1

使用service nginx start/etc/init.d/nginx start没有问题,
也运行了update-rc.d nginx defaults,但是没有效果
查看/etc/rc2.d/里能看到S02nginx
以下是/etc/init.d/nginx 启动脚本

#! /bin/sh

### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          nginx
# Required-Start:    $remote_fs $syslog
# Required-Stop:     $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: starts the nginx web server
# Description:       starts nginx using start-stop-daemon
### END INIT INFO

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# nginx - this Debian Almquist shell (dash) script, starts and stops the nginx
#         daemon for ubuntu 9.10 and lesser version numbered releases.
#
# description:  Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
#               proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server.  This \
#       script will manage the initiation of the \
#       server and it's process state.
#
# processname: nginx
# config:      /usr/local/tengine/conf/nginx.conf
# pidfile:     /var/run/nginx.pid
# Provides:    nginx
#
# Author:  Jason Giedymin
#          <jason.giedymin AT gmail.com>.
#
# Version: 2.0 02-NOV-2009 jason.giedymin AT gmail.com
# Notes: nginx init.d dash script for Ubuntu <=9.10.
#
# This script's project home is:
#   http://code.google.com/p/nginx-init-ubuntu/
#
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#                               Functions
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
. /lib/lsb/init-functions

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#                               Consts
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin
DAEMON=/usr/local/tengine/sbin/nginx

PS="nginx"
PIDNAME="nginx"             #lets you do $PS-slave
PIDFILE=$PIDNAME.pid                    #pid file
PIDSPATH=/var/run

DESCRIPTION="Nginx Server..."

RUNAS=root                              #user to run as

SCRIPT_OK=0                             #ala error codes
SCRIPT_ERROR=1                          #ala error codes
TRUE=1                                  #boolean
FALSE=0                                 #boolean

lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx
NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/tengine/conf/nginx.conf"

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#                               Simple Tests
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

#test if nginx is a file and executable
test -x $DAEMON || exit 0

# Include nginx defaults if available
if [ -f /etc/default/nginx ] ; then
        . /etc/default/nginx
fi

#set exit condition
#set -e

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#                               Functions
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------

setFilePerms(){

        if [ -f $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE ]; then
                chmod 400 $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE
        fi
}

configtest() {
    $DAEMON -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}

getPSCount() {
    return `pgrep -f $PS | wc -l`
}

isRunning() {
        if [ $1 ]; then
                pidof_daemon $1
                PID=$?

                if [ $PID -gt 0 ]; then
                        return 1
                else
                        return 0
                fi
        else
                pidof_daemon
                PID=$?

                if [ $PID -gt 0 ]; then
                        return 1
                else
                        return 0
                fi
        fi
}

#courtesy of php-fpm
wait_for_pid () {
        try=0

        while test $try -lt 35 ; do

                case "$1" in
                        'created')
                        if [ -f "$2" ] ; then
                                try=''
                                break
                        fi
                        ;;

                        'removed')
                        if [ ! -f "$2" ] ; then
                                try=''
                                break
                        fi
                        ;;
                esac

                #echo -n .
                try=`expr $try + 1`
                sleep 1
        done
}

status(){
    isRunning
    isAlive=$?

    if [ "${isAlive}" -eq $TRUE ]; then
                echo "$PIDNAME found running with processes:  `pidof $PS`"
        else
                echo "$PIDNAME is NOT running."
        fi


}

removePIDFile(){
    if [ $1 ]; then
                if [ -f $1 ]; then
                    rm -f $1
            fi
        else
        #Do default removal
        if [ -f $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE ]; then
                    rm -f $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE
            fi
        fi
}

start() {
        log_daemon_msg "Starting $DESCRIPTION"

    isRunning
    isAlive=$?

        if [ "${isAlive}" -eq $TRUE ]; then
                log_end_msg $SCRIPT_ERROR
        else
                start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --chuid $RUNAS --pidfile $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE --exec $DAEMON \
                -- -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
                setFilePerms
                log_end_msg $SCRIPT_OK
        fi
}

stop() {
    log_daemon_msg "Stopping $DESCRIPTION"

    isRunning
    isAlive=$?
        if [ "${isAlive}" -eq $TRUE ]; then
                start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --pidfile $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE

        wait_for_pid 'removed' $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE

                if [ -n "$try" ] ; then
                        log_end_msg $SCRIPT_ERROR
                else
                        removePIDFile
                    log_end_msg $SCRIPT_OK
                fi

        else
                log_end_msg $SCRIPT_ERROR
        fi
}

reload() {
    configtest || return $?

    log_daemon_msg "Reloading (via HUP) $DESCRIPTION"

        isRunning
        if [ $? -eq $TRUE ]; then
        `killall -HUP $PS` #to be safe

                log_end_msg $SCRIPT_OK
        else
                log_end_msg $SCRIPT_ERROR
        fi
}

quietupgrade() {
    log_daemon_msg "Peforming Quiet Upgrade $DESCRIPTION"

        isRunning
        isAlive=$?
        if [ "${isAlive}" -eq $TRUE ]; then
        kill -USR2 `cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE`
        kill -WINCH `cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin`

        isRunning
        isAlive=$?
        if [ "${isAlive}" -eq $TRUE ]; then
            kill -QUIT `cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin`
            wait_for_pid 'removed' $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin
                        removePIDFile $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin

            log_end_msg $SCRIPT_OK
        else
            log_end_msg $SCRIPT_ERROR

            log_daemon_msg "ERROR! Reverting back to original $DESCRIPTION"

            kill -HUP `cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE`
            kill -TERM `cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin`
            kill -QUIT `cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin`

            wait_for_pid 'removed' $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin
                        removePIDFile $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE.oldbin

            log_end_msg $SCRIPT_ok
        fi
        else
                log_end_msg $SCRIPT_ERROR
        fi
}

terminate() {
        log_daemon_msg "Force terminating (via KILL) $DESCRIPTION"

    PIDS=`pidof $PS` || true

    [ -e $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE ] && PIDS2=`cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE`

    for i in $PIDS; do
        if [ "$i" = "$PIDS2" ]; then
                kill $i
                        wait_for_pid 'removed' $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE
            removePIDFile
        fi
    done

    log_end_msg $SCRIPT_OK
}

destroy() {
    log_daemon_msg "Force terminating and may include self (via KILLALL) $DESCRIPTION"
    killall $PS -q >> /dev/null 2>&1
    log_end_msg $SCRIPT_OK
}

pidof_daemon() {
    PIDS=`pidof $PS` || true

    [ -e $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE ] && PIDS2=`cat $PIDSPATH/$PIDFILE`

    for i in $PIDS; do
        if [ "$i" = "$PIDS2" ]; then
            return 1
        fi
    done
    return 0
}

case "$1" in
  start)
    start
        ;;
  stop)
    stop
        ;;
  restart|force-reload)
    stop
    sleep 3
    start
        ;;
  reload)
    $1
    ;;
  status)
    status
    ;;
  configtest)
        $1
        ;;
  quietupgrade)
    $1
    ;;
  terminate)
    $1
    ;;
  destroy)
    $1
    ;;
  *)
    FULLPATH=/etc/init.d/$PS
    echo "Usage: $FULLPATH {start|stop|restart|force-reload|status|configtest|quietupgrade|terminate|destroy}"
    echo "       The 'destroy' command should only be used as a last resort."
    exit 1
    ;;
esac

exit 0
穗乃果 8.7k
2016-07-17 提问
3 个回答
2

已采纳

自从 Ubuntu 15.04 之后,就已经开始默认使用 systemd 了,你的配制方法是传统的 Upstart/Sysinitv,所以不起作用。应该使用 systemd 对应的 systemctl 命令。

  • 启动: systemctl start nginx

  • 查看状态:systemctl status nginx

  • 设置为系统默认启动: systemctl enable nginx

而且不知道你的 Nginx 是如何安装的,在 Ubuntu/Debian 中,如果是使用标准的 apt-get install nginx 的方式,这些都已经配置好了,默认情况下,就是开机自启动。

0

systemctl enable nginx.service 设置成开机启动

0

我是直接在/etc/rc.local直接使用以下命令,不怕不启动。

sudo service varnish start
sudo service nginx start
sudo service php7.0-fpm start
sudo service mysql start
sudo service redis-server start

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