Java 创建并应用PPT幻灯片母版

Tina_Tang

前言

在PowerPoint文档中,幻灯片母版可供用户设置幻灯片的样式,比如标题文字、背景、属性等。预先设定好的幻灯片母版可用于所有幻灯片,此外,也可创建多个幻灯片母版分别应用到幻灯片中。本文将介绍如何创建并应用单个或多个幻灯片母版。

环境构建

文中演示代码用到的工具是Free Spire.Presentation for Java,可通过官网下载获取。解压后将位于lib文件夹下的Spire.Presentation.jar导入Java程序。此外,还可通过maven仓库安装导入

Java代码示例

示例1 创建唯一母版,并应用于所有幻灯片

import com.spire.presentation.*;
import com.spire.presentation.drawing.BackgroundType;
import com.spire.presentation.drawing.FillFormatType;
import com.spire.presentation.drawing.IImageData;
import com.spire.presentation.drawing.PictureFillType;
import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.geom.Rectangle2D;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.FileInputStream;

public class UniqueSlideMaster {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {

        //创建PPT文档,指定幻灯片大小
        Presentation presentation = new Presentation();
        presentation.getSlideSize().setType(SlideSizeType.SCREEN_16_X_9);

        //获取第一张母版
        IMasterSlide masterSlide = presentation.getMasters().get(0);

        //获取图片地址
        String backgroundPic = "C:\\Users\\Test1\\Desktop\\Background.jpg";
        String logo = "C:\\Users\\Test1\\Desktop\\logo2.png";

        //设置母版背景
        BufferedImage image = ImageIO.read(new FileInputStream(backgroundPic));
        IImageData imageData = presentation.getImages().append(image);
        masterSlide.getSlideBackground().setType(BackgroundType.CUSTOM);
        masterSlide.getSlideBackground().getFill().setFillType(FillFormatType.PICTURE);
        masterSlide.getSlideBackground().getFill().getPictureFill().setFillType(PictureFillType.STRETCH);
        masterSlide.getSlideBackground().getFill().getPictureFill().getPicture().setEmbedImage(imageData);

        //添加图片(公司Logo)到母版
        image = ImageIO.read(new FileInputStream(logo));
        imageData = presentation.getImages().append(image);
        IEmbedImage imageShape = masterSlide.getShapes().appendEmbedImage(ShapeType.RECTANGLE,imageData,new Rectangle2D.Float(40,40,200,100));
        imageShape.getLine().setFillType(FillFormatType.NONE);

        //添加文字(公司名称)到母版
        IAutoShape textShape = masterSlide.getShapes().appendShape(ShapeType.RECTANGLE, new Rectangle2D.Float((float) presentation.getSlideSize().getSize().getWidth()-200,(float) presentation.getSlideSize().getSize().getHeight()-60,200,30));//Shapes.AppendShape(ShapeType.Rectangle, new RectangleF(ppt.SlideSize.Size.Width-200, ppt.SlideSize.Size.Height-60, 200, 30));
        textShape.getTextFrame().setText("鹰翔传媒有限公司");
        textShape.getTextFrame().getTextRange().setFontHeight(15f);
        textShape.getTextFrame().getTextRange().getFill().setFillType(FillFormatType.SOLID);
        textShape.getTextFrame().getTextRange().getFill().getSolidColor().setColor(Color.blue);
        textShape.getTextFrame().getTextRange().getParagraph().setAlignment(TextAlignmentType.CENTER);
        textShape.getFill().setFillType(FillFormatType.NONE);
        textShape.getLine().setFillType(FillFormatType.NONE);

        //添加一张幻灯片
        presentation.getSlides().append();

        //保存文档
        presentation.saveToFile("output/SlideMaster.pptx", FileFormat.PPTX_2013);
        presentation.dispose();
    }
}

创建效果:

效果1.png

示例2 创建多个母版并分别应用到幻灯片

import com.spire.presentation.*;
import com.spire.presentation.drawing.BackgroundType;
import com.spire.presentation.drawing.FillFormatType;
import com.spire.presentation.drawing.IImageData;
import com.spire.presentation.drawing.PictureFillType;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
public class MultiSlideMasters {
    public static void main(String[] args)throws Exception {
        //新建PPT文档
        Presentation presentation = new Presentation();
        presentation.getSlideSize().setType(SlideSizeType.SCREEN_16_X_9);

        //插入4页幻灯片(连同默认的幻灯片,文档中共5页)
        for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++)
        {
            presentation.getSlides().append();
        }

        //获取默认的母版
        IMasterSlide first_master = presentation.getMasters().get(0);

        //创建并获取第二个母板
        presentation.getMasters().appendSlide(first_master);
        IMasterSlide second_master = presentation.getMasters().get(1);

        //为两个母版分别设置不同的背景图片
        String pic1 = "C:\\Users\\Test1\\Desktop\\Image1.jpg";
        String pic2 = "C:\\Users\\Test1\\Desktop\\Image2.jpg";
        BufferedImage image = ImageIO.read(new FileInputStream(pic1));
        IImageData imageData = presentation.getImages().append(image);
        first_master.getSlideBackground().setType(BackgroundType.CUSTOM);
        first_master.getSlideBackground().getFill().setFillType(FillFormatType.PICTURE);
        first_master.getSlideBackground().getFill().getPictureFill().setFillType(PictureFillType.STRETCH);
        first_master.getSlideBackground().getFill().getPictureFill().getPicture().setEmbedImage(imageData);
        image = ImageIO.read(new FileInputStream(pic2));
        imageData = presentation.getImages().append(image);
        second_master.getSlideBackground().setType(BackgroundType.CUSTOM);
        second_master.getSlideBackground().getFill().setFillType(FillFormatType.PICTURE);
        second_master.getSlideBackground().getFill().getPictureFill().setFillType(PictureFillType.STRETCH);
        second_master.getSlideBackground().getFill().getPictureFill().getPicture().setEmbedImage(imageData);

        //在第一页应用第一个母版及版式(板式6为空板式)
        presentation.getSlides().get(0).setLayout(first_master.getLayouts().get(6));

        //在剩下的幻灯片应用第二个母版及版式
        for (int i = 1; i < presentation.getSlides().getCount(); i++)
        {
            presentation.getSlides().get(i).setLayout(second_master.getLayouts().get(6));
        }

        //保存文档
        presentation.saveToFile("output/MultiSlideMaters.pptx", FileFormat.PPTX_2013);
        presentation.dispose();
    }
}

创建效果:

效果2.png

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