聊聊eureka client的shutdown

codecraft

本文主要研究一下eureka client的shutdown

EurekaRegistration

spring-cloud-netflix-eureka-client-2.0.0.RC1-sources.jar!/org/springframework/cloud/netflix/eureka/EurekaClientAutoConfiguration.java

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnBean(AutoServiceRegistrationProperties.class)
    @ConditionalOnProperty(value = "spring.cloud.service-registry.auto-registration.enabled", matchIfMissing = true)
    public EurekaRegistration eurekaRegistration(EurekaClient eurekaClient, CloudEurekaInstanceConfig instanceConfig, ApplicationInfoManager applicationInfoManager, ObjectProvider<HealthCheckHandler> healthCheckHandler) {
        return EurekaRegistration.builder(instanceConfig)
                .with(applicationInfoManager)
                .with(eurekaClient)
                .with(healthCheckHandler)
                .build();
    }

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnBean(AutoServiceRegistrationProperties.class)
    @ConditionalOnProperty(value = "spring.cloud.service-registry.auto-registration.enabled", matchIfMissing = true)
    public EurekaAutoServiceRegistration eurekaAutoServiceRegistration(ApplicationContext context, EurekaServiceRegistry registry, EurekaRegistration registration) {
        return new EurekaAutoServiceRegistration(context, registry, registration);
    }

    //...
    @Bean(destroyMethod = "shutdown")
    @ConditionalOnMissingBean(value = EurekaClient.class, search = SearchStrategy.CURRENT)
    public EurekaClient eurekaClient(ApplicationInfoManager manager, EurekaClientConfig config) {
        return new CloudEurekaClient(manager, config, this.optionalArgs,
                    this.context);
    }
这里自动创建EurekaRegistration,以及EurekaAutoServiceRegistration,EurekaClient

EurekaClient

eureka-client-1.8.8-sources.jar!/com/netflix/discovery/EurekaClient.java

可以看到EurekaClient标注了@Bean(destroyMethod = "shutdown"),也就是在bean销毁的时候,会触发eurekaClient.shutdown方法

EurekaRegistration

spring-cloud-netflix-eureka-client-2.0.0.RC1-sources.jar!/org/springframework/cloud/netflix/eureka/serviceregistry/EurekaRegistration.java

public class EurekaRegistration implements Registration, Closeable {
    //......
    @Override
    public void close() throws IOException {
        this.eurekaClient.shutdown();
    }
}
这里实现了Closeable接口的close方法,在spring容器关闭的时候触发,这里调用了eurekaClient.shutdown()

EurekaAutoServiceRegistration

spring-cloud-netflix-eureka-client-2.0.0.RC1-sources.jar!/org/springframework/cloud/netflix/eureka/serviceregistry/EurekaAutoServiceRegistration.java

    @Override
    public void start() {
        // only set the port if the nonSecurePort or securePort is 0 and this.port != 0
        if (this.port.get() != 0) {
            if (this.registration.getNonSecurePort() == 0) {
                this.registration.setNonSecurePort(this.port.get());
            }

            if (this.registration.getSecurePort() == 0 && this.registration.isSecure()) {
                this.registration.setSecurePort(this.port.get());
            }
        }

        // only initialize if nonSecurePort is greater than 0 and it isn't already running
        // because of containerPortInitializer below
        if (!this.running.get() && this.registration.getNonSecurePort() > 0) {

            this.serviceRegistry.register(this.registration);

            this.context.publishEvent(
                    new InstanceRegisteredEvent<>(this, this.registration.getInstanceConfig()));
            this.running.set(true);
        }
    }
    @Override
    public void stop() {
        this.serviceRegistry.deregister(this.registration);
        this.running.set(false);
    }
这里的start,stop实现的是Lifecycle的方法,也就在spring容器关闭的时候,会触发stop方法,然后调用的是serviceRegistry.deregister(this.registration)

RefreshScopeRefreshedEvent

spring-cloud-netflix-eureka-client-2.0.0.RC1-sources.jar!/org/springframework/cloud/netflix/eureka/EurekaDiscoveryClientConfiguration.java

    @Configuration
    @ConditionalOnClass(RefreshScopeRefreshedEvent.class)
    protected static class EurekaClientConfigurationRefresher {

        @Autowired(required = false)
        private EurekaClient eurekaClient;

        @Autowired(required = false)
        private EurekaAutoServiceRegistration autoRegistration;

        @EventListener(RefreshScopeRefreshedEvent.class)
        public void onApplicationEvent(RefreshScopeRefreshedEvent event) {
            //This will force the creation of the EurkaClient bean if not already created
            //to make sure the client will be reregistered after a refresh event
            if(eurekaClient != null) {
                eurekaClient.getApplications();
            }
            if (autoRegistration != null) {
                // register in case meta data changed
                this.autoRegistration.stop();
                this.autoRegistration.start();
            }
        }
    }
接收到RefreshScopeRefreshedEvent的时候,会先stop,再start

DiscoveryClient.shutdown

eureka-client-1.8.8-sources.jar!/com/netflix/discovery/DiscoveryClient.java

    public synchronized void shutdown() {
        if (isShutdown.compareAndSet(false, true)) {
            logger.info("Shutting down DiscoveryClient ...");

            if (statusChangeListener != null && applicationInfoManager != null) {
                applicationInfoManager.unregisterStatusChangeListener(statusChangeListener.getId());
            }

            cancelScheduledTasks();

            // If APPINFO was registered
            if (applicationInfoManager != null
                    && clientConfig.shouldRegisterWithEureka()
                    && clientConfig.shouldUnregisterOnShutdown()) {
                applicationInfoManager.setInstanceStatus(InstanceStatus.DOWN);
                unregister();
            }

            if (eurekaTransport != null) {
                eurekaTransport.shutdown();
            }

            heartbeatStalenessMonitor.shutdown();
            registryStalenessMonitor.shutdown();

            logger.info("Completed shut down of DiscoveryClient");
        }
    }

    /**
     * unregister w/ the eureka service.
     */
    void unregister() {
        // It can be null if shouldRegisterWithEureka == false
        if(eurekaTransport != null && eurekaTransport.registrationClient != null) {
            try {
                logger.info("Unregistering ...");
                EurekaHttpResponse<Void> httpResponse = eurekaTransport.registrationClient.cancel(instanceInfo.getAppName(), instanceInfo.getId());
                logger.info(PREFIX + "{} - deregister  status: {}", appPathIdentifier, httpResponse.getStatusCode());
            } catch (Exception e) {
                logger.error(PREFIX + "{} - de-registration failed{}", appPathIdentifier, e.getMessage(), e);
            }
        }
    }
这里可以看到,先设置状态为DOWN,然后调用cancel方法

RestTemplateEurekaHttpClient

spring-cloud-netflix-eureka-client-2.0.0.RC1-sources.jar!/org/springframework/cloud/netflix/eureka/http/RestTemplateEurekaHttpClient.java

    public EurekaHttpResponse<Void> cancel(String appName, String id) {
        String urlPath = serviceUrl + "apps/" + appName + '/' + id;

        ResponseEntity<Void> response = restTemplate.exchange(urlPath, HttpMethod.DELETE,
                null, Void.class);

        return anEurekaHttpResponse(response.getStatusCodeValue())
                .headers(headersOf(response)).build();
    }

    @Override
    public EurekaHttpResponse<Void> register(InstanceInfo info) {
        String urlPath = serviceUrl + "apps/" + info.getAppName();

        HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();
        headers.add(HttpHeaders.ACCEPT_ENCODING, "gzip");
        headers.add(HttpHeaders.CONTENT_TYPE, MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_VALUE);

        ResponseEntity<Void> response = restTemplate.exchange(urlPath, HttpMethod.POST,
                new HttpEntity<>(info, headers), Void.class);

        return anEurekaHttpResponse(response.getStatusCodeValue())
                .headers(headersOf(response)).build();
    }
cancel方法就是调用REST的DELETE操作,注销掉服务

小结

springcloud封装的eureka自动注册,关闭的时候主要分两大类:

  • 依赖生命周期在销毁时调用shutdown、close
EurekaRegistration是在close的时候,会触发eurekaClient.shutdown方法
EurekaAutoServiceRegistration则在stop的时候,标记状态为DOWN,发布StatusChangeEvent事件
EurekaClient则标注了@Bean(destroyMethod = "shutdown"),也就是在bean销毁的时候,会触发eurekaClient.shutdown方法
  • 期间状态变更发布StatusChangeEvent事件
com/netflix/discovery/DiscoveryClient.java有个StatusChangeListener,状态变更在需要的时候,会触发InstanceInfoReplicator的onDemandUpdate方法,该方法会调用discoveryClient.register()去与eureka server更新自身实例的状态。
这里相当于变相通过register接口更改status状态。

这里要区分一下cancel与StatusChangeEvent的区别,cancel是从eureka server删掉这条instanceInfo,而StatusChangeEvent变更状态,不会删除这条instanceInfo,只是更新status状态(status状态一共有UP,DOWN,STARTING,OUT_OF_SERVICE,UNKNOWN几类)。

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