feign请求返回值反序列LocalDateTime异常记录

linyb极客之路
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前言

最近项目组用feign调用远程服务,消费端报了如下一个异常
feign-localDateTime异常.png
从异常信息可以得出localdatime反序列化出了异常,而这个异常又是因为jackson无法处理导致。因此我们可以为jackson的ObjectMapper适配一下

解决方法

1、在pom.xml引入
    <dependency>
                <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.datatype</groupId>
                <artifactId>jackson-datatype-jsr310</artifactId>
                <version>${jackson.version}</version>
            </dependency>

            <dependency>
                <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.datatype</groupId>
                <artifactId>jackson-datatype-jdk8</artifactId>
                <version>${jackson.version}</version>
            </dependency>

注: jackson-datatype-jsr310这是用来支持jsr310规范的时间,jackson-datatype-jdk8用来支持新的特定于JDK8的类型,例如Optional

2、替换默认的ObjectMapper
@Configuration
public class LocalDateTimeConfig  {

    public static final String DEFAULT_DATE_TIME_FORMAT = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss";


  
    @Bean
    public ObjectMapper objectMapper() {
        ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        objectMapper.registerModule(new Jdk8Module());
        objectMapper.setDateFormat(new SimpleDateFormat(DEFAULT_DATE_TIME_FORMAT));
        objectMapper.setTimeZone(TimeZone.getTimeZone("GMT+8"));
        objectMapper.setSerializationInclusion(JsonInclude.Include.NON_NULL);
        objectMapper.disable(SerializationFeature.WRITE_DATES_AS_TIMESTAMPS);
        objectMapper.disable(DeserializationFeature.ADJUST_DATES_TO_CONTEXT_TIME_ZONE);
        JavaTimeModule javaTimeModule = new JavaTimeModule();
        javaTimeModule.addSerializer(LocalDateTime.class, new LocalDateTimeSerializer(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern(DEFAULT_DATE_TIME_FORMAT)));
        javaTimeModule.addDeserializer(LocalDateTime.class, new LocalDateTimeDeserializer(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern(DEFAULT_DATE_TIME_FORMAT)));
        objectMapper.registerModule(javaTimeModule).registerModule(new ParameterNamesModule());
        return objectMapper;
    }

疑问点:为什么替换了默认的ObjectMapper后,feign就可以处理LocalDateTime

答案就在

@Configuration(proxyBeanMethods = false)
public class FeignClientsConfiguration {

    @Autowired
    private ObjectFactory<HttpMessageConverters> messageConverters;


    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnMissingBean
    public Decoder feignDecoder() {
        return new OptionalDecoder(
                new ResponseEntityDecoder(new SpringDecoder(this.messageConverters)));
    }
}

而messageConverters默认的转换器是根据HttpMessageConvertersAutoConfiguration而来

@Configuration(proxyBeanMethods = false)
@ConditionalOnClass(HttpMessageConverter.class)
@Conditional(NotReactiveWebApplicationCondition.class)
@AutoConfigureAfter({ GsonAutoConfiguration.class, JacksonAutoConfiguration.class, JsonbAutoConfiguration.class })
@Import({ JacksonHttpMessageConvertersConfiguration.class, GsonHttpMessageConvertersConfiguration.class,
        JsonbHttpMessageConvertersConfiguration.class })
public class HttpMessageConvertersAutoConfiguration {

    static final String PREFERRED_MAPPER_PROPERTY = "spring.http.converters.preferred-json-mapper";

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnMissingBean
    public HttpMessageConverters messageConverters(ObjectProvider<HttpMessageConverter<?>> converters) {
        return new HttpMessageConverters(converters.orderedStream().collect(Collectors.toList()));
    }

ObjectProvider具有延迟加载的功能,会根据实际情况加载。springboot的web模块默认会引入Jackson相关包。官网上有这么一段话
在这里插入图片描述
这个就说明默认的HttpMessageConverter为MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter,而MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter会利用objectMapper来进行序列化和反序列化

上面的的话用代码整理如下

 public static final String DEFAULT_DATE_TIME_FORMAT = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss";


    @Bean
    public Decoder feignDecoder() {
        return new ResponseEntityDecoder(new SpringDecoder(messageConverters()));
    }

    public ObjectFactory<HttpMessageConverters> messageConverters() {
        return () -> new HttpMessageConverters(mappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter());
    }

    public MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter mappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter() {
        return new MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter(objectMapper());
    }

    public ObjectMapper objectMapper() {
        ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        objectMapper.registerModule(new Jdk8Module());
        objectMapper.setDateFormat(new SimpleDateFormat(DEFAULT_DATE_TIME_FORMAT));
        objectMapper.setTimeZone(TimeZone.getTimeZone("GMT+8"));
        objectMapper.setSerializationInclusion(JsonInclude.Include.NON_NULL);
        objectMapper.disable(SerializationFeature.WRITE_DATES_AS_TIMESTAMPS);
        objectMapper.disable(DeserializationFeature.ADJUST_DATES_TO_CONTEXT_TIME_ZONE);
        JavaTimeModule javaTimeModule = new JavaTimeModule();
        javaTimeModule.addSerializer(LocalDateTime.class, new LocalDateTimeSerializer(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern(DEFAULT_DATE_TIME_FORMAT)));
        javaTimeModule.addDeserializer(LocalDateTime.class, new LocalDateTimeDeserializer(DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern(DEFAULT_DATE_TIME_FORMAT)));
        objectMapper.registerModule(javaTimeModule).registerModule(new ParameterNamesModule());
        return objectMapper;
    }


总结

异常信息很重要,源码很重要,官网同样重要

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