简要分析webpack打包后代码

wjkang

开门见山

1.打包单一模块

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
    entry:"./chunk1.js",
    output: {
        path: __dirname + '/dist',
        filename: '[name].js'
    },
};

chunk1.js

var chunk1=1;
exports.chunk1=chunk1;

打包后,main.js(webpack生成的一些注释已经去掉)

 (function(modules) { // webpackBootstrap
     // The module cache
     var installedModules = {};
     // The require function
     function __webpack_require__(moduleId) {
         // Check if module is in cache
         if(installedModules[moduleId])
             return installedModules[moduleId].exports;
         // Create a new module (and put it into the cache)
         var module = installedModules[moduleId] = {
             exports: {},
             id: moduleId,
             loaded: false
         };
         // Execute the module function
         modules[moduleId].call(module.exports, module, module.exports, __webpack_require__);
         // Flag the module as loaded
         module.loaded = true;
         // Return the exports of the module
         return module.exports;
     }


     // expose the modules object (__webpack_modules__)
     __webpack_require__.m = modules;
     // expose the module cache
     __webpack_require__.c = installedModules;
     // __webpack_public_path__
     __webpack_require__.p = "";
     // Load entry module and return exports
     return __webpack_require__(0);
 })([function(module, exports) {
    var chunk1=1;
    exports.chunk1=chunk1;
}]);

这其实就是一个立即执行函数,简化一下就是:

(function(module){})([function(){},function(){}]);

OK,看一下自运行的匿名函数里面干了什么:

function(modules) { // webpackBootstrap
     // modules就是一个数组,元素就是一个个函数体,就是我们声明的模块
     var installedModules = {};
     // The require function
     function __webpack_require__(moduleId) {
         ...
     }
     // expose the modules object (__webpack_modules__)
     __webpack_require__.m = modules;
     // expose the module cache
     __webpack_require__.c = installedModules;
     // __webpack_public_path__
     __webpack_require__.p = "";
     // Load entry module and return exports
     return __webpack_require__(0);
 }

整个函数里就声明了一个变量installedModules 和函数__webpack_require__,并在函数上添加了一个m,c,p属性,m属性保存的是传入的模块数组,c属性保存的是installedModules变量,P是一个空字符串。最后执行__webpack_require__函数,参数为零,并将其执行结果返回。下面看一下__webpack_require__干了什么:

function __webpack_require__(moduleId) {
        //moduleId就是调用是传入的0
         // installedModules[0]是undefined,继续往下
         if(installedModules[moduleId])
             return installedModules[moduleId].exports;
         // module就是{exports: {},id: 0,loaded: false}
         var module = installedModules[moduleId] = {
             exports: {},
             id: moduleId,
             loaded: false
         };
         // 下面接着分析这个
         modules[moduleId].call(module.exports, module, module.exports, __webpack_require__);
         // 表明模块已经载入
         module.loaded = true;
         // 返回module.exports(注意modules[moduleId].call的时候module.exports会被修改)
         return module.exports;
     }

接着看一下modules[moduleId].call(module.exports, module, module.exports, __webpack_require__),其实就是

modules[moduleId].call({}, module, module.exports, __webpack_require__)

对call不了解当然也可以认为是这样(但是并不是等价,call能确保当模块中使用this的时候,this是指向module.exports的):

function  a(module, exports) {
    var chunk1=1;
    exports.chunk1=chunk1;
}
a(module, exports,__webpack_require__);

传入的module就是{exports: {},id: 0,loaded: false},exports就是{},__webpack_require__就是声明的__webpack_require__函数(传入这个函数有什么用呢,第二节将会介绍);
运行后module.exports就是{chunk1:1}。所以当我们使用chunk1这个模块的时候(比如var chunk1=require("chunk1"),得到的就是一个对象{chunk1:1})。如果模块里没有exports.chunk1=chunk1或者module.exports=chunk1得到的就是一个空对象{}

2.使用模块

上面我们已经分析了webpack是怎么打包一个模块的(入口文件就是一个模块),现在我们来看一下使用一个模块,然后使用模块的文件作为入口文件
webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
    entry:"./main.js",
    output: {
        path: __dirname + '/dist',
        filename: '[name].js'
    }
};

main.js

var chunk1=require("./chunk1");
console.log(chunk1);

打包后

(function (modules) { // webpackBootstrap
    // The module cache
    var installedModules = {};
    // The require function
    function __webpack_require__(moduleId) {
        // Check if module is in cache
        if (installedModules[moduleId])
            return installedModules[moduleId].exports;
        // Create a new module (and put it into the cache)
        var module = installedModules[moduleId] = {
            exports: {},
            id: moduleId,
            loaded: false
        };
        // Execute the module function
        modules[moduleId].call(module.exports, module, module.exports, __webpack_require__);
        // Flag the module as loaded
        module.loaded = true;
        // Return the exports of the module
        return module.exports;
    }
    // expose the modules object (__webpack_modules__)
    __webpack_require__.m = modules;
    // expose the module cache
    __webpack_require__.c = installedModules;
    // __webpack_public_path__
    __webpack_require__.p = "";
    // Load entry module and return exports
    return __webpack_require__(0);
})([function (module, exports, __webpack_require__) {
    var chunk1=__webpack_require__(1);
    console.log(chunk1);
}, function (module, exports) {
    var chunk1 = 1;
    exports.chunk1 = chunk1;
}]);

不一样的地方就是自执行函数的参数由

[function(module, exports) { var chunk1=1; exports.chunk1=chunk1;}]

变为

[function (module, exports, __webpack_require__) {
    var chunk1=__webpack_require__(1);
    console.log(chunk1);
}, function (module, exports) {
    var chunk1 = 1;
    exports.chunk1 = chunk1;
}]

其实就是多了一个main模块,不过这个模块没有导出项,而且这个模块依赖于chunk1模块。所以当运行__webpack_require__(0)的时候,main模块缓存到installedModules[0]上,modules[0].call(也就是调用main模块)的时候,chunk1被缓存到installedModules[1]上,并且导出对象{chunk1:1}给模块main使用

3.重复使用模块

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
    entry:"./main.js",
    output: {
        path: __dirname + '/dist',
        filename: '[name].js'
    }
};

main.js

var chunk1=require("./chunk1");
var chunk2=require(".chunlk2");
console.log(chunk1);
console.log(chunk2);

chunk1.js

var chunk2=require("./chunk2");
var chunk1=1;
exports.chunk1=chunk1;

chunk2.js

var chunk2=1;
exports.chunk2=chunk2;

打包后

(function (modules) { // webpackBootstrap
    // The module cache
    var installedModules = {};
    // The require function
    function __webpack_require__(moduleId) {
        // Check if module is in cache
        if (installedModules[moduleId])
            return installedModules[moduleId].exports;
        // Create a new module (and put it into the cache)
        var module = installedModules[moduleId] = {
            exports: {},
            id: moduleId,
            loaded: false
        };
        // Execute the module function
        modules[moduleId].call(module.exports, module, module.exports, __webpack_require__);
        // Flag the module as loaded
        module.loaded = true;
        // Return the exports of the module
        return module.exports;
    }
    // expose the modules object (__webpack_modules__)
    __webpack_require__.m = modules;
    // expose the module cache
    __webpack_require__.c = installedModules;
    // __webpack_public_path__
    __webpack_require__.p = "";
    // Load entry module and return exports
    return __webpack_require__(0);
})([function (module, exports, __webpack_require__) {

    var chunk1 = __webpack_require__(1);
    var chunk2 = __webpack_require__(2);
    console.log(chunk1);
    console.log(chunk2);
}, function (module, exports, __webpack_require__) {

    __webpack_require__(2);
    var chunk1 = 1;
    exports.chunk1 = chunk1;
}, function (module, exports) {

    var chunk2 = 1;
    exports.chunk2 = chunk2;
}]);

不难发现,当需要重复使用模块的时候,缓存变量installedModules 就起作用了

4.多个打包入口

不管是单一模块还是重复模块,和以上两种一样

5.入口参数为数组

webpack.config.js

module.exports = {
    entry:['./main.js','./main1.js'],
    output: {
        path: __dirname + '/dist',
        filename: '[name].js'
    }
};

打包后

[
/* 0 */
/***/ function(module, exports, __webpack_require__) {
    __webpack_require__(1);
    module.exports = __webpack_require__(3);
/***/ },
/* 1 */
/***/ function(module, exports, __webpack_require__) {
    var chunk1=__webpack_require__(2);
    console.log(chunk1);
/***/ },
/* 2 */
/***/ function(module, exports) {
    var chunk1=1;
    exports.chunk1=chunk1;
/***/ },
/* 3 */
/***/ function(module, exports, __webpack_require__) {
    var chunk1=__webpack_require__(2);
/***/ }
/******/ ]

这里只截取自执行匿名函数的参数,因为其他代码与之前一样。可以看到1就是main默模块,2就是chunk1模块,3就是mian1模块,0的作用就是运行模块mian,mian1,然后将main1模块导出(main1中没有导出项,所以到导出{}),总结一下:入口参数是字符串不管是多入口还是单入口,最后都会将入口模块的导出项导出,没有导出项就导出{},而入口参数是数组,就会将最后一个模块导出(webpackg官网有说明)

6.使用CommonsChunkPlugin插件

webpack.config.js

var CommonsChunkPlugin = require("webpack/lib/optimize/CommonsChunkPlugin");
module.exports = {
    entry: {
        main: './main.js',
        main1: './main1.js',
    },
    output: {
        path: __dirname + '/dist',
        filename: '[name].js'
    },
    plugins: [
        new CommonsChunkPlugin({
        name: "common"
        })
    ]
};

main mian1中都require了chunk1,所以chunk1会被打包到common。
打包后,common.js

(function (modules) { // webpackBootstrap
    // install a JSONP callback for chunk loading
    var parentJsonpFunction = window["webpackJsonp"];
    window["webpackJsonp"] = function webpackJsonpCallback(chunkIds, moreModules) {
        // add "moreModules" to the modules object,
        // then flag all "chunkIds" as loaded and fire callback
        var moduleId, chunkId, i = 0, callbacks = [];
        for (; i < chunkIds.length; i++) {
            chunkId = chunkIds[i];
            if (installedChunks[chunkId])
                callbacks.push.apply(callbacks, installedChunks[chunkId]);
            installedChunks[chunkId] = 0;
        }
        for (moduleId in moreModules) {
            modules[moduleId] = moreModules[moduleId];
        }
        if (parentJsonpFunction) parentJsonpFunction(chunkIds, moreModules);
        while (callbacks.length)
            callbacks.shift().call(null, __webpack_require__);
        if (moreModules[0]) {
            installedModules[0] = 0;
            return __webpack_require__(0);
        }
    };
    // The module cache
    var installedModules = {};
    // object to store loaded and loading chunks
    // "0" means "already loaded"
    // Array means "loading", array contains callbacks
    var installedChunks = {
        2: 0
    };
    // The require function
    function __webpack_require__(moduleId) {
        // Check if module is in cache
        if (installedModules[moduleId])
            return installedModules[moduleId].exports;
        // Create a new module (and put it into the cache)
        var module = installedModules[moduleId] = {
            exports: {},
            id: moduleId,
            loaded: false
        };
        // Execute the module function
        modules[moduleId].call(module.exports, module, module.exports, __webpack_require__);
        // Flag the module as loaded
        module.loaded = true;
        // Return the exports of the module
        return module.exports;
    }
    // This file contains only the entry chunk.
    // The chunk loading function for additional chunks
    __webpack_require__.e = function requireEnsure(chunkId, callback) {
        // "0" is the signal for "already loaded"
        if (installedChunks[chunkId] === 0)
            return callback.call(null, __webpack_require__);
        // an array means "currently loading".
        if (installedChunks[chunkId] !== undefined) {
            installedChunks[chunkId].push(callback);
        } else {
            // start chunk loading
            installedChunks[chunkId] = [callback];
            var head = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];
            var script = document.createElement('script');
            script.type = 'text/javascript';
            script.charset = 'utf-8';
            script.async = true;
            script.src = __webpack_require__.p + "" + chunkId + "." + ({ "0": "main", "1": "main1" }[chunkId] || chunkId) + ".js";
            head.appendChild(script);
        }
    };
    // expose the modules object (__webpack_modules__)
    __webpack_require__.m = modules;
    // expose the module cache
    __webpack_require__.c = installedModules;
    // __webpack_public_path__
    __webpack_require__.p = "";
})([, function (module, exports) {

    var chunk1 = 1;
    exports.chunk1 = chunk1;

}]);

main.js

webpackJsonp([0],[function(module, exports, __webpack_require__) {

    var chunk1=__webpack_require__(1);
    console.log(chunk1);
 }]);

main1.js

webpackJsonp([1],[function(module, exports, __webpack_require__) {
    var chunk1=__webpack_require__(1);
    console.log(chunk1);
}]);

与之前相比,多了webpackJsonp函数,立即执行的匿名函数没有立即调用__webpack_require__(0)。看一下webpackJsonp:

var parentJsonpFunction = window["webpackJsonp"];
    window["webpackJsonp"] = function webpackJsonpCallback(chunkIds, moreModules) {
        //moreModules为独立chunk代码,chunkIds标记独立chunk唯一性避免按需加载时重复加载
        //以main.js中代码为例,chunkIds为[0],moreModules为
        //[function(module, exports, __webpack_require__) {
        //    var chunk1=__webpack_require__(1);
        //    console.log(chunk1);
        //}]
        var moduleId, chunkId, i = 0, callbacks = [];
        for (; i < chunkIds.length; i++) {
            chunkId = chunkIds[i];//chunkId=0
            if (installedChunks[chunkId])
                callbacks.push.apply(callbacks,installedChunks[chunkId]);//0 push入callbacks(使用requireEnsure不再是0)
            //赋值为0表明chunk已经loaded
            installedChunks[chunkId] = 0;
        }
        for (moduleId in moreModules) {
            //modules[0]会被覆盖
            modules[moduleId] = moreModules[moduleId];
        }
        //按当前情况parentJsonpFunction一直未undefined
        if (parentJsonpFunction) parentJsonpFunction(chunkIds, moreModules);
        //按当前情况callbacks=[]
        while (callbacks.length)
            callbacks.shift().call(null, __webpack_require__);
        if (moreModules[0]) {
            installedModules[0] = 0;
            return __webpack_require__(0);
        }
    };
    // 缓存模块,通过闭包引用(window["webpackJsonp"]可以访问到)
    var installedModules = {};
    //2为公共chunck唯一ID,0表示已经loaded
    var installedChunks = {
        2: 0
    };
    // The require function
    function __webpack_require__(moduleId) {
        // Check if module is in cache
        if (installedModules[moduleId])
            return installedModules[moduleId].exports;
        // Create a new module (and put it into the cache)
        var module = installedModules[moduleId] = {
            exports: {},
            id: moduleId,
            loaded: false
        };
        // Execute the module function
        modules[moduleId].call(module.exports, module, module.exports, __webpack_require__);
        // Flag the module as loaded
        module.loaded = true;
        // Return the exports of the module
        return module.exports;
    }
    //按需加载
    __webpack_require__.e = function requireEnsure(chunkId, callback) {
        // "0" is the signal for "already loaded"
        if (installedChunks[chunkId] === 0)
            return callback.call(null, __webpack_require__);
        // an array means "currently loading".
        if (installedChunks[chunkId] !== undefined) {
            installedChunks[chunkId].push(callback);
        } else {
            // start chunk loading
            installedChunks[chunkId] = [callback];
            var head = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];
            var script = document.createElement('script');
            script.type = 'text/javascript';
            script.charset = 'utf-8';
            script.async = true;
            script.src = __webpack_require__.p + "" + chunkId + "." + ({ "0": "main", "1": "main1" }[chunkId] || chunkId) + ".js";
            head.appendChild(script);
        }
    };

好像看不出什么。。。,修改一下
webpack.config.js

var CommonsChunkPlugin = require("webpack/lib/optimize/CommonsChunkPlugin");
module.exports = {
    entry: {
        main: './main.js',
        main1: './main1.js',
        chunk1:["./chunk1"]
    },
    output: {
        path: __dirname + '/dist2',
        filename: '[name].js'
    },
    plugins: [
        new CommonsChunkPlugin({
        name: ["chunk1"],
        filename:"common.js",
        minChunks:3,
        })
    ]
};

main,main1都分别require chunk1,chunk2,然后将chunk1打包到公共模块(minChunks:3,chunk2不会被打包到公共模块)。自运行匿名函数最后多了

   return __webpack_require__(0);

则installedModules[0]为已经loaded,看common.js,installedModules[1]也会loaded。
main.js

webpackJsonp([1], [function (module, exports, __webpack_require__) {

    var chunk1 = __webpack_require__(1);
    var chunk2 = __webpack_require__(2);
    exports.a = 1;
    console.log(chunk1);
}, , function (module, exports) {
    var chunk2 = 1;
    exports.chunk2 = chunk2;

}
]);

main1.js

webpackJsonp([2], [function (module, exports, __webpack_require__) {

    var chunk1 = __webpack_require__(1);
    var chunk2 = __webpack_require__(2);
    exports.a = 1;
    console.log(chunk1);
}, , function (module, exports) {
    var chunk2 = 1;
    exports.chunk2 = chunk2;
}
]);

common.js modules:

[function (module, exports, __webpack_require__) {

    module.exports = __webpack_require__(1);
}, function (module, exports) {

    var chunk1 = 1;
    exports.chunk1 = chunk1;
}]

以main.js的代码为例,调用webpackJsonp,传入的参数chunkIds为[1],moreModules为

[function (module, exports, __webpack_require__) {

    var chunk1 = __webpack_require__(1);
    var chunk2 = __webpack_require__(2);
    exports.a = 1;
    console.log(chunk1);
}, , function (module, exports) {
    var chunk2 = 1;
    exports.chunk2 = chunk2;

}]
var moduleId, chunkId, i = 0, callbacks = [];
        for (; i < chunkIds.length; i++) {
            chunkId = chunkIds[i];//1
            //false,赋值为0后还是false
            if (installedChunks[chunkId])
                callbacks.push.apply(callbacks, installedChunks[chunkId]);
            installedChunks[chunkId] = 0;
        }
        //三个模块
        for (moduleId in moreModules) {
            //moduleId:0,1,2  moreModules[1]为空模块,自执行函数的参数(公共模块)会被覆盖,但是参数中的相应模块已经loaded并且缓存
            modules[moduleId] = moreModules[moduleId];
        }
        if (parentJsonpFunction) parentJsonpFunction(chunkIds, moreModules);
        while (callbacks.length)
            callbacks.shift().call(null, __webpack_require__);
        if (moreModules[0]) {
            //installedModules[0]会重新load,但是load的是moreModules[0],因为modules[0]已经被覆盖,moreModules[0]依赖于
            //modules[1]、modules[2],modules[1]已经loaded
            installedModules[0] = 0;
            return __webpack_require__(0);
        }

再看下面的情况:
common.js 自执行函数参数(公共模块)(没有return __webpack_require__(0))

[,function(module, exports, __webpack_require__) {

    var chunk1=1;
    var chunk2=__webpack_require__(2);
    exports.chunk1=chunk1;
},function(module, exports) {

    var chunk2=1;
    exports.chunk2=chunk2;
}]

main.js

webpackJsonp([0],[
/* 0 */
/***/ function(module, exports, __webpack_require__) {

    var chunk1=__webpack_require__(1);
    var chunk2=__webpack_require__(2);
    exports.a=1;
    console.log(chunk1);
    //main
/***/ }
]);

以main调用分析

         var moduleId, chunkId, i = 0, callbacks = [];
         for(;i < chunkIds.length; i++) {
             chunkId = chunkIds[i];//0
             if(installedChunks[chunkId])
                 callbacks.push.apply(callbacks, installedChunks[chunkId]);
             installedChunks[chunkId] = 0;//表明唯一索引为0的chunk已经loaded
         }
         for(moduleId in moreModules) {
            //moreModules只有一个元素,所以modules[1]、modules[2]不会被覆盖
             modules[moduleId] = moreModules[moduleId];
         }
         if(parentJsonpFunction) parentJsonpFunction(chunkIds, moreModules);
         while(callbacks.length)
             callbacks.shift().call(null, __webpack_require__);
         if(moreModules[0]) {
             installedModules[0] = 0;
            //moreModules[0]即modules[0]依赖modules[1]、即modules[2](没有被覆盖很关键)
             return __webpack_require__(0);
         }

还有这种打包情况:
common.js不包含公共模块,即自执行函数参数为[]。
main.js

webpackJsonp([0,1],[
function(module, exports, __webpack_require__) {

    var chunk1=__webpack_require__(1);
    var chunk2=__webpack_require__(2);
    exports.a=1;
    console.log(chunk1);
},function(module, exports) {
    var chunk1=1;
    exports.chunk1=chunk1;
},function(module, exports) {
    var chunk2=1;
    exports.chunk2=chunk2;
}]);

以main调用分析

     var moduleId, chunkId, i = 0, callbacks = [];
         for(;i < chunkIds.length; i++) {
             chunkId = chunkIds[i];//0,1
             if(installedChunks[chunkId])
                 callbacks.push.apply(callbacks, installedChunks[chunkId]);
             installedChunks[chunkId] = 0;
         }
         for(moduleId in moreModules) {
            //moreModules全部转移到modules
             modules[moduleId] = moreModules[moduleId];
         }
         if(parentJsonpFunction) parentJsonpFunction(chunkIds, moreModules);
         while(callbacks.length)
             callbacks.shift().call(null, __webpack_require__);
         if(moreModules[0]) {
            //modules[0]是chunk文件运行代码
             installedModules[0] = 0;
             return __webpack_require__(0);
         }

7.按需加载

webpack.config.json

module.exports = {
  entry: './main.js',
  output: {
    filename: 'bundle.js'
  }
};

main.js

require.ensure(['./a'], function(require) {
  var content = require('./a');
  document.open();
  document.write('<h1>' + content + '</h1>');
  document.close();
});

a.js

module.exports = 'Hello World';

打包后

bundle.js

/******/ (function(modules) { // webpackBootstrap
/******/     // install a JSONP callback for chunk loading
/******/     var parentJsonpFunction = window["webpackJsonp"];
/******/     window["webpackJsonp"] = function webpackJsonpCallback(chunkIds, moreModules) {
/******/         // add "moreModules" to the modules object,
/******/         // then flag all "chunkIds" as loaded and fire callback
/******/         var moduleId, chunkId, i = 0, callbacks = [];
/******/         for(;i < chunkIds.length; i++) {
/******/             chunkId = chunkIds[i];
/******/             if(installedChunks[chunkId])
/******/                 callbacks.push.apply(callbacks, installedChunks[chunkId]);
/******/             installedChunks[chunkId] = 0;
/******/         }
/******/         for(moduleId in moreModules) {
/******/             modules[moduleId] = moreModules[moduleId];
/******/         }
/******/         if(parentJsonpFunction) parentJsonpFunction(chunkIds, moreModules);
/******/         while(callbacks.length)
/******/             callbacks.shift().call(null, __webpack_require__);

/******/     };

/******/     // The module cache
/******/     var installedModules = {};

/******/     // object to store loaded and loading chunks
/******/     // "0" means "already loaded"
/******/     // Array means "loading", array contains callbacks
/******/     var installedChunks = {
/******/         0:0
/******/     };

/******/     // The require function
/******/     function __webpack_require__(moduleId) {

/******/         // Check if module is in cache
/******/         if(installedModules[moduleId])
/******/             return installedModules[moduleId].exports;

/******/         // Create a new module (and put it into the cache)
/******/         var module = installedModules[moduleId] = {
/******/             exports: {},
/******/             id: moduleId,
/******/             loaded: false
/******/         };

/******/         // Execute the module function
/******/         modules[moduleId].call(module.exports, module, module.exports, __webpack_require__);

/******/         // Flag the module as loaded
/******/         module.loaded = true;

/******/         // Return the exports of the module
/******/         return module.exports;
/******/     }

/******/     // This file contains only the entry chunk.
/******/     // The chunk loading function for additional chunks
/******/     __webpack_require__.e = function requireEnsure(chunkId, callback) {
/******/         // "0" is the signal for "already loaded"
/******/         if(installedChunks[chunkId] === 0)
/******/             return callback.call(null, __webpack_require__);

/******/         // an array means "currently loading".
/******/         if(installedChunks[chunkId] !== undefined) {
/******/             installedChunks[chunkId].push(callback);
/******/         } else {
/******/             // start chunk loading
/******/             installedChunks[chunkId] = [callback];
/******/             var head = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];
/******/             var script = document.createElement('script');
/******/             script.type = 'text/javascript';
/******/             script.charset = 'utf-8';
/******/             script.async = true;

/******/             script.src = __webpack_require__.p + "" + chunkId + ".bundle.js";
/******/             head.appendChild(script);
/******/         }
/******/     };

/******/     // expose the modules object (__webpack_modules__)
/******/     __webpack_require__.m = modules;

/******/     // expose the module cache
/******/     __webpack_require__.c = installedModules;

/******/     // __webpack_public_path__
/******/     __webpack_require__.p = "";

/******/     // Load entry module and return exports
/******/     return __webpack_require__(0);
/******/ })
/************************************************************************/
/******/ ([
/* 0 */
/***/ function(module, exports, __webpack_require__) {

    __webpack_require__.e/* nsure */(1, function(require) {
      var content = __webpack_require__(1);
      document.open();
      document.write('<h1>' + content + '</h1>');
      document.close();
    });


/***/ }
/******/ ]);

1.bundle.js

webpackJsonp([1],[
/* 0 */,
/* 1 */
/***/ function(module, exports) {

    module.exports = 'Hello World';


/***/ }
]);

和使用CommonsChunkPlugin打包的差异在于

/******/     // This file contains only the entry chunk.
/******/     // The chunk loading function for additional chunks
/******/     __webpack_require__.e = function requireEnsure(chunkId, callback) {
/******/         // "0" is the signal for "already loaded"
/******/         if(installedChunks[chunkId] === 0)
/******/             return callback.call(null, __webpack_require__);

/******/         // an array means "currently loading".
/******/         if(installedChunks[chunkId] !== undefined) {
/******/             installedChunks[chunkId].push(callback);
/******/         } else {
/******/             // start chunk loading
/******/             installedChunks[chunkId] = [callback];
/******/             var head = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];
/******/             var script = document.createElement('script');
/******/             script.type = 'text/javascript';
/******/             script.charset = 'utf-8';
/******/             script.async = true;

/******/             script.src = __webpack_require__.p + "" + chunkId + ".bundle.js";
/******/             head.appendChild(script);
/******/         }
/******/     };

模块main的id为0,模块a的id为1。return __webpack_require__(0),则加载main模块,
modules[0].call(module.exports, module, module.exports, __webpack_require__)则调用函数

function(module, exports, __webpack_require__) {

    __webpack_require__.e/* nsure */(1, function(require) {
      var content = __webpack_require__(1);
      document.open();
      document.write('<h1>' + content + '</h1>');
      document.close();
    }
/******/     // This file contains only the entry chunk.
/******/     // The chunk loading function for additional chunks
/******/     __webpack_require__.e = function requireEnsure(chunkId, callback) {
                //installedChunks[1]为undefined
/******/         // "0" is the signal for "already loaded"
/******/         if(installedChunks[chunkId] === 0)
/******/             return callback.call(null, __webpack_require__);

/******/         // an array means "currently loading".
/******/         if(installedChunks[chunkId] !== undefined) {
/******/             installedChunks[chunkId].push(callback);
/******/         } else {
/******/             // start chunk loading
/******/             installedChunks[chunkId] = [callback];//installedChunks[1]为数组,表明currently loading
/******/             var head = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0];
/******/             var script = document.createElement('script');
/******/             script.type = 'text/javascript';
/******/             script.charset = 'utf-8';
/******/             script.async = true;

/******/             script.src = __webpack_require__.p + "" + chunkId + ".bundle.js";
/******/             head.appendChild(script);
                    //加载完后直接调用
                    /******/webpackJsonp([1],[
                    /******//* 0 */,
                    /******//* 1 */
                    /******//***/ function(module, exports) {
                    /******/
                    /******/    module.exports = 'Hello World';
                    /******/
                    /******/
                    /******//***/ }
                    /******/]);
                    /******/         }
                    /******/     };
                    //installedChunks[1]在webpackJsonp得到调用

installedChunks[1]为数组,元素为main模块的执行代码

/******/     window["webpackJsonp"] = function webpackJsonpCallback(chunkIds, moreModules) {
                //moreModules为模块a的代码
/******/         // add "moreModules" to the modules object,
/******/         // then flag all "chunkIds" as loaded and fire callback
/******/         var moduleId, chunkId, i = 0, callbacks = [];
/******/         for(;i < chunkIds.length; i++) {
/******/             chunkId = chunkIds[i];
/******/             if(installedChunks[chunkId])//installedChunks[0]==0,installedChunks[1]为数组
/******/                 callbacks.push.apply(callbacks, installedChunks[chunkId]);//callbacks为模块main执行代码,不为数组
/******/             installedChunks[chunkId] = 0;//installedChunks[1]不为数组,表明已经加载
/******/         }
/******/         for(moduleId in moreModules) {
/******/             modules[moduleId] = moreModules[moduleId];
/******/         }
/******/         if(parentJsonpFunction) parentJsonpFunction(chunkIds, moreModules);
/******/         while(callbacks.length)
/******/             callbacks.shift().call(null, __webpack_require__);

/******/     };
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