GitLab 安装部署使用

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GitLab介绍

GitLab:是一个基于Git实现的在线代码仓库托管软件,你可以用gitlab自己搭建一个类似于Github一样的系统,一般用于在企业、学校等内部网络搭建git私服。

功能:Gitlab 是一个提供代码托管、提交审核和问题跟踪的代码管理平台。对于软件工程质量管理非常重要。

版本:GitLab 分为社区版(CE) 和企业版(EE)。

Gitlab的服务构成

Nginx:静态web服务器。

gitlab-shell:用于处理Git命令和修改authorized keys列表。(Ruby)

gitlab-workhorse: 轻量级的反向代理服务器。(go)

logrotate:日志文件管理工具。

postgresql:数据库。

redis:缓存数据库。

sidekiq:用于在后台执行队列任务(异步执行)。(Ruby)

unicorn:An HTTP server for Rack applications,GitLab Rails应用是托管在这个服务器上面的。(Ruby Web Server,主要使用Ruby编写)

* GitLab Workhorse是一个敏捷的反向代理。它会处理一些大的HTTP请求,比如文件上传、文件下载、Git push/pull和Git包下载。其它请求会反向代理到GitLab Rails应用,即反向代理给后端的unicorn。

01

安装Gitlab主程序

root@hello:~# apt update && apt upgrade
root@hello:~# apt install -y curl openssh-server ca-certificates tzdata perl

root@hello:~# apt install -y postfix
root@hello:~# curl https://packages.gitlab.com/install/repositories/gitlab/gitlab-ee/script.deb.sh | sudo bash

root@hello:~# apt install gitlab-ee

02

修改配置文件

root@hello:~# vim /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb

external_url 'http://192.168.1.88'

gitlab_rails['smtp_enable'] = true
gitlab_rails['smtp_address'] = "smtp.qiye.aliyun.com"
gitlab_rails['smtp_port'] = 465
gitlab_rails['smtp_user_name'] = "cby"
gitlab_rails['smtp_password'] = "Cby123.."
gitlab_rails['smtp_domain'] = "chenby.cn"
gitlab_rails['smtp_authentication'] = "plain"
gitlab_rails['smtp_enable_starttls_auto'] = true
gitlab_rails['smtp_tls'] = false
gitlab_rails['smtp_pool'] = false


root@hello:~# gitlab-ctl reconfigure

root@hello:~#  gitlab-ctl restart
ok: run: alertmanager: (pid 63590) 1s
ok: run: gitaly: (pid 63610) 1s
ok: run: gitlab-exporter: (pid 63641) 0s
ok: run: gitlab-workhorse: (pid 63643) 1s
ok: run: grafana: (pid 63659) 0s
ok: run: logrotate: (pid 63676) 1s
ok: run: nginx: (pid 63682) 0s
ok: run: node-exporter: (pid 63718) 1s
ok: run: postgres-exporter: (pid 63728) 0s
ok: run: postgresql: (pid 63737) 0s
ok: run: prometheus: (pid 63746) 1s
ok: run: puma: (pid 63777) 1s
ok: run: redis: (pid 63782) 0s
ok: run: redis-exporter: (pid 63788) 1s
ok: run: sidekiq: (pid 63887) 1s
root@hello:~#

03

查看root密码

root@hello:~# cat /etc/gitlab/initial_root_password
# WARNING: This value is valid only in the following conditions
#          1. If provided manually (either via `GITLAB_ROOT_PASSWORD` environment variable or via `gitlab_rails['initial_root_password']` setting in `gitlab.rb`, it was provided before database was seeded for the first time (usually, the first reconfigure run).
#          2. Password hasn't been changed manually, either via UI or via command line.
#
#          If the password shown here doesn't work, you must reset the admin password following https://docs.gitlab.com/ee/security/reset_user_password.html#reset-your-root-password.

Password: HUd9b632LHN89WXYEVYPssWGpyJrgK7BJLbVLC4VCas=

# NOTE: This file will be automatically deleted in the first reconfigure run after 24 hours.
root@hello:~# 

04

常用命令

    gitlab-ctl start    # 启动所有 gitlab 组件;
    gitlab-ctl stop        # 停止所有 gitlab 组件;
    gitlab-ctl restart        # 重启所有 gitlab 组件;
    gitlab-ctl status        # 查看服务状态;
    vim /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb        # 修改gitlab配置文件;
    gitlab-ctl reconfigure        # 重新编译gitlab的配置;
    gitlab-rake gitlab:check SANITIZE=true --trace    # 检查gitlab;
    gitlab-ctl tail        # 查看日志;
    gitlab-ctl tail nginx/gitlab_access.log
    
    日志地址:/var/log/gitlab/   # 对应各服务的打印日志 
    服务地址:/var/opt/gitlab/   # 对应各服务的主目录

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