聊聊eureka client的serviceUrl

codecraft

本文主要研究一下eureka client的serviceUrl

serviceUrl解析

DiscoveryClient.scheduleServerEndpointTask

eureka-client-1.8.8-sources.jar!/com/netflix/discovery/DiscoveryClient.java

    private void scheduleServerEndpointTask(EurekaTransport eurekaTransport,
                                            AbstractDiscoveryClientOptionalArgs args) {

            
        Collection<?> additionalFilters = args == null
                ? Collections.emptyList()
                : args.additionalFilters;

        EurekaJerseyClient providedJerseyClient = args == null
                ? null
                : args.eurekaJerseyClient;
        
        TransportClientFactories argsTransportClientFactories = null;
        if (args != null && args.getTransportClientFactories() != null) {
            argsTransportClientFactories = args.getTransportClientFactories();
        }
        
        // Ignore the raw types warnings since the client filter interface changed between jersey 1/2
        @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
        TransportClientFactories transportClientFactories = argsTransportClientFactories == null
                ? new Jersey1TransportClientFactories()
                : argsTransportClientFactories;
                
        Optional<SSLContext> sslContext = args == null
                ? Optional.empty()
                : args.getSSLContext();
        Optional<HostnameVerifier> hostnameVerifier = args == null
                ? Optional.empty()
                : args.getHostnameVerifier();

        // If the transport factory was not supplied with args, assume they are using jersey 1 for passivity
        eurekaTransport.transportClientFactory = providedJerseyClient == null
                ? transportClientFactories.newTransportClientFactory(clientConfig, additionalFilters, applicationInfoManager.getInfo(), sslContext, hostnameVerifier)
                : transportClientFactories.newTransportClientFactory(additionalFilters, providedJerseyClient);

        ApplicationsResolver.ApplicationsSource applicationsSource = new ApplicationsResolver.ApplicationsSource() {
            @Override
            public Applications getApplications(int stalenessThreshold, TimeUnit timeUnit) {
                long thresholdInMs = TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.convert(stalenessThreshold, timeUnit);
                long delay = getLastSuccessfulRegistryFetchTimePeriod();
                if (delay > thresholdInMs) {
                    logger.info("Local registry is too stale for local lookup. Threshold:{}, actual:{}",
                            thresholdInMs, delay);
                    return null;
                } else {
                    return localRegionApps.get();
                }
            }
        };

        eurekaTransport.bootstrapResolver = EurekaHttpClients.newBootstrapResolver(
                clientConfig,
                transportConfig,
                eurekaTransport.transportClientFactory,
                applicationInfoManager.getInfo(),
                applicationsSource
        );

        if (clientConfig.shouldRegisterWithEureka()) {
            EurekaHttpClientFactory newRegistrationClientFactory = null;
            EurekaHttpClient newRegistrationClient = null;
            try {
                newRegistrationClientFactory = EurekaHttpClients.registrationClientFactory(
                        eurekaTransport.bootstrapResolver,
                        eurekaTransport.transportClientFactory,
                        transportConfig
                );
                newRegistrationClient = newRegistrationClientFactory.newClient();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                logger.warn("Transport initialization failure", e);
            }
            eurekaTransport.registrationClientFactory = newRegistrationClientFactory;
            eurekaTransport.registrationClient = newRegistrationClient;
        }

        // new method (resolve from primary servers for read)
        // Configure new transport layer (candidate for injecting in the future)
        if (clientConfig.shouldFetchRegistry()) {
            EurekaHttpClientFactory newQueryClientFactory = null;
            EurekaHttpClient newQueryClient = null;
            try {
                newQueryClientFactory = EurekaHttpClients.queryClientFactory(
                        eurekaTransport.bootstrapResolver,
                        eurekaTransport.transportClientFactory,
                        clientConfig,
                        transportConfig,
                        applicationInfoManager.getInfo(),
                        applicationsSource
                );
                newQueryClient = newQueryClientFactory.newClient();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                logger.warn("Transport initialization failure", e);
            }
            eurekaTransport.queryClientFactory = newQueryClientFactory;
            eurekaTransport.queryClient = newQueryClient;
        }
    }
构造器里头直接初始化scheduleServerEndpointTask,然后newBootstrapResolver

EurekaHttpClients.newBootstrapResolver

eureka-client-1.8.8-sources.jar!/com/netflix/discovery/shared/transport/EurekaHttpClients.java

    public static ClosableResolver<AwsEndpoint> newBootstrapResolver(
            final EurekaClientConfig clientConfig,
            final EurekaTransportConfig transportConfig,
            final TransportClientFactory transportClientFactory,
            final InstanceInfo myInstanceInfo,
            final ApplicationsResolver.ApplicationsSource applicationsSource)
    {
        if (COMPOSITE_BOOTSTRAP_STRATEGY.equals(transportConfig.getBootstrapResolverStrategy())) {
            if (clientConfig.shouldFetchRegistry()) {
                return compositeBootstrapResolver(
                        clientConfig,
                        transportConfig,
                        transportClientFactory,
                        myInstanceInfo,
                        applicationsSource
                );
            } else {
                logger.warn("Cannot create a composite bootstrap resolver if registry fetch is disabled." +
                        " Falling back to using a default bootstrap resolver.");
            }
        }

        // if all else fails, return the default
        return defaultBootstrapResolver(clientConfig, myInstanceInfo);
    }
这里执行defaultBootstrapResolver
    /**
     * @return a bootstrap resolver that resolves eureka server endpoints based on either DNS or static config,
     *         depending on configuration for one or the other. This resolver will warm up at the start.
     */
    static ClosableResolver<AwsEndpoint> defaultBootstrapResolver(final EurekaClientConfig clientConfig,
                                                                  final InstanceInfo myInstanceInfo) {
        String[] availZones = clientConfig.getAvailabilityZones(clientConfig.getRegion());
        String myZone = InstanceInfo.getZone(availZones, myInstanceInfo);

        ClusterResolver<AwsEndpoint> delegateResolver = new ZoneAffinityClusterResolver(
                new ConfigClusterResolver(clientConfig, myInstanceInfo),
                myZone,
                true
        );

        List<AwsEndpoint> initialValue = delegateResolver.getClusterEndpoints();
        if (initialValue.isEmpty()) {
            String msg = "Initial resolution of Eureka server endpoints failed. Check ConfigClusterResolver logs for more info";
            logger.error(msg);
            failFastOnInitCheck(clientConfig, msg);
        }

        return new AsyncResolver<>(
                EurekaClientNames.BOOTSTRAP,
                delegateResolver,
                initialValue,
                1,
                clientConfig.getEurekaServiceUrlPollIntervalSeconds() * 1000
        );
    }
从注释可以看到,这里从DNS或者配置文件来解析eureka server的配置,这里的delegateResolver为ZoneAffinityClusterResolver

AsyncResolver

eureka-client-1.8.8-sources.jar!/com/netflix/discovery/shared/resolver/AsyncResolver.java

    this.backgroundTask = new TimedSupervisorTask(
                this.getClass().getSimpleName(),
                executorService,
                threadPoolExecutor,
                refreshIntervalMs,
                TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS,
                5,
                updateTask
        );

    private final Runnable updateTask = new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            try {
                List<T> newList = delegate.getClusterEndpoints();
                if (newList != null) {
                    resultsRef.getAndSet(newList);
                    lastLoadTimestamp = System.currentTimeMillis();
                } else {
                    logger.warn("Delegate returned null list of cluster endpoints");
                }
                logger.debug("Resolved to {}", newList);
            } catch (Exception e) {
                logger.warn("Failed to retrieve cluster endpoints from the delegate", e);
            }
        }
    };
这里有个backgroundTask去更新ClusterEndpoints,间隔值为clientConfig.getEurekaServiceUrlPollIntervalSeconds() * 1000毫秒,默认为5分钟
配置项为eureka.client.eureka-service-url-poll-interval-seconds

ZoneAffinityClusterResolver

eureka-client-1.8.8-sources.jar!/com/netflix/discovery/shared/resolver/aws/ZoneAffinityClusterResolver.java

    public List<AwsEndpoint> getClusterEndpoints() {
        List<AwsEndpoint>[] parts = ResolverUtils.splitByZone(delegate.getClusterEndpoints(), myZone);
        List<AwsEndpoint> myZoneEndpoints = parts[0];
        List<AwsEndpoint> remainingEndpoints = parts[1];
        List<AwsEndpoint> randomizedList = randomizeAndMerge(myZoneEndpoints, remainingEndpoints);
        if (!zoneAffinity) {
            Collections.reverse(randomizedList);
        }

        logger.debug("Local zone={}; resolved to: {}", myZone, randomizedList);

        return randomizedList;
    }
这里调用了delegate.getClusterEndpoints(),这里的delegate为ConfigClusterResolver
这里对得到的List<AwsEndpoint>进行randomizeAndMerge
    private static List<AwsEndpoint> randomizeAndMerge(List<AwsEndpoint> myZoneEndpoints, List<AwsEndpoint> remainingEndpoints) {
        if (myZoneEndpoints.isEmpty()) {
            return ResolverUtils.randomize(remainingEndpoints);
        }
        if (remainingEndpoints.isEmpty()) {
            return ResolverUtils.randomize(myZoneEndpoints);
        }
        List<AwsEndpoint> mergedList = ResolverUtils.randomize(myZoneEndpoints);
        mergedList.addAll(ResolverUtils.randomize(remainingEndpoints));
        return mergedList;
    }

ConfigClusterResolver

eureka-client-1.8.8-sources.jar!/com/netflix/discovery/shared/resolver/aws/ConfigClusterResolver.java

    public List<AwsEndpoint> getClusterEndpoints() {
        if (clientConfig.shouldUseDnsForFetchingServiceUrls()) {
            if (logger.isInfoEnabled()) {
                logger.info("Resolving eureka endpoints via DNS: {}", getDNSName());
            }
            return getClusterEndpointsFromDns();
        } else {
            logger.info("Resolving eureka endpoints via configuration");
            return getClusterEndpointsFromConfig();
        }
    }

    private List<AwsEndpoint> getClusterEndpointsFromConfig() {
        String[] availZones = clientConfig.getAvailabilityZones(clientConfig.getRegion());
        String myZone = InstanceInfo.getZone(availZones, myInstanceInfo);

        Map<String, List<String>> serviceUrls = EndpointUtils
                .getServiceUrlsMapFromConfig(clientConfig, myZone, clientConfig.shouldPreferSameZoneEureka());

        List<AwsEndpoint> endpoints = new ArrayList<>();
        for (String zone : serviceUrls.keySet()) {
            for (String url : serviceUrls.get(zone)) {
                try {
                    endpoints.add(new AwsEndpoint(url, getRegion(), zone));
                } catch (Exception ignore) {
                    logger.warn("Invalid eureka server URI: {}; removing from the server pool", url);
                }
            }
        }

        logger.debug("Config resolved to {}", endpoints);

        if (endpoints.isEmpty()) {
            logger.error("Cannot resolve to any endpoints from provided configuration: {}", serviceUrls);
        }

        return endpoints;
    }
这里通过EndpointUtils.getServiceUrlsMapFromConfig解析serviceUrl
假设serviceUrl是
eureka:
  client:
    serviceUrl:
      defaultZone: http://127.0.0.1:8761/eureka/,http://127.0.0.1:8762/eureka/

则最后得到两个AwsEndpoint

{ serviceUrl='http://127.0.0.1:8761/eureka/', region='us-east-1', zone='defaultZone'}
{ serviceUrl='http://127.0.0.1:8762/eureka/', region='us-east-1', zone='defaultZone'}

EndpointUtils.getServiceUrlsMapFromConfig

eureka-client-1.8.8-sources.jar!/com/netflix/discovery/endpoint/EndpointUtils.java

    /**
     * Get the list of all eureka service urls from properties file for the eureka client to talk to.
     *
     * @param clientConfig the clientConfig to use
     * @param instanceZone The zone in which the client resides
     * @param preferSameZone true if we have to prefer the same zone as the client, false otherwise
     * @return an (ordered) map of zone -> list of urls mappings, with the preferred zone first in iteration order
     */
    public static Map<String, List<String>> getServiceUrlsMapFromConfig(EurekaClientConfig clientConfig, String instanceZone, boolean preferSameZone) {
        Map<String, List<String>> orderedUrls = new LinkedHashMap<>();
        String region = getRegion(clientConfig);
        String[] availZones = clientConfig.getAvailabilityZones(clientConfig.getRegion());
        if (availZones == null || availZones.length == 0) {
            availZones = new String[1];
            availZones[0] = DEFAULT_ZONE;
        }
        logger.debug("The availability zone for the given region {} are {}", region, availZones);
        int myZoneOffset = getZoneOffset(instanceZone, preferSameZone, availZones);

        String zone = availZones[myZoneOffset];
        List<String> serviceUrls = clientConfig.getEurekaServerServiceUrls(zone);
        if (serviceUrls != null) {
            orderedUrls.put(zone, serviceUrls);
        }
        int currentOffset = myZoneOffset == (availZones.length - 1) ? 0 : (myZoneOffset + 1);
        while (currentOffset != myZoneOffset) {
            zone = availZones[currentOffset];
            serviceUrls = clientConfig.getEurekaServerServiceUrls(zone);
            if (serviceUrls != null) {
                orderedUrls.put(zone, serviceUrls);
            }
            if (currentOffset == (availZones.length - 1)) {
                currentOffset = 0;
            } else {
                currentOffset++;
            }
        }

        if (orderedUrls.size() < 1) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("DiscoveryClient: invalid serviceUrl specified!");
        }
        return orderedUrls;
    }
这里调用clientConfig.getEurekaServerServiceUrls(zone)解析serviceUrl

EurekaClientConfigBean.getEurekaServerServiceUrls

spring-cloud-netflix-eureka-client-2.0.0.RC1-sources.jar!/org/springframework/cloud/netflix/eureka/EurekaClientConfigBean.java

    public List<String> getEurekaServerServiceUrls(String myZone) {
        String serviceUrls = this.serviceUrl.get(myZone);
        if (serviceUrls == null || serviceUrls.isEmpty()) {
            serviceUrls = this.serviceUrl.get(DEFAULT_ZONE);
        }
        if (!StringUtils.isEmpty(serviceUrls)) {
            final String[] serviceUrlsSplit = StringUtils.commaDelimitedListToStringArray(serviceUrls);
            List<String> eurekaServiceUrls = new ArrayList<>(serviceUrlsSplit.length);
            for (String eurekaServiceUrl : serviceUrlsSplit) {
                if (!endsWithSlash(eurekaServiceUrl)) {
                    eurekaServiceUrl += "/";
                }
                eurekaServiceUrls.add(eurekaServiceUrl);
            }
            return eurekaServiceUrls;
        }

        return new ArrayList<>();
    }
可以看到这里对多个eureka server的地址采用逗号分割

serviceUrl使用

RetryableEurekaHttpClient.execute

eureka-client-1.8.8-sources.jar!/com/netflix/discovery/shared/transport/decorator/RetryableEurekaHttpClient.java

    protected <R> EurekaHttpResponse<R> execute(RequestExecutor<R> requestExecutor) {
        List<EurekaEndpoint> candidateHosts = null;
        int endpointIdx = 0;
        for (int retry = 0; retry < numberOfRetries; retry++) {
            EurekaHttpClient currentHttpClient = delegate.get();
            EurekaEndpoint currentEndpoint = null;
            if (currentHttpClient == null) {
                if (candidateHosts == null) {
                    candidateHosts = getHostCandidates();
                    if (candidateHosts.isEmpty()) {
                        throw new TransportException("There is no known eureka server; cluster server list is empty");
                    }
                }
                if (endpointIdx >= candidateHosts.size()) {
                    throw new TransportException("Cannot execute request on any known server");
                }

                currentEndpoint = candidateHosts.get(endpointIdx++);
                currentHttpClient = clientFactory.newClient(currentEndpoint);
            }

            try {
                EurekaHttpResponse<R> response = requestExecutor.execute(currentHttpClient);
                if (serverStatusEvaluator.accept(response.getStatusCode(), requestExecutor.getRequestType())) {
                    delegate.set(currentHttpClient);
                    if (retry > 0) {
                        logger.info("Request execution succeeded on retry #{}", retry);
                    }
                    return response;
                }
                logger.warn("Request execution failure with status code {}; retrying on another server if available", response.getStatusCode());
            } catch (Exception e) {
                logger.warn("Request execution failed with message: {}", e.getMessage());  // just log message as the underlying client should log the stacktrace
            }

            // Connection error or 5xx from the server that must be retried on another server
            delegate.compareAndSet(currentHttpClient, null);
            if (currentEndpoint != null) {
                quarantineSet.add(currentEndpoint);
            }
        }
        throw new TransportException("Retry limit reached; giving up on completing the request");
    }
可以看到这里先获取candidateHosts,然后支持失败重试,重试默认是3次(int DEFAULT_NUMBER_OF_RETRIES = 3)
每重试一次失败,就换下一个eureka server的地址,如果endpointIdx >= candidateHosts.size(),则抛出TransportException("Cannot execute request on any known server")

RetryableEurekaHttpClient.getHostCandidates

    private List<EurekaEndpoint> getHostCandidates() {
        List<EurekaEndpoint> candidateHosts = clusterResolver.getClusterEndpoints();
        quarantineSet.retainAll(candidateHosts);

        // If enough hosts are bad, we have no choice but start over again
        int threshold = (int) (candidateHosts.size() * transportConfig.getRetryableClientQuarantineRefreshPercentage());
        //Prevent threshold is too large
        if (threshold > candidateHosts.size()) {
            threshold = candidateHosts.size();
        }
        if (quarantineSet.isEmpty()) {
            // no-op
        } else if (quarantineSet.size() >= threshold) {
            logger.debug("Clearing quarantined list of size {}", quarantineSet.size());
            quarantineSet.clear();
        } else {
            List<EurekaEndpoint> remainingHosts = new ArrayList<>(candidateHosts.size());
            for (EurekaEndpoint endpoint : candidateHosts) {
                if (!quarantineSet.contains(endpoint)) {
                    remainingHosts.add(endpoint);
                }
            }
            candidateHosts = remainingHosts;
        }

        return candidateHosts;
    }
这里quarantineSet = new ConcurrentSkipListSet<>(),它维护的是不可用的eureka server列表(Connection error or 5xx)
这里有个threshold,是依据eureka.client.transport.retryableClientQuarantineRefreshPercentage来计算的,默认是0.66*candidateHosts.size(),大小最大为candidateHosts.size(),防止quarantineSet.size() < threshold导致不会清空quarantineSet,最后导致remainingHosts为空。

小结

  • client端的serviceUrl配置多个eureka server的话,默认是使用随机之后的list中的第一个,如果该server请求都成功,则不会轮到list中的第二个,不过这个list是会定时更新而且随机化的。
  • AsyncResolver有个backgroundTask(默认5分钟执行一次,取决于eureka.client.eureka-service-url-poll-interval-seconds配置)来刷新eureka server的list,默认还是走ZoneAffinityClusterResolver,然后走ConfigClusterResolver去获取,会重新随机list

doc

阅读 12.2k

code-craft
spring boot , docker and so on 欢迎关注微信公众号: geek_luandun

当一个代码的工匠回首往事时,不因虚度年华而悔恨,也不因碌碌无为而羞愧,这样,当他老的时候,可以很...

11.6k 声望
1.9k 粉丝
0 条评论
你知道吗?

当一个代码的工匠回首往事时,不因虚度年华而悔恨,也不因碌碌无为而羞愧,这样,当他老的时候,可以很...

11.6k 声望
1.9k 粉丝
文章目录
宣传栏