[亲妈版]HTML5在线预览PPT、Excel、Word、Pdf

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前言:

本文基于html5技术,以及微软接口,实现html5在线预览PPT、Excel、Word、Pdf。

在线预览PPT

代码:

<iframe
src='https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/embed.aspx?src=pptx线上地址'
width='1000px' height='800px' frameborder='1'>
</iframe>

注意:此方法,不止后缀为.ppt格式的文件,只支持.pptx文件,如果ppt文件不多,可以打开Wps或者Office将其手动转换,如果过于多,可以使用下面方法,基于Python批量将PPT转换为pptx:请点击 ppt批量转换pptx

在线预览Excel

<iframe
src='https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/embed.aspx?src=xlsx线上地址'
width='1000px' height='800px' frameborder='1'>
</iframe>

在线预览Word

<iframe src="https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/view.aspx?src=docx线上地址"
        width='1000px' height='800px' frameborder='1'></iframe>

在线预览Pdf

步骤:

1、首先引用pdfOnLine.js

/**
 * Created by super on 2016/12/8.
 */
/*global ActiveXObject, window, console, define, module, jQuery */
//jshint unused:false, strict: false

/*
 PDFObject v2.0.201604172
 https://github.com/pipwerks/PDFObject
 Copyright (c) 2008-2016 Philip Hutchison
 MIT-style license: http://pipwerks.mit-license.org/
 UMD module pattern from https://github.com/umdjs/umd/blob/master/templates/returnExports.js
 */

(function (root, factory) {
    if (typeof define === 'function' && define.amd) {
        // AMD. Register as an anonymous module.
        define([], factory);
    } else if (typeof module === 'object' && module.exports) {
        // Node. Does not work with strict CommonJS, but
        // only CommonJS-like environments that support module.exports,
        // like Node.
        module.exports = factory();
    } else {
        // Browser globals (root is window)
        root.PDFObject = factory();
    }
}(this, function () {

    "use strict";
    //jshint unused:true

    //PDFObject is designed for client-side (browsers), not server-side (node)
    //Will choke on undefined navigator and window vars when run on server
    //Return boolean false and exit function when running server-side

    if(typeof window === "undefined" || typeof navigator === "undefined"){ return false; }

    var pdfobjectversion = "2.0.201604172",
        supportsPDFs,

    //declare functions
        createAXO,
        isIE,
        supportsPdfMimeType = (typeof navigator.mimeTypes['application/pdf'] !== "undefined"),
        supportsPdfActiveX,
        buildFragmentString,
        log,
        embedError,
        embed,
        getTargetElement,
        generatePDFJSiframe,
        isIOS = (function (){ return (/iphone|ipad|ipod/i.test(navigator.userAgent.toLowerCase())); })(),
        generateEmbedElement;


    /* ----------------------------------------------------
     Supporting functions
     ---------------------------------------------------- */

    createAXO = function (type){
        var ax;
        try {
            ax = new ActiveXObject(type);
        } catch (e) {
            ax = null; //ensure ax remains null
        }
        return ax;
    };

    //IE11 still uses ActiveX for Adobe Reader, but IE 11 doesn't expose
    //window.ActiveXObject the same way previous versions of IE did
    //window.ActiveXObject will evaluate to false in IE 11, but "ActiveXObject" in window evaluates to true
    //so check the first one for older IE, and the second for IE11
    //FWIW, MS Edge (replacing IE11) does not support ActiveX at all, both will evaluate false
    //Constructed as a method (not a prop) to avoid unneccesarry overhead -- will only be evaluated if needed
    isIE = function (){ return !!(window.ActiveXObject || "ActiveXObject" in window); };

    //If either ActiveX support for "AcroPDF.PDF" or "PDF.PdfCtrl" are found, return true
    //Constructed as a method (not a prop) to avoid unneccesarry overhead -- will only be evaluated if needed
    supportsPdfActiveX = function (){ return !!(createAXO("AcroPDF.PDF") || createAXO("PDF.PdfCtrl")); };

    //Determines whether PDF support is available
    supportsPDFs = (supportsPdfMimeType || (isIE() && supportsPdfActiveX()));

    //Create a fragment identifier for using PDF Open parameters when embedding PDF
    buildFragmentString = function(pdfParams){

        var string = "",
            prop;

        if(pdfParams){

            for (prop in pdfParams) {
                if (pdfParams.hasOwnProperty(prop)) {
                    string += encodeURIComponent(prop) + "=" + encodeURIComponent(pdfParams[prop]) + "&";
                }
            }

            //The string will be empty if no PDF Params found
            if(string){

                string = "#" + string;

                //Remove last ampersand
                string = string.slice(0, string.length - 1);

            }

        }

        return string;

    };

    log = function (msg){
        if(typeof console !== "undefined" && console.log){
            console.log("[PDFObject] " + msg);
        }
    };

    embedError = function (msg){
        log(msg);
        return false;
    };

    getTargetElement = function (targetSelector){

        //Default to body for full-browser PDF
        var targetNode = document.body;

        //If a targetSelector is specified, check to see whether
        //it's passing a selector, jQuery object, or an HTML element

        if(typeof targetSelector === "string"){

            //Is CSS selector
            targetNode = document.querySelector(targetSelector);

        } else if (typeof jQuery !== "undefined" && targetSelector instanceof jQuery && targetSelector.length) {

            //Is jQuery element. Extract HTML node
            targetNode = targetSelector.get(0);

        } else if (typeof targetSelector.nodeType !== "undefined" && targetSelector.nodeType === 1){

            //Is HTML element
            targetNode = targetSelector;

        }

        return targetNode;

    };

    generatePDFJSiframe = function (targetNode, url, pdfOpenFragment, PDFJS_URL, id){

        var fullURL = PDFJS_URL + "?file=" + encodeURIComponent(url) + pdfOpenFragment;
        var scrollfix = (isIOS) ? "-webkit-overflow-scrolling: touch; overflow-y: scroll; " : "overflow: hidden; ";
        var iframe = "<div style='" + scrollfix + "position: absolute; top: 0; right: 0; bottom: 0; left: 0;'><iframe  " + id + " src='" + fullURL + "' style='border: none; width: 100%; height: 100%;' frameborder='0'></iframe></div>";
        targetNode.className += " pdfobject-container";
        targetNode.style.position = "relative";
        targetNode.style.overflow = "auto";
        targetNode.innerHTML = iframe;
        return targetNode.getElementsByTagName("iframe")[0];

    };

    generateEmbedElement = function (targetNode, targetSelector, url, pdfOpenFragment, width, height, id){

        var style = "";

        if(targetSelector && targetSelector !== document.body){
            style = "width: " + width + "; height: " + height + ";";
        } else {
            style = "position: absolute; top: 0; right: 0; bottom: 0; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%;";
        }

        targetNode.className += " pdfobject-container";
        targetNode.innerHTML = "<embed " + id + " class='pdfobject' src='" + url + pdfOpenFragment + "' type='application/pdf' style='overflow: auto; " + style + "'/>";

        return targetNode.getElementsByTagName("embed")[0];

    };

    embed = function(url, targetSelector, options){

        //Ensure URL is available. If not, exit now.
        if(typeof url !== "string"){ return embedError("URL is not valid"); }

        //If targetSelector is not defined, convert to boolean
        targetSelector = (typeof targetSelector !== "undefined") ? targetSelector : false;

        //Ensure options object is not undefined -- enables easier error checking below
        options = (typeof options !== "undefined") ? options : {};

        //Get passed options, or set reasonable defaults
        var id = (options.id && typeof options.id === "string") ? "id='" + options.id + "'" : "",
            page = (options.page) ? options.page : false,
            pdfOpenParams = (options.pdfOpenParams) ? options.pdfOpenParams : {},
            fallbackLink = (typeof options.fallbackLink !== "undefined") ? options.fallbackLink : true,
            width = (options.width) ? options.width : "100%",
            height = (options.height) ? options.height : "100%",
            forcePDFJS = (typeof options.forcePDFJS === "boolean") ? options.forcePDFJS : false,
            PDFJS_URL = (options.PDFJS_URL) ? options.PDFJS_URL : false,
            targetNode = getTargetElement(targetSelector),
            fallbackHTML = "",
            pdfOpenFragment = "",
            fallbackHTML_default = "<p>This browser does not support inline PDFs. Please download the PDF to view it: <a href='[url]'>Download PDF</a></p>";

        //If target element is specified but is not valid, exit without doing anything
        if(!targetNode){ return embedError("Target element cannot be determined"); }


        //page option overrides pdfOpenParams, if found
        if(page){
            pdfOpenParams.page = page;
        }

        //Stringify optional Adobe params for opening document (as fragment identifier)
        pdfOpenFragment = buildFragmentString(pdfOpenParams);

        //Do the dance
        if(forcePDFJS && PDFJS_URL){

            return generatePDFJSiframe(targetNode, url, pdfOpenFragment, PDFJS_URL, id);

        } else if(supportsPDFs){

            return generateEmbedElement(targetNode, targetSelector, url, pdfOpenFragment, width, height, id);

        } else {

            if(PDFJS_URL){

                return generatePDFJSiframe(targetNode, url, pdfOpenFragment, PDFJS_URL, id);

            } else if(fallbackLink){

                fallbackHTML = (typeof fallbackLink === "string") ? fallbackLink : fallbackHTML_default;
                targetNode.innerHTML = fallbackHTML.replace(/\[url\]/g, url);

            }

            return embedError("This browser does not support embedded PDFs");

        }

    };

    return {
        embed: function (a,b,c){ return embed(a,b,c); },
        pdfobjectversion: (function () { return pdfobjectversion; })(),
        supportsPDFs: (function (){ return supportsPDFs; })()
    };

}));

2、body写存放pdf位置

<body>
    <p id="example1"></p>
</body>

3、script加载pdf

<script>
     var options = {
                height: "550px",
                pdfOpenParams: {view: 'FitV', page: '0' },
                name:"mans",
                fallbackLink: "<p>您的浏览器暂不支持此pdf,请下载最新的浏览器</p>"
            };
    PDFObject.embed("pdf/test.pdf", "#example1",options);
</script>

4、测试效果

image.png

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