聊聊spring cloud gateway的LoadBalancerClientFilter

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本文主要研究一下spring cloud gateway的LoadBalancerClientFilter

GatewayLoadBalancerClientAutoConfiguration

spring-cloud-gateway-core-2.0.0.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/cloud/gateway/config/GatewayLoadBalancerClientAutoConfiguration.java

@Configuration
@ConditionalOnClass({LoadBalancerClient.class, RibbonAutoConfiguration.class, DispatcherHandler.class})
@AutoConfigureAfter(RibbonAutoConfiguration.class)
public class GatewayLoadBalancerClientAutoConfiguration {

    // GlobalFilter beans

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnBean(LoadBalancerClient.class)
    public LoadBalancerClientFilter loadBalancerClientFilter(LoadBalancerClient client) {
        return new LoadBalancerClientFilter(client);
    }
}
如果检测到有ribbon,则开启LoadBalancerClientFilter

LoadBalancerClientFilter

spring-cloud-gateway-core-2.0.0.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/cloud/gateway/filter/LoadBalancerClientFilter.java

public class LoadBalancerClientFilter implements GlobalFilter, Ordered {

    private static final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(LoadBalancerClientFilter.class);
    public static final int LOAD_BALANCER_CLIENT_FILTER_ORDER = 10100;

    private final LoadBalancerClient loadBalancer;

    public LoadBalancerClientFilter(LoadBalancerClient loadBalancer) {
        this.loadBalancer = loadBalancer;
    }

    @Override
    public int getOrder() {
        return LOAD_BALANCER_CLIENT_FILTER_ORDER;
    }

    @Override
    public Mono<Void> filter(ServerWebExchange exchange, GatewayFilterChain chain) {
        URI url = exchange.getAttribute(GATEWAY_REQUEST_URL_ATTR);
        String schemePrefix = exchange.getAttribute(GATEWAY_SCHEME_PREFIX_ATTR);
        if (url == null || (!"lb".equals(url.getScheme()) && !"lb".equals(schemePrefix))) {
            return chain.filter(exchange);
        }
        //preserve the original url
        addOriginalRequestUrl(exchange, url);

        log.trace("LoadBalancerClientFilter url before: " + url);

        final ServiceInstance instance = loadBalancer.choose(url.getHost());

        if (instance == null) {
            throw new NotFoundException("Unable to find instance for " + url.getHost());
        }

        URI uri = exchange.getRequest().getURI();

        // if the `lb:<scheme>` mechanism was used, use `<scheme>` as the default,
        // if the loadbalancer doesn't provide one.
        String overrideScheme = null;
        if (schemePrefix != null) {
            overrideScheme = url.getScheme();
        }

        URI requestUrl = loadBalancer.reconstructURI(new DelegatingServiceInstance(instance, overrideScheme), uri);

        log.trace("LoadBalancerClientFilter url chosen: " + requestUrl);
        exchange.getAttributes().put(GATEWAY_REQUEST_URL_ATTR, requestUrl);
        return chain.filter(exchange);
    }
    //......
}
  • 这里首先获取scheme,如果不是lb,则直接往下一个filter传递
  • 之后通过loadBalancer.choose(url.getHost())来选取服务实例
  • 最后构造好requestUrl,设置到GATEWAY_REQUEST_URL_ATTR属性中

GATEWAY_SCHEME_PREFIX_ATTR

spring-cloud-gateway-core-2.0.0.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/cloud/gateway/filter/RouteToRequestUrlFilter.java
GATEWAY_SCHEME_PREFIX_ATTR这个属性是在RouteToRequestUrlFilter里头设置进去的。

public class RouteToRequestUrlFilter implements GlobalFilter, Ordered {

    private static final Log log = LogFactory.getLog(RouteToRequestUrlFilter.class);

    public static final int ROUTE_TO_URL_FILTER_ORDER = 10000;
    private static final String SCHEME_REGEX = "[a-zA-Z]([a-zA-Z]|\\d|\\+|\\.|-)*:.*";
    static final Pattern schemePattern = Pattern.compile(SCHEME_REGEX);

    @Override
    public int getOrder() {
        return ROUTE_TO_URL_FILTER_ORDER;
    }

    @Override
    public Mono<Void> filter(ServerWebExchange exchange, GatewayFilterChain chain) {
        Route route = exchange.getAttribute(GATEWAY_ROUTE_ATTR);
        if (route == null) {
            return chain.filter(exchange);
        }
        log.trace("RouteToRequestUrlFilter start");
        URI uri = exchange.getRequest().getURI();
        boolean encoded = containsEncodedParts(uri);
        URI routeUri = route.getUri();

        if (hasAnotherScheme(routeUri)) {
            // this is a special url, save scheme to special attribute
            // replace routeUri with schemeSpecificPart
            exchange.getAttributes().put(GATEWAY_SCHEME_PREFIX_ATTR, routeUri.getScheme());
            routeUri = URI.create(routeUri.getSchemeSpecificPart());
        }

        URI requestUrl = UriComponentsBuilder.fromUri(uri)
                .uri(routeUri)
                .build(encoded)
                .toUri();
        exchange.getAttributes().put(GATEWAY_REQUEST_URL_ATTR, requestUrl);
        return chain.filter(exchange);
    }

    /* for testing */ static boolean hasAnotherScheme(URI uri) {
        return schemePattern.matcher(uri.getSchemeSpecificPart()).matches() && uri.getHost() == null
                && uri.getRawPath() == null;
    }
}

GATEWAY_REQUEST_URL_ATTR

spring-cloud-gateway-core-2.0.0.RELEASE-sources.jar!/org/springframework/cloud/gateway/filter/NettyRoutingFilter.java

public class NettyRoutingFilter implements GlobalFilter, Ordered {

    private final HttpClient httpClient;
    private final ObjectProvider<List<HttpHeadersFilter>> headersFilters;

    public NettyRoutingFilter(HttpClient httpClient,
            ObjectProvider<List<HttpHeadersFilter>> headersFilters) {
        this.httpClient = httpClient;
        this.headersFilters = headersFilters;
    }

    @Override
    public int getOrder() {
        return Ordered.LOWEST_PRECEDENCE;
    }

    @Override
    public Mono<Void> filter(ServerWebExchange exchange, GatewayFilterChain chain) {
        URI requestUrl = exchange.getRequiredAttribute(GATEWAY_REQUEST_URL_ATTR);

        String scheme = requestUrl.getScheme();
        if (isAlreadyRouted(exchange) || (!"http".equals(scheme) && !"https".equals(scheme))) {
            return chain.filter(exchange);
        }
        setAlreadyRouted(exchange);

        ServerHttpRequest request = exchange.getRequest();

        final HttpMethod method = HttpMethod.valueOf(request.getMethod().toString());
        final String url = requestUrl.toString();

        HttpHeaders filtered = filterRequest(this.headersFilters.getIfAvailable(),
                exchange);

        final DefaultHttpHeaders httpHeaders = new DefaultHttpHeaders();
        filtered.forEach(httpHeaders::set);

        String transferEncoding = request.getHeaders().getFirst(HttpHeaders.TRANSFER_ENCODING);
        boolean chunkedTransfer = "chunked".equalsIgnoreCase(transferEncoding);

        boolean preserveHost = exchange.getAttributeOrDefault(PRESERVE_HOST_HEADER_ATTRIBUTE, false);

        return this.httpClient.request(method, url, req -> {
            final HttpClientRequest proxyRequest = req.options(NettyPipeline.SendOptions::flushOnEach)
                    .headers(httpHeaders)
                    .chunkedTransfer(chunkedTransfer)
                    .failOnServerError(false)
                    .failOnClientError(false);

            if (preserveHost) {
                String host = request.getHeaders().getFirst(HttpHeaders.HOST);
                proxyRequest.header(HttpHeaders.HOST, host);
            }

            return proxyRequest.sendHeaders() //I shouldn't need this
                    .send(request.getBody().map(dataBuffer ->
                            ((NettyDataBuffer)dataBuffer).getNativeBuffer()));
        }).doOnNext(res -> {
            ServerHttpResponse response = exchange.getResponse();
            // put headers and status so filters can modify the response
            HttpHeaders headers = new HttpHeaders();

            res.responseHeaders().forEach(entry -> headers.add(entry.getKey(), entry.getValue()));

            exchange.getAttributes().put("original_response_content_type", headers.getContentType());

            HttpHeaders filteredResponseHeaders = HttpHeadersFilter.filter(
                    this.headersFilters.getIfAvailable(), headers, exchange, Type.RESPONSE);
            
            response.getHeaders().putAll(filteredResponseHeaders);
            HttpStatus status = HttpStatus.resolve(res.status().code());
            if (status != null) {
                response.setStatusCode(status);
            } else if (response instanceof AbstractServerHttpResponse) {
                // https://jira.spring.io/browse/SPR-16748
                ((AbstractServerHttpResponse) response).setStatusCodeValue(res.status().code());
            } else {
                throw new IllegalStateException("Unable to set status code on response: " +res.status().code()+", "+response.getClass());
            }

            // Defer committing the response until all route filters have run
            // Put client response as ServerWebExchange attribute and write response later NettyWriteResponseFilter
            exchange.getAttributes().put(CLIENT_RESPONSE_ATTR, res);
        }).then(chain.filter(exchange));
    }
}
在NettyRoutingFilter中根据GATEWAY_REQUEST_URL_ATTR属性读取requestUrl,然后进行相应请求。

小结

LoadBalancerClientFilter会作用在url以lb开头的路由,然后利用loadBalancer来获取服务实例,构造目标requestUrl,设置到GATEWAY_REQUEST_URL_ATTR属性中,供NettyRoutingFilter使用。

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