聊聊flink的TextOutputFormat

codecraft

本文主要研究一下flink的TextOutputFormat

DataStream.writeAsText

flink-streaming-java_2.11-1.7.0-sources.jar!/org/apache/flink/streaming/api/datastream/DataStream.java

    /**
     * Writes a DataStream to the file specified by path in text format.
     *
     * <p>For every element of the DataStream the result of {@link Object#toString()} is written.
     *
     * @param path
     *            The path pointing to the location the text file is written to
     * @param writeMode
     *            Controls the behavior for existing files. Options are
     *            NO_OVERWRITE and OVERWRITE.
     *
     * @return The closed DataStream.
     */
    @PublicEvolving
    public DataStreamSink<T> writeAsText(String path, WriteMode writeMode) {
        TextOutputFormat<T> tof = new TextOutputFormat<>(new Path(path));
        tof.setWriteMode(writeMode);
        return writeUsingOutputFormat(tof);
    }

    /**
     * Writes the dataStream into an output, described by an OutputFormat.
     *
     * <p>The output is not participating in Flink's checkpointing!
     *
     * <p>For writing to a file system periodically, the use of the "flink-connector-filesystem"
     * is recommended.
     *
     * @param format The output format
     * @return The closed DataStream
     */
    @PublicEvolving
    public DataStreamSink<T> writeUsingOutputFormat(OutputFormat<T> format) {
        return addSink(new OutputFormatSinkFunction<>(format));
    }
  • DataStream的writeAsText方法创建了TextOutputFormat,然后通过OutputFormatSinkFunction包装为sink function

TextOutputFormat

flink-java-1.7.0-sources.jar!/org/apache/flink/api/java/io/TextOutputFormat.java

/**
 * A {@link FileOutputFormat} that writes objects to a text file.
 *
 * <p>Objects are converted to Strings using either {@link Object#toString()} or a {@link TextFormatter}.
 * @param <T> type of elements
 */
@PublicEvolving
public class TextOutputFormat<T> extends FileOutputFormat<T> {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    private static final int NEWLINE = '\n';

    private String charsetName;

    private transient Charset charset;

    // --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    /**
     * Formatter that transforms values into their {@link String} representations.
     * @param <IN> type of input elements
     */
    public interface TextFormatter<IN> extends Serializable {
        String format(IN value);
    }

    public TextOutputFormat(Path outputPath) {
        this(outputPath, "UTF-8");
    }

    public TextOutputFormat(Path outputPath, String charset) {
        super(outputPath);
        this.charsetName = charset;
    }

    public String getCharsetName() {
        return charsetName;
    }

    public void setCharsetName(String charsetName) throws IllegalCharsetNameException, UnsupportedCharsetException {
        if (charsetName == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException();
        }

        if (!Charset.isSupported(charsetName)) {
            throw new UnsupportedCharsetException("The charset " + charsetName + " is not supported.");
        }

        this.charsetName = charsetName;
    }

    // --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    @Override
    public void open(int taskNumber, int numTasks) throws IOException {
        super.open(taskNumber, numTasks);

        try {
            this.charset = Charset.forName(charsetName);
        }
        catch (IllegalCharsetNameException e) {
            throw new IOException("The charset " + charsetName + " is not valid.", e);
        }
        catch (UnsupportedCharsetException e) {
            throw new IOException("The charset " + charsetName + " is not supported.", e);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void writeRecord(T record) throws IOException {
        byte[] bytes = record.toString().getBytes(charset);
        this.stream.write(bytes);
        this.stream.write(NEWLINE);
    }

    // --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "TextOutputFormat (" + getOutputFilePath() + ") - " + this.charsetName;
    }
}
  • TextOutputFormat继承了FileOutputFormat,其open方法主要是调用FileOutputFormat的open方法,而writeRecord方法则直接往stream进行write,写完一条record之后再写一个换行(\n)

FileOutputFormat

flink-core-1.7.0-sources.jar!/org/apache/flink/api/common/io/FileOutputFormat.java

/**
 * The abstract base class for all Rich output formats that are file based. Contains the logic to
 * open/close the target
 * file streams.
 */
@Public
public abstract class FileOutputFormat<IT> extends RichOutputFormat<IT> implements InitializeOnMaster, CleanupWhenUnsuccessful {
    //......

    /**
     * Initialization of the distributed file system if it is used.
     *
     * @param parallelism The task parallelism.
     */
    @Override
    public void initializeGlobal(int parallelism) throws IOException {
        final Path path = getOutputFilePath();
        final FileSystem fs = path.getFileSystem();
        
        // only distributed file systems can be initialized at start-up time.
        if (fs.isDistributedFS()) {
            
            final WriteMode writeMode = getWriteMode();
            final OutputDirectoryMode outDirMode = getOutputDirectoryMode();

            if (parallelism == 1 && outDirMode == OutputDirectoryMode.PARONLY) {
                // output is not written in parallel and should be written to a single file.
                // prepare distributed output path
                if(!fs.initOutPathDistFS(path, writeMode, false)) {
                    // output preparation failed! Cancel task.
                    throw new IOException("Output path could not be initialized.");
                }

            } else {
                // output should be written to a directory

                // only distributed file systems can be initialized at start-up time.
                if(!fs.initOutPathDistFS(path, writeMode, true)) {
                    throw new IOException("Output directory could not be created.");
                }
            }
        }
    }
    
    @Override
    public void tryCleanupOnError() {
        if (this.fileCreated) {
            this.fileCreated = false;
            
            try {
                close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                LOG.error("Could not properly close FileOutputFormat.", e);
            }

            try {
                FileSystem.get(this.actualFilePath.toUri()).delete(actualFilePath, false);
            } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
                // ignore, may not be visible yet or may be already removed
            } catch (Throwable t) {
                LOG.error("Could not remove the incomplete file " + actualFilePath + '.', t);
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void configure(Configuration parameters) {
        // get the output file path, if it was not yet set
        if (this.outputFilePath == null) {
            // get the file parameter
            String filePath = parameters.getString(FILE_PARAMETER_KEY, null);
            if (filePath == null) {
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("The output path has been specified neither via constructor/setters" +
                        ", nor via the Configuration.");
            }
            
            try {
                this.outputFilePath = new Path(filePath);
            }
            catch (RuntimeException rex) {
                throw new RuntimeException("Could not create a valid URI from the given file path name: " + rex.getMessage()); 
            }
        }
        
        // check if have not been set and use the defaults in that case
        if (this.writeMode == null) {
            this.writeMode = DEFAULT_WRITE_MODE;
        }
        
        if (this.outputDirectoryMode == null) {
            this.outputDirectoryMode = DEFAULT_OUTPUT_DIRECTORY_MODE;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void open(int taskNumber, int numTasks) throws IOException {
        if (taskNumber < 0 || numTasks < 1) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("TaskNumber: " + taskNumber + ", numTasks: " + numTasks);
        }
        
        if (LOG.isDebugEnabled()) {
            LOG.debug("Opening stream for output (" + (taskNumber+1) + "/" + numTasks + "). WriteMode=" + writeMode +
                    ", OutputDirectoryMode=" + outputDirectoryMode);
        }
        
        Path p = this.outputFilePath;
        if (p == null) {
            throw new IOException("The file path is null.");
        }
        
        final FileSystem fs = p.getFileSystem();

        // if this is a local file system, we need to initialize the local output directory here
        if (!fs.isDistributedFS()) {
            
            if (numTasks == 1 && outputDirectoryMode == OutputDirectoryMode.PARONLY) {
                // output should go to a single file
                
                // prepare local output path. checks for write mode and removes existing files in case of OVERWRITE mode
                if(!fs.initOutPathLocalFS(p, writeMode, false)) {
                    // output preparation failed! Cancel task.
                    throw new IOException("Output path '" + p.toString() + "' could not be initialized. Canceling task...");
                }
            }
            else {
                // numTasks > 1 || outDirMode == OutputDirectoryMode.ALWAYS
                
                if(!fs.initOutPathLocalFS(p, writeMode, true)) {
                    // output preparation failed! Cancel task.
                    throw new IOException("Output directory '" + p.toString() + "' could not be created. Canceling task...");
                }
            }
        }



        // Suffix the path with the parallel instance index, if needed
        this.actualFilePath = (numTasks > 1 || outputDirectoryMode == OutputDirectoryMode.ALWAYS) ? p.suffix("/" + getDirectoryFileName(taskNumber)) : p;

        // create output file
        this.stream = fs.create(this.actualFilePath, writeMode);
        
        // at this point, the file creation must have succeeded, or an exception has been thrown
        this.fileCreated = true;
    }

    @Override
    public void close() throws IOException {
        final FSDataOutputStream s = this.stream;
        if (s != null) {
            this.stream = null;
            s.close();
        }
    }
}
  • FileOutputFormat继承了RichOutputFormat,实现了InitializeOnMaster(initializeGlobal方法)、CleanupWhenUnsuccessful(tryCleanupOnError方法)接口
  • initializeGlobal主要是判断,如果文件是分布式系统文件,那么就在启动的时候全局初始化一下;tryCleanupOnError方法先close,然后再delete文件
  • FileOutputFormat还实现了OutputFormat接口的configure、open、close方法,而writeRecord方法由子类来实现;configure方法主要是配置outputFilePath、writeMode、outputDirectoryMode这几个属性;open方法则根据taskNumber来获取actualFilePath(对于numTasks大于1的,则根据tasknumber在配置的outputFilePath目录下新增文件,文件名为tasknumber对应的数值+1),然后创建stream;close方法只要是关闭stream

RichOutputFormat

flink-core-1.7.0-sources.jar!/org/apache/flink/api/common/io/RichOutputFormat.java

/**
 * An abstract stub implementation for Rich output formats.
 * Rich formats have access to their runtime execution context via {@link #getRuntimeContext()}.
 */
@Public
public abstract class RichOutputFormat<IT> implements OutputFormat<IT> {
    
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
    
    // --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    //  Runtime context access
    // --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    private transient RuntimeContext runtimeContext;

    public void setRuntimeContext(RuntimeContext t) {
        this.runtimeContext = t;
    }
    
    public RuntimeContext getRuntimeContext() {
        if (this.runtimeContext != null) {
            return this.runtimeContext;
        } else {
            throw new IllegalStateException("The runtime context has not been initialized yet. Try accessing " +
                    "it in one of the other life cycle methods.");
        }
    }
}
  • RichOutputFormat声明实现OutputFormat接口,它主要是增加了RuntimeContext属性

OutputFormat

flink-core-1.7.0-sources.jar!/org/apache/flink/api/common/io/OutputFormat.java

/**
 * The base interface for outputs that consumes records. The output format
 * describes how to store the final records, for example in a file.
 * <p>
 * The life cycle of an output format is the following:
 * <ol>
 *   <li>configure() is invoked a single time. The method can be used to implement initialization from
 *       the parameters (configuration) that may be attached upon instantiation.</li>
 *   <li>Each parallel output task creates an instance, configures it and opens it.</li>
 *   <li>All records of its parallel instance are handed to the output format.</li>
 *   <li>The output format is closed</li>
 * </ol>
 * 
 * @param <IT> The type of the consumed records. 
 */
@Public
public interface OutputFormat<IT> extends Serializable {
    
    /**
     * Configures this output format. Since output formats are instantiated generically and hence parameterless, 
     * this method is the place where the output formats set their basic fields based on configuration values.
     * <p>
     * This method is always called first on a newly instantiated output format. 
     *  
     * @param parameters The configuration with all parameters.
     */
    void configure(Configuration parameters);
    
    /**
     * Opens a parallel instance of the output format to store the result of its parallel instance.
     * <p>
     * When this method is called, the output format it guaranteed to be configured.
     * 
     * @param taskNumber The number of the parallel instance.
     * @param numTasks The number of parallel tasks.
     * @throws IOException Thrown, if the output could not be opened due to an I/O problem.
     */
    void open(int taskNumber, int numTasks) throws IOException;
    
    
    /**
     * Adds a record to the output.
     * <p>
     * When this method is called, the output format it guaranteed to be opened.
     * 
     * @param record The records to add to the output.
     * @throws IOException Thrown, if the records could not be added to to an I/O problem.
     */
    void writeRecord(IT record) throws IOException;
    
    /**
     * Method that marks the end of the life-cycle of parallel output instance. Should be used to close
     * channels and streams and release resources.
     * After this method returns without an error, the output is assumed to be correct.
     * <p>
     * When this method is called, the output format it guaranteed to be opened.
     *  
     * @throws IOException Thrown, if the input could not be closed properly.
     */
    void close() throws IOException;
}
  • OutputFormat接口定义了configure、open、writeRecord、close方法

小结

  • DataStream的writeAsText方法创建了TextOutputFormat,然后通过OutputFormatSinkFunction包装为sink function
  • TextOutputFormat继承了FileOutputFormat,其open方法主要是调用FileOutputFormat的open方法,而writeRecord方法则直接往stream进行write,写完一条record之后再写一个换行(\n)
  • FileOutputFormat继承了RichOutputFormat,实现了InitializeOnMaster(initializeGlobal方法)、CleanupWhenUnsuccessful(tryCleanupOnError方法)接口,以及OutputFormat接口的configure、open、close方法,而writeRecord方法由子类来实现;
  • FileOutputFormat的open方法则根据taskNumber来获取actualFilePath(对于numTasks大于1的,则根据tasknumber在配置的outputFilePath目录下新增文件,文件名为tasknumber对应的数值+1),然后创建stream
  • RichOutputFormat声明实现OutputFormat接口,它主要是增加了RuntimeContext属性;OutputFormat接口则定义了configure、open、writeRecord、close方法

doc

阅读 2.2k

code-craft
spring boot , docker and so on 欢迎关注微信公众号: geek_luandun

当一个代码的工匠回首往事时,不因虚度年华而悔恨,也不因碌碌无为而羞愧,这样,当他老的时候,可以很...

11.6k 声望
1.9k 粉丝
0 条评论

当一个代码的工匠回首往事时,不因虚度年华而悔恨,也不因碌碌无为而羞愧,这样,当他老的时候,可以很...

11.6k 声望
1.9k 粉丝
文章目录
宣传栏