${pybind11_INCLUDE_DIRS}")
MESSAGE( [Main] " pybind11_INCLUDE_DIRS = ${pybind11_INCLUDE_DIRS}")
MESSAGE( [Main] " pybind11_LIBRARIES = ${pybind11_LIBRARIES}")

add_library(examplelib 
    ${HEADER_FILES}
    ${SOURCE_FILES}
)

target_link_libraries (examplelib  
    pybind11::module
    ${xxx_LIBRARIES}
)

embed

CMakeLists.txt

find_package(pybind11 CONFIG REQUIRED)
include_directories(${pybind11_INCLUDE_DIRS})

MESSAGE( [MAIN] "Found pybind11 v${pybind11_VERSION}: ${pybind11_INCLUDE_DIRS}")
MESSAGE( [Main] " pybind11_INCLUDE_DIRS = ${pybind11_INCLUDE_DIRS}")
MESSAGE( [Main] " pybind11_LIBRARIES = ${pybind11_LIBRARIES}")

add_executable(cpp_use_python cpp_use_python.cpp)
target_link_libraries(cpp_use_python PRIVATE pybind11::embed)

Reference

History

  • 20181127: created.

Copyright

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