【PhpSelenium】3.定时爬虫+多任务爬虫+代理池

ar414
仅用于交流和学习,禁止利用本资源从事任何违反本国(地区)法律法规的活动,一切遵守《网络安全法》

Tips:只是提供一个思路,实际项目中还需维护代理池可用性等细节部分

实战步骤

  1. 框架及核心库部署
  2. 定时更新代理池进程
  3. 定时爬取列表页进程
  4. 主进程定时从Redis中读取列表页任务,有则将每一项丢给异步任务执行

环境

  • CentOS 7.2
  • PHP7.2
  • Swoole 4.3.5
  • Google Chrome 78.0.3904.108
  • ChromeDriver 78.0.3904.105

Composer

  • facebook/webdriver=1.7
  • easyswoole/easyswoole=3.1.18
  • easyswoole/curl=1.0.1

框架及核心库部署

1、安装EasySwoole 3.1.18版本

[root@ar414.com phpseleniumdemo] composer require easyswoole/easyswoole=3.1.18
[root@ar414.com phpseleniumdemo] php vendor/easyswoole/easyswoole/bin/easyswoole install
______                          _____                              _
 |  ____|                        / ____|                            | |
| |__      __ _   ___   _   _  | (___   __      __   ___     ___   | |   ___
 |  __|    / _` | / __| | | | |  \___ \  \ \ /\ / /  / _ \   / _ \  | |  / _ \
| |____  | (_| | \__ \ | |_| |  ____) |  \ V  V /  | (_) | | (_) | | | |  __/
|______|  \__,_| |___/  \__, | |_____/    \_/\_/    \___/   \___/  |_|  \___|
                          __/ |
                        |___/
install success,enjoy!

2.安装核心库facebook/webdriver、easyswoole/curl

[root@ar414.com phpseleniumdemo]# composer require facebook/webdriver=1.7  
[root@ar414.com phpseleniumdemo]# composer require easyswoole/curl=1.0.1  

3、确认运行没报错

[root@ar414.com phpseleniumdemo]# php easyswoole  start
|  ____|                        / ____|                            | |
 | |__      __ _   ___   _   _  | (___   __      __   ___     ___   | |   ___
>|  __|    / _` | / __| | | | |  \___ \  \ \ /\ / /  / _ \   / _ \  | |  / _ \
>| |____  | (_| | \__ \ | |_| |  ____) |  \ V  V /  | (_) | | (_) | | | |  __/
>|______|  \__,_| |___/  \__, | |_____/    \_/\_/    \___/   \___/  |_|  \___|
>                         __/ |
>                        |___/
main server                   SWOOLE_WEB
listen address                0.0.0.0
listen port                   9501
sub server1                   CONSOLE => SWOOLE_TCP@127.0.0.1:9500
....

定时更新代理池进程

Tips:代理资源请自行解决,这里只提供例子,实际是用不了的

1、 创建项目主目录

[root@ar414.com phpseleniumdemo]# mkdir App  
#composer 指定App作用域  
[root@ar414.com phpseleniumdemo]# cat composer.json  
{  
    "autoload": { 
        "psr-4": { "App\\": "App/" 
        } 
    },
    "require": { 
        "easyswoole/easyswoole": "3.1.18",    
        "facebook/webdriver": "^1.7",
        "easyswoole/curl": "1.0.1" 
    }
}
#更新composer autoload
[root@ar414.com phpseleniumdemo]# composer dump-autoload

2、创建进程目录(将代理池更新作为一个子进程随项目启动运行)

[root@ar414.com phpseleniumdemo]# mkdir App/Process  

3、代理池定时爬取(使用Redis List类型保证最新代理IP在头部,爬虫逻辑每次从头部获取,一个代理IP只用一次)

Tips:代理资源请自行解决,这里只提供例子,实际是用不了的

完整代码链接

<?php
/**
 * Created by PhpStorm.
 * User: ar414.com@gmail.com
 * Date: 2019/12/7
 * Time: 21:00
 */
namespace App\Process;
use App\Lib\Curl;
use App\Lib\Kv;
use EasySwoole\Component\Process\AbstractProcess;
class UpdateProxyPool extends AbstractProcess
{
    //这里的代理IP都只支持socks5协议
    private $proxyListApi = "http://www.zdopen.com/ShortS5Proxy/GetIP/?api=%s&akey=%s&order=2&type=3";
    const PROXY_KV_KEY = 'spider:proxy:list';
    const TIMER = 15;
    protected function initProxyListApi()
    {
//        $this->proxyListApi = sprintf($this->proxyListApi,$_ENV['PROXY_LIST_API'],$_ENV['PROXY_LIST_KEY']);
        $this->proxyListApi = sprintf($this->proxyListApi,20191231231237085,'72axxxae0fe34');
    }
    public function run($arg)
    {
        $this->initProxyListApi();
        //依赖 composer require easyswoole/curl=1.0.1
        while (true)
        {
            $ret = Curl::get($this->proxyListApi);
            var_dump($ret);
            if($ret) {
                $ret = json_decode($ret,true);
                if($ret['code'] == 10001 && isset($ret['data']['proxy_list']) && !empty($ret['data']['proxy_list']) ) {
                    foreach($ret['data']['proxy_list'] as $proxy) {
                        $proxyItem = $proxy['ip'] . ':'.$proxy['port'];
                        Kv::redis()->lPush(self::PROXY_KV_KEY,$proxyItem);
                    }
                }
            }
            sleep(self::TIMER);
        }
    }
}

4、配置代理池更新进程随项目启动时启动(完整代码链接

public static function mainServerCreate(EventRegister $register)
{
        //更新代理池进程
        ServerManager::getInstance()->getSwooleServer()->addProcess((new \App\Process\UpdateProxyPool('UpdateProxyPool', []))->getProcess());
}

定时爬取列表页进程

爬取列表页进程(完整代码链接

<?php
/**
 * Created by PhpStorm.
 * User: ar414.com@gmail.com
 * Date: 2019/12/7
 * Time: 22:01
 */

namespace App\Process;

use App\Lib\ChromeDriver;
use App\Lib\Kv;
use EasySwoole\Component\Process\AbstractProcess;
use EasySwoole\EasySwoole\Logger;

class ListSpider extends AbstractProcess
{
    const API = 'https://www.188-sb.com/SportsBook.API/web?lid=1&zid=3&pd=%23AC%23B151%23C1%23D50%23E10%23F163%23&cid=42&ctid=42';

    const LIST_KV_KEY = 'spider:list';
    const TIMER = 20; //20秒执行一次

    public function run($arg)
    {
        while (true)
        {
            try
            {
                $driver = (new ChromeDriver(true))->getDriver();
                $driver->get(self::API);
                $listStr = $driver->getPageSource();
                var_dump($listStr);
                file_put_contents("/www/wwwroot/blog/phpseleniumdemo/listStr.html",$listStr);
                preg_match_all("/PD=(.*);/U",$listStr,$list);
                $list = array_unique($list[1]);
                if($list)
                {
                    Kv::redis()->set(self::LIST_KV_KEY,json_encode($list));
                }
                var_dump('done');
                $driver->close();
                $driver->quit();
            }
            catch (\Throwable $throwable)
            {
                $driver->close();
                $driver->quit();
                Logger::getInstance()->log($throwable->getMessage(),'ListSpiderError');
                var_dump($throwable->getMessage());
            }
            sleep(self::TIMER);
        }

    }
}

主进程定时从Redis中读取列表页任务,有则将每一项丢给异步任务执行

1、完整代码链接

public static function mainServerCreate(EventRegister $register)
    {
        //更新代理池进程
        ServerManager::getInstance()->getSwooleServer()->addProcess((new \App\Process\UpdateProxyPool('UpdateProxyPool', []))->getProcess());
        //列表爬取进程
        ServerManager::getInstance()->getSwooleServer()->addProcess((new \App\Process\ListSpider('ListSpider', []))->getProcess());

        $register->set($register::onWorkerStart,function(\swoole_server $server,$workerId){
            if($workerId == 0)
            {
                Timer::getInstance()->loop(30000, function () {
                    $ret = Kv::redis()->get(ListSpider::LIST_KV_KEY);
                    if($ret){
                        $ret = json_decode($ret,true);
                        foreach($ret as $item) {
                            TaskManager::async(function () use($item){
                                (new ItemSpider(true))->run($item);
                                return true;
                            }, function () use($item){
                                var_dump("{$item} Done");
                            });
                        }
                    }
                });
            }
        });

    }

2、ItemSpider逻辑代码(完整代码链接

<?php
/**
 * Created by PhpStorm.
 * User: ar414.com@gmail.com
 * Date: 2019/12/7
 * Time: 22:35
 */

namespace App\Spider;


use App\Lib\ChromeDriver;
use EasySwoole\EasySwoole\Logger;
use Facebook\WebDriver\WebDriverBy;
use Facebook\WebDriver\WebDriverExpectedCondition;

class ItemSpider
{
    public function run($itemPath)
    {
        $driver = (new ChromeDriver(true))->getDriver();
        $itemPath = str_replace('#','/',$itemPath);
        $url = "https://www.188-sb.com/#{$itemPath}";
        var_dump($url);
        try
        {
            $driver->get($url);
            $driver->wait(ChromeDriver::WAIT_SECONDS)->until(
                WebDriverExpectedCondition::visibilityOfElementLocated(
                    WebDriverBy::className('gl-MarketGroupButton_Text')
                )
            );
            Logger::getInstance()->console("The title is '" . $driver->getTitle() . "'\n");
            Logger::getInstance()->console("The current URI is '" . $driver->getCurrentURL() . "'\n");
            $body = $driver->getPageSource();
            var_dump($body);
            $driver->close();
            $driver->quit();
            //TODO 清洗数据 入库
        }
        catch (\Throwable $throwable)
        {
            Logger::getInstance()->log($throwable->getMessage(),'Bet365ApiRun');
            $driver->close();
            $driver->quit();
        }
        return;
    }
}

3、运行

[root@ar414.com phpseleniumdemo]# php easyswoole start
阅读 1.3k
39 声望
4 粉丝
0 条评论
39 声望
4 粉丝
文章目录
宣传栏