14

问题描述

比如后台可能返回一个对象

let obj = {
    school: {
      class1: {
        student: 50
      }
    }
}

我需要取出里面student的值,但是有可能后台返回给我的是 {school: null} 或者 {} 甚至是 undefined

因此我取值时可能是

let student = obj?(obj.school?(obj.school.class1?(obj.school.class1.studnet?obj.school.class1.studnet:''):''):''):'';

这显然可读性不好,也麻烦,请问有什么方式可以优雅的处理这种取值

并且防止Cannot read property 'xxx' of undefined 的报错吗

guhuiweb 361
2018-09-05 提问
9 个回答
3

已采纳

如果不用考虑兼容性的话,加个Proxy监听get是个很合适的办法

/**
 * @param target
 * @param exec 取值属性
 * @returns {*}
 */
function getter(target, exec = '_') {
  return new Proxy({}, {
    get: (o, n) => {
      return n === exec ?
        target :
        getter(typeof target === 'undefined' ? target : target[n], exec)
    }
  });
}
let obj = {
  school: {
    class1: {
      student: 50
    }
  }
};

console.log(getter(obj).school.class1.student._)//50
console.log(getter(obj).school1.class11.student._)//undefined
13
function safeProps(func, defaultVal) {
    try {
        return func();
    } catch (e) {
        return defaultVal;
    }
}

safeProps(function(){
    student = obj.school.class1.student
}, -1)
5

lodash/get 了解一下,_.get(obj,'school.class1.student', undefined), lodash/get

1

楼主你好!可以使用以下方法来做防御性编程

function getIn(p, o) {
  return p.reduce(function(xs, x) {
    return (xs && xs[x]) ? xs[x] : null;
  }, o);
}

var obj = {
    school: {
      class1: {
        student: 50
      }
    }
}

var student = getIn(['school', 'class1', 'student'], obj);
console.log(student);
// 50

此方法是参照Facebook的immutable里的编写的。函数库 ramdajs也有类似的方法,可自行查找。

0
const defaultObj = {
  school: {
    class1: {
      student: ''
    }
  }
}
let obj1 = {
  school: {
    class1: {
      student: 50
    }
  }
}
let obj2 = Object.assign({}, defaultObj, obj1) // obj2.school.class1是50
obj2 = Object.assign({}, defaultObj, undefined) // obj2.school.class1是''
obj2 = Object.assign({}, defaultObj, null) // obj2.school.class1是''
obj2 = Object.assign({}, defaultObj, {}) // obj2.school.class1是''
let student = obj2.school.class1
0

用 es6 的解构赋值

const {school:{class1:{student=''}=''}=''}=obj
-1

利用逻辑运算的特性可以很优雅的解决!

obj.school.class1 && obj.school.class1.student
-2

如果是我,我会这么做。let student = obj&&obj.school&&&obj.school.class1&&obj.school.class1.student
希望对你有帮助

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