Redis集群

Leon

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安装redis

tar zxvf redis-3.0.5.tar.gz
cd redis-3.0.5
make && make install

集群配置

redis 集群是一个提供在多个redis节点间共享数据的程序集
redis集群不支持处理多个keys的命令,因为这需要在不同节点间移动数据,从而达不到像redis那样的性能,在高负载情况下可能导致不可预料的错误
redis集群通过分区来提供一定程度的可用性,在实际环境中当某个节点宕机或者不可达的
情况下继续处理命令,redis集群的优势在于:
    自动分割数据到不同的节点上
    整个集群的部分节点失败或不可达情况下继续处理命令

将redis-trib.rb 复制到/usr/local/bin

cd src/
cp redis-trib.rb /usr/local/bin

mkdir -p /usr/local/cluster-test
cd /usr/local/cluster-test/

新建6个节点 并将redis.conf 分别拷贝到这6个文件夹中

for i in {7001..7005};do mkdir $i &&  cp /etc/redis/6379.conf $i;done

修改成对应的端口号

for j in {7001..7005};do sed -i "s/7000/$j/g" /usr/local/cluster-test/$j/6379.conf;done

make sure that different nodes use different cluster configuration files.

for j in {7001..7005};do sed -i "s/nodes-6379.conf/nodes-$j.conf/g" /usr/local/cluster-test/$j/6379.conf;done

批量启动

for k in {7000..7005};do redis-server ./$k/6379.conf;done

批量关闭

ps -ef|grep redis |grep -v grep|awk '{print $2}' |xargs -i kill -9 {}

查看6个节点的启动进程情况

ps -ef|grep redis

安装ruby2.2以上

https://segmentfault.com/n/1330000014166676#articleHeader6

因为我们要新建集群, 所以这里使用create命令.

--replicas 1 参数表示为每个主节点创建一个从节点. 其他参数是实例的地址集合

redis-trib.rb create --replicas 1 \
127.0.0.1:7000 \
127.0.0.1:7001 \
127.0.0.1:7002 \
127.0.0.1:7003 \
127.0.0.1:7004 \
127.0.0.1:7005 \

测试集群的状态

redis-trib.rb check 127.0.0.1:7000

>>> Creating cluster
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7000: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7001: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7002: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7003: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7004: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7005: OK
>>> Performing hash slots allocation on 6 nodes...
Using 3 masters:
127.0.0.1:7000
127.0.0.1:7001
127.0.0.1:7002
Adding replica 127.0.0.1:7003 to 127.0.0.1:7000
Adding replica 127.0.0.1:7004 to 127.0.0.1:7001
Adding replica 127.0.0.1:7005 to 127.0.0.1:7002
M: 1f2a4d15b18a3215f1061ea3c710a086baa328d1 127.0.0.1:7000
   slots:0-5460 (5461 slots) master
M: 70b04bac6e56084a1ed5cdc5a98f63154bd409ba 127.0.0.1:7001
   slots:5461-10922 (5462 slots) master
M: c3c753177d9a79eb77091c28a71d7ba0418bdaaf 127.0.0.1:7002
   slots:10923-16383 (5461 slots) master
S: 403fa0e59f7cb338442cf2f5f6c2d27d231dff81 127.0.0.1:7003
   replicates 1f2a4d15b18a3215f1061ea3c710a086baa328d1
S: e9657dd6211f637ea1898d7cfbe57471d3aede3c 127.0.0.1:7004
   replicates 70b04bac6e56084a1ed5cdc5a98f63154bd409ba
S: 1a6bf68a26d83d97b4c72acb417d8a0c833d8e00 127.0.0.1:7005
   replicates c3c753177d9a79eb77091c28a71d7ba0418bdaaf
Can I set the above configuration? (type 'yes' to accept): yes
>>> Nodes configuration updated
>>> Assign a different config epoch to each node
>>> Sending CLUSTER MEET messages to join the cluster
Waiting for the cluster to join...
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 127.0.0.1:7000)
M: 1f2a4d15b18a3215f1061ea3c710a086baa328d1 127.0.0.1:7000
   slots:0-5460 (5461 slots) master
M: 70b04bac6e56084a1ed5cdc5a98f63154bd409ba 127.0.0.1:7001
   slots:5461-10922 (5462 slots) master
M: c3c753177d9a79eb77091c28a71d7ba0418bdaaf 127.0.0.1:7002
   slots:10923-16383 (5461 slots) master
M: 403fa0e59f7cb338442cf2f5f6c2d27d231dff81 127.0.0.1:7003
   slots: (0 slots) master
   replicates 1f2a4d15b18a3215f1061ea3c710a086baa328d1
M: e9657dd6211f637ea1898d7cfbe57471d3aede3c 127.0.0.1:7004
   slots: (0 slots) master
   replicates 70b04bac6e56084a1ed5cdc5a98f63154bd409ba
M: 1a6bf68a26d83d97b4c72acb417d8a0c833d8e00 127.0.0.1:7005
   slots: (0 slots) master
   replicates c3c753177d9a79eb77091c28a71d7ba0418bdaaf
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.

集群功能测试

redis cluster的特点是去中心化,每个节点都是对等的,所以,你连接哪个节点都可以获取和设置数据

redis-cli是redis默认的客户端工具,启动时加上`-c`参数,就可以连接到集群

redis-cli -c -p 7000

127.0.0.1:7000> set node 7000
-> Redirected to slot [14143] located at 127.0.0.1:7002
OK
127.0.0.1:7002> get node
"7000"
127.0.0.1:7002> set name lyon
-> Redirected to slot [5798] located at 127.0.0.1:7001
OK
127.0.0.1:7001> get name
"lyon"

分配key的时候,它会使用CRC16('name')%16384算法,来计算,将这个key 放到哪个节点

数据都会在7000-7002 这3个主节点来跳转存储

测试集群中的节点挂掉

redis-cli -c -p 7000

127.0.0.1:7000> set age 18
OK
127.0.0.1:7000> get age
"18"
127.0.0.1:7000> set cpy cpy
-> Redirected to slot [9692] located at 127.0.0.1:7001
OK
127.0.0.1:7001> get cpy
"eichong"

kill掉redis-7000节点

redis-trib.rb check 127.0.0.1:7000
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7000: [ERR] Sorry, can't connect to node 127.0.0.1:7000

7003节点接任

redis-trib.rb check 127.0.0.1:7001
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7001: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7002: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7003: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7004: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7005: OK
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 127.0.0.1:7001)
M: 70b04bac6e56084a1ed5cdc5a98f63154bd409ba 127.0.0.1:7001
   slots:5461-10922 (5462 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: c3c753177d9a79eb77091c28a71d7ba0418bdaaf 127.0.0.1:7002
   slots:10923-16383 (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 403fa0e59f7cb338442cf2f5f6c2d27d231dff81 127.0.0.1:7003
   slots:0-5460 (5461 slots) master
   0 additional replica(s)
S: e9657dd6211f637ea1898d7cfbe57471d3aede3c 127.0.0.1:7004
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 70b04bac6e56084a1ed5cdc5a98f63154bd409ba
S: 1a6bf68a26d83d97b4c72acb417d8a0c833d8e00 127.0.0.1:7005
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates c3c753177d9a79eb77091c28a71d7ba0418bdaaf
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
[WARNING] Node 127.0.0.1:7002 has slots in importing state (5798,10576).
[WARNING] The following slots are open: 5798,10576
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.

测试是否可以获取到数据

redis-cli -c -p 7001

127.0.0.1:7001> get age
-> Redirected to slot [741] located at 127.0.0.1:7003
"18"
127.0.0.1:7003> get name
-> Redirected to slot [5798] located at 127.0.0.1:7001
"www"
127.0.0.1:7001> get cpy
"cpy"

重启7000节点

[root@huawei-test ~ ]$ redis-trib.rb check 127.0.0.1:7000
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7000: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7004: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7005: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7002: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7001: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7003: OK
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 127.0.0.1:7000)
S: 1f2a4d15b18a3215f1061ea3c710a086baa328d1 127.0.0.1:7000
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 403fa0e59f7cb338442cf2f5f6c2d27d231dff81
S: e9657dd6211f637ea1898d7cfbe57471d3aede3c 127.0.0.1:7004
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 70b04bac6e56084a1ed5cdc5a98f63154bd409ba
S: 1a6bf68a26d83d97b4c72acb417d8a0c833d8e00 127.0.0.1:7005
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates c3c753177d9a79eb77091c28a71d7ba0418bdaaf
M: c3c753177d9a79eb77091c28a71d7ba0418bdaaf 127.0.0.1:7002
   slots:10923-16383 (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 70b04bac6e56084a1ed5cdc5a98f63154bd409ba 127.0.0.1:7001
   slots:5461-10922 (5462 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: 403fa0e59f7cb338442cf2f5f6c2d27d231dff81 127.0.0.1:7003
   slots:0-5460 (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
[WARNING] Node 127.0.0.1:7002 has slots in importing state (5798,10576).
[WARNING] The following slots are open: 5798,10576
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered

可以看到节点状态为激活态,但是作为7003的从节点


集群中新加入节点

分2种情况,1是作为主节点,2是作为一个节点的从节点

1 新建一个 7006 节点 作为一个新的主节点加入
cd /usr/local/cluster-test/
mkdir 7006
cp 7005/6379.conf 7006/6379.conf
sed -i "s/7005/7006/g" /usr/local/cluster-test/7006/6379.conf

重启集群节点
for k in {7000..7006};do redis-server ./$k/6379.conf;done
添加7006节点
redis-trib.rb add-node 127.0.0.1:7006 127.0.0.1:7000
检查7006节点
redis-trib.rb check 127.0.0.1:7006
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7006: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7004: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7002: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7000: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7001: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7005: OK
Connecting to node 127.0.0.1:7003: OK
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 127.0.0.1:7006)
S: 173f43306bcfac4319a9556e2d49f246880cbbf4 127.0.0.1:7006
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 70b04bac6e56084a1ed5cdc5a98f63154bd409ba
S: e9657dd6211f637ea1898d7cfbe57471d3aede3c 127.0.0.1:7004
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 70b04bac6e56084a1ed5cdc5a98f63154bd409ba
M: c3c753177d9a79eb77091c28a71d7ba0418bdaaf 127.0.0.1:7002
   slots:10923-16383 (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 1f2a4d15b18a3215f1061ea3c710a086baa328d1 127.0.0.1:7000
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 403fa0e59f7cb338442cf2f5f6c2d27d231dff81
M: 70b04bac6e56084a1ed5cdc5a98f63154bd409ba 127.0.0.1:7001
   slots:5461-10922 (5462 slots) master
   2 additional replica(s)
S: 1a6bf68a26d83d97b4c72acb417d8a0c833d8e00 127.0.0.1:7005
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates c3c753177d9a79eb77091c28a71d7ba0418bdaaf
M: 403fa0e59f7cb338442cf2f5f6c2d27d231dff81 127.0.0.1:7003
   slots:0-5460 (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
[WARNING] Node 127.0.0.1:7002 has slots in importing state (5798,10576).
[WARNING] The following slots are open: 5798,10576
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.

redis-cli -c -p 7006
127.0.0.1:7006> cluster nodes
e9657dd6211f637ea1898d7cfbe57471d3aede3c 127.0.0.1:7004 slave 70b04bac6e56084a1ed5cdc5a98f63154bd409ba 0 1537170999876 2 connected
c3c753177d9a79eb77091c28a71d7ba0418bdaaf 127.0.0.1:7002 master - 0 1537170999366 3 connected 10923-16383
1f2a4d15b18a3215f1061ea3c710a086baa328d1 127.0.0.1:7000 slave 403fa0e59f7cb338442cf2f5f6c2d27d231dff81 0 1537170998346 7 connected
70b04bac6e56084a1ed5cdc5a98f63154bd409ba 127.0.0.1:7001 master - 0 1537170997836 2 connected 5461-10922
1a6bf68a26d83d97b4c72acb417d8a0c833d8e00 127.0.0.1:7005 slave c3c753177d9a79eb77091c28a71d7ba0418bdaaf 0 1537170998855 3 connected
173f43306bcfac4319a9556e2d49f246880cbbf4 127.0.0.1:7006 myself,slave 70b04bac6e56084a1ed5cdc5a98f63154bd409ba 0 0 0 connected
403fa0e59f7cb338442cf2f5f6c2d27d231dff81 127.0.0.1:7003 master - 0 1537170999884 7 connected 0-5460

可以看到7006成为了从节点

参考文档

https://redis.io/topics/clust...
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