阿里云服务器搭建Nginx+rtmp推流服务器

加班猿

title: 阿里云服务器搭建Nginx+rtmp推流服务器
categories:[Centos]
tags:[音视频编程]
date: 2021/11/16
<div align = 'right'>作者:hackett</div>

<div align = 'right'>微信公众号:加班猿</div>

一、前期准备

服务器操作系统:CentOS Linux release 8.4.2105

Nginx版本:nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz

RTMP模块:nginx-rtmp-module

推流工具:OBS-Studio/VLC

拉流工具:VLC

二、搭建编译环境

1.安装依赖

新建的服务器先安装一些依赖,或者编译的时候看错误需要什么就安装什么

sudo yum install gcc make pcre pcre-devel openssl openssl-devel

2.下载nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz和nginx-rtmp-module

wget https://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz
tar -zxvf nginx-1.18.0.tar.gz #解压
git clone https://github.com/arut/nginx-rtmp-module

3.配置和编译安装

#nginx源码文件夹和rtmp模块源码文件夹在同一目录下
cd nginx-1.18.0
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx  --add-module=../nginx-rtmp-module  --with-http_ssl_module
sudo make
sudo make install

4.查看安装结果

 /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -v
 #输出nginx version: nginx/1.18.0即为安装成功

三、配置Nginx

1.设置Nginx开机启动

创建Nginx服务文件

vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service

创建Nginx服务文件,输入以下内容

[Unit]
Description=nginx - high performance web server
After=network.target remote-fs.target nss-lookup.target

[Service]
Type=forking
ExecStart=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx
ExecReload=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload
ExecStop=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

启动Nginx服务

sudo systemctl start nginx 
sudo systemctl enable nginx 

2.修改Nginx的配置文件

vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

修改前

#user  nobody;
worker_processes  1;

#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

#pid        logs/nginx.pid;


events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}


http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
    #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    #gzip  on;

    server {
        listen       80;
       server_name  localhost;

        #charset koi8-r;

        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;

        location / {
            root   html;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        }

        #error_page  404              /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   html;
        }

        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
        #}

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    root           html;
        #    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        #    fastcgi_index  index.php;
        #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
        #    include        fastcgi_params;
        #}

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
        #    deny  all;
        #}
    }


    # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       8000;
    #    listen       somename:8080;
    #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}

    #server
    #{
    #       listen 8080;
    #       location /stat{
    #           rtmp_stat all; #所有状态
    #           rtmp_stat_stylesheet stat.xsl #state的样式表
    #           }
    #       location /stat.xsl{
    #           root /root/workspace/tmp/rtmp/nginx-rtmp-module;#state的样式表路径
    #   }


    # HTTPS server
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       443 ssl;
    #    server_name  localhost;

    #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
    #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;

    #    ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
    #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;

    #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}

修改后

rtmp_auto_push on;

rtmp {
    server {
        listen 1935;
        application live {
            live on;
            hls on;
            hls_fragment 3s;
            hls_playlist_length 10s;
            hls_path /usr/local/nginx/html/hls;
        }
        application hls {
            live on;
            hls on;
            hls_cleanup off;
            hls_fragment 3s;
            hls_playlist_length 10s;
            hls_path /usr/local/nginx/html/hls;
        }
    }
}
#user  nobody;
worker_processes  1;

#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

#pid        logs/nginx.pid;


events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}


http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
    #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    #gzip  on;

    server {
        listen       80;
       server_name  localhost;

        #charset koi8-r;

        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;

        location / {
            root   html;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        }

        #error_page  404              /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   html;
        }

        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
        #}

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    root           html;
        #    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        #    fastcgi_index  index.php;
        #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
        #    include        fastcgi_params;
        #}

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
        #    deny  all;
        #}
    }


    # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       8000;
    #    listen       somename:8080;
    #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}

    #server
    #{
    #       listen 8080;
    #       location /stat{
    #           rtmp_stat all; #所有状态
    #           rtmp_stat_stylesheet stat.xsl #state的样式表
    #           }
    #       location /stat.xsl{
    #           root /root/workspace/tmp/rtmp/nginx-rtmp-module;#state的样式表路径
    #   }


    # HTTPS server
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       443 ssl;
    #    server_name  localhost;

    #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
    #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;

    #    ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
    #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;

    #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}

3.重启Nginx,开启Centos端口

开启1935/80/8080端口

sudo firewall-cmd --add-port=1935/tcp --permanent
sudo firewall-cmd --add-port=80/tcp --permanent
sudo firewall-cmd --add-port=8080/tcp --permanent
sudo firewall-cmd --reload 

阿里云后台开启对应的端口
在这里插入图片描述

重启ngxin服务

 sudo systemctl restart nginx   

浏览器输入服务器IP出现Welcome to nginx!,nginx配置结束

在这里插入图片描述

四、测试

1.下载OBS-Studio

官网地址:https://obsproject.com/zh-cn/...,下载完一路安装就行

2.下载VLC

官网地址:https://www.videolan.org/,下载完一路安装就行

3.设置OBS-Studio的推流地址

打开OBS,在 文件 -> 设置 -> 推流 填入 rtmp://服务器IP:1935/live/

在这里插入图片描述

设置好了OBS-Studio添加一个屏幕捕获,点击开始推流

在这里插入图片描述

4.VLC拉流

打开VLC,媒体 -> 打开网络串流 -> 网络

输入:rtmp://服务器IP:1935/live/demo

​ http://服务器IP/hls/demo.m3u8

在这里插入图片描述
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