Linux好用的vim超级配置+zsh配置完整版。

lvan_linux

1:介绍vim

    
    vim是用于Linux下编译代码的工具,具有一定的补全功能,但是与我们配置的相比就要差商许多了。在这里、我首先介绍如何配置vimplus(是一款非常好用的vim配置)。之后我再介绍zsh的配置,zsh是一种shell脚本,是我们和Linux交互的工具。
    vimplus的安装只需要执行几个命令就可以,非常简单。
    cd  ~。
    sudo git clone https://github.com/chxuan/vimplus.git ~/.vimplus.
    cd ~/.vimplus
    ./install.sh
    这样,强大的vim配置就安装完成了。在这里需要注意的是,如果你没有git这个工具,可以使用sudo apt install git 命令进行安装。如果你的apt源配置错误,也就是在保证你可以正常连接网络的情况下不能够下载这个工具,请打开这个链接[https://developer.aliyun.com/mirror/ubuntu?spm=a2c6h.13651102.0.0.3e221b11vU4mtw]()  
    这是一个阿里源的地址,点击就可以下载。好了关于vim的配置我这里就介绍这么多。
    
    
    

2:介绍zsh的相关配置。

    
    在这里介绍我的zsh配置,之前说过了,zsh是我们和Linux交互的命令工具。
    首先、第一点需要确定的是你有没有zsh这个工具,如果你没有zsh这个工具请使用sudo apt install zsh进行安装。
    第二点就是我们的zsh配置了,我们可以在自己的家目录下进行配置,首先我们创建一个.zshrc这个文件,此文件是我们这个用户登陆的时候zsh读取的配置文件。
    最后一点,我将zsh配置连接放到这里,直接使用下述命令安装即可。
    git clone https://github.com/spicycode/ze-best-zsh-config.git 目录
    如果下载下来的是压缩包,请解压,然后将其中的隐藏文件拷贝到家目录下,也就是~目录下。
    最后我将我改过的.zshrc文件贴到这里,我改的文件是根据这个下载内容进行更改整合的,因为下载的东西不能够完全使用。
    之后在家目录创建.zshrc文件,将下述内容添加到.zshrc文件中,之后使用命令sourc .zshrc就可以生效了,如果还没有生效的话,请退出Linux重新登录。

                        if which rbenv > /dev/null; then eval "$(rbenv init -)"; fi
                export PATH=bin:script:.bin:$PATH

                precmd() {
                    if [[ -n "$TMUX" ]]; then
                        tmux setenv "$(tmux display -p 'TMUX_PWD_#D')" "$PWD"
                    fi
                }
                # 别名部分,这部分根据自己的喜好进行甚至

                alias la='ls -a'
                alias lc='ls *.c'
                alias sl='ls'
                alias ll='ls -l'
                alias grepn='grep -nrE ./'
                alias findn='find ./ -name'
                alias rm='rm -i'
                alias cpr='cp -r'
                alias rmd='rm -r'
                alias v.z='vim ~/.zshrc'
                alias s.z='source ~/.zshrc'


                # color 部分内容
                autoload colors; colors

                # The variables are wrapped in %{%}. This should be the case for every
                # variable that does not contain space.
                for COLOR in RED GREEN YELLOW BLUE MAGENTA CYAN BLACK WHITE; do
                    eval PR_$COLOR='%{$fg_no_bold[${(L)COLOR}]%}'
                    eval PR_BOLD_$COLOR='%{$fg_bold[${(L)COLOR}]%}'
                done

                eval RESET='$reset_color'
                export PR_RED PR_GREEN PR_YELLOW PR_BLUE PR_WHITE PR_BLACK
                export PR_BOLD_RED PR_BOLD_GREEN PR_BOLD_YELLOW PR_BOLD_BLUE 
                export PR_BOLD_WHITE PR_BOLD_BLACK

                # Clear LSCOLORS
                unset LSCOLORS
                export CLICOLOR=1
                export LS_COLORS=exfxcxdxbxegedabagacad


                # 绑定某些按键

                # To see the key combo you want to use just do:
                # cat > /dev/null
                # And press it

                bindkey "^K"      kill-whole-line                      # ctrl-k
                bindkey "^R"      history-incremental-search-backward  # ctrl-r
                bindkey "^A"      beginning-of-line                    # ctrl-a  
                bindkey "^E"      end-of-line                          # ctrl-e
                bindkey "[B"      history-search-forward               # down arrow
                bindkey "[A"      history-search-backward              # up arrow
                bindkey "^D"      delete-char                          # ctrl-d
                bindkey "^F"      forward-char                         # ctrl-f
                bindkey "^B"      backward-char                        # ctrl-b
                bindkey -e   # Default to standard emacs bindings, regardless of editor string


                # 定义某些全局变量
                # Currently this path is appendend to dynamically when picking a ruby version
                export PATH=node_modules/.bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/share/npm/bin:~/.cabal/bin:~/.local/bin:$PATH
                export PATH=$PATH:/opt/boxen/homebrew/opt/go/libexec/bin

                # Setup terminal, and turn on colors
                export TERM=xterm-256color
                export CLICOLOR=1
                export LSCOLORS=Gxfxcxdxbxegedabagacad

                # Enable color in grep
                export GREP_OPTIONS='--color=auto'
                export GREP_COLOR='3;33'

                # This resolves issues install the mysql, postgres, and other gems with native non universal binary extensions
                export ARCHFLAGS='-arch x86_64'

                export LESS='--ignore-case --raw-control-chars'
                export PAGER='most'
                export EDITOR='vim'
                export PYTHONPATH=/usr/local/lib/python2.6/site-packages
                # CTAGS Sorting in VIM/Emacs is better behaved with this in place
                export LC_COLLATE=C

                # GitHub token with no scope, used to get around API limits
                #xport HOMEBREW_GITHUB_API_TOKEN=$(cat ~/.gh_api_token)

                # setopt 某些选项设置
                # ===== Basics

                # If you type foo, and it isn't a command, and it is a directory in your cdpath, go there
                setopt AUTO_CD

                # Allow comments even in interactive shells (especially for Muness)
                # setopt INTERACTIVE_COMMENTS

                # ===== History

                # Allow multiple terminal sessions to all append to one zsh command history
                setopt APPEND_HISTORY 

                # Add comamnds as they are typed, don't wait until shell exit
                setopt INC_APPEND_HISTORY 

                # Do not write events to history that are duplicates of previous events
                setopt HIST_IGNORE_DUPS

                # When searching history don't display results already cycled through twice
                setopt HIST_FIND_NO_DUPS

                # Remove extra blanks from each command line being added to history
                setopt HIST_REDUCE_BLANKS

                # Include more information about when the command was executed, etc
                setopt EXTENDED_HISTORY

                # ===== Completion 

                # Allow completion from within a word/phrase
                setopt COMPLETE_IN_WORD 

                # When completing from the middle of a word, move the cursor to the end of the word
                setopt ALWAYS_TO_END            

                # ===== Prompt

                # Enable parameter expansion, command substitution, and arithmetic expansion in the prompt
                setopt PROMPT_SUBST

                unsetopt MENU_COMPLETE
                setopt AUTO_MENU

                # 历史设置
                HISTSIZE=10000
                SAVEHIST=10000
                HISTFILE=~/.zsh_history

                bindkey '^R' zaw-history


                function git_prompt_info {
                    local ref=$(=git symbolic-ref HEAD 2> /dev/null)
                    local gitst="$(=git status 2> /dev/null)"

                    if [[ -f .git/MERGE_HEAD ]]; then
                        if [[ ${gitst} =~ "unmerged" ]]; then
                            gitstatus=" %{$fg[red]%}unmerged%{$reset_color%}"
                        else
                            gitstatus=" %{$fg[green]%}merged%{$reset_color%}"
                        fi
                    elif [[ ${gitst} =~ "Changes to be committed" ]]; then
                        gitstatus=" %{$fg[blue]%}!%{$reset_color%}"
                    elif [[ ${gitst} =~ "use \"git add" ]]; then
                        gitstatus=" %{$fg[red]%}!%{$reset_color%}"
                    elif [[ -n `git checkout HEAD 2> /dev/null | grep ahead` ]]; then
                        gitstatus=" %{$fg[yellow]%}*%{$reset_color%}"
                    else
                        gitstatus=''
                    fi

                    if [[ -n $ref ]]; then
                        echo "%{$fg_bold[green]%}/${ref#refs/heads/}%{$reset_color%}$gitstatus"
                    fi
                }

                PROMPT='%~%<< $(git_prompt_info)${PR_BOLD_WHITE}>%{${reset_color}%} '

                precmd() {
                    if [[ -n "$TMUX" ]]; then
                        tmux setenv "$(tmux display -p 'TMUX_PWD_#D')" "$PWD"
                    fi
                }
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