聊聊springcloud的EurekaClientAutoConfiguration

codecraft

本文主要研究下springcloud的EurekaClientAutoConfiguration

EurekaClientAutoConfiguration

spring-cloud-netflix-eureka-client-2.0.0.RC1-sources.jar!/org/springframework/cloud/netflix/eureka/EurekaClientAutoConfiguration.java

@Configuration
@EnableConfigurationProperties
@ConditionalOnClass(EurekaClientConfig.class)
@Import(DiscoveryClientOptionalArgsConfiguration.class)
@ConditionalOnBean(EurekaDiscoveryClientConfiguration.Marker.class)
@ConditionalOnProperty(value = "eureka.client.enabled", matchIfMissing = true)
@AutoConfigureBefore({ NoopDiscoveryClientAutoConfiguration.class,
        CommonsClientAutoConfiguration.class, ServiceRegistryAutoConfiguration.class })
@AutoConfigureAfter(name = {"org.springframework.cloud.autoconfigure.RefreshAutoConfiguration",
        "org.springframework.cloud.netflix.eureka.EurekaDiscoveryClientConfiguration",
        "org.springframework.cloud.client.serviceregistry.AutoServiceRegistrationAutoConfiguration"})
public class EurekaClientAutoConfiguration {

    private ConfigurableEnvironment env;

    public EurekaClientAutoConfiguration(ConfigurableEnvironment env) {
        this.env = env;
    }

    @Bean
    public HasFeatures eurekaFeature() {
        return HasFeatures.namedFeature("Eureka Client", EurekaClient.class);
    }

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnMissingBean(value = EurekaClientConfig.class, search = SearchStrategy.CURRENT)
    public EurekaClientConfigBean eurekaClientConfigBean(ConfigurableEnvironment env) {
        EurekaClientConfigBean client = new EurekaClientConfigBean();
        if ("bootstrap".equals(this.env.getProperty("spring.config.name"))) {
            // We don't register during bootstrap by default, but there will be another
            // chance later.
            client.setRegisterWithEureka(false);
        }
        return client;
    }

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnMissingBean
    public ManagementMetadataProvider serviceManagementMetadataProvider() {
        return new DefaultManagementMetadataProvider();
    }

    private String getProperty(String property) {
        return this.env.containsProperty(property) ? this.env.getProperty(property) : "";
    }

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnMissingBean(value = EurekaInstanceConfig.class, search = SearchStrategy.CURRENT)
    public EurekaInstanceConfigBean eurekaInstanceConfigBean(InetUtils inetUtils,
                                                             ManagementMetadataProvider managementMetadataProvider) {
        String hostname = getProperty("eureka.instance.hostname");
        boolean preferIpAddress = Boolean.parseBoolean(getProperty("eureka.instance.prefer-ip-address"));
        String ipAddress = getProperty("eureka.instance.ipAddress");
        boolean isSecurePortEnabled = Boolean.parseBoolean(getProperty("eureka.instance.secure-port-enabled"));

        String serverContextPath = env.getProperty("server.context-path", "/");
        int serverPort = Integer.valueOf(env.getProperty("server.port", env.getProperty("port", "8080")));

        Integer managementPort = env.getProperty("management.server.port", Integer.class);// nullable. should be wrapped into optional
        String managementContextPath = env.getProperty("management.server.context-path");// nullable. should be wrapped into optional
        Integer jmxPort = env.getProperty("com.sun.management.jmxremote.port", Integer.class);//nullable
        EurekaInstanceConfigBean instance = new EurekaInstanceConfigBean(inetUtils);

        instance.setNonSecurePort(serverPort);
        instance.setInstanceId(getDefaultInstanceId(env));
        instance.setPreferIpAddress(preferIpAddress);
        instance.setSecurePortEnabled(isSecurePortEnabled);
        if (StringUtils.hasText(ipAddress)) {
            instance.setIpAddress(ipAddress);
        }

        if(isSecurePortEnabled) {
            instance.setSecurePort(serverPort);
        }

        if (StringUtils.hasText(hostname)) {
            instance.setHostname(hostname);
        }
        String statusPageUrlPath = getProperty("eureka.instance.status-page-url-path");
        String healthCheckUrlPath = getProperty("eureka.instance.health-check-url-path");

        if (StringUtils.hasText(statusPageUrlPath)) {
            instance.setStatusPageUrlPath(statusPageUrlPath);
        }
        if (StringUtils.hasText(healthCheckUrlPath)) {
            instance.setHealthCheckUrlPath(healthCheckUrlPath);
        }

        ManagementMetadata metadata = managementMetadataProvider.get(instance, serverPort,
                serverContextPath, managementContextPath, managementPort);

        if(metadata != null) {
            instance.setStatusPageUrl(metadata.getStatusPageUrl());
            instance.setHealthCheckUrl(metadata.getHealthCheckUrl());
            if(instance.isSecurePortEnabled()) {
                instance.setSecureHealthCheckUrl(metadata.getSecureHealthCheckUrl());
            }
            Map<String, String> metadataMap = instance.getMetadataMap();
            if (metadataMap.get("management.port") == null) {
                metadataMap.put("management.port", String.valueOf(metadata.getManagementPort()));
            }
        }

        setupJmxPort(instance, jmxPort);
        return instance;
    }

    private void setupJmxPort(EurekaInstanceConfigBean instance, Integer jmxPort) {
        Map<String, String> metadataMap = instance.getMetadataMap();
        if (metadataMap.get("jmx.port") == null && jmxPort != null) {
            metadataMap.put("jmx.port", String.valueOf(jmxPort));
        }
    }

    @Bean
    public DiscoveryClient discoveryClient(EurekaInstanceConfig config, EurekaClient client) {
        return new EurekaDiscoveryClient(config, client);
    }

    @Bean
    public EurekaServiceRegistry eurekaServiceRegistry() {
        return new EurekaServiceRegistry();
    }

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnBean(AutoServiceRegistrationProperties.class)
    @ConditionalOnProperty(value = "spring.cloud.service-registry.auto-registration.enabled", matchIfMissing = true)
    public EurekaRegistration eurekaRegistration(EurekaClient eurekaClient, CloudEurekaInstanceConfig instanceConfig, ApplicationInfoManager applicationInfoManager, ObjectProvider<HealthCheckHandler> healthCheckHandler) {
        return EurekaRegistration.builder(instanceConfig)
                .with(applicationInfoManager)
                .with(eurekaClient)
                .with(healthCheckHandler)
                .build();
    }

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnBean(AutoServiceRegistrationProperties.class)
    @ConditionalOnProperty(value = "spring.cloud.service-registry.auto-registration.enabled", matchIfMissing = true)
    public EurekaAutoServiceRegistration eurekaAutoServiceRegistration(ApplicationContext context, EurekaServiceRegistry registry, EurekaRegistration registration) {
        return new EurekaAutoServiceRegistration(context, registry, registration);
    }

    @Configuration
    @ConditionalOnMissingRefreshScope
    protected static class EurekaClientConfiguration {

        @Autowired
        private ApplicationContext context;

        @Autowired
        private AbstractDiscoveryClientOptionalArgs<?> optionalArgs;

        @Bean(destroyMethod = "shutdown")
        @ConditionalOnMissingBean(value = EurekaClient.class, search = SearchStrategy.CURRENT)
        public EurekaClient eurekaClient(ApplicationInfoManager manager, EurekaClientConfig config) {
            return new CloudEurekaClient(manager, config, this.optionalArgs,
                    this.context);
        }

        @Bean
        @ConditionalOnMissingBean(value = ApplicationInfoManager.class, search = SearchStrategy.CURRENT)
        public ApplicationInfoManager eurekaApplicationInfoManager(
                EurekaInstanceConfig config) {
            InstanceInfo instanceInfo = new InstanceInfoFactory().create(config);
            return new ApplicationInfoManager(config, instanceInfo);
        }
    }

    //......
}
可以看到这里创建了EurekaClientConfigBean、EurekaInstanceConfigBean两个基本配置,以及EurekaServiceRegistry
  • InstanceInfo
使用EurekaInstanceConfig,通过new InstanceInfoFactory().create(config)创建
  • ApplicationInfoManager
使用InstanceInfo以及EurekaInstanceConfig创建:new ApplicationInfoManager(config, instanceInfo)
  • EurekaClient
使用ApplicationInfoManager、EurekaClientConfig创建:new CloudEurekaClient(manager, config, this.optionalArgs,this.context)
  • EurekaDiscoveryClient
通过EurekaInstanceConfig、EurekaClient创建:new EurekaDiscoveryClient(config, client)
  • EurekaRegistration
通过EurekaClient、CloudEurekaInstanceConfig、ApplicationInfoManager来创建
  • EurekaAutoServiceRegistration
通过EurekaServiceRegistry、EurekaRegistration来创建

EurekaAutoServiceRegistration

spring-cloud-netflix-eureka-client-2.0.0.RC1-sources.jar!/org/springframework/cloud/netflix/eureka/serviceregistry/EurekaAutoServiceRegistration.java

public class EurekaAutoServiceRegistration implements AutoServiceRegistration, SmartLifecycle, Ordered {

    private static final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(EurekaAutoServiceRegistration.class);

    private AtomicBoolean running = new AtomicBoolean(false);

    private int order = 0;

    private AtomicInteger port = new AtomicInteger(0);

    private ApplicationContext context;

    private EurekaServiceRegistry serviceRegistry;

    private EurekaRegistration registration;

    public EurekaAutoServiceRegistration(ApplicationContext context, EurekaServiceRegistry serviceRegistry, EurekaRegistration registration) {
        this.context = context;
        this.serviceRegistry = serviceRegistry;
        this.registration = registration;
    }

    @Override
    public void start() {
        //......
    }
    @Override
    public void stop() {
        //......
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isRunning() {
        return this.running.get();
    }

    @Override
    public int getPhase() {
        return 0;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isAutoStartup() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public void stop(Runnable callback) {
        stop();
        callback.run();
    }

    @Override
    public int getOrder() {
        return this.order;
    }

    @EventListener(ServletWebServerInitializedEvent.class)
    public void onApplicationEvent(ServletWebServerInitializedEvent event) {
        // TODO: take SSL into account
        int localPort = event.getWebServer().getPort();
        if (this.port.get() == 0) {
            log.info("Updating port to " + localPort);
            this.port.compareAndSet(0, localPort);
            start();
        }
    }

    @EventListener(ContextClosedEvent.class)
    public void onApplicationEvent(ContextClosedEvent event) {
        if( event.getApplicationContext() == context ) {
            stop();
        }
    }

}
这里主要看实现SmartLifecycle接口的方法

SmartLifecycle

spring-context-5.0.5.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/context/SmartLifecycle.java

    /**
     * Start this component.
     * <p>Should not throw an exception if the component is already running.
     * <p>In the case of a container, this will propagate the start signal to all
     * components that apply.
     * @see SmartLifecycle#isAutoStartup()
     */
    void start();

    /**
     * Stop this component, typically in a synchronous fashion, such that the component is
     * fully stopped upon return of this method. Consider implementing {@link SmartLifecycle}
     * and its {@code stop(Runnable)} variant when asynchronous stop behavior is necessary.
     * <p>Note that this stop notification is not guaranteed to come before destruction: On
     * regular shutdown, {@code Lifecycle} beans will first receive a stop notification before
     * the general destruction callbacks are being propagated; however, on hot refresh during a
     * context's lifetime or on aborted refresh attempts, only destroy methods will be called.
     * <p>Should not throw an exception if the component isn't started yet.
     * <p>In the case of a container, this will propagate the stop signal to all components
     * that apply.
     * @see SmartLifecycle#stop(Runnable)
     * @see org.springframework.beans.factory.DisposableBean#destroy()
     */
    void stop();

    /**
     * Check whether this component is currently running.
     * <p>In the case of a container, this will return {@code true} only if <i>all</i>
     * components that apply are currently running.
     * @return whether the component is currently running
     */
    boolean isRunning();

    /**
     * Returns {@code true} if this {@code Lifecycle} component should get
     * started automatically by the container at the time that the containing
     * {@link ApplicationContext} gets refreshed.
     * <p>A value of {@code false} indicates that the component is intended to
     * be started through an explicit {@link #start()} call instead, analogous
     * to a plain {@link Lifecycle} implementation.
     * @see #start()
     * @see #getPhase()
     * @see LifecycleProcessor#onRefresh()
     * @see ConfigurableApplicationContext#refresh()
     */
    boolean isAutoStartup();

    /**
     * Indicates that a Lifecycle component must stop if it is currently running.
     * <p>The provided callback is used by the {@link LifecycleProcessor} to support
     * an ordered, and potentially concurrent, shutdown of all components having a
     * common shutdown order value. The callback <b>must</b> be executed after
     * the {@code SmartLifecycle} component does indeed stop.
     * <p>The {@link LifecycleProcessor} will call <i>only</i> this variant of the
     * {@code stop} method; i.e. {@link Lifecycle#stop()} will not be called for
     * {@code SmartLifecycle} implementations unless explicitly delegated to within
     * the implementation of this method.
     * @see #stop()
     * @see #getPhase()
     */
    void stop(Runnable callback);
前面三个是Lifecycle接口的方法,后面两个是SmartLifecycle扩展的方法

start()

    @Override
    public void start() {
        // only set the port if the nonSecurePort or securePort is 0 and this.port != 0
        if (this.port.get() != 0) {
            if (this.registration.getNonSecurePort() == 0) {
                this.registration.setNonSecurePort(this.port.get());
            }

            if (this.registration.getSecurePort() == 0 && this.registration.isSecure()) {
                this.registration.setSecurePort(this.port.get());
            }
        }

        // only initialize if nonSecurePort is greater than 0 and it isn't already running
        // because of containerPortInitializer below
        if (!this.running.get() && this.registration.getNonSecurePort() > 0) {

            this.serviceRegistry.register(this.registration);

            this.context.publishEvent(
                    new InstanceRegisteredEvent<>(this, this.registration.getInstanceConfig()));
            this.running.set(true);
        }
    }
这里调用this.serviceRegistry.register(this.registration)方法,把自身应用实例的信息注册到eureka server中

stop()

    @Override
    public void stop() {
        this.serviceRegistry.deregister(this.registration);
        this.running.set(false);
    }
这里调用this.serviceRegistry.deregister(this.registration)方法,告知eureka server自身服务要下线

EurekaServiceRegistry

spring-cloud-netflix-eureka-client-2.0.0.RC1-sources.jar!/org/springframework/cloud/netflix/eureka/serviceregistry/EurekaServiceRegistry.java

register

    @Override
    public void register(EurekaRegistration reg) {
        maybeInitializeClient(reg);

        if (log.isInfoEnabled()) {
            log.info("Registering application " + reg.getInstanceConfig().getAppname()
                    + " with eureka with status "
                    + reg.getInstanceConfig().getInitialStatus());
        }

        reg.getApplicationInfoManager()
                .setInstanceStatus(reg.getInstanceConfig().getInitialStatus());

        reg.getHealthCheckHandler().ifAvailable(healthCheckHandler ->
                reg.getEurekaClient().registerHealthCheck(healthCheckHandler));
    }
    
    private void maybeInitializeClient(EurekaRegistration reg) {
        // force initialization of possibly scoped proxies
        reg.getApplicationInfoManager().getInfo();
        reg.getEurekaClient().getApplications();
    }
这里调用ApplicationInfoManager的setInstanceStatus方法来更改状态

deregister

    @Override
    public void deregister(EurekaRegistration reg) {
        if (reg.getApplicationInfoManager().getInfo() != null) {

            if (log.isInfoEnabled()) {
                log.info("Unregistering application " + reg.getInstanceConfig().getAppname()
                        + " with eureka with status DOWN");
            }

            reg.getApplicationInfoManager().setInstanceStatus(InstanceInfo.InstanceStatus.DOWN);

            //shutdown of eureka client should happen with EurekaRegistration.close()
            //auto registration will create a bean which will be properly disposed
            //manual registrations will need to call close()
        }
    }
这里调用ApplicationInfoManager的setInstanceStatus方法来将状态设置为InstanceInfo.InstanceStatus.DOWN

ApplicationInfoManager

eureka-client-1.8.8-sources.jar!/com/netflix/appinfo/ApplicationInfoManager.java

    /**
     * Set the status of this instance. Application can use this to indicate
     * whether it is ready to receive traffic. Setting the status here also notifies all registered listeners
     * of a status change event.
     *
     * @param status Status of the instance
     */
    public synchronized void setInstanceStatus(InstanceStatus status) {
        InstanceStatus next = instanceStatusMapper.map(status);
        if (next == null) {
            return;
        }

        InstanceStatus prev = instanceInfo.setStatus(next);
        if (prev != null) {
            for (StatusChangeListener listener : listeners.values()) {
                try {
                    listener.notify(new StatusChangeEvent(prev, next));
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    logger.warn("failed to notify listener: {}", listener.getId(), e);
                }
            }
        }
    }
这里发布了StatusChangeEvent事件

DiscoveryClient

eureka-client-1.8.8-sources.jar!/com/netflix/discovery/DiscoveryClient.java

        if (clientConfig.shouldRegisterWithEureka()) {
            int renewalIntervalInSecs = instanceInfo.getLeaseInfo().getRenewalIntervalInSecs();
            int expBackOffBound = clientConfig.getHeartbeatExecutorExponentialBackOffBound();
            logger.info("Starting heartbeat executor: " + "renew interval is: {}", renewalIntervalInSecs);

            // Heartbeat timer
            scheduler.schedule(
                    new TimedSupervisorTask(
                            "heartbeat",
                            scheduler,
                            heartbeatExecutor,
                            renewalIntervalInSecs,
                            TimeUnit.SECONDS,
                            expBackOffBound,
                            new HeartbeatThread()
                    ),
                    renewalIntervalInSecs, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

            // InstanceInfo replicator
            instanceInfoReplicator = new InstanceInfoReplicator(
                    this,
                    instanceInfo,
                    clientConfig.getInstanceInfoReplicationIntervalSeconds(),
                    2); // burstSize

            statusChangeListener = new ApplicationInfoManager.StatusChangeListener() {
                @Override
                public String getId() {
                    return "statusChangeListener";
                }

                @Override
                public void notify(StatusChangeEvent statusChangeEvent) {
                    if (InstanceStatus.DOWN == statusChangeEvent.getStatus() ||
                            InstanceStatus.DOWN == statusChangeEvent.getPreviousStatus()) {
                        // log at warn level if DOWN was involved
                        logger.warn("Saw local status change event {}", statusChangeEvent);
                    } else {
                        logger.info("Saw local status change event {}", statusChangeEvent);
                    }
                    instanceInfoReplicator.onDemandUpdate();
                }
            };

            if (clientConfig.shouldOnDemandUpdateStatusChange()) {
                applicationInfoManager.registerStatusChangeListener(statusChangeListener);
            }

            instanceInfoReplicator.start(clientConfig.getInitialInstanceInfoReplicationIntervalSeconds());
        } else {
            logger.info("Not registering with Eureka server per configuration");
        }
这里注册了StatusChangeListener,之后触发instanceInfoReplicator.onDemandUpdate()

InstanceInfoReplicator

eureka-client-1.8.8-sources.jar!/com/netflix/discovery/InstanceInfoReplicator.java

    public boolean onDemandUpdate() {
        if (rateLimiter.acquire(burstSize, allowedRatePerMinute)) {
            if (!scheduler.isShutdown()) {
                scheduler.submit(new Runnable() {
                    @Override
                    public void run() {
                        logger.debug("Executing on-demand update of local InstanceInfo");
    
                        Future latestPeriodic = scheduledPeriodicRef.get();
                        if (latestPeriodic != null && !latestPeriodic.isDone()) {
                            logger.debug("Canceling the latest scheduled update, it will be rescheduled at the end of on demand update");
                            latestPeriodic.cancel(false);
                        }
    
                        InstanceInfoReplicator.this.run();
                    }
                });
                return true;
            } else {
                logger.warn("Ignoring onDemand update due to stopped scheduler");
                return false;
            }
        } else {
            logger.warn("Ignoring onDemand update due to rate limiter");
            return false;
        }
    }

    public void run() {
        try {
            discoveryClient.refreshInstanceInfo();

            Long dirtyTimestamp = instanceInfo.isDirtyWithTime();
            if (dirtyTimestamp != null) {
                discoveryClient.register();
                instanceInfo.unsetIsDirty(dirtyTimestamp);
            }
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            logger.warn("There was a problem with the instance info replicator", t);
        } finally {
            Future next = scheduler.schedule(this, replicationIntervalSeconds, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
            scheduledPeriodicRef.set(next);
        }
    }
这里onDemandUpdate()方法主要是执行InstanceInfoReplicator.this.run()
而这个run方法主要是判断是否dirty,如果是则调用discoveryClient.register()

DiscoveryClient.register

eureka-client-1.8.8-sources.jar!/com/netflix/discovery/DiscoveryClient.java

    /**
     * Register with the eureka service by making the appropriate REST call.
     */
    boolean register() throws Throwable {
        logger.info(PREFIX + "{}: registering service...", appPathIdentifier);
        EurekaHttpResponse<Void> httpResponse;
        try {
            httpResponse = eurekaTransport.registrationClient.register(instanceInfo);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            logger.warn(PREFIX + "{} - registration failed {}", appPathIdentifier, e.getMessage(), e);
            throw e;
        }
        if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
            logger.info(PREFIX + "{} - registration status: {}", appPathIdentifier, httpResponse.getStatusCode());
        }
        return httpResponse.getStatusCode() == 204;
    }
register(),这个才是真正去与远程的Eureka Server交互,注册或更新信息

小结

EurekaClientAutoConfiguration构造了EurekaClientConfigBean、EurekaInstanceConfigBean以及EurekaServiceRegistry,之后在这几个对象的基础上进一步构建ApplicationInfoManager、CloudEurekaClient等。其中ApplicationInfoManager负责变更实例状态并发布StatusChangeEvent事件,而CloudEurekaClient继承了com.netflix.discovery.DiscoveryClient,里头包含了statusChangeListener用于响应StatusChangeEvent,最后触发的是DiscoveryClient.register方法,与远程的Eureka Server通信,同步实例状态。

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