前端每日实战:104# 视频演示如何用纯 CSS 创作一个货车 loader

comehope

图片描述

效果预览

按下右侧的“点击预览”按钮可以在当前页面预览,点击链接可以全屏预览。

https://codepen.io/comehope/pen/vaPGRz

可交互视频

此视频是可以交互的,你可以随时暂停视频,编辑视频中的代码。

请用 chrome, safari, edge 打开观看。

https://scrimba.com/p/pEgDAM/cz32DUd

源代码下载

每日前端实战系列的全部源代码请从 github 下载:

https://github.com/comehope/front-end-daily-challenges

代码解读

定义 dom,容器代表卡车,包含的 2 个子元素代表车头和尾气;<hr> 代表道路:

<div class="truck">
    <span class="cab"></span>
    <span class="smoke"></span>
</div>
<hr>

居中显示,同时道路与页面之间留出空间:

body {
    margin: 10%;
    padding-top: 10%;
}

画出卡车车厢:

.truck {
    width: 15em;
    height: 5em;
    font-size: 10px;
    background-color: #444;
    border-radius: 0.4em;
}

用伪元素画出车厢的车轮:

.truck {
    position: relative;
}

.truck::before,
.truck::after {
    content: '';
    position: absolute;
    box-sizing: border-box;
    width: 2em;
    height: 2em;
    background-color: #444;
    border: 0.1em solid white;
    border-radius: 50%;
    bottom: -1em;
}

.truck::before {
    left: 0.6em;
}

.truck::after {
    right: 0.6em;
}

画出车头:

.cab {
    position: absolute;
    width: 3.3em;
    height: 2.5em;
    background-color: #333;
    left: -3.5em;
    bottom: 0;
    border-radius: 40% 0 0.4em 0.4em;
}

.cab::before {
    content: '';
    position: absolute;
    width: 2em;
    height: 1.5em;
    background-color: #333;
    top: -1.5em;
    right: 0;
    border-radius: 100% 0 0 0;
}

画出车头的车轮:

.cab::after {
    content: '';
    position: absolute;
    box-sizing: border-box;
    width: 2em;
    height: 2em;
    background-color: #444;
    border: 0.1em solid white;
    border-radius: 50%;
    bottom: -1em;
    left: 0.5em;
}

画出尾气的初始状态:

.smoke,
.smoke::before,
.smoke::after {
    content: '';
    position: absolute;
    width: 1em;
    height: 1em;
    background-color: #333;
    right: -0.1em;
    bottom: -0.5em;
    border-radius: 50%;
}

增加排出尾气的动画:

.smoke {
    animation: smoke-1 2s infinite;
}

.smoke::before {
    animation: smoke-2 2s infinite;
}

.smoke::after {
    animation: smoke-3 2s infinite;
}

@keyframes smoke-1 {
    to {
        width: 3em;
        height: 3em;
        right: -3em;
        bottom: 0.5em;
    }
}

@keyframes smoke-2 {
    to {
        width: 2.5em;
        height: 2.5em;
        right: -6em;
        bottom: 0.8em;
    }
}

@keyframes smoke-3 {
    to {
        width: 3.5em;
        height: 3.5em;
        right: -4em;
        bottom: 0.2em;
    }
}

增加尾气的飘散效果:

.smoke {
    animation:
        drift 2s infinite,
        smoke-1 2s infinite;
}

.smoke::before {
    animation: 
        drift 3s infinite,
        smoke-2 3s infinite;
}

.smoke::after {
    animation: 
        drift 4s infinite,
        smoke-3 4s infinite;
}

@keyframes drift {
    0%, 100% {
        filter: opacity(0);
    }

    15% {
        filter: opacity(0.9);
    }
}

增加卡车行驶的动画效果:

.truck {
    animation: 
        move 5s infinite;
}

@keyframes move {
    0% {
        margin-left: 90%;
    }

    50% {
        margin-left: 45%;
    }

    100% {
        margin-left: 0;
    }

    0%, 100% {
        filter: opacity(0);
    }

    10%, 90% {
        filter: opacity(1);
    }
}

增加卡片行驶中颠簸的动画效果:

.truck {
    animation: 
        put-put 2s infinite,
        move 10s infinite;
}

@keyframes put-put {
    0% {
        margin-top: 0;
        height: 5em;
    }

    5% {
        margin-top: -0.2em;
        height: 5.2em;
    }

    20% {
        margin-top: -0.1em;
        height: 5em;
    }

    35% {
        margin-top: 0.1em;
        height: 4.9em;
    }

    40% {
        margin-top: -0.1em;
        height: 5.1em;
    }

    60% {
        margin-top: 0.1em;
        height: 4.9em;
    }

    75% {
        margin-top: 0;
        height: 5em;
    }

    80% {
        margin-top: -0.4em;
        height: 5.2em;
    }

    100% {
        margin-top: 0.1em;
        height: 4.9em;
    }
}

大功告成!

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