Kubernetes 1.20.5 安装Prometheus-Oprator

对你无可奈何

背景

线上kubernetes集群为1.16版本 Prometheus oprator 分支为0.4关于Prometheus oprator与kubernetes版本对应关系如下图。可见https://github.com/prometheus-operator/kube-prometheus.
注: Prometheus operator? kube-prometheus? kube-prometheus 就是 Prometheus的一种operator的部署方式....Prometheus-operator 已经改名为 Kube-promethues。
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关于部署过程可以参考超级小豆丁大佬的笔记:http://www.mydlq.club/article/10/。Prometheus这种架构图,在各位大佬的文章中都可以看到的.......


先简单部署一下Prometheus oprator(or或者叫kube-promethus)。完成微信报警的集成,其他的慢慢在生成环境中研究。
基本过程就是Prometheus oprator 添加存储,增加微信报警,外部traefik代理应用。

1. prometheus环境的搭建

1. 克隆prometheus-operator仓库

git clone https://github.com/prometheus-operator/kube-prometheus.git

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网络原因,经常会搞不下来的,还是直接下载zip包吧,其实安装版本的支持列表kubernetes1.20的版本可以使用kube-prometheus的0.6 or 0.7 还有HEAD分支的任一分支。偷个懒直接用HEAD了。
记录一下tag,以后有修改了也好能快速修改了 让版本升级跟得上.....
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上传zip包解压缩

unzip kube-prometheus-main.zip

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2. 按照快捷方式来一遍

cd kube-prometheus-main/
kubectl create -f manifests/setup
until kubectl get servicemonitors --all-namespaces ; do date; sleep 1; echo ""; done
kubectl create -f manifests/
kubectl get pods -n monitoring

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3. imagepullbackoff

由于网络原因会出现有些镜像下载不下来的问题,可墙外服务器下载镜像修改tag上传到harbor,修改yaml文件中镜像为对应私有镜像仓库的标签tag解决(由于我的私有仓库用的腾讯云的仓库,现在跨地域上传镜像应该个人版的不可以了,所以我使用了docker save导出镜像的方式):

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kubectl describe pods kube-state-metrics-56f988c7b6-qxqjn -n monitoring

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1. 使用国外服务器下载镜像,并打包为tar包下载到本地。

docker pull k8s.gcr.io/kube-state-metrics/kube-state-metrics:v2.0.0-rc.0
docker save k8s.gcr.io/kube-state-metrics/kube-state-metrics:v2.0.0-rc.0 -o kube-state-metrics.tar

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2. ctr导入镜像

ctr -n k8s.io i import kube-state-metrics.tar

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导入的只是一个工作节点这样,但是kubernetes本来就是保证高可用用性,如果这个pod漂移调度到其他节点呢?难道要加上节点亲和性?这个节点如果就崩溃了呢?每个节点都导入此镜像?新加入的节点呢?还是老老实实的上传到镜像仓库吧!
正常的流程应该是这样吧?

crictl images
ctr image tag k8s.gcr.io/kube-state-metrics/kube-state-metrics:v2.0.0-rc.0 ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/k8s_containers/kube-state-metrics:v2.0.0-rc.0

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但是为什么是not found?不知道是不是标签格式问题....。反正就这样了 ,然后上传到镜像库,具体命令可以参考https://blog.csdn.net/tongzidane/article/details/114587138 https://blog.csdn.net/liumiaocn/article/details/103320426/
(上传我的仓库权限还是有问题(仓库里面可以下载啊但是我........搞迷糊了),不先搞了直接导入了)
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反正咋样把kube-state-metrics-XXXX启动起来就好了,有时间好好研究下ctr crictl命令 还是有点懵。

3. 验证服务都正常启动

kubectl get pod -n monitoring
kubectl get svc -n monitoring

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4. 使用traefik代理应用

注: 参照前文Kubernetes 1.20.5 安装traefik在腾讯云下的实践https://www.yuque.com/duiniwukenaihe/ehb02i/odflm7#WT4ab。比较习惯了ingresroute的方式就保持这种了没有使用ingress 或者api的方式。

cat  monitoring.com.yaml
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: IngressRoute
metadata:
  namespace: monitoring
  name: alertmanager-main-http
spec:
  entryPoints:
    - web
  routes:
    - match: Host(\`alertmanager.saynaihe.com\`)
      kind: Rule
      services:
        - name: alertmanager-main
          port: 9093
---
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: IngressRoute
metadata:
  namespace: monitoring
  name: grafana-http
spec:
  entryPoints:
    - web
  routes:
    - match: Host(\`monitoring.saynaihe.com\`)
      kind: Rule
      services:
        - name: grafana
          port: 3000
---
apiVersion: traefik.containo.us/v1alpha1
kind: IngressRoute
metadata:
  namespace: monitoring
  name: prometheus
spec:
  entryPoints:
    - web
  routes:
    - match: Host(\`prometheus.saynaihe.com\`)
      kind: Rule
      services:
        - name: prometheus-k8s
          port: 9090
---
kubectl apply -f monitoring.com.yaml

验证traefik代理应用是否成功:
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修改密码
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先随便演示一下,后面比较还要修改
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仅用于演示,后面起码alertmanager Prometheus两个web要加个basic安全验证....

5. 添加 kubeControllerManager kubeScheduler监控

通过https://prometheus.saynaihe.com/targets 页面可以看到和前几个版本一样依然木有kube-scheduler 和 kube-controller-manager 的监控。
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修改/etc/kubernetes/manifests/目录下kube-controller-manager.yaml kube-scheduler.yaml将 - --bind-address=127.0.0.1 修改为 - --bind-address=0.0.0.0

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修改为配置文件 control manager scheduler服务会自动重启的。等待重启验证通过。

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在manifests目录下(这一步一点要仔细看下新版的matchLabels发生了改变)

grep -A2 -B2  selector kubernetes-serviceMonitor*

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cat <<EOF > kube-controller-manager-scheduler.yml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  namespace: kube-system
  name: kube-controller-manager
  labels:
    app.kubernetes.io/name: kube-controller-manager
spec:
  selector:
    component: kube-controller-manager
  type: ClusterIP
  clusterIP: None
  ports:
  - name: https-metrics
    port: 10257
    targetPort: 10257
    protocol: TCP
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  namespace: kube-system
  name: kube-scheduler
  labels:
    app.kubernetes.io/name: kube-scheduler
spec:
  selector:
    component: kube-scheduler
  type: ClusterIP
  clusterIP: None
  ports:
  - name: https-metrics
    port: 10259
    targetPort: 10259
    protocol: TCP
EOF
 kubectl apply -f kube-controller-manager-scheduler.yml

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cat <<EOF > kube-ep.yml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Endpoints
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kube-controller-manager
  name: kube-controller-manager
  namespace: kube-system
subsets:
- addresses:
  - ip: 10.3.2.5
  - ip: 10.3.2.13
  - ip: 10.3.2.16
  ports:
  - name: https-metrics
    port: 10257
    protocol: TCP
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Endpoints
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: kube-scheduler
  name: kube-scheduler
  namespace: kube-system
subsets:
- addresses:
  - ip: 10.3.2.5
  - ip: 10.3.2.13
  - ip: 10.3.2.16
  ports:
  - name: https-metrics
    port: 10259
    protocol: TCP
EOF
 kubectl apply -f kube-ep.yml

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登陆https://prometheus.saynaihe.com/targets进行验证:
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6. ECTD的监控

kubectl -n monitoring create secret generic etcd-certs --from-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/healthcheck-client.crt --from-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/healthcheck-client.key --from-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/ca.crt
kubectl edit prometheus k8s -n monitoring

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验证Prometheus是否正常挂载证书
[root@sh-master-02 yaml]#  kubectl exec -it prometheus-k8s-0 /bin/sh -n monitoring
kubectl exec [POD] [COMMAND] is DEPRECATED and will be removed in a future version. Use kubectl exec [POD] -- [COMMAND] instead.
Defaulting container name to prometheus.
Use 'kubectl describe pod/prometheus-k8s-0 -n monitoring' to see all of the containers in this pod.
/prometheus $ ls /etc/prometheus/secrets/etcd-certs/
ca.crt                  healthcheck-client.crt  healthcheck-client.key
cat <<EOF > kube-ep-etcd.yml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: etcd-k8s
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    k8s-app: etcd
spec:
  type: ClusterIP
  clusterIP: None
  ports:
  - name: etcd
    port: 2379
    protocol: TCP

---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Endpoints
metadata:
  labels:
    k8s-app: etcd
  name: etcd-k8s
  namespace: kube-system
subsets:
- addresses:
  - ip: 10.3.2.5
  - ip: 10.3.2.13
  - ip: 10.3.2.16
  ports:
  - name: etcd
    port: 2379
    protocol: TCP
---
EOF
 kubectl apply -f kube-ep-etcd.yml
cat <<EOF > prometheus-serviceMonitorEtcd.yaml
apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: ServiceMonitor
metadata:
  name: etcd-k8s
  namespace: monitoring
  labels:
    k8s-app: etcd
spec:
  jobLabel: k8s-app
  endpoints:
  - port: etcd
    interval: 30s
    scheme: https
    tlsConfig:
      caFile: /etc/prometheus/secrets/etcd-certs/ca.crt
      certFile: /etc/prometheus/secrets/etcd-certs/healthcheck-client.crt
      keyFile: /etc/prometheus/secrets/etcd-certs/healthcheck-client.key
      insecureSkipVerify: true
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      k8s-app: etcd
  namespaceSelector:
    matchNames:
    - kube-system
EOF
 kubectl apply -f prometheus-serviceMonitorEtcd.yaml    

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7. prometheus配置文件修改为正式

1. 添加自动发现配置

网上随便抄 了一个

cat <<EOF > prometheus-additional.yaml
- job_name: 'kubernetes-endpoints'
  kubernetes_sd_configs:
  - role: endpoints
  relabel_configs:
  - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_service_annotation_prometheus_io_scrape]
    action: keep
    regex: true
  - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_service_annotation_prometheus_io_scheme]
    action: replace
    target_label: __scheme__
    regex: (https?)
  - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_service_annotation_prometheus_io_path]
    action: replace
    target_label: __metrics_path__
    regex: (.+)
  - source_labels: [__address__, __meta_kubernetes_service_annotation_prometheus_io_port]
    action: replace
    target_label: __address__
    regex: ([^:]+)(?::\d+)?;(\d+)
    replacement: $1:$2
  - action: labelmap
    regex: __meta_kubernetes_service_label_(.+)
  - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_namespace]
    action: replace
    target_label: kubernetes_namespace
  - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_service_name]
    action: replace
    target_label: kubernetes_name
  - source_labels: [__meta_kubernetes_pod_name]
    action: replace
    target_label: kubernetes_pod_name
EOF
kubectl create secret generic additional-configs --from-file=prometheus-additional.yaml -n monitoring

2. 增加存储 保留时间 etcd secret

cat <<EOF > prometheus-prometheus.yaml
apiVersion: monitoring.coreos.com/v1
kind: Prometheus
metadata:
  labels:
    app.kubernetes.io/component: prometheus
    app.kubernetes.io/name: prometheus
    app.kubernetes.io/part-of: kube-prometheus
    app.kubernetes.io/version: 2.25.0
    prometheus: k8s
  name: k8s
  namespace: monitoring
spec:
  alerting:
    alertmanagers:
    - apiVersion: v2
      name: alertmanager-main
      namespace: monitoring
      port: web
  externalLabels: {}
  image: quay.io/prometheus/prometheus:v2.25.0
  nodeSelector:
    kubernetes.io/os: linux
  podMetadata:
    labels:
      app.kubernetes.io/component: prometheus
      app.kubernetes.io/name: prometheus
      app.kubernetes.io/part-of: kube-prometheus
      app.kubernetes.io/version: 2.25.0
  podMonitorNamespaceSelector: {}
  podMonitorSelector: {}
  probeNamespaceSelector: {}
  probeSelector: {}
  replicas: 2
  resources:
    requests:
      memory: 400Mi
  ruleSelector:
    matchLabels:
      prometheus: k8s
      role: alert-rules
  secrets:
  - etcd-certs 
  securityContext:
    fsGroup: 2000
    runAsNonRoot: true
    runAsUser: 1000
  additionalScrapeConfigs:
     name: additional-configs
     key: prometheus-additional.yaml
  serviceAccountName: prometheus-k8s
  retention: 60d
  serviceMonitorNamespaceSelector: {}
  serviceMonitorSelector: {}
  version: 2.25.0
  storage:
    volumeClaimTemplate:
      spec:
        storageClassName: cbs-csi
        resources:
          requests:
            storage: 50Gi
EOF
 kubectl apply -f prometheus-prometheus.yaml

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8. grafana添加存储

  1. 新建grafana pvc

    cat <<EOF > grafana-pv.yaml
    apiVersion: v1
    kind: PersistentVolumeClaim
    metadata:
      name: grafana
      namespace: monitoring
    spec:
      storageClassName: cbs-csi
      accessModes:
      - ReadWriteOnce
      resources:
     requests:
       storage: 20Gi
    EOF
     kubectl apply -f grafana-pv.yaml
    修改manifests目录下grafana-deployment.yaml存储

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    9. grafana添加监控模板

    添加etcd traefik 模板,import模板号10906 3070.嗯 会发现traefik模板会出现Panel plugin not found: grafana-piechart-panel.

    解决方法:重新构建grafana镜像,/usr/share/grafana/bin/grafana-cli plugins install grafana-piechart-panel安装缺失插件

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10. 微信报警

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将对应秘钥填入alertmanager.yaml

1. 配置alertmanager.yaml

 cat <<EOF > alertmanager.yaml    
    global:
      resolve_timeout: 2m
      wechat_api_url: 'https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/'
    route:
      group_by: ['alert']
      group_wait: 10s
      group_interval: 1m
      repeat_interval: 1h
      receiver: wechat
    receivers:
    - name: 'wechat'
      wechat_configs:
      - api_secret: 'XXXXXXXXXX'
        send_resolved: true
        to_user: '@all'
        to_party: 'XXXXXX'
        agent_id: 'XXXXXXXX'
        corp_id: 'XXXXXXXX'
    templates:
      - '/etc/config/alert/wechat.tmpl'
    inhibit_rules:
      - source_match:
          severity: 'critical'
        target_match:
          severity: 'warning'
        equal: ['alertname', 'production', 'instance']
EOF      

2. 个性化配置报警模板,这个随意了网上有很多例子

cat <<EOF > wechat.tpl  
{{ define "wechat.default.message" }}
{{- if gt (len .Alerts.Firing) 0 -}}
{{- range $index, $alert := .Alerts -}}
{{- if eq $index 0 }}
==========异常告警==========
告警类型: {{ $alert.Labels.alertname }}
告警级别: {{ $alert.Labels.severity }}
告警详情: {{ $alert.Annotations.message }}{{ $alert.Annotations.description}};{{$alert.Annotations.summary}}
故障时间: {{ ($alert.StartsAt.Add 28800e9).Format "2006-01-02 15:04:05" }}
{{- if gt (len $alert.Labels.instance) 0 }}
实例信息: {{ $alert.Labels.instance }}
{{- end }}
{{- if gt (len $alert.Labels.namespace) 0 }}
命名空间: {{ $alert.Labels.namespace }}
{{- end }}
{{- if gt (len $alert.Labels.node) 0 }}
节点信息: {{ $alert.Labels.node }}
{{- end }}
{{- if gt (len $alert.Labels.pod) 0 }}
实例名称: {{ $alert.Labels.pod }}
{{- end }}
============END============
{{- end }}
{{- end }}
{{- end }}
{{- if gt (len .Alerts.Resolved) 0 -}}
{{- range $index, $alert := .Alerts -}}
{{- if eq $index 0 }}
==========异常恢复==========
告警类型: {{ $alert.Labels.alertname }}
告警级别: {{ $alert.Labels.severity }}
告警详情: {{ $alert.Annotations.message }}{{ $alert.Annotations.description}};{{$alert.Annotations.summary}}
故障时间: {{ ($alert.StartsAt.Add 28800e9).Format "2006-01-02 15:04:05" }}
恢复时间: {{ ($alert.EndsAt.Add 28800e9).Format "2006-01-02 15:04:05" }}
{{- if gt (len $alert.Labels.instance) 0 }}
实例信息: {{ $alert.Labels.instance }}
{{- end }}
{{- if gt (len $alert.Labels.namespace) 0 }}
命名空间: {{ $alert.Labels.namespace }}
{{- end }}
{{- if gt (len $alert.Labels.node) 0 }}
节点信息: {{ $alert.Labels.node }}
{{- end }}
{{- if gt (len $alert.Labels.pod) 0 }}
实例名称: {{ $alert.Labels.pod }}
{{- end }}
============END============
{{- end }}
{{- end }}
{{- end }}
{{- end }}
EOF

3. 部署secret

kubectl delete secret alertmanager-main -n monitoring
kubectl create secret generic alertmanager-main --from-file=alertmanager.yaml --from-file=wechat.tmpl -n monitoring

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4. 验证

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11. 彩蛋

正好个人想试一下kubernetes的HPA ,

[root@sh-master-02 yaml]# kubectl top pods -n qa
W0330 16:00:54.657335 2622645 top_pod.go:265] Metrics not available for pod qa/dataloader-comment-5d975d9d57-p22w9, age: 2h3m13.657327145s
error: Metrics not available for pod qa/dataloader-comment-5d975d9d57-p22w9, age: 2h3m13.657327145s

what Prometheus oprator不是有metrics吗 ?怎么回事

 kubectl logs -f prometheus-adapter-c96488cdd-vfm7h -n monitoring

如下图.... 我安装kubernete时候修改了集群的dnsDomain。没有修改配置文件,这样是有问题的
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manifests目录下 修改prometheus-adapter-deployment.yaml中Prometheus-url
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然后kubectl top nodes.可以使用了
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12. 顺便讲一下hpa

参照https://blog.csdn.net/weixin_38320674/article/details/105460033。环境中有metrics。从第七步骤开始
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1. 打包上传到镜像库

docker build -t ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/XXXXX/test1:0.1 .
docker push  ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/XXXXX/test1:0.1

2. 通过deployment部署一个php-apache服务

cat php-apache.yaml

apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: php-apache
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      run: php-apache
  replicas: 1
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        run: php-apache
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: php-apache
        image: ccr.ccs.tencentyun.com/XXXXX/test1:0.1
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
        resources:
          limits:
            cpu: 200m
          requests:
            cpu: 100m

---

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
  name: php-apache
  labels:
    run: php-apache
spec:
  ports:
  - port: 80
  selector:
    run: php-apache

kubectl apply -f php-apache.yaml

3. 创建hpa

 

kubectl autoscale deployment php-apache --cpu-percent=50 --min=1 --max=10

下面是释意:

kubectl autoscale deployment php-apache (php-apache表示deployment的名字) --cpu-percent=50(表示cpu使用率不超过50%) --min=1(最少一个pod) 
--max=10(最多10个pod)

4.压测php-apache服务,只是针对CPU做压测

启动一个容器,并将无限查询循环发送到php-apache服务(复制k8s的master节点的终端,也就是打开一个新的终端窗口):

kubectl run v1 -it --image=busybox /bin/sh

登录到容器之后,执行如下命令

while true; do wget -q -O- http://php-apache.default; done

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这里只对cpu做了测试。简单demo.其他的单单讲了.

13. 其他坑爹的

无意间把pv,pvc删除了.... 以为我的storageclass有问题。然后重新部署吧 ? 个人觉得部署一下 prometheus-prometheus.yaml就好了,然后 并没有出现Prometheus的服务。瞄了一遍日志7.1整有了,重新执行下就好了,不记得自己具体哪里把这的secret 搞掉了....记录一下

kubectl create secret generic additional-configs --from-file=prometheus-additional.yaml -n monitoring
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