php 获取 ip 信息

苏生不惑

PHP 获取 ip 地址信息之前用过新浪/淘宝的接口,但如果新浪/淘宝接口出问题就没法用了,而且网络获取也慢.
今天介绍一个开源的geoip

淘宝接口

$ip = file_get_contents('http://ip.taobao.com/service/getIpInfo.php?ip=180.149.132.47');
print_r(json_decode($ip, 1));
Array
(
    [code] => 0
    [data] => Array
        (
            [country] => 中国
            [country_id] => CN
            [area] => 华北
            [area_id] => 100000
            [region] => 北京市
            [region_id] => 110000
            [city] => 北京市
            [city_id] => 110100
            [county] => 
            [county_id] => -1
            [isp] => 电信
            [isp_id] => 100017
            [ip] => 180.149.132.47
        )

)

纯真 IP 数据库

// 先下文件 QQWry.Dat http://www.cz88.net/fox/  http://update.cz88.net/soft/setup.zip
$IpLocation = new IpLocation('qqwry/QQWry.Dat');
$client = $IpLocation->getlocation('180.149.132.47');

安装 geoip

curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php
mv composer.phar /usr/bin/composer
chmod +x composer
composer require geoip2/geoip2:~2.0

使用

require_once 'vendor/autoload.php';
use GeoIp2\Database\Reader;
$reader = new Reader('GeoIP2-City.mmdb');
$record = $reader->city('180.149.132.47');// 百度 ip
dump($record);// dump 来自 laravel 

City {#1899 ▼
  #city: City {#1908 ▶}
  #location: Location {#1909 ▶}
  #postal: Postal {#1910 ▶}
  #subdivisions: array:1 [▶]
  #continent: Continent {#1902 ▶}
  #country: Country {#1903 ▶}
  #locales: array:1 [▶]
  #maxmind: MaxMind {#1904 ▶}
  #registeredCountry: Country {#1905 ▶}
  #representedCountry: RepresentedCountry {#1906 ▶}
  #traits: Traits {#1907 ▶}
  #raw: array:7 [▼
    "city" => array:2 [▼
      "geoname_id" => 1816670
      "names" => array:8 [▼
        "de" => "Peking"
        "en" => "Beijing"
        "es" => "Pekín"
        "fr" => "Pékin"
        "ja" => "北京市"
        "pt-BR" => "Pequim"
        "ru" => "Пекин"
        "zh-CN" => "北京"
      ]
    ]
    "continent" => array:3 [▼
      "code" => "AS"
      "geoname_id" => 6255147
      "names" => array:8 [▼
        "de" => "Asien"
        "en" => "Asia"
        "es" => "Asia"
        "fr" => "Asie"
        "ja" => "アジア"
        "pt-BR" => "Ásia"
        "ru" => "Азия"
        "zh-CN" => "亚洲"
      ]
    ]
    "country" => array:3 [▼
      "geoname_id" => 1814991
      "iso_code" => "CN"
      "names" => array:8 [▼
        "de" => "China"
        "en" => "China"
        "es" => "China"
        "fr" => "Chine"
        "ja" => "中国"
        "pt-BR" => "China"
        "ru" => "Китай"
        "zh-CN" => "中国"
      ]
    ]
    "location" => array:4 [▼
      "accuracy_radius" => 50
      "latitude" => 39.9289
      "longitude" => 116.3883
      "time_zone" => "Asia/Shanghai"
    ]
    "registered_country" => array:3 [▼
      "geoname_id" => 1814991
      "iso_code" => "CN"
      "names" => array:8 [▼
        "de" => "China"
        "en" => "China"
        "es" => "China"
        "fr" => "Chine"
        "ja" => "中国"
        "pt-BR" => "China"
        "ru" => "Китай"
        "zh-CN" => "中国"
      ]
    ]
    "subdivisions" => array:1 [▼
      0 => array:3 [▼
        "geoname_id" => 2038349
        "iso_code" => "11"
        "names" => array:3 [▼
          "en" => "Beijing"
          "fr" => "Municipalité de Pékin"
          "zh-CN" => "北京市"
        ]
      ]
    ]
    "traits" => array:1 [▼
      "ip_address" => "180.149.132.47"
    ]
  ]
}

print($record->country->isoCode . "\n"); // 'CN'
print($record->country->name . "\n"); // 'China'
print($record->country->names['zh-CN'] . "\n"); // '中国 '
print($record->mostSpecificSubdivision->name . "\n"); // 'Beijing'
print($record->mostSpecificSubdivision->isoCode . "\n"); // '11'
print($record->city->name . "\n"); // 'Beijing '
print($record->location->latitude . "\n"); // 39.9289
print($record->location->longitude . "\n"); // 116.3883

ip2region

php binding/php/testSearcher ./data/ip2region.db
p2region>> 101.105.35.57
2163|中国|华南|广东省|深圳市|鹏博士 in 0.02295 millseconds

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